I’ll get more men to do it.
Be sure to get Mr.White to come here.
She got a new coat made.
Let’s get this matter cleared up.
The lecture got us thinking.
Can you get the clock going again?
He got dismissed because of his laziness.
I got acquainted with him when he was in high school.
You’ve got me！这下可把我难住了！
get along/on with与……和睦相处，进展
get away with侥幸做成
get down to sth.开始做某事
break away (from sb./sth.)脱离，逃脱，甩掉
break one’s word食言
call at someplace拜访某地
call on sb.拜访某人
call on/upon sb.to do sth.请求某人做某事
take part in参加
take pride in为……感到骄傲
take the place of替代
take care of照顾
go with sth.附属于；同意
keep away from远离
keep up with sth.熟悉；继续支付
keep up with sb.与某人保持联系
keep a record保持纪录
keep one’s promise遵守诺言
keep an eye on照看，留神，留意
look down on看不起，鄙视
look forward to sth./doing sth.盼望，期待
make up for弥补
be made up of由……组成/构成
make full/good use of充分利用
make friends with与……交朋友
make fun of取笑
make room for给……让出空间
make an apology to给……道歉
make preparations for为……作准备
make the bed铺床
make a living谋生
put up with sb./sth.容忍
set fire to sth./set sth.on fire放火烧……
set an example to为……树立榜样
take an exam参加考试，相当于sit an exam
take one’s advice听从劝告
take it for granted (that...)把……看成是理所当然的事
afford表示“买得起；有时间做”，可以指费用、时间等，常用于afford sth.和afford to do sth.结构；其他四个词都有“花费”之意，其中cost指“需付费”，常用于cost sb.sth.结构；pay常指“付多少钱”，常用于pay (sb.)for sth.结构；spend指“花时间或钱”，常用于sb.＋spend＋时间/钱＋on sth./(in) doing sth.结构；take常用于It takes sb.＋时间＋to do sth.结构。如：
We cannot afford to pay such a price.
The new computer costs him around 1，000.
Who will pay for the meal?
Every day he spent twenty minutes (in) talking to the boy.
It took us a lot of time to finish the work.
2．take part in，join in，join，attend
它们都有“参加”之意。take part in意为“参加，参与(某事或某活动)”；join in意为“参加”，后面接的宾语一般是表示竞赛、娱乐、游戏等活动的名词或动名词；join指“加入”某个团体、组织；attend强调“出席”，如attend a meeting/concert，attend classes/school/a lecture等。如：
It is useful to take an active part in afterschool activities.
Please join us and play together!
Last Saturday all of us attended his wedding.
He never joined in the usual sports of the boys.
He hurt his back when playing squash.
What he said at the meeting hurt me.
He was wounded in the war in the left arm.
Three people were killed and five injured in the crash.
The school was destroyed completely by a big fire.
A new crisis has arisen.
Food prices have risen rapidly in the past few months.
(3)raise用作及物动词，后可接one’s hand/a stone/the flag/the price/one’s voice等，可用于被动语态。侧重表示把人或物提高到较高的位置或水平，既可指具体的事物，也可用于比喻意义。如：
Finally the ship was raised to the surface of the water.
That hat matches your jacket well.
Not every shoe fits every foot.
Would Monday suit you?
put ＋up/on/down/away/off set＋up/off/out/about/aside
典例展示1 (2016•全国卷Ⅱ)Most of us are more focused ________ our tasks in the morning than we are later in the day.
解析 be focused on为固定搭配，意为“集中于……”。故答案为on。
典例展示2 (2014•辽宁高考)OK. Don’t laugh ________ me. I may look funny.
解析 laugh at是固定搭配，意为“嘲笑”。故答案为at。
1．William found it increasingly difficult to read，for his eyesight was beginning to ________．
2．If you don’t like the drink you ________，just leave it and try a different one.
3．Mary，I ________ John of his promise to help you.
4．Knowledge and learning are important if we want to be successful，but they may also ________ our thinking.
5．The minister said，“We are ready for discussions with any legal parties，but we’ll never ________ with criminals.”
6．Clinical evidence began to ________，suggesting that the new drugs had a wider range of useful activities than had been predicted from experiments in animals.
7．—Are you still mad at her?
—Not really，but I can’t ________ that her remarks hurt me.
8．I’d prefer to ________ my judgment until I find all the evidence.
9．You are old enough to ________ your own living.
10．I ________ a bank account after I made 1，000 by doing a parttime job during the summer vacation.
take on，come across，look up，go over，bring up，put up，care about，turn down，work out，speed up，bring down，put up with
1．I can ________________ the house being untidy，but I hate it if it’s not clean.
2．The government has taken measures to ____________________ the high prices of daily goods to keep the market stable.
3．They are broadening the bridge to ________________ the flow of traffic.
4．You can’t predict everything.Often things don’t ________________ as you expect.
5．—You look upset.What’s the matter?
—I had my proposal ________________ again.
6．If you ________________ faults but you still want the bicycle，ask the shop assistant to reduce the price.
7．He decided that he would drive all the way home instead of ________________ at a hotel for the night.
8．Born into a family with three brothers，David was ________________ to value the sense of sharing.
9．To get a better grade，you should ________________ the notes again before the test.
10．I often ________________ the words I don’t know in the dictionary or on the Internet.
11．She ________________ an old friend of hers yesterday while she was shopping at the department store.
12．Some insects ________________ the color of their surroundings to protect themselves.
The mystery of why a baby is comforted by being picked up has been discovered.A new study not only shows that babies deeply relax when they are carried，but goes on to explain the physical processes at work.An instinct(本能) in evolution causes crying babies to calm down，when they are held in their mother’s arms.
