命题人：高丽丽 审题：教科室 2017、10、20
第一部分： 英语听力 (略）
第一节 (共15小题; 每小题2分, 满分30分)
With more than 100,000 people aged 100 or over, Spain is the country with the greatest life expectancy after Japan. How do you live to 100? Here 4 of the country’s centenarians (百岁老人) give their advice on staying youthful.
Francisco Nunez, 112
He is from Bienvenida, Badajoz, southern Spain. Nunez lives with his daughter. He says he doesn’t like the pensioners’ (领养老金的人) daycare center because it’s full of old people, whose negative attitude towards life affects him deeply sometimes. Despite his old age. he has always maintained (保持)
a youthful outlook, and that is what has kept him going on. Pedro Rodriguez, 106
He lives in Cangas de Onis, Asturias, northern Spain. Rodriguez plays the piano every day in the living room of the flat where he lives with his wife who is nearly 20 years younger than him. Their daughters visit them often. His hobby is something that he feels has kept him young. “The nuns (修女) taught me how to play the piano as a
child,” he says.
Maximino San Miguel, 102
He lives in Leon, northern Spain. San Miguel discovered his passion (酷爱) for amateur dramatics at the age of 80 and has participated in many local productions. He didn’t go to school as a child because he was sent to work as a shepherd (牧羊人). He prefers reading books about drawing
and travelling. Now this hobby, he said, has kept him full of energy. Pilar Fernandez, 101
She lives with her daughter Pili, granddaughters Flori and Ana in Ambas, Asturias, northern Spain. Fernandez
suffered hunger and hardship during the war years alongside her nine brothers and sisters. To avoid history repeating itself, she limited herself to just one child. “From pure fear, I didn’t have anymore,” says Fernandez.One of the best things for her health, she says, is tending livestock (家畜) and a vegetable garden.
21.Why does Francisco Nunez dislike living with other old people?
A.They may depend on his help.
B.He is sensitive to his old age.
C.They may affect his attitude to life.
D.He has more kids to look after at home.
22.What does Maximino San Miguel want to do most in his life now?
A.Working as a shepherd.
C.Taking up painting.
23.What benefits her health according to Pilar Fernandez?
C.Living with kids.
D.Having more children.
24.What can we infer about the four old people from the text?
A.They are fond of exercising regularly.
B.They led a hard life when they were young.
C.They have the same hobbies in their free time.
D.They have their own method of staying youthful.
It was a cold March day in High Point, North Carolina. The girls on the Wesleyan Academy softball were waiting for their next turns at bat during practice, stamping their feet to stay warm. Eighth-grader Taylor Bisbee shivered (发抖) a little as she watched her teammate Paris White play. The two didn’t know each other well—Taylor had just moved to town a month or so before.
Suddenly, Paris fell to the ground, “Paris’s eye rolled back,” Taylor says. “She started shaking. I knew it was an emergency.”
It certainly was, Paris had suffered a sudden heart failure. Without immediate medical care, Paris would die. At first, no one moved. The girls were in shock. Then the softball coach shouted out, “Does anyone know CPR?”
CPR is a life-saving technique. To do CPR, you press on the sick person’s chest so that blood moves through the body and takes oxygen to organs. Without oxygen, the brain is damaged quickly.
Amazingly, Taylor had just taken a CPR course the day before. Still, she hesitated. She didn’t think she knew it well enough. But when no one else came forward, Taylor ran to Paris and began doing CPR, “It was scary. I knew it was the difference between life and death,” says Taylor.
Taylor’s swift action helped her teammates calm down. One girl called 911. Two more ran to get the school nurse, who brought a defibrillator, an electronic devices (器械) that can shock the heart back into work. Luck stayed with them: Paris’ heartbeat returned.
“I know I was really lucky,” Paris says now. “Most people don’t survive this. My team saved my life”.
Experts say Paris is right. For a sudden heart failure, the single best chance for survival is having someone nearby step in and do CPR quickly.
