您现在的位置: 天添资源网 >> 学科试题 >> 语文试题 >> 高三 >> 正文 搜索:

河南天一大联考2018届高三英语上学期阶段测试(二)带答案

作者:佚名 试题来源:网络 点击数:

河南天一大联考2018届高三英语上学期阶段测试(二)带答案

本资料为WORD文档,请点击下载地址下载

章 来源天添 资源网 ww w.
tT z y w.C oM

绝密★启用前                                              试卷类型:全国卷
天一大联考
2017-2018学年高中毕业班阶段性测试(二)
英语
   本试题卷共12页。考生作答时,将答案答在答题卡上(答题注意事项见答题卡),在本试题卷上答題无效。考试结束后,将本试题卷和答题卡一并交回。
第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)
    做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有2分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A.£19.15. B.£9.18. C.£9.15.
答案是C。
1.What prevents the woman from taking her holiday?
A. She has to finish her term paper.
B. She has to train other employees.
C. She is busy with her new job.
2. What will the man most probably do next?
A.Get some change from Jane.
B.Go and look for a payphone.
C.Use Jane's mobile phone.
3. Who wants to borrow a camera?
A.Alice. B. Mary. C.Jane.
4. What does the man plan to do?
A. Take Jane to the movies.
B. Pay a visit to Jane.
C. Give Jane a call.
5. What does the man advise the woman to do?
A. Live in the dormitory. B. Rent an apartment. C. Work out the cost.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小超5秒钟; 听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Why does the woman want to go to the library?
A. To return some books.
B. To borrow some new books.
C. To find some lest papers.
7. How long does the conversation last?
A. 20 minutes. B. 30 minutes. C. 10 minutes.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. How many rooms are there in the man1 s new house?
A. Eight. B. Seven. C. Five.
9. What does Mike Like to do?.
A. Play football. B. Play basketball. C. Work in the garden.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What is the advantage of having a credit card?
A. The convenience of buying things.
B. Getting discounted goods.
C. Charging you less money.
11. What advice does the man give the woman?
A. She must have enough money with her.
B. She should not buy anything she wants.
C. She must care about her credit card and ID card.
12. How much can the woman spend at most with her credit card?
A. $500. B. $1,500. C. $15 ,000.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Why does Claire find study in drama and theatre useful?
A. She can get relaxed.
B. She can get along with people easily.
C. It is helpful to teach English.
14. What does Claire plan to focus on?
A. Getting onto her PhD course.
B. Getting more knowledge of Asian drama.
C. Getting rid of the stage fright.
15. How do Claire9 s students respond to her way of teaching?
A. Wonderfully. B. Terribly. C. Indifferently.
16. What does Claire say about her stage fright?
A. It is too horrible to do her job.
B. It doesn't affect her teaching.
C. She can't overcome it.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.What's the land of the north like?
A.Stony, B. Flat. C. Hilly.
18.Which region probably produces more grain in the UK?
A.The north. B. The east. C. The west.
19.What are the main products of the farms in the east?
A. Crain and vegetables.
B. Wool and wood.
C. Milk, meat and cheese.
20.What is the climate like in the west?
A.Cool and dry. B. Warm and wet. C. Mild and dry.
第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每題所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
The Tech Museum Needs Volunteers Like You!
    Do you have a desire to learn and teach others about science and technology? If so, then The Tech Museum might be the perfect place for you to volunteer.
    The Tech Museum is no ordinary museum. It serves a diverse population, including international visitors,local families and school groups. Volunteers have the opportunity to staff exhibits and interact with museum visitors. A typical day could include the following:
    —Helping guests step into the role of a cyber sleuth (网络侦探)in Cyber Detectives —the nation's first interactive exhibit designed to help visitors learn  about Internet safety.
     一Encouraging gueste to design, build and program a real robot in our Social Robots exhibit.
    You don't have to be a teacher or an engineer to succeed as a volunteer. We provide hands-on training to ensure your success. If you are 18 or older and enjoy talking and working  with people,we know you'11 enjoy joining us.
     We are primarily looking for volanteere to help us from  Monday to Friday for morning(8:30 a.m. -1:00 pk m.)or afternoon(12:30 p. m.—5:00p. m.)shifts(轮班). Also,if  you are trying to volunteer around a busy schedule, you can volunteer for evening events. In older to be considered for evening event volunteering, you have to volunteer for at least two evening events per month.
    Benefits of volunteering include :
    Free museum entry and IMAX films after work
    Free downtown parking during your volunteer shift
    Discount in the store and cafe
    Meeting a diverse group of co-volunteers and guests
    If you are interested.in volunteering, please complete an online application.
21. What requirement should a volunteer meet?
A. Reaching 18 years old.
B. Having relevant experience.
C. Having plenty of time on the weekend.
D. Having a good command of English.
22. What is a volunteer's daily work?
A. Playing the role of a cyber sleuth.
B. Helping clean The Tech Museum.
C. Introducing some technology to visitors.
D. Operating robots to give visitors performances.
23. When can a volunteer on afternoon shift see a free IMAX film?
A. 12:30 p. m. on Friday.    B.1 :00 p. m. on Tuesday .
C. 2:30 p. m. on Wednesday. D. 8:30 p. m. on Monday.

