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黑龙江大庆铁人中学2017-2018高二上学期英语期末试卷(附答案)

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黑龙江大庆铁人中学2017-2018高二上学期英语期末试卷(附答案)

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大庆铁人中学2016级高二•上学期期末考试
英语试题
考试时间:
答题时长(分钟):120      分值:150分   
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分: 基础知识考查(每小题1.5分,共20小题, 满分 30 分 )
A. adapt         B. resemble     C. guarantee       D. narrow 
1.Our government means to _________ the gap (差距) between the rich and poor.
2. The students find it difficult to_________ to the new school.
3. We _________ to help you give up smoking.
4. The boys _________ each other because they both have golden hair and round faces.
 A. ideal         B. grateful      C. temporary         D. rapid
5. What _________ progress you have made!
6. I want to apply for a _________ job as a waiter.
7. In an _________ world there would be no need for a police force.
8. I am very _________ to all those who took the trouble to write to me.
  A. criticised    B. abolished    C. pretended     D. performed
9. He _________ to be reading a book when his teacher came into the classroom.
10. He was seriously hurt and a doctor_________ an operation on him. 
11. The black people were no longer bought and sold as slaves after the slave trade was _________.
12. The government is being widely _________ for failing to limit air pollution. 
  A. panicked         B. exploited      C. diagnosed         D. generous
13. After he was _________ with cancer, he resigned from the company and rested at home.
14. The natural resources in that area have been  _________ in the past few years.                                                            
15. It was _________ of you to share your food with me.
16. The terrorists became more violent and many people were _________ into leaving the country.
A. account              B. request          C.  breakthrough     D. protection
17. I came to give a talk to the students at the _________ of the headmaster.
18. Surgeons have made a great _________in the kidney transplantation.
19. This book has given us a vivid _________ of the life in the desert.
20. Cultural relics and historic sites are under the _________ of the state.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节: (共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Little Tommy was doing very badly in math.His parents had tried everything-tutors,cards,special learning centers-in short,everything they could think of.Finally they took Tommy to a catholic(天主教的) school.
    After the first day,little Tommy came home with a very serious look on his face.He didn't kiss his mother hello.Instead,he went straight to his room and started studying.Books and papers were spread out all over the room and little Tommy was hard at work.His mother was surprised.She called him down to dinner and as soon as he finished eating,he went back to his room,without a word.In no time he was back hitting books as hard as before.This went on for some time,day after day while the mother tried to understand what was happening.
    Finally,little Tommy brought home his report card.He quietly put it on the table and went up to his room and hit the books.His mom looked at it and to her surprise,little Tommy got an A in math.She could no longer hold her curiosity.She went to his room and asked,"Son,what was it?Was it the nuns(修女)?"
    Little Tommy looked at her and shook his head,"No."
    "Well then,"she asked again."WHAT was it?"
    Little Tommy looked at her and said,"Well,on the first day of school,when I saw that man nailed to the plus sign(加号),I knew they weren't joking."
21. Tommy's mother felt surprised that his son ______ .
A. was still the same as usual B. ate so much at dinner
C. worked hard but said little D. kissed her hello after school
22. The last sentence in the passage shows that ______ .
A. Tommy was frightened by the nuns B. Tommy was afraid of being nailed
C. Tommy didn't like the plus sign D. Tommy liked playing jokes on others
23. From the passage,we can infer that ______ .
A. teachers should be strict with their students
B. nuns are good at helping children with their math
C. a catholic school is much better than other ones
D. mistakes might do good sometimes
B
The year is 2094. It has been announced that a comet (彗星) is heading towards the Earth. Most of it will miss our planet, but two pieces will probably hit the southern half of the Earth.
 On 17 July, a piece four kilometers wide enters the Earth's atmosphere with a massive explosion. About half of the piece is destroyed, but the remaining part hits the South Atlantic at 200 times the speed of sound. The sea boils and a huge hole is made in the sea bed. Huge waves are created and spread outwards from the hole. The wall of water, a kilometer high, rushes towards southern Africa at 800 kilometers an hour. Cities on the African coast are totally destroyed and millions of people are drowned.
Before the waves reach South America, the second piece of the comet lands in Argentina. Earthquakes and volcanoes are set off in the Andes Mountains. The shock waves move north into California and all around the Pacific Ocean. The cities of Los Angeles, San Francisco and Tokyo are completely destroyed by earthquakes. Millions of people in the southern half of the earth are already dead, but the north won't escape for long. Because of the explosions, the sun is hidden by clouds of dust, temperatures around the world fall to almost zero. Crops are ruined. The sun won't be seen again for many years. Wars break out as countries fight for food. A year later, no more than 10 million people remain alive.
Could it really happen? In fact, it has already happened more than once in the history of the Earth. The dinosaurs were on the Earth for over 160 million years. Then 65 million years ago they suddenly disappeared. Many scientists believe that the Earth was hit by a piece of object in space. The dinosaurs couldn't live through the cold climate that followed and they died out. Will we meet the same end?