Today, Paris is back on the softball team. Taylor will apply to college soon. She wants to be a nurse. “I feel more confident in my actions now,” Taylor says. “I know I can act under pressure in a scary situation.”
25.What happened to Paris on a March day?
A.She caught a bad cold. B.She had a sudden heart problem.
C.She was knocked down by a ball. D.She shivered terribly during practice.
26.Why does Paris say she was lucky?
A.She made a worthy friend. B.She recovered from shock.
C.She received immediate CPR. D.She came back on the softball team.
27.Which of the following words can best describe Taylor?
A.Creative and kind. B.Courageous and calm.
C.Warm-hearted and generous. D.Intelligent and professional.
When it comes to success in business and success in life, there are few qualities as important as confidence.
People naturally have different levels of confidence. Some have a higher level of confidence than others do, but even those whose confidence is lacking can learn to build their level of confidence and reach their most important goals. Increasing self-confidence is one of the most common reasons people give for seeking the help of psychologists(心理学家）and other professionals.
One of the many places where a greater level of confidence is useful is in the workplace. We all know how difficult it can be, for instance, to ask the boss for a raise. This process can be extremely difficult for those who lack confidence in their own abilities. After all, if you are unsure about your own abilities, how will you ever convince your boss that you deserve more money for the work you do?
Even if you are not asking for that big raise, having plenty of confidence in your abilities is important to success. If you are certain of your abilities, chances are that those around you, whether they are your coworkers, your colleagues or your superiors(上级), will see that confidence, and that will help to assure them that you are the best at what you do.
Being thought of as the person to go to, and being seen as an expert in your chosen field, is naturally very important to success on the job. If you can make yourself the person people go to for guidance and advice, you will help to protect yourself from the ever present danger of downsizing. After all, if you are a recognized expert at the office, you will be regarded as an indispensable member of the team.
Having a high level of confidence, after all, does not mean overlooking the places where you could improve. Knowing what you do well and where you need help will help you enjoy increased success and confidence.
28.What is the passage mainly about?
A.The influence of confidence on one’s life.
B.The importance of confidence to success.
C.The difference of people’s confidence.
D.The judgment on one’s confidence.
29.Psychologists and other professionals can offer help to those _____.
A.who think their goals are hard to reach
B.who expect to give guidance to others
C.who want to ask the boss for a raise
D.who dream to be recognized experts
30.What does the underlined word indispensable in Paragraph 5 probably mean?
A.important B.attractive C.outgoing D.energetic
31.What message does the author want to convey (传达) in the last paragraph?
A.To overlook one’s disadvantages.
B.To make full use of one’s advantages.
C.To have great confidence in one’s abilities.
D.To make objective(客观的) evaluations of one’s abilities.
The Great Wall of China, one of the greatest wonders of the world, was enlisted in the World Heritage by the UNESCO in 1987. Just like a gigantic dragon, the Great Wall winds up and down across deserts, grasslands and mountains, stretching about 6,700 kilometers from east to west of China. With a history of more than 2,000 years, some parts of the Great Wall are now in ruins or even entirely disappeared. However, it is still one of the most appealing attractions around the world.
No one can tell for sure when the building of the Great Wall was started, but it is popularly believed that it originated as a military fortification(要塞) against intrusion(侵入）by tribes on the borders during the earlier Zhou Dynasty. Late in the Spring and Autumn Period, some states extended the defence work to prevent the attacks from other states.
It was not until the Qin Dynasty that the separate walls were connected to form a defensive system by Emperor Qin Shi Huang. After the emperor unified the country in 214 BC, he ordered the construction of the wall. It took about ten years to finish and the wall stretched from Gansu Province to Jilin Province. The wall not only served as a defence in the north but also symbolized the power of the emperor.
Further construction also experienced several dynasties. The present Great Wall in Beijing is mainly remains from the Ming Dynasty. Today, the Great Wall has become a must-see for every visitor to China. Few can help saying “Wow” when they stand on top of a beacon tower and look at this giant dragon. It has become a national pride of Chinese people.