24. What will a volunteer get?
A. A chance of being employed as an employee.
B. The right to download films for free.
C. Some hands-on training.
D. Free drinks in the cafe.
B
     When Michael Phelps announced his retirement at the 2016 Rio Olympics he really had no intention of swimming competitively again. However, that changed when be 嘯 approached by ,he Discovery Channel to help kick off Shark Week with a race against one of the world's fastest and most efficient shark—a great white!
  On Sunday, July 23 at 7:00 p. m. , over five million viewers tuned in to watch the   competition. While television viewers saw the competitors swimming side by side, in reality,Phelps raced by himself in the cold AUantic waters off of Cape Town, South Africa. The   Discovery Channel film crew then inserted his computer-made competitor simulating (模拟)a  real shark's speed, which was estimated by attracting a great white with a fake seal over the   same 100-meter stretch of the Allantic.
     Though Phelps managed to complete the distance in an impressive 38.1 seconds, 9.41 seconds faster than his personal best of 47.51 seconds, he was no match for the great shark, which clocked 36. I seconds. Like a true champion, the fish celebrated the victory by leaping out of the water. Phelps, meanwhile, took the loss in good humor, saying: "Remaleh? Nexttime •••warmer water. ”
   The swimmer later said,“Honestly, the first thought that went through my head when I saw the shark, is that there' s probably very little chance for me to beat him.
     While some fans were disappointed that Phelps did not race a live shark m the ocean, organizing that would have been dangerous for the swimmer. Besides, Discovery Channel's aim in organizing the competition was to cause excitement and interest in sharks. Considering that it was the highested Shark Week special in the program's 29-year history, they sure  succeeded.
25. What does the underlined word “that” in paragraph 1 refer to?
A. His intention to compete.
B. His original idea.
C. His decision to quit swimming.
D. His ranking in the Olympics.
26. What can we infer about the competition?
A. People were very satisfied with it.
B. It successfully attracted a lot of attention.
C. Phelps completed the race alone in warm water.
D. The shark swam 9.41 seconds faster than Phelps.
27.What might be the best title for the text?
A. A Special Champion Swimmer
B. A Race Between a Brave Man and a Real Shark
C. Michael Phelps Races a “White Shark”
D. Michael Phelps and Discovery Channel Join Hands
C
     In 1951,a British explorer named Eric Shipton looking for an alternative route up Mt. Everest found a footprint that appeared to be human-like. He took a picture,and the  mystery Daniel(神秘)the Yeti—a Sherpa word for “wild man”一cast  a spell over the world.Danile  Taylor, author of Yeti: The Ecology of a Mystery, has been searching for signs of this "Abominable Snowman" in the high Himalayas since he was a child.
     Talking from his home in West Virginia, Taylor explains what he thinks made that human¬like footprint, how his search eventually led to the creation of a national park,and why, in an age where we have become disconnected from nature, we have a deep need to believe in  mysteries.
     The key evidence for the existence of the Yeti was the photo of a footprint taken by British  explorer Eric Shipton in 1951.
    The photograph was taken on the Menlung Glacier, west of Mount Everest, on the Nepal- Tibet border. Shipton and Michael Ward were searching for an alternative Everest route when they came across the prints. Shipton was one of the most highly respected Everest explorers, so if he is bringing back a print, it is a real print. Nobody ever questioned that. But what is it?
human,a King Kong type We expect them to give us
    What was attractive about the prints was that they're really sharp. The snow was hard so the photo looks like a sort of plaster(石膏).The second feature was that the prints looked like a human footprint, but with a thumb. So, you get this primate-like feeling but human-like at the same time. Its enormous size—13 inches—also suggests a large of image!
     Many expeditions(探险队〉were sent out in search of the Yeti, a brief timeline.
28.Why did Eric Shipton go to Mt. Everest?
A.To explore it.
B.To take photos.
C. To work as a guide.
D. To look for the Yeti.
29. What can we know about Daniel Taylor?
A. He took a photo of the human-like footprint.
B. He is devoted to the exploration of Mt. Everest.
C. He has lost confidence in the search for the Yeti.
D. He thinks people should have belief in mysteries.
30. Which word can be used to describe the Yeti according to the text?
A.Sharp. B. Creative. C. Huge. D. Fierce.
31. What is the author’s attitude toward the search for the Yeti?
A. He thinks nothing
B. He thinks it is a waste of time.
C. He is eager to know the result.
D.He doubts the effort of explorers.
D
