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2009年全国职称英语考试综合类A级真题

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作者:佚名    各类考试来源:不详    点击数:    更新时间:2009-12-17

第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

1 Why can't you stop your eternal complaining?
  A long
B
everlasting

  C temporary
D
boring


2 Hundreds of buildings were wrecked by the earthquake.
  A damaged
 B
shaken

  C fallen
D
jumped


3 These paintings are considered by many to be authentic.
  A faithful
B
royal

  C sincere
D
genuine


4 Many economists have given in to the fatal lure of mathematics.
  A simplicity
B
attraction

  C power

D
rigor


5 Ten years after the event, her death still remains a puzzle.
  A mist

B
fog

  C secret

D
mystery


6 John was irritated by the necessity for polite conversation.
  A troubled
B
annoyed

  C threatened
D
aroused


7 Academic records cannot be duplicated.
  A borrowed
B
purchased

  C copied
D
rewritten


8 The emphasis on the importance of education has spurred scientific research.
  A encouraged
B
fastened

  C raised
D
initiated


9 We have ample money for the journey.
  A some
 B
little

  C enough

D
extra


10 The doctor's pills worked marvels for me.
  A miracles
B
patients

  C illness
D
recovery


11 Mary's perpetual moaning nearly drove me mad.
  A endless
B
monotonous

  C serious
D
bitter


12 It was hard to say why the man deserved such shabby treatment.
  A old
B
unforgettable

  C unfair
D
funny


13 You didn't adhere to these principles.
  A order
B
follow

  C prove

D
handle


14 The farmers also want to use the water to irrigate the barren land.
  A empty

B
hairless

  C smooth


D
bare


15 Anyone who wants to apply for a loan need read the following specifications.
  A expressions
B
warnings

  C advertisements
D
instructions



第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)
  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

 

 

Keep on Fighting

 

 

 

 


Turning once again to the question of invasion, I would observe that there has never been a period in all these long centuries of which we boast when an absolute guarantee against invasion, still less against serious raids, could have been given to our people. In the days of Napoleon the same wind which would have carried his transports across the Channel might have driven away the blockading (
封锁) fleet. There was always the chance, and it is that chance which has excited and befooled (愚弄) the imaginations of many continental tyrants. Many are the tales that are told. We are assured that novel methods will be adopted, and when we see the originality of malice (怨恨), the ingenuity of aggression, which our enemy displays, we may certainly prepare ourselves for every kind of novel stratagem (战略) and every kind of brutal and treacherous (奸诈)maneuver (花招). I think that no idea is so outlandish (古怪的) that it should not be considered and viewed with a searching, but at the same time, I hope, with a steady eye.

We must never forget the solid assurances of sea power and those which belong to air power if it can be locally exercised. I have, myself, full confidence that if all do their duty, if nothing is neglected, and if the best arrangements are made, as they are being made, we shall prove ourselves once again able to defend our island home, to ride out the storm of war, and to outlive the menace (
威胁) of tyranny, if necessary for years, if necessary alone. At any rate, that is what we are going to try to do. This is the resolve of His Majesty's government - every man of them. This is the will of parliament and the nation. The British Empire and the French republic, linked together in their cause and in their need, will defend to the death their native soil, aiding each other like good comrades to the utmost of their strength. Even though large tracts of Europe and many old and famous states have fallen or may fall into the grip of the Gestapo and all the odious (可憎的) apparatus of Nazi rule, we shall not flag (变弱) or fail.

We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our island, whatever the cost might be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills, we shall never surrender, and even if, which I do not for a moment believe, this island or a large part of it were subjugated (
征服) and starving, then our empire beyond the seas, armed and guarded by the British fleet, would carry on the struggle, until, in God's good time, the new world, with its power and might, steps forth to the rescue and the liberation of the old.

