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安徽蚌埠市2016-2017高二英语下学期期末试题(含答案)

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安徽蚌埠市2016-2017高二英语下学期期末试题(含答案)

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   本试卷分第I卷和第II卷两部分,共10页。满分150分。考试时间120分钟。考试结束,考生将答题卷交回。
第I卷
注意事项:
1.答第I卷前,考生务必用0.5毫米的黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名、座号、准考证号填写在答题卷规定的位置上。   
2.每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卷上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。
第一部分   听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卷上。
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the woman suggest the man do?
  A. Buy a new suit         B. Get a better job       C. Change his hairstyle
2. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
   A. An exam             B. A college           C. A rule
3. When will the man meet with Mrs Jones?
   A. At 9:00 am            B. At 9:15 am            C. At 10:00 am
4. What does the woman imply?
   A. Mathew is not telling her the truth
   B. Mathew didn’t know that she failed her class
   C. Mathew doesn’t know how their friends found out
5. What is the woman trying to do?
   A. Tell a story             B. Report a game          C. Describe an accident
第二节  (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
   听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. How many pairs of skis did the woman buy?
   A. 2                      B. 3               C. 6
7. What did the woman think of the service?
   A. Just so-so                B. A bit disappointing    C. Quite satisfactory
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Why was the woman on the news?
   A. She was a famous singer
   B. She won a music competition
   C. She wrote a song for the TV station
9. What does the woman think of singing?
   A. It gives her great pleasure
   B. It takes too much of her time
   C. It will make her famous one day
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Why is the woman talking with the man?
   A. To get a raise           B. To quit her job          C. To confirm a meeting
11. When will the speakers meet next?
   A. Later that day after lunch
   B. Thursday afternoon
   C. Thursday morning
12. What is the next meeting about?
   A. How to find more details
   B. How to talk to the director
   C. Why the woman needs a pay rise
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Why does the suggest the woman not bring jeans?
   A. It is going to be very hot
   B. They are hard to wash and dry
   C. They are heavy and take much space
14. What kind of shorts does the man recommend?
   A. Ones with many pockets
   B. Ones with fashionable styles
   C. Ones with nice colors
15. What does the man think is a good choice?
   A. Wearing a dress            B. Taking a jumper         C. Bringing trainers
16. Which color T-shirt will the woman leave behind?
   A. White                      B. Red                 C. Black
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. How long did the trip last altogether?
   A. One hour                  B. Three hours             C. Six hours
18. What looked different from the air balloon according to the man?
   A. The bridge                 B. The castle                C. The river
19. What did the man think uncomfortable in the basket?
   A. It was very cold in the basket
   B. He couldn’t find a place to sit
   C. It was crowded in the basket
20. Where did the balloon land?
   A. In a park                 B. On a farm              C. On a golf course
第二部分 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A
   Keeping the kids busy over the school holidays can be discouraging and cost parents a lot.  But we’ve found some cheap and cheerful ways to enjoy family time this Easter from free days out to fun-filled theme parks which won’t cost us much. We’ve done the homework so you can get started on having a great time.
     Theme Parks
     ♦ Save from 10% to 25% off the price of tickets for Legoland in Windor by booking in advance online. A family of four can save up to ₤45.90 on a one-day ticket, paying ₤137.70.
     ♦Book seven days in advance and save ₤43 off the price of a family of four tickets for Drayton Manor Theme Park. Call 0844-472-1950 or book online and you’ll pay ₤65 on the day.
♦ You can pick up a family of four ticket for a day at Alton Towers in Staffordshire for ₤43.80 off the day price.
♦ Save ₤16 off the price for a family trip to The Making of Harry Potter by buying a family ticket (two adults and two children) online. Family of four ₤101, compared to ₤117.
Activities
Students looking for a cut-price trip to see the animals can save 15% off the ticket price at Bristol Zoo and pay ₤12.71 rather than the full adult price ₤14.53. Teens should show their identity as students.
Freebies(免费赠品)
Let your kids discover what it’s like to be an animal on the African Plain in the ocean. Or, they can learn to love leaf beetles(甲壳虫) or become a scientist for the day at the Natural History Museum in London.
