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唐山一中2016年高二英语下学期期末试卷(附答案)

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唐山一中2016年高二英语下学期期末试卷(附答案)

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唐山一中2015─2016学年第二学期期末考试
高二年级 英语试卷
命题人:毛文艳 刘晓芳 李宝娟    审核人:卢凤玺
说明:
1.考试时间120分钟,满分150分。2.将卷Ⅰ答案用2B铅笔涂在答题卡上,将卷Ⅱ答案答在答题纸上。3.Ⅱ卷答题纸卷头和答题卡均填涂本次考试的考号,不要误填学号,答题卡占后5位。

卷I (选择题  共100分)
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分) 
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. Where does this conversation probably take place?
A. In a bookstore.   B. In a classroom.   C. In a library.
2. At what time will the film begin?
A. 7:20.     B. 7:15.                 C. 7:00.
3. What are the two speakers mainly talking about?
A. Their friend Jane.   B. A weekend trip.         C. A radio programme.
4. What will the woman probably do?
A. Catch a train.    B. See the man off.   C. Go shopping.
5. Why did the woman apologize?
A. She made a late delivery.         
B. She went to the wrong place. 
C. She couldn’t take the cake back.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Whose CD is broken?
A. Kathy’s.     B. Mum’s.    C. Jack’s.
7. What does the boy promise to do for the girl?
A. Buy her a new CD.   B. Do some cleaning.  C. Give her 10 dollars.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What did the man think of the meal?
A. Just so-so.    B. Quite satisfactory.  C. A bit disappointing.
9. What was the 15% on the bill paid for?
A. The food.    B. The drinks.    C. The service.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Why is the man at the shop?
A. To order a camera for his wife.   
B. To have a camera repaired.    
C. To get a camera changed.
11. What colour does the man want?
A. Pink.     B. Black.     C. Orange.
12. What will the man do afterwards?
A. Make a phone call.               
B. Wait until further notice.        
C. Come again the next day.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What would Joe probably do during the Thanksgiving holiday?
A. Go to a play.    B. Stay at home.   C. Visit Kinston.
14. What is Ariel going to do in Toronto?
A. Attend a party.         B. Meet her aunt.         C. See a car show.
15. Why is Ariel in a hurry to leave?
A. To call up Betty.   B. To buy some DVDs.  C. To pick up Daniel.
16. What might be the relationship between the speakers?
A. Classmates.    B. Fellow workers.   C. Guide and tourist.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Where does Thomas Manning work?
A. In the Guinness Company.     
B. At a radio station.     
C. In a museum.
18. Where did the idea of a book of records come from?
A. A bird-shooting trip.      B. A visit to Europe.      C. A television talk show.
19. When did Sir Hugh’s first book of records appear?
A. In 1875.     B. In 1950.     C. In 1955.
20. What are the two speakers going to talk about next?
   A. More records of unusual facts.
   B. The founder of the company.
   C. The oldest person in the world.