16 Throughout Britain's history, there has been no guarantee that an invasion would not happen.

A
Right
B
 Wrong
C
Not mentioned

17 Napoleon and his army once crossed the English Channel and conquered Britain

A
Right
B
 Wrong
C
Not mentioned

18 The enemy will use every means conceivable to destroy Britain.

A
Right
B
 Wrong
C
Not mentioned

19 Churchill is confident that he will live longer than Hitler.

A
Right
B
 Wrong
C
Not mentioned

20 The Royal Air Force will launch massive air strikes against the Germans.

A
Right
B
 Wrong
C
Not mentioned

21 The British empire is so strong that it does not have to take Hitler's menace seriously

A
Right
B
 Wrong
C
Not mentioned

22 Although many countries have been overrun by the Germans, the British people will never give in.

A
Right
B
 Wrong
C
Not mentioned



第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段1选择个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。

 

 

McGrady's Spectacular Art

 


1
When Tracy McGrady is healthy, his play can be so beautiful that even his own teammates on the court cannot help but admire it - in the middle of a game

2
"It's hard for me, because I'm a fan of basketball," Houston point guard (
负责组织进攻的后卫) Rafer Alston told The Houston Chronicle (记事) newspaper after McGrady's 44-point performance against Utah on January 5. "When he's shooting the ball like that, a lot of times I'm standing there watching and, all of a sudden, the other team's getting the ball and going on a fast break (快攻), and I'm getting yelled at by the coach." Indeed, McGrady's body control, his energy, his shooting - watching these is like watching an artist at work, blending colors, constructing sentences, or playing music.
3
Unfortunately, McGrady, 27, hasn't always been on the job. Already this season, he's missed seven games with back spasms (
痉挛) After Yao Ming was injured on Dec. 23, it appeared Houston would be without both of its stars. McGrady, however, returned three days later and has been playing well ever since, scoring more than 30 points in each of the last six games, as of Tuesday. Houston can't seem to get on without him. When McGrady was injured, the Rockets won two and lost five
4
"Listen, there are only four or five people on the entire planet that can do the things he can do with the basketball," forward Shane Battier said of McGrady. "From a fan's perspective - and we're fans even though we're players - it's really fun to watch him do that. From a player's perspective, his game (
风格) can affect the entire team. No question We see him, and we get excited, and that pumps us up. He keeps making shots, and suddenly it seems to become easier for everybody."
5
But it won't, really. Houston has just begun a tough time. Four of the next seven games will be played away from Houston. Six of the games will be against teams with winning records. Opponents will double-team (
双人看守) McGrady in an attempt to dull the impact of his art. Instead of watching, McGrady's teammates will need to create a little art of their own.

23 Paragraph 2      .
24 Paragraph 3      .
25 Paragraph 4      .
26 Paragraph 5      .
A McGrady's Injury
B Necessity for the Teammates to Improve Their Own Skills
C Evaluation from Two Different Perspectives
D Spectacular Performance on the Court
E Players Houston Can't Do Without
F Yao Ming's Performance

27 McGrady plays basketball so we     
28 Yao Ming missed several games     
29 There are very few people on the Earth     
30 Everyone will have to contribute     
A since he returned
B that his teammates cannot help admiring him
C that he is often yelled at by the coach
D who can play basketball so well
E because he had been injured
F if Houston hopes to win



第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

第一篇
 

 

Youth Emancipation in Spain

 



The Spanish Government is so worried about the number of young adults still living with their parents that it has decided to help them leave the nest.


Around 55 percent of people aged 18-34 in Spain still sleep in their parents' homes, says the latest report from the country's state-run Institute of Youth.


To coax (
劝诱) young people from their homes, the Institute started a "Youth Emancipation (解放)" program this month. The program offers guidance in finding rooms and jobs.

Economists blame young people's family dependence on the precarious (
不稳定的) labor market and increasing housing prices. Housing prices have risen 17 percent a year since 2000.

Cultural reasons also contribute to the problem, say sociologists (
社会学家). Family ties in south Europe - Italy, Portugal and Greece - are stronger than those in middle and north Europe, said Spanish sociologist Almudena Moreno Minguez in her report "The Late Emancipation of Spanish Youth: Key for Understanding".