21. Which of the following theme parks can save you most on Easter Day?
A. Alton Towers.                B. Legoland in Windsor   
C. Drayton Manor Theme Park.       D. The Making of Harry Potter.
 22. How can tourists enjoy a cut-price trip at Bristol Zoo?
     A. By showing their birthdays and birthplaces.
     B. By showing their family addresses
     C. By showing their driving licenses.
     D. By showing their students’ cards
 23. Who is the text mainly intended for?
      A. The students.               B. The scientists              C. The families        D. The kids
B
   When something goes wrong, it can be very satisfying to say, “Well, it’s so-and-so’s fault.” or “ I know I’m late , but it’s not my fault;the car broke down.” It is probably not your fault, but once you form the habit of blaming somebody or something else for a bad situation, you are a loser. You have no power and could do nothing that helps change the situation. However, you can have great power over what happens to you if you stop focusing on whom to blame and start focusing on how to remedy the situation. This is the winner’s key to success.
   Winners are great at overcoming problems. For example, if you were late because your car broke down, maybe you need to have your car examined more regularly. Or, you might start to carry along with you the useful phone numbers, so you could call for help when in need. For another example, if your colleague causes you problems on the job for lack of responsibility or ability, find ways of dealing with his irresponsibility or inability rather than simply blame the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don’t rely on the person. You should accept that the person. Ask to work with a different person, or don’t rely on this person. You should accept that the person is not reliable and find creative ways to work successfully regardless of how your colleague fails to do his job well.
   This is what being a winner is all about—creatively using your skills and talents so that you are successful no matter what happens. Winners don’t have fewer problems in their lives; they have just as many difficult situations to face as anybody else. They are just better at seeing those problems as challenges and opportunities to develop their own talents. So, stop focusing on “whose fault it is.” Once you are confident about your power over bad situations, problems are just stepping stop on for success.
24.The underlined word remedy in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to_________________.
  A. avoid         B. improve            C. accept      D. consider
25. According to the passage, winners_______________.
A. have responsible and able colleagues
B. meet with fewer difficulties in their lives
C. deal with problems rather than blame others
D. blame themselves rather that others
26.When your colleague brings about a problem, you should_______________.
A. find a better way to handle the problem
B. blame him for his lack of responsibility
C. tell him to find the cause of the problem
D. ask a more able colleague for help
27. When problems occur, winners take them as ___________.
A. excuses for their failures
B. barriers to greater power
C. chances for self-development
D. challenges to their colleagues
C
  Smoking is harmful. But as soon as you quit the habit, everything will be OK, right?
  Wrong
  New research has found that even if you give up smoking, the damage it has done to your genes(基因)  will stay there for a much longer time. In the research, a team of US scientists studied the blood of 16,000 people. Among them, some were smokers, some used to smoke, and the rest were non-smokers. Scientists compared their genes and found that more than 7,000 genes of smokers had changed-a number that is one-third of known human genes.
According to NBC News, both heart disease and cancer are caused by genetic changes. Some people may have had the changes when they were born, but most people get them in their day-to-day lives while doing things like smoking.
When you stop smoking, a lot of these genes will return to normal within five years.
This means your body is trying to heal (治愈) itself of the harmful effects of smoking. But the changes in some of the genes stay for longer. They can stay for as long as 30 years. It’s almost like leaving a footprint on wet cement (水泥) 一it will always be there, even when you’ve walked away and when the cement becomes dry.
Although the study results may make people unhappy, there is a bright side: the findings could help scientists invent medicine to treat genetic damage caused by smoking or find ways to tell which people have heart disease or cancer risks.
28.The function of Paragraph 1 is to                  .
A. show the main idea of the passage      B. give an example
C. make an argument                    D. introduce the topic of the passage
29. Most genetic changes happen because of                      .
A. people’s condition at birth            B. people’s bad living habits    
C. environmental pollution            D. heart disease and cancer
30. The underlined word “it” in Paragraph 6 refers to                      .
A. the genetic change                       B. the cement  
C. the harmful effect                         D. the footprint
31Which of the following statements is true?
A. The findings are the fruit of more than three years’ research.
B. The findings have prevented more people from starting smoking
C. The findings help to find cures for genetic damage caused by smoking.
D. The findings offer evidence that a damaged gene can heal itself.
D
 People are being lured(引诱)onto Facebook with the promise of a fun and free service without realizing they’re paying for it by giving up large amounts of personal information. Facebook then attempts to make money by selling their data to advertisers that want to send targeted messages.
   Most Facebook users don’t realize this is happening. Even if they know what the company is up to, they still have no idea what they’re paying for Facebook, because people don’t really know what their personal details are worth.
   The biggest problem, however, is that the company keeps changing the rules. Early on, you could keep everything private. That was the great thing about Facebook—you could create your own little private network. Last year, the company changed its privacy rules so that many things—your city, your photo, your friends’ names—were set, by default(默认), to be shared with everyone on the Internet.