第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
I really love my job because I enjoy working with small children and like the challenges and awards from the job. I also think my work is important. There was a time when I thought I would never have that sort of career.
I wasn’t an excellent student because I didn’t do much schoolwork. In my final term I started thinking what I might do and found I didn’t have much to offer. I just accepted that I wasn’t the type to have a career.
I then found myself a job—looking after two little girls. It wasn’t too bad at first. But the problems began when I agreed to live in so that I would be there if my boss had to go out for business in the evening. We agreed that if I had to work extra hours one week, she’d give me time off the next. But unfortunately, it didn’t often work out. I was getting extremely tired and fed up, because I had too many late nights and early mornings with the children.
One Sunday, I was in the park with the children, and met Megan who used to go to school with me. I told her about my situation. She suggested that I should do a course and get a qualification(资格证书)if I wanted to work with children. I didn’t think I would be accepted because I didn’t take many exams in school. She persuaded me to phone the local college and they were really helpful. My experience counted for a lot and I got on a part-time course. I had to leave my job with the family, and got work helping out at a kindergarten.
Now I’ve got a full-time job there. I shall always be thankful to Megan. I wish I had known earlier that you could have a career, even if you aren’t top of the class at school.
21. What is the author’s present job?
A. Working part-time in a college.
B. Taking care of children for a family.
C. Helping children with their schoolwork.
D. Looking after children at a kindergarten.
22. When staying with the two girls’ family, the author ________.
A. was paid for extra work
B. often worked long hours
C. got much help from her boss
D. took a day off every other week
23. Why did the author leave her first job?
A. She found a full-time job.
B. She was fed up with children.
C. She decided to attend a part-time course.
D. She needed a rest after working extra hours.
24. What has the author learned from her own experiences?
A. Less successful students can still have a career.
B. Qualifications are necessary for a career.
C. Hard work makes an excellent student.
D. One must choose the job one likes.
B
Since the first Earth Day in 1970, Americans have got a lot “greener” toward the environment. “We didn’t know at that time that there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it,” says Bruce Anderson, president of Earth Day USA.
But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement. Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. “The understanding has increased many, many times,” says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first Earth Day.
According to US government reports, emissions (排放) from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 million tons. The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9. Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with, the world is a safer and healthier place. A kind of “green thinking” has become part of practices.
Great improvement has been achieved. In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs; today in 1995 there are about 6,600. Advanced lights, motors, and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution.
Twenty-five years ago, there were hardly any education programs for environment. Today, it’s hard to find a public school, university, or law school that does not have such a kind of program. “Until we do that, nothing else will change!” says Bruce Anderson.
25. According to Anderson, before 1970, Americans had little idea about _______.
A. the social movement     B. recycling techniques
C. environmental problems   D. the importance of Earth Day
26. Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from?
A. The grass-roots level.        B. The business circle.
C. Government officials.    D. University professors.
27. What have Americans achieved in environmental protection?
A. They have cut car emissions to the lowest.
B. They have settled their environmental problems.
C. They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities.
D. They have reduced pollution through effective measures.
28. What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph?
A. Education.          B. Planning.
C. Green living.      D. CO reduction.
C
A typical lion tamer (驯兽师) in people’s mind is an entertainer holding a whip (鞭) and a chair. The whip gets all of the attention, but it’s mostly for show. In reality, it’s the chair that does the important work. When a lion tamer holds a chair in front of the lion’s face, the lion tries to focus on all four legs of the chair at the same time. With its focus divided, the lion becomes confused and is unsure about what to do next. When faced with so many options, the lion chooses to freeze and wait instead of attacking the man holding the chair.
How often do you find yourself in the same position as the lion? How often do you have something you want to achieve (e.g. lose weight, start a business, travel more) -- only to end up confused by all of the options in front of you and never make progress?
This upsets me to no end because while all the experts are busy debating about which option is best, the people who want to improve their lives are left confused by all of the conflicting information. The end result is that we feel like we can’t focus or that we’re focused on the wrong things, and so we take less action, make less progress, and stay the same when we could be improving.
It doesn’t have to be that way. Anytime you find the world waving a chair in your face, remember this: All you need to do is focus on one thing. You just need to get started. Starting before you feel ready is one of the habits of successful people. If you have somewhere you want to go, something you want to accomplish, someone you want to become…take immediate action. If you’re clear about where you want to go, the rest of the world will either help you get there or get out of the way.
29. Why does the lion tamer use a chair?
A. To trick the lion.              B. To show off his skills.
C. To get ready for a fight.        D. To entertain the audience.
30. In what sense are people similar to a lion facing a chair?
A. They feel puzzled over choices.       B. They hold on to the wrong things.
C. They find it hard to make changes.     D. They have to do something for show.
31. What is the author’s attitude towards the experts mentioned in Paragraph 3?
A. Positive.  B. Doubtful.   C. Respectful.    D. Supportive.
32. When the world is “waving a chair in your face”, you’re advised to _______.
A. wait for a better chance    B. break your old habits