"In general, young people in Spain firmly believe in the family as the main body around which their private life is organized" said Minguez.


In Spain - especially in the countryside, it is not uncommon to find entire groups of aunts, uncles, cousins, nieces and nephews (
外甥/侄子) all living on the same street. They regularly get together for Sunday dinner.

Parents' tolerance is another factor. Spanish parents accept late-night partying and are wary of setting bedtime rules.


"A child can arrive home at whatever time he wants. If parents complain he'll put up a fight and call the father a fascist," said Jose Antonio Gomez Yanez, a sociologist at Carlos I11 University in Madrid.


Mothers' willingness to do children's household chores (
家务) worsens the problem. Dionisio Masso, a 60-year-old in Madrid, has three children in their 20s. The eldest, 28, has a girlfriend and a job. But life with mum is good.

"His mum does the wash and cooks for him; in the end, he lives well," Masso said.


31 The "Youth Emancipation" program alms at helping young people
  A live in an independent way.

B
 fight for freedom.

C
 fight against social injustice.

D
 get rid of family responsibilities,
32 It can be inferred from paragraph 5 that family ties are stronger in Portugal than in
A Greece.
B Finland.
C Spain.
D Italy.
33 Young people's family dependence can be attributed to all the following factors EXCEPT
A parents' tolerance.
B housing problems.
C unwillingness to get married
D cultural traditions.
34 Which of the following statements is NOT true of Dionisio Masso?
A She has a boyfriend.
B She is 60 years old.
C She has three children
D She lives in Madrid
35 The phrase "wary of" m paragraph 8 could be best replaced by
A tired of.
B afraid of.
C worried about.
D cautious about.



第二篇
 

 

Road Trip Vacations

 



It's summer. In the United States, it's the season of swimming pools, barbeques (
户外烤肉), camping and road trips.

Road trip vacations where the car journey is part of the fun are especially popular with college students, who like to explore the country on wheels. These budget trips are ideal for students who often have plenty of free time but little money.


"Ever since I went to college, I've been traveling around a lot, exploring the country," said Austin Hawkins, a 19-year-old college student from New York. This summer, Hawkins and his friends have spent weekends traveling in New England.


The best part about car trips, said Hawkins, is that you can be spontaneous. "On a road trip, if you get interested in things you see along the way you can stop and explore."


Matt Roberts, a 20-year-old student from Ohio who drove to Montreal, Canada, agrees. "With road trips you don't have to plan in advance, you can just get into a car and drive."


Even with high gas prices, driving with friends is cheaper than flying. Roberts paid about 40 dollars for gas, but a round trip plane ticket would have cost nearly 400 dollars.


Driving trips first became popular in the 1920s. Newly paved roads and improved cars made it possible to travel longer distances. Motels (
汽车旅馆)started appearing outside cities.

By the 1950s, car ownership became the norm. Construction of the US interstate (
洲际的) highway system began in 1956 and motel and restaurant chains popped up (突然出现) everywhere making long distance trips easier.

Today, the US has the highest car ownership rate in the world. Only 8 percent of American homes have no car, according to the most recent US census.


Though many college students don't own a car, most have access to one. On many of Hawkins' trips, they used a borrowed van.


Hawkins' most memorable road trip took place over spring break. He and two friends drove from New York to New Orleans to volunteer, helping rebuild the city after Hurricane (
风暴) Katrina hit it last July. They crossed the country in two days and slept in their car in church parking lots.

Roberts' road trip to Canada last winter was even more eventful. Upon arriving in Montreal, they were lost in a blizzard and shivering in the -25
° cold. To find their hotel, they turned on a laptop (笔记本电脑) and drove around in circles until they found a spot with wireless Internet coverage.

"1 know we should have planned better, but we're young. Now, when I see those guys I always say: 'Remember when we were lost in the snow storm!' I'll never forget that."