32.The underlined word “appealing” probably means “______”.
A.huge B.attractive C.ordinary D.moving
33.In the Qin Dynasty, ______.
A.the construction of the Great Wall was finished in 204BC
B.the emperor wanted to invade other minor states
C.the defensive system of the Great Wall was separated
D.the Great Wall began its way from Jilin Province
34.According to the passage, the Great Wall _______.
A.is from the west to the east B.is as long as 6,700 miles
C.was built in several dynasties D.was begun in the Qin Dynasties
35.The best title for the passage probably is _______.
A.History of the Great Wall B.Culture of the Great Wall
C.Construction of the Great Wall D.Projection of the Great Wall
You are one of the most familiar faces in class, not because you are funny or have great note-taking abilities but because you ask the most number of questions. 36 It is important to have a good way to ask questions. Here are a few tips for improving your questioning skills:
Be clear about what you want to know.
Be clear about what you want to know and frame your question accordingly. 37 If you beat around the bush, your teachers won’t be entirely sure what it is that you haven’t understood, or need an explanation for.
If you are uncertain about a particular subject, make it clear when it is being discussed. If you put your question in context(语境), you can be sure of it. Because questions often open up new avenues within a subject, doing this would benefit the whole class.
Don’t hesitate to talk to your teacher after class.
39 Therefore, if you feel uncomfortable about asking a question in front of your classmates, wait till the class is over. This will probably put you more at ease.
Write down your questions.
40 They may appear when you’re studying, reading or taking notes. Note them down on a piece of paper so that you won’t forget to ask them later. This can also make sure that you don’t have any unanswered questions when the exam approaches.
A. Don’t ask more questions once a time.
B. Questions may appear at any time.
C. Being curious is not a bad quality.
D. You may think it is good to ask no questions.
E. Ask questions related to the context.
F. A question needs to be easy to be understood and to the point.
G. One-to-one interactions(互动) are always much better than one-to-many.
第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分)
A Race Against Death
It was a cold January in 1925 in North Alaska. The town was cut off from the rest of the world due to heavy snow.
On the 20th of that month, Dr. Welch 41 a Sick boy, Billy, and knew he had diphtheria, a deadly infectious(传染的) disease mainly affecting children. The children of Nome would be 42 if it struck the town. Dr. Welch needed medicine as soon as possible to stop other kids from getting sick. 43 , the closest supply was over 1,000 miles away, in Anchorage.
How could the medicine get to Nome? The town’s 44 was already full of ice, so it couldn’t come by ship. Cars and horses couldn’t travel on the 45 roads. Jet airplanes and big trucks didn’t exist yet.
46 January 26, Billy and three other children had died. Twenty more were 47 . Nome’s town officials came up with a(n) 48 . They would have the medicine sent by 49 from Anchorage to Nenana. From there, doge led(狗拉雪橇) drivers—known as “mushers”—would 50 it to Nome in a relay(接力).
The race began on January 27. The first musher, Shannon, picked up the medicine from the train at Nenana and rode all night. 51 he handed the medicine to the next musher, Shannon’s face was black from the extreme cold.
On January 31, a musher named Seppala had to 52 a frozen body of water called Norton Sound. It was the most 53 part of the journey. Norton Sound was covered with ice, which could sometimes break up without warning. If that happened, Seppala might fall into the icy water below. He would 54 , and so would the sick children of Nome. But Seppala made it across.
A huge snowstorm hit on February 1. Amusher named Kaasen had to brave this storm. At one point, huge piles of snow blocked his 55 . He had to leave the trail(雪橇痕迹) to get around them. Conditions were so bad that it was impossible for him to 56 the trail again. The only hope was Balto, Kaasen’s lead dog, Balto put his nose to the ground, 57 to find the smell of other dogs that had traveled on the trail. If Balto failed, it would mean disaster for Nome. The minutes passed by. Suddenly, Balto began to 58 . He had found the trail.