C. make a quick decision        D. ask for clear guidance
D
The Cambridge Science Festival Curiosity Challenge
Dare to Take the Curiosity Challenge!
The Cambridge Science Festival (CSF) is pleased to inform you of the sixth annual Curiosity Challenge. The challenge invites, even dares school students between the ages of 5 and 14 to create artwork or a piece of writing that shows their curiosity and how it inspires them to explore their world.
Students are being dared to draw a picture, write an article, take a photo or write a poem that shows what they are curious about. To enter the challenge, all artwork or pieces of writing should be sent to the Cambridge Science Festival, MIT Museum, 265 Mass Avenue, Cambridge 02139 by Friday, February 8th.
Students who enter the Curiosity Challenge and are selected as winners will be honored at a special ceremony during the CSF on Sunday, April 21st. Guest speakers will also present prizes to the students. Winning entries will be published in a book. Student entries will be exhibited and prizes will be given. Families of those who take part will be included in the celebration and brunch will be served.
Between March 10th and March 15th, each winner will be given the specifics of the closing ceremony and the Curiosity Challenge celebration. The program guidelines and other related information are available at: http://cambridgesciencefestival.org.
33. Who can take part in the Curiosity Challenge?
A. School students.                   B. Cambridge locals.
C. CSF winners.                     D. MIT artists.
34. When will the prize-giving ceremony be held?
A. On February 8th.                B. On March 10th.
C. On March 15th.              D. On April 21st.
35. What type of writing is this text?
A. An exhibition guide.               B. An art show review.
C. An announcement.                     D. An official report.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
   根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。(如果所用的答题卡没有E、F、G选项,则选E涂A、B,选F涂A、C,选G涂A、D。)
Evaluating Sources (来源) of Health Information
    Making good choices about your own health requires reasonable evaluation. A key first step in bettering your evaluation ability is to look carefully at your sources of health information. Reasonable evaluation includes knowing where and how to find relevant information, how to separate fact from opinion, how to recognize poor reasoning, and how to analyze information and the reliability of sources.    36  
Go to the original source. Media reports often simplify the results of medical research. Find out for yourself what a study really reported, and determine whether it was based on good science. Think about the type of study.    37  
Watch for misleading language. Some studies will find that a behavior “contributes to” or is “associated with” an outcome; this does not mean that a certain course must lead to a certain result.    38    Carefully read or listen to information in order to fully understand it.
Use your common sense. If a report seems too good to be true, probably it is. Be especially careful of information contained in advertisements.    39     Evaluate “scientific” statements carefully, and be aware of quackery(江湖骗术).
  40      Friends and family members can be a great source of ideas and inspiration, but each of us needs to find a healthy lifestyle that works for us.
Developing the ability to evaluate reasonably and independently about the health problems will serve you well throughout your life.
A. Be aware that information may also be incorrectly explained by an author’s point of view.
B. The goal of an ad is to sell you something.
C. Be sure to work through the critical questions.
D. And examine the findings of the original research.
E. Distinguish between research reports and public health advice.
F. Make choices that are right for you.
G. The following suggestions can help you sort through the health information you receive      
from common sources.
第三部分 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
When middle-aged Alex quit his job and made up his mind to become a freelance (self-employed) writer, no one could tell for sure whether he would succeed or not. He found a cold storage room in a building, set up a(n)   41   typewriter and settled down to work.
After a year or so, however, Alex began to   42   himself. He found it was difficult to earn his living by   43   what he wrote. But Alex determined to put his dream to the test —  44     it meant living with uncertainty and fear of   45  . This is the shadowland of hope, and   46   with a dream must learn to live there.
One day Alex got a call, “We need a(n)   47  , and we’re paying $6,000 a year.” $6,000 was   48   money in 1960. It would enable Alex to get a nice apartment, a used car and more.    49  , he could write on the side.   50   the dollars were dancing in Alex’s head, something    51   his senses. He had dreamed of being a   52   — full time. “Thanks, but no,” Alex said   53  . “I’m going to stick it out and write.”
After Alex got off the phone, he   54   everything he had: two cans of vegetables and 18 cents. Alex put the cans and cents into a   55   bag, saying to himself, “There’s everything you’ve made of yourself so far.”
Finally his work was   56   in 1970. Instantly he had the kind of fame and success that    57   writers ever experience. The shadows had turned into limelight.
Then one day, Alex   58   a box filled with things he had owned years before.   59   was a paper bag with two cans and 18 cents. Suddenly he   60   himself working in that cold storage room. It reminds Alex, and anyone with a dream, of the courage and persistence it takes to stay the course in the shadowland.
41. A. expensive      B. priceless    C. excellent      D. used
42. A. doubt       B. trust        C. regret       D. hate
43. A. buying       B. selling        C. reading      D. appreciating
44. A. What if       B. Now that    C. Even though  D. As if
45. A. failure       B. success    C. loss        D. pain
46. A. someone      B. nobody    C. anyone      D. none
47. A. writer       B. boss        C. manager      D. assistant
48. A. little          B. real        C. false       D. high
49. A. Still          B. Besides    C. However      D. Therefore
50. A. If           B. Because    C. As          D. But
51. A. cleared       B. destroyed   C. hurt          D. struck
52. A. writer       B. dancer     C. driver       D. assistant
53. A. hurriedly      B. slowly        C. firmly       D. hesitantly
54. A. pulled apart    B. pulled out   C. pulled down  D. pulled back
55. A. plastic       B. paper    C. cloth    D. metal
56. A. published      B. completed   C. written    D. punished
57. A. poor          B. few    C. famous   D. great
58. A. picked       B. searched   C. sought    D. found
59. A. Outside       B. Below    C. Inside    D. Above
60. A. reminded      B. called    C. described   D. pictured