    Crown shyness(树冠羞避)is a mysterious natural phenomenon in which the crowns of some tree species do .not touch each other, but get separated by a gap clearly visible from ground level. The effect usually occurs between trees of  the same species, but has also been  observed between trees of different species.
     There are many theories going around, most of which make sense, but no one has been able to, prove without the shadow of a doubt why some trees avoid touching each other.
     In his 1955 book Growth Habits of the Eucalypts,Australian forester M. R. Jacobs writes that the growing tips of the trees are sensitive to abrasion (擦伤),which results in crown shyness phenomenon. This theory was also supported by Dr Miguel Franco. Some experiments have shown that if trees displaying crown shyness are artificially prevented from swaying(摇摆) in the wind and touching each other, they gradually fill up the gaps between them.
     But while the above theory is arguably the most widespread, it’s certainly not the only one. Some scientists have suggested that crown shyness is a mechanism to stop the spreading of leaf-eating insects. These pests have been known to work together and create stractures that   extend up to 10 cm off of tree branches, in order to reach other plants,so the gaps are the tree snatural defense method.
     One Malaysian scholar studied many trees, but found no traces of abrasions, despite their  clear crown shyness. Instead, he suggests that the growing tips of the trees were sensitive to   light levels and stopped growing when they got too close to other trees. Plants are able to sense   how close they are to other plants and in order to get more light, they give off some chemical to  stop other trees from growing too close.
     Whatever the reason, one thing is for sure, plants are more intelligent than people.
32. What can we know about crown shyness?
A. It can cause abrasion between trees.
B. It only happens between the same species.
C. It has been discovered for only half a century.
D. No agreement has been reached about its real cause.
33. What will happen if trees showing crown shyness are stopped from swaying?
A. The gaps between the trees will grow wider.
B. The trees will stop growing and even die.
C. The gaps between the trees will remain the same.
D. The crown shyness phenomenon will disappear.
34. What does the underlined word “mechanism” in paragraph 4 probably mean?
A. Tip. B. Theory. C. Way. D. Plan,
35. Which statement might the Malaysian scholar agree with?
A. Some insects  stop trees growing too close.
B. Trees compete with their neighbors for light.
C. Trees won't touch each other to avoid diseases.
D. Trees have special ways to attack others.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
     根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答題卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。
     The feeling of loneliness is something many people face in various forms. Maybe we think we' re the only ones who suffer from embarrassment. Maybe success is a lonely experience for us. 36 But at one point or another, we've all felt it. Don't miss these little things you can do to connect with others.
37
     Humans axe social beings and we need one another. It's important to know that the desire to be with others in a meaningful way is a real need in the same «ay food or water is. Accepting this doesn't change the reality but it can be a starting place to figure out what comes   next.
Make eye contact.
    38 Making intentional eye contact with a passer-by is a warm gesture. It has the power to make both parties feel a little more in touch with the rest of the human race. In an experiment, one group looked directly at people within a well-populated path and another group avoided their eye contact. 39
Join a running dub.
     Running groups offer a special kind of community. Running can offer union between the body and mind. So pushing yourself to physical limits with a group is bound to be a bonding experience. 40 Interested in combining running with charity? Check out Back on My Feet, a non-profit organization dedicated to helping homeless people gain independence and   community.
A. Accept your need for connection.
B. Learn more ways to connect with others.
C. We may have different reasons for being lonely.
D. Whatever it is, loneliness is just a common feeling.
E.It turns out that simply being acknowledged makes a difference.
F.You can find. a group in your area through Road Runners or Meetup.
G. One big step we can take toward connection just requires us to notice someone.
第三部    语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和°四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
     On October 28 , 2006, my day started out like most Saturdays. It had been amazing, butI didn't quite 41 it to Rogner's.
    As I attempted to open my 42,the light was blinding. I didn't recognize my 43 .Was I dreaming? I tried to focus…“she's 44 ." I heard someone say. Where was I?