   According to Facebook’s vice-- president Elliot Schrage, the company is simply making changes to improve its service, and if people don’t share information, they have a “less satisfying experience.”
   Some critics think this is more about Facebook looking to make more money. Its original business model, which involved selling ads and putting them at the side of the page, totally failed. Who wants to look at ads when they’re online connecting with their friends?
   The privacy issue has already landed Facebook in hot water in Washington. In April, Senator(议员) Charles Schumer called on Facebook to change its privacy policy. He also urged the Commission to set guidelines for social-networking sites. “I think the senators rightly communicated that we had not been clear about what the new products were and how people could choose to use them or not to use them,” Schrage admits.
   I suspect that whatever Facebook has done so far to invade our privacy, it’s only the beginning, which is why I’m considering deactivating(撤销)my account. Facebook is a handy site, but I’m upset by the idea that my information is in the hands of people I don’t know. That is too high a price to pay.
32. What do we learn about Facebook from the first paragraph?
   A. It is website that sends messages to targeted users
   B. it makes money by putting on advertisements
   C. It provides loads of information to its users
   D. It profits by selling its users’ personal data
33. Why does Facebook make changes to its according to Elliot Schrage?
   A. To provide better service to its users      B. To follow the Federal guidelines
   C. To improve its users’ connectivity        D. To expand its scope of business
34. What does Senator Charles Schumer advocate(主张)?
   A. Setting guidelines for advertising on websites
   B. Banning the sharing of users’ personal information
   C. Removing ads from all social—networking sties
   D. Formulating (制订)regulations for social—networking sties
35. Why does the author plan to cancel his Facebook account?
   A. He is dissatisfied with its current service
   B. He doesn’t want his personal data abused  
C. He finds many of its users untrustworthy
D. He is upset by its frequent rule changes
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空格的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Wrong Reasons for Going to College
   A college education can be priceless.    36   If any of these following factors had a big influence on your decision, you’re probably right to second-guess yourself.
   Because all your friends are going.
   In only a few weeks’ time, the whole friend group will be scattered to a half dozen different colleges in a half dozen different places. Not to go will set yourself apart.   37   
Because someone else expects it from you.
Perhaps you come from a family where everyone goes to college. Or maybe, you’re the kid that everyone is proud to believe will be the first to get there.  38 . It’s become so much a part of the air you breathe that you’ve never stopped to consider whether you want to go or whether you’re ready to go.
    39  
It’s been tough to find even a summer job. You don’t have an alternative plan. Everyone else is doing it(see above). You think you might as well go to school. That is the lamest(无说服力的) of reasons to spend $20,000 or more in the next year.
 Because you are afraid you’ll regret it if you don’t go.
 Your uncle tells you that his one regret in life is that he didn’t go to college. Others tell you that they could have gone so much farther in their career if only they had a college education.  40 So this is not a persuasive reason for you to go to college.
A. Because you don’t know what else to do.
B. It seems that for years everyone has just assumed that of course you’ll go.
C. Because you don’t want to work.
D. But maybe in your heart you know that you are going for the wrong reasons.
E. Friends will wonder what’s wrong with you
F. Everyone seems more excited than you are.
G. Whatever the story is, there are always people who regret decisions they’ve made.
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
Eating the Cookie
   One of my patients, a successful businessman, tells me that before his cancer he would become depressed unless things went a certain way.   41  was “having the cookie”. If you had the cookie, things were good. If you didn’t have the cookie, life was   42  .
Unfortunately, the cookie kept   43  . Some of the time it was money, and sometimes power. At   44  time, it was the new car, the biggest contract. A year and a half after his diagnosis(诊断) of prostate cancer, he sits   45  his head regretfully.“It seems that I stopped learning how to   46   after I was a kid. When I give my son a cookie, he is happy. If I take the cookie away or it    47  ,he is unhappy. But he is two and a half and I am forty three. It’s taken me this long to understand that the   48   will never make me happy for long.
The   49  you have the cookie it starts to fall to pieces or you start to   50  about it crumbling (弄碎) or about someone trying to take it away from you. You know, you have to   51  a lot of things to take care of the cookie, to keep it from crumbling and be   52  that no one takes it away from you. You may not even get a chance to eat it    53   you are so busy just trying not to lose it.   54   the cookie is not what life is about.”