卷II(非选择题  共50分)
注意:请将答案写在答题纸上。写在本试卷上无效。
第四部分  语篇填空 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
    California is the third largest state in the USA but has the largest population. Also    61       is the most multicultural state in the USA, having    62    (attract) people from all over the world. The first settlers are believed to have arrived there    63    means of a land bridge across the Bering Strait. No one knows    64    the first people arrived in California.    65   , it is likely that Native Americans were living in California at least 15 thousand years ago. In the 18th century California    66    (rule) by Spain. In    67    early 1800s, Russian hunters began settling in California, then gold   68    (mine) and later arrivals. Now people from different parts of the world still immigrate to California. It is believed    69   before long California will be a mixture of many races and cultures, without distinct major    70    (race) or cultural groups.

第五部分  单词拼写 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
71. His wife ___________ (陪伴) him on the trip last month.
72. There are fifty students in this class ___________ (总共).
73. Smoking is ___________ (禁止) in the school.
74. When would it be ___________ (方便) for you to go?
75. May I ___________ (打断) you to ask a question?
76. Your letter of ___________ (祝贺) gives me a great deal of pleasure.
77. It must be the wind that makes it so cold. I’m ___________ (冰冷的).
78. The child turned to his mother for___________ (安慰).
79. Demand for ___________ (产品) such as coal and steel is increasing.
80. I thought he was joking when he said he had ___________ (辞职).

第六部分  单句改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
下列各句中每句有一处错。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下面划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
81. There is usually enough space specially reserving for the disabled people.
82. It is said that yogurt is great benefit to human health.
83. The bus was held on because a tree had fallen across the road.
84. I will never forget the time when I spent with Tom traveling around UK.
85. The teacher recommended that everyone took an active part in the English class.
86. There was a time when many Chinese people applied the right to live in the USA.
87. His hard work was paid off and he got an A in the final exam.
88. The job is great in term of salary. It has its disadvantages, though.
89. General speaking, the more expensive the camera is, the better its quality will be.
90. If only I can fly high in the sky like a bird.

 

 

 

 

 

 

第七部分  书面表达(满分20分)
假定你是李华,计划暑假间去英国学习英语,为期六周。下面的广告引起了你的注意,请给该校写封信,询问有关情况(箭头所指内容)。
  
 
注意:1.词数100左右;
      2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
      3.参考词汇:住宿accommodation


Dear Sir/Madam,
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                              Yours faithfully,
                                                               Li Hua

唐山一中2015─2016学年第二学期高二年级期末考试
英语试卷答案
听力(20×1.5=30):1—5 CABCA   6—10 CBBCC   11—15 ABBAC   16—20 BAACA

阅读理解(15×2=30):A篇 DBCA   B篇 CADA   C篇AABC   D篇 ADC
七选五阅读填空(5×2=10): 36-40 GDABF
完形填空(20×1.5=30):41-45 DABCA   46-50 CDBBC  51-55 AACBB  56-60 ABDCD

语篇填空(10×1=10):
61. it           62. attracted     63. by        64. when      65. However  
66. was ruled    67. the         68. miners     69. that       70. racial
单词拼写(10×1=10):
71. accompanied    72. altogether   73. forbidden/banned   74. convenient   75. interrupt 
76. congratulations  77. freezing     78. comfort    79. products     80. resigned
单句改错(10×1=10):
81. reserving - reserved  82. is + of  83. on - up   84. when – which/that或drop “when” 
85. took - take    86. applied + for    87. drop “was”     88. term - terms    
89. General - Generally    90. can - could
书面表达(20):
第二节:One Possible Version
Dear Sir/ Madam,
I am a Chinese student named Li Hua. I have planned to go to Britain to attend a summer course during the summer vacation. I’ve read your ad, and I’d like to know more about your six-week English course.
Firstly, when will the course start and how many students will there be in a class? I prefer a small class to a large one with too many students. Secondly, how many class hours will there be per week? I hope we will have time to go sightseeing in the neighborhood. Thirdly, I wonder how much you will charge us for the six-week course. Besides, where will I live when I study there? I would prefer a quiet room so that I can sleep well.
I’d appreciate your writing me back as soon as possible.
 Yours faithfully,
Li Hua