24. What is mainly described in the passage?
A. An event of imagination. B. A historic discovery.
C. A scientific adventure. D. A research on space.
25. When the first piece hits the South Atlantic, it causes ________.
A. an earthquake B. an Earth explosion
C. huge waves  D. damages to cities
26. Why can't the northern half of the earth escape for long?
A. Because the land is covered with water.
B. Because wars break out among countries.
C. Because people there can not live at the temperature of zero.
D. Because the light and heat from the sun can not reach the earth.
27. By giving the example of dinosaurs, the author tries to prove ________.
A. animals could not live in the cold climate
B. the Earth could be hit by other objects in space
C. the human beings will die out in 2094
D. what happened 65 million years ago was an invented story
C
Driving a car is not just handling controls and judging speed and distance. It requires you to predict what other road users will do and get ready to react to something unexpected. When alcohol is consumed,it enters your bloodstream and acts as a depressant(抑制药),damaging eyesight,judgement and co­ordination(协调),slowing down reaction time and greatly increasing the risk of accidents. Even below the drink driving limit,driving will be affected.
   Alcohol may take a few minutes to be absorbed into the bloodstream and start action on the brain. Absorption rate is increased when drinking on an empty stomach or when consuming drinks mixed with fruit juice. To get rid of alcohol from the body is a very slow process and it is not possible to speed it up with any measures like taking a shower or having a cup of tea or coffee.
    The present Road Traffic Ordinance states clearly that the limit of alcohol concentration(浓度) is:
•50 milligrams of alcohol per 100 mL of blood;or
•22 micrograms of alcohol per 100 mL of breath;or
•67 milligrams of alcohol per 100 mL of urine(尿液).
    Drivers who cause traffic accidents,or who commit a moving traffic offence or are being suspected(怀疑) of drink driving will be tested.
    Any driver found drinking beyond the limit will be charged. The driver declared guilty may be fined a maximum of HK $25,000 and be sentenced to up to 3 years in prison and punished for 10 driving­offence points;or temporarily banned from driving.
   The same punishment applies to (适用于)failing to provide specimens(样本)for breath,blood or urine tests without good excuse.
   Drink driving is a criminal offence. Be a responsible driver,think before you drink. For the safety of yourself and other road users,never drive after consuming alcohol.
28. The first paragraph is mainly about ______.
A. the process of alcohol being absorbed
B. the damage of drinking to your body
C. the effect of drinking on driving
D. the introduction of driving skills
29. The underlined word “it” in the second paragraph refers to “______”.
A. alcohol B. process  C. blood D. absorption
30. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Drinking below the drink driving limit has no effect on driving.
B. 50 milligrams of alcohol per 100 mL of breath is below the drink driving limit.
C. Having a cup of tea helps to get rid of alcohol from the body.
D. Alcohol is taken in more quickly when drunk with fruit juice.
31. A driver suspected of drink driving ______.
A. will be punished for 10 driving­offence points
B. will be forbidden to drive for 3 years
C. should provide specimens for testing
D. should pay a maximum fine of HK$25,000
D
We know the famous ones—the Thomas Edisons and the Alexander Graham Bells—but what about the less famous inventors?What about the people who invented the traffic light and the windshield wiper(雨刮器)?Shouldn't we know who they are?
      Joan McLean thinks so. In fact,McLean,a professor of physics at Mountain University in Range,feels so strongly about this matter that she's developed a course on the topic. In addition to learning “who” invented “what”,however,McLean also likes her students to learn the answers to the “why” and “how” questions. According to McLean,“When students learn the answers to these questions,they are better prepared to recognize opportunities for inventing and more motivated to give inventing a try.”
      Her students agree. One young man with a patent(专利权) for an unbreakable umbrella is walking proof of McLean's statement. “If I had not heard the story of the windshield wiper's invention,”said Tommy Lee,a senior physics major,“I never would have dreamed of turning my bad experience during a rainstorm into something so constructive.” Lee is currently negotiating to sell his patent to an umbrella producer.
      So,just what is the story behind the windshield wiper?Well,Mary Anderson came up with the idea in 1902 after a visit to New York City. The day was cold and stormy,but Anderson still wanted to see the sights,so she jumped aboard a streetcar. Noticing that the driver was struggling to see through the snow covering the windshield,she found herself wondering why there couldn't be a built­in device for cleaning the window. Still wondering about this when she returned home to Birmingham,Alabama,Anderson started drafting out solutions. One of her ideas,a lever(操作杆) on the inside of a vehicle that would control an arm on the outside,became the first windshield wiper.
      Today we benefit from countless inventions and innovations. It's hard to imagine driving without Garrett A.Morgan's traffic light. It's equally impossible to picture a world without Katherine J.Blodgett's innovation that makes glass invisible. Can you picture life without clear windows and eyeglasses?
32. By