My patient laughs and says   55  has changed him. For the first time he is   56  . No matter if his  57  is doing well or not, no matter if he wins or loses at golf.“Two years ago, cancer   58  me, ‘What is really important?’Well, life is important. Live any way you can have it, life with the cookie, life without the cookie. Happiness does not have anything to   59  with the cookie: it has to do with being   60  .”
41. A. Happiness     B. Success    C. Business     D. Love
42. A. normal     B. common    C. worthless    D. useless
43. A. increasing     B. changing    C. decreasing    D. recovering
44. A. one      B. a     C. no      D. other
45. A. shaking     B. nodding    C. knocking     D. raising
46. A. grow      B. learn    C. live      D. work
47. A. burns      B. breaks    C. shares     D. throws
48. A. disease     B. change    C. kid      D. cookie
49. A. hour      B. time     C. second     D. minute
50. A. think      B. come    C. worry     D. doubt
51. A. give up     B. add up    C. use up     D. call up
52. A. brave      B. curious    C. aware     D. sure
53. A. unless     B. because    C. though     D. until
54. A. Eating     B. Protecting   C. Having     D. Making
55. A. death      B. energy    C. life      D. cancer
56. A. happy     B. weak    C. upset     D. sad
57. A. result     B. fortunate    C. business     D. behavior
58. A. asked      B. left     C. deserted     D. recognized
59. A. deal      B. do     C. connect     D. link
60. A. alone      B. alive    C. ambitious    D. active
第II卷
注意事项:用0.5毫米的黑色墨水签字笔将答案写在答题卷上,写在本试卷上无效。
第三部分 英语知识运用(共三节,满分45分)
第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
   Davidson Black was a   61   (Canada) doctor who organized the excavation that led to the discovery of the bones in the Zhoukoudian   62  (cave)near Beijing. He was a specialist in the study of bones   63  it was his ambition to find and identify bones of early humans. His university was ware  64  the significance of his work. At first they gave him ample time to do his research, but  65  (late)they realized he was prepared to pursue it regardless of his students’ needs and his   66   (teach) career, so they forbade him   67  (travel) there any more. It was his assistant, Pei Wenzhong,   68   made the discovery of these primitive bones and   69  (sharpen) tools. Davidson Black that his success was almost   70   (entire) due to his assistant’s systematic hard work.
第四部分   写作(共二节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。
      2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
   If you want to be a inventor, you must have a plan design to solve a particular problem. This is not as easily as it sounds. Many idea, developed after weeks of research, may not prove successful. Many unsuccessful approaches rejected, but only the most creative and successful ones are welcomed. Each idea has tested by you will need to be improved until it lead you to a new invention. Once this hard work has been completing and the patent committee has approved your design, you will find your invent adopted on all sides.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,与留学生朋友Bob约好一起去书店,因故不能赴约。请给他用英语写封邮件,内容包括:
1.表示歉意;
2.说明原因;
3.另约时间。
注意:1. 词数100左右。     
2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头和结尾已为你写好。
 Dear Bob,
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                 Yours,
                                                                                Li Hua

 

安徽省蚌埠市2016-2017学年高二下学期期末考试英语试题
参考答案
第一部分 听力(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
1-5CABAC   6-10BCBAA   11-15BCBAC  16-20ABABC
第二部分  阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
21-25CCABC   26-30ACDBD   31-35CDADB   36-40DEBAC
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
41-45ACBDA   46-50CBDDC   51-55ADBCD   56-60ACABB
第二节语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61.canadian   62.caves   63.and   64.of   65. Later
66.teachign    67.to travel   68.who/that   69.sharpened    70.entirely
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
   If you want to be a inventor, you must have a plan design to solve a particular problem. This is not as easily as it
                                      an    designed                                  easy
sounds. Many idea, developed after weeks of research, may not prove successful. Many unsuccessful approaches ∧
             ideas                                                                        are
rejected, but only the most creative and successful ones are welcomed. Each idea has tested by you will need to be
                                                                    \
improved until it lead you to a new invention. Once this hard work has been completing and the patent committee has
                leads                                          completed
approved your design, you will find your invent adopted on all sides.
                                invention
第二节书面表达(满分25分)
Dear Bob,
   I’m sorry to say that I cannot go to the bookstore with you on Friday afternoon. I have just found that I have to attend an important class meeting that afternoon. I hope the change will not cause you too much trouble.
   Shall we go on Saturday morning? We can set out early so that we’ll have more time to read and select books. If it’s convenient for you, let’s meet at 8:30 outside the school gate. If not, let me know what time suits you best. I should be available any time after school next week.
Yours,
Li Hua
 

 

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