At 5:30 am on February 2, Kaasen and his dog 59 in Nome. Within minutes, Dr. Welch had the medicine. He quickly gave it to the sick children. All of them recovered.
Nome had been 60 .
41.A.examined B.warned C.interviewed D.cured
42.A.harmless B.helpless C.fearless D.careless
43.A.Moreover B.Therefore C.Otherwise D.However
44.A.airport B.station C.harbor D.border
45.A.narrow B.snowy C.busy D.dirty
46.A.From B.On C.By D.After
47.A.tired B.upset C.pale D.sick
48.A.plan B.excuse C.message D.topic
49.A.air B.rail C.sea D.road
50.A.carry B.return C.mail D.give
51.A.Though B.Since C.When D.If
52.A.enter B.move C.visit D.cross
53.A.shameful B.boring C.dangerous D.foolish
54.A.escape B.bleed C.swim D.die
55.A.memory B.exit C.way D.destination
56.A.find B.fix C.pass D.change
57.A.pretending B.trying C.asking D.learning
58.A.run B.leave C.bite D.play
59.A.gathered B.stayed C.camped D.arrived
60.A.controlled B.saved C.founded D.developed
第二节 语法填空（共10小题；每小题1.5分，满分15分） 阅读下面短文，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于3个单词）或括号中词语的正确形式。
The task of being accepted in a university begins early for some students. Long before they graduate 61 high school, these students take special courses to prepare for 62 (advance) study. They may also take one or more 63 (examine) that test how well prepared they are for the university. In the final year of high school, they complete applications and send them to the universities 64 interest them most. Some high school students may be required to have 65 interview with people from the university. 66 (neat) dressed and a little bit frightened, they are determined to show that they have a good attitude and the ability to succeed.
If the new students 67 (accept), many universities will offer an instruction program for them 68 (get) to know the procedures for students’ advising, university rules, the use of the library and all the other major services of the university.
Beginning a new life in a new place can be very 69 (puzzle). The more knowledge students have about the school, the 70 (easy) it will be for them to adapt to the new environment. However, it takes time to get used to college life.
第四部分 写作 （共两节，满分35分）
The best advice I received in my childhood was from my dad.He always gives me some advice,but I seldom took them seriously.One day he was encouraged me to participate in a speech competition.So I signed up and after the competition,I did my best to be full prepared.But the moment I stood on the stage,I was such nervous that my mind completely went blank. The experience of lose a competition was really painful.Then,my dad said,"My son,life is like battlefield.You have to lose many time to win the final victory."Thanks for his advice,I never give up when I do anything.
注意：1. 词数100 左右；
参考词汇：夏令营 Summer Camp 弘扬 carry forward 报名 sigh up
21-24 CBAD 25-27 BCB 28-31 BAAD 32-35 BACA 36-40 CFEGB
41-45 ABDCB 46-50 CDABA 51-55 CDCDC 56-60 ABADB
61.from 62. advanced 63.examinations/exams 64.which/ that 65.an 66. Neatly 67.are accepted 68.to get
69.puzzling 70. easier
1.gives-give 2. them-it 3. 去掉was 4.after-before 5. full-fully
6. such-so 7.lose-losing 8. like后加a 9.time-times 10.for-to
I have learned that you are interested in Chinese culture. Now I’d like to tell you some information about the Chinese Summer Camp which will be held in our school.
The camp, scheduled from July 20 to August 8, is intended to carry forward Chinese traditional culture. I am sure you will benefit a lot from it. First, you will learn daily Chinese. Second, all kinds of parties and lectures about Chinese history and traditional culture are prepared for you to participate in.In addition, there are some trips to the local museums and tourist attractions, which offers a good chance to learn Chinese culture. If you are interested in it, please sign up before May 20 at our school website:www.xinhuahighschool.com.
If you have any other questions, I would be more than glad to help. Yours, Li Hua