   “You've been in a terrible 45 and you' re going to be __46 ” I heard someone  say. The 47 was familiar. I realized it was my sister, but what was she doing hen. and where was I?
     Over the next few days, I learned I had been 48_by a car while going to Rogner's house. I had 49 life-threatening injuries and had not been expected to __50_.
    During the next few months I 51 various painful rehabilitation (复原) processes. During this time, 1 had to depend on others for most of ray basic __52_—showering, dressing and eating. I also found it 53 to recall things and usually, what I wanted to say, was not  what came out of my mouth.
     As weeks turned to months and months turned to years, the 54 at the loss of my pre¬accident self was hard to forget. 55 it seemed even more painful than the _56_pain I dealt with every day.
    To this day I still miss my old 57 terribly, but I started to realize that to move forward I must find the strength to 58 the chapter of my pre-accident life and hug the process of creating a new life.
    By 59 my gtory, I hope to inspire anyone who is going through a life-changing experience to keep going. 60 after a disaster, you can still create a new life.
41. A. make   B.get         C. help    D. pass
42. A. mouth   B. arms          C. eyes    D. book
43. A. sister   B. surroundings    C. words    D. identity
44. A. dunking    B. sad          C. tearful    D. awake
45. A. fire       B. explosion      C. accident D. mess
46. A. OK       B. right          C.lucky     D. conscious
47. A, voice   B. face          C. procedure   D. scene
48. A. attacked   B. taken          C. driven     D. struck
49. A. caused   B. suffered      C. treated     D.added
50. A. run over    B. operate      C. survive     D. hide away
51. A. prepared for B. got over     C. gave up     D. went through
52. A. knowledge   B. needs         C.senses     D. communication
53. A. guilty    B. necessary     C. difficult D. useful
54. A. pain        B. thought     C. sight     D. prediction
55. A. In turn    B. Above all     C. After all    D. At times
56. A. spiritual   B. physical     C. visual     D. hidden
57. A. self        B. friend     C. hospital    D. photo
58. A.begin        B. close         C. describe     D. analyze
59. A.listening to B. advocating  C. sharing     D. acting out
60. A. Only         B. Thus          C. Therefore D. Even
第二节(共10小题;每小题1,5分,满分15分)
    阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式,并将答案填写在答题卡上。
     Students can have all of the right reading and writing materials, but 61 a comfortable place to study, it can be difficult to digest the information they are learning. This is a 62  (real)for many students in developing countries.
    When HaYoung Lee traveled to India,he noticed many children were crouched(蹲伏)down in the dirt when they 63 ( study).
      64 (inspire) to give them a place where they could study comfortably, he developed  the “Letter Desk”.
     The Letter Desk is a lightweight desk made out of cardboard. It features two legs and a top, but 65 makes it special is that it can 66 (fold)up into a briefcase so students can   carry it with them wherever they go.
    Sending a message about the importance of learning to read and write, and 67_(give) kids on the streets the tools to do so, are especially important given that (鉴于)in 1994  UNICEF reported there are around 11 million children living on the streets in India—_68_ number that is thought to be underestimated.
    Recently HaYoung Lee has posted the Letter Desk on Behance in the hope that _ 69_ (sponsor),partners or non-profits can work with him to 70 ( far) develop the desk,and   help give students a comfortable spot to read and study.
第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下画一横线.并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
     2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
     Yesterday morning, I went to school by bus. However, I didn't realize I had been left my   bus card at home until I gol on the bus. With no money on me, 1 don* t know what to do. So  I made an apology to a driver and was about to get on. Just then a young lady stopped us. She   offered to buy a ticket for me,say she had also experienced such embarrassing a thing. Seeing
her sweet smile, I felt very happy and was really grateful to what she did. It was her kindness,that I made up my mind to pass on to others f made my day.
第二节书面表达(满分25分)
    假定你是李华,你所在的城市正在参与大型城市文化旅游节目“魅力中国城”的评选活动。你计划在一个英文网站写封公开信,宣传你的家乡并号召更多的人为她投票。
内容包括:
1.历史和文化;
2.环境和录点;
3.人民生活和城市发展。
参考词汇:魅力中国城Charming Cities in China
注意:1.词数100左右;
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear friends,
                                                                           
                                                                           
                                                                           
                                                                           
Sincerely yours,
Li Hua

 

 


章 来源天添 资源网 ww w.
tT z y w.C oM