 

听力原文:
Text 1
M: Excuse me, madam.
W: Yes?
M: How long can I keep the book?
W: For one month. Please make sure you return the book before it’s due.
Text 2
M: Hurry up, Jenny. It’s already 7. We’ll be late for the film.
W: Don’t worry, dear. We still have 20 minutes and it takes us only 15 minutes to get there. We’ll be there just in time.
Text 3
M: I heard on the radio that it will be sunny during the holiday weekend. Maybe we can take a trip to Boston.
W: That sounds great. I’ll call Jane to see if she’d like to join us.
Text 4
W: It’s nearly 8. If you want to catch the 9 o’clock train, you’d better go now.
M: Don’t worry. I’ll drive to the station.
W: In that case, let me go with you and you drop me off at the city center. I’ll go to the open market.
Text 5
W: I am sorry the cake is late. We’ll do better next time. I promise.
M: Well, I’m sorry too. You have to take it back. The birthday party is over and we don’t need the cake any more.
Text 6
W: Oh, it’s broken. Jack is not going to be happy when he sees this. It’s his favorite CD. He will tell mom.
M: Please Kathy, can I borrow 10 dollars? I’ll buy him a new one and I’ll clean up your room.
Text 7
W: How did you like the dishes, sir?
M: Delicious. Everything was excellent here. Thank you.
W: Do you want some coffee, tea, sir?
M: No, thanks. I’m fine. I’ll just have the bill please. How much is your service charge?
W: 15% and it’s included in your bill. Thank you very much, sir. We look forward to seeing you again.
M: Sure. Good night.
Text 8
W: Can I help you?
M: Yes. My daughter bought this camera here for my wife’s birthday. But it doesn’t work, so I’d like to change it for another one.
W: I see. Let me have a look. Well, we’ll be happy to change it for you. But I am afraid we don’t have another pink one.
M: Oh? What will I do then?
W: Would you like to choose a different color? We do have this camera in black and orange.
M: My wife doesn’t like either of those colors.
W: If you want, we can order another camera just like this one. There wouldn’t be any extra charge for it.
M: That sounds fine. Would you please go ahead and do that?
W: We’d be very happy to. But it’ll take at least a week, maybe 10 days. We’ll call you when it comes in.
M: Thank you very much!
W: You are welcome.
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W: Hi Joe, many people in our department are leaving for Thanksgiving, what are you going to do?
M: I think I’ll just stay at home. I may see some friends and watch a few DVDs. And I probably would go to the auto car show. What about you, Ariel? What’s your plan?
W: I’m going to do some travelling with my family.
M: Oh? Where to?
W: Toronto and on our way we are going to visit my aunt Bettie in Kinston.
M: That’s exciting. How long do you plan to stay?
W: Two days. I have a get-together party with my college friends on the 10th in Toronto. Oh, I’m afraid I’ve got to go now. My husband is waiting for me and we’ll have to pick up Daniel from school. Have a nice holiday, Joe.
M: Thank you! You too.
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W: Where can you look if you want to know how tall the tallest person in the world is or who the oldest person in the world is? There is only one place where you’ll find all these information and that’s in the Guinness Book of Records. This morning, we have someone from the Guinness Company that produces that famous book, Thomas Manning. Welcome to the program, Thomas.
M: Thanks Sue. It’s a pleasure to be here.
W: Perhaps you can start by telling us where the idea for the book came from.
M: Well, it was first suggested in the early 1930s. Sir Hugh Beaver, the managing director of Guinness was out shooting birds with some friends. A bird flew away so quickly that no one was able to shoot it. Sir Hugh wondered whether this bird was the fastest bird in Europe. And if it wasn’t the fastest, he wondered what was.
W: So I suppose he went to the nearest library to look for the information and he couldn’t find it?
M: Yes. That’s exactly what happened. And this made Sir Hugh think there must be other people in the same situation who wanted this kind of information. He thought that like himself, people would be interested in finding facts about records to satisfy their curiosity.
W: So the idea for a book of records was born. And when did the first book come out?
M: A few years later in 1955. So to answer your first question, the tallest person in the world is 231.7 cm tall and the oldest person is Jeanne L. Calment who was born in Februray, 1875.
W: There are also some rather strange records, aren’t there, Thomas?
M: Yes. That’s right. Did you know, Sue, the shortest time that is taken…

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