36 Who are road trip vacations especially popular with?
  A Teachers who have plenty of free time but little money
  B College students who like to travel on wheels.
  C Volunteers who want to help rebuild New Orleans.
  D Americans who have no cars.
37 What will Hawkins do when he sees something interesting on a road trip?
  A He will turn back.
  B He will drive around.
  C He will stop exploring.
  D He will stop to explore.
38 When did motels suddenly appear everywhere?
  A When driving trips became popular.
  B After the work to build the interstate highway system started
  C After internet became widely accessible.
  D After new cars were made.
39 Which of the following words can best describe Hawkins' trip to New Orlends?
  A Eventful.
  B Colorful.
  C Unforgettable,
  D Delightful.
40 The word "blizzard" in paragraph 12 could be best replaced by
  A hurricane.
  B snow storm.
  C mist.
  D fog.



第三篇
 

 

Tightened Visa Regulations

 



According to South Korea's new visa regulations, native speakers of English in South Korea will be required to undergo criminal record checks, medical and drug tests, provide sealed academic transcripts (
成绩单)and have their university diplomas inspected, The Korea Times has reported The tightened regulations will affect an estimated 17,000 foreigners that hold E-2 visas-specifically for foreign language teachers.

The most controversial requirement is that English teachers residing (
居住) outside South Korea will have to have an interview at a South Korean Embassy before taking up their teaching posts. For applicants living in remote areas in Canada, Australia or the US, this is an additional travel burden. Meanwhile, foreign teachers currently living in South Korea must leave the country after their one-year contracts and renew their visas by visiting a neighboring country and return without additional documentation (文件证据).

The visa changes are a reaction to public concern about the suitability of some foreign teachers. A report from the South Korean Ministry of-Education and Human Resources Development shows between 2001 and August of this year, 1,481 foreign language teachers have been caught for a range of offenses including forged (
伪造的) degrees, visa violations and general lawbreaking.

But the changes are likely to slow up the supply of teachers to South .Korea's English language education sector. According to Michael Duffy, manager of a teacher placement service in South Korea, applicants have to spend a few hundred dollars and several months on getting affidavits (
书面陈述书) for documents. "South Korea-has put up too many hoops (圈) to jump through," he said, adding that foreigners would seek work elsewhere. Most foreigners wonder if the experience of working in South Korea will be worth the burden of the paper work and increasing restrictions. "I don't think (South) Korea has thought this through," said Scott Mclnnis, a Canadian teacher based in Incheon near Seoul. "This is a reactionary move by the government that will have strong implications for the EFL community."

As part of the efforts to ease the discontent (
不满), the South Korean Ministry of Justice has granted a three-month grace period for current E-2 visa holders to prepare the necessary documents.

41 Which of the following is NOT required of an E-2 visa applicant?
A To undergo a medical test.
B To pass a Korean language test
C To provide sealed school reports.
D To undergo a drug test.
42 It can be inferred from paragraph 2 that before the visa regulations were revised foreign teachers didn't have to
A sign new contracts if they wanted to continue to work
B go through any formalities if they wanted to stay a bit longer
C interview a South Korean official if they wanted to apply for work permits
D visit a neighboring country if they wanted to renew their visas
43 The list of crimes many foreign language teachers committed between 2001 ant August of this year did NOT include
A visa violations.
B forged degrees
C general lawbreaking.
D subversive activities
44 The new visa policy aims at
A improving foreign language teaching in South Korea.
B protecting South Korea from terrorist attacks.
C providing more job opportunities for the South Korean people
D encouraging the South Korean people to learn the Chinese language
45 EFL in paragraph 4 is an abbreviation of
A easily forgotten lovers.
B extremely fussy lawyers.
C English as a foreign language.
D exceptionally fast learners.



第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。

 

 

My Life at Renda

 



I learned very quickly that being a teaching assistant (TA) at the University of Iowa
 would be different from being a teacher at Renmin University.

     (46) Eyes staring, mouths open, students examined my big nose, while I was writing my name on the blackboard.