When babies are picked up and carried，their heart rate slows down and they “automatically and deeply” relax.But this doesn’t happen when they are simply held，the study found.The scientists say the study is the first to show that the baby’s response to being calmed is a coordinated(协调的) set of nervous regulation of hearts.
The findings could help parents who have trouble tranquilizing their babies，claim the scientists.“Their baby response reduces the mother’s burden of carrying，and is important to both the mother and the baby，” Dr.Kumi Kuroda，from the Riken Brain Science Institute in Japan.The researchers believe the calming response is a survival traits(特征) preserved by evolution in many mammals，including lions and squirrels.
The research involved measuring electrical brain activity in both human babies and mouse babies.When baby mice are carried by their mothers，their legs flexed(弯曲的) and they stopped giving off loud sound.In mice，the calming response was depended on the sense of touch and the ability to feel body movement.
The findings may have importance for parenting，say the scientists.“Such proper understanding of babies would reduce parents’ feeling of failure and be important，because crying is a major risk for child abuse，” said Dr.Kuroda.“Although our study was done on mothers，we believe that this is not specific to mums and can be used by any primary caregiver.”
1．What response do crying babies have when they are picked up?
A．They stop crying and fall asleep quickly.
B．They smile at the mothers at once.
C．They relax with the heart rate slowing down.
D．They ask for more body contact.
2．What does the underlined word “tranquilizing” in Paragraph 3 probably mean?
3．Who will be interested in the text?
A．Primary school teachers.
B．Parents with teenagers.
C．People who take care of babies.
D．Couples who want to have children.
4．What does the text mainly talk about?
A．How we can take good care of babies.
B．Mothers have trouble in bringing up children.
C．What to do when your baby cries.
D．Why babies calm down when picked up and carried.
A rescue center in Alaska has taken in an orphaned baby seal that was still in the body when a hunter killed its mother on Easter Sunday.
The Alaska Sea Life Center says a hunter killed the baby’s mother in a village on Nelson Island in the Bering Sea.The hunter then realized there was a live baby inside the seal and successfully delivered it.
The hunter’s daughter found a hotline of the Seward Rescue Center and called to report the incident.Guided by center staff，a village teacher helped transport the baby to the local airport，and the animal was flown to Anchorage.The Alaska Sea Life Center members met the baby，now called Maxwell，at the Anchorage airport and drove him to Seward on Monday.Staff members say the baby has responded well to food and care，but his condition is still considered very serious.
“Maxwell was close to fullterm，and everything looks fairly normal，” said Pam Tuomi，a center vet.“But babies that have never received antibodies(抗体) from their mother’s milk are at higher risk of infection，so we will keep Maxwell in a separate place and watch him closely for the next few weeks.”
The Sea Life Center is Alaska’s only permanent facility licensed to house stranded(搁浅的) marine mammals and seabirds.Staff choose a theme each year for naming animals admitted there，and this year the names are related to caffeine.
“We hope to give Maxwell a second chance at life as a wild seal，” said Brett Long，the center’s director.
5．What can we learn from the passage?
A．The mother seal was killed in order to protect the baby seal.
B．The mother seal was killed before the baby seal was born.
C．The cruel hunter was unwilling to save the baby seal.
D．Both the mother seal and the baby seal were in good condition now.
6．What did the hunter’s daughter do with the baby seal?
A．She helped to feed it.
B．She delivered it successfully.
C．She reported it to a rescue center.
D．She persuaded her father to save it.
7．The underlined word “him” in the third paragraph probably refers to “________”．
B．the baby seal
C．the center member
D．the village teacher
8．Maxwell is at high risk of infection because ________．
A．it was born too early
B．there are no antibodies in its body
C．it can’t get used to the life in the center
D．it can’t be taken good care of in the center
You are near the front line of a battle.Around you shells(炮弹)are exploding；people are shooting from a house behind you.What are you doing there？You aren’t a soldier.You aren’t__1__carrying a gun.You’re standing in front of a __2__and you’re telling the TV__3__what is happening.
It’s all in a day’s work for a war reporter，and it can be very__4__．In the first two years of the __5__in former Yugoslavia(前南斯拉夫)，28 reporters and photographers were killed.Hundreds more were __6__．What kind of people put themselves in danger to __7__pictures to our TV screens and __8__to our newspapers？Why do they do it?
“I think it’s every young journalist’s__9__to be a foreign reporter，”says Michael Nicholson，“that’s__10__you find the excitement.So when the first opportunity comes，you take it__11__it is a war.”
But there are moments of__12__．Jeremy Bowen says，“Yes，when you’re lying on the ground and bullets(子弹)are flying__13__your ears，you think：‘What am I doing here？I’m not going to do this again.’But that feeling__14__after a while and when the next war starts，you’ll be __15__．”
“None of us believes that we’re going to__16__，”adds Michael.But he always __17__ a lucky charm(护身符)with him.It was given to him by his wife for his first war.It’s a card which says“Take care of yourself.”Does he ever think about dying？“Oh，__18__，and every time it happens you look to the sky and say to God，‘If you get me out of this，I __19__I’ll never do it again.’You can almost hear God __20__，because you know he doesn’t believe you.”
11．A.even so B．ever since
C．as if D．even if
18．A.never B．many times
C．some time D．seldom
Ⅰ.1.fail 2.ordered 3.reminded 4.limit 5.negotiate 6.accumulate 7.deny 8.reserve 9.earn 10.opened
Ⅱ.1.put up with 2.bring down 3.speed up 4.work out 5.turned down 6.care about 7.putting up 8.brought up 9.go over 10.look up 11.came across 12.take on
文 章来源 天