At Iowa, when my first classes began, half of my students still hadn't arrived. When everyone finally found a seat, ringing cellphones and loud yawns (
哈欠) interrupted my opening remarks. It is not that American students were disrespectful.      (47) They were, however, far more skeptical than the students I had at Renda. The truth is I couldn't fault them for their skepticism. Undergraduates at large US universities - especially freshmen and sophomores - often have several classes a semester handled by TAs. In some cases, the TA sets the course content.      (48) Most have good intentions, but very few are as effective as professors.

Every teacher has to confront obstacles to learning - no matter what the culture. Students who talk during lectures, students who cheat, students who question the grade they get for a paper or project - dealing with these is all part of the job.
     (49)

The difference, I think, is that in the US I had to swallow more of my pride.
     (50)

I had a responsibility to teach them, of course, but I had to do so indirectly - as a guide who himself had a few things to learn from the students.


A Back at Renda, I had walked into my first classes feeling like a celebrity.
B In my students' minds, I had little to offer them, except perhaps some sample questions for the mid-term exam.
C In others, the TA works as a grader and discussion leader.
D I encountered these in China, and I faced them in the US.
E
On the other hand, being taught by a graduate student is not necessarily bad.

F
Most were polite, or at least, indifferent



第6部分:完形填空(第51~55题,每题1分,共15分)
下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定一个最佳选项。

 

 

Improve Computer-research Skills

 

 

 

 


Like many college students, Jose Juarez carries around a pocket-sized computer that lets him watch movies, surf the Internet and text-message his friends.


He's part of "Generation M" - those born after 1985 who
  (51)   up connected to everything from video games to cellphones.


"For us, it's everyday life," said Juarez, 18, a freshman
  (52)   California State University at Sacramento (CSUS)

  (53)  , educators are now saying that not all Generation M-ers can synthesize the piles of information they're accessing

"They're geeky (
网络交往的), but they don't know what to  (54)  with their geekdom," said Barbara O'Connor, a communications studies professor who has been involved in a nationwide  (55)   to improve students' computer-research skills.

In a recent nationwide test to
  (56)   their technological "literacy" – their ability to use the Internet to complete class assignments - only 49 percent correctly evaluated a set of Web sites for objectivity, authority and timeliness. Only 35 per cent could correctly narrow an overly  (57)   Internet search.

About 130 Sacramento State students, including Juarez, participated in the

experimental test,  (58)   to 6,300 college students across the country.

The hour-long assessment test is conducted by Educational Testing Service. It is a web-based scavenger (
食肉动物) hunt  (59)   simulated Internet search engines and academic databases that spit out purposely misleading information.

"They're very good at
  (60)   in and using the Internet, but don't always understand what they get back," said Linda Goff, head of instructional services for the CSUS library.

"You see an open search box, you type in a few words and you
  (61)   the button," said Goff, who is involved in the testing.

"They take at face value
  (62)   shows up at the top of the list as the best stuff."

Educators say that these sloppy (
马虎) research skills are troubling.

"We look at that as a foundational skill, in the same way we
  (63)   math and English as a foundational skill," said Lorie Roth, assistant vice-chancellor for academic programs in the CSU system.

Measuring how well students can "sort the good
  (64)   the bad" on the
Internet has become a higher priority for CSU, Roth said.

CSU is considering
  (65)   a mandatory (强制性的) assessment test on technological literacy for all freshmen, much as it has required English and math placement tests since the 1980s.

51 A
brought
B
built
C
grew
 D
stood

52 A
about
B
near
C
by
  D
at

53 A
However
B
Besides
C
In addition
D
Doubtfully

54 A
work
B
do
C
make
  D
deal

55 A
plot
B
effort
C
wish


D
slogan

56 A
measure
B
ask
C
require


D
demand

57 A
small
B
little
C
partial
D
broad

58 A
made
B
held
C
administered D
managed

59 A
between
B
upon
C
with
 D
by

60 A
taking
B
copying
C
moving

D
typing

61 A
push
B
pull
C
beat


D
knock

62 A
whoever
B
whatever
C
whichever

D
however

63 A
take up
B
look at
C
cope with


D
serve as

64 A
from
B
out
C
on


D
of

65 A
added
B
adds
C
add
  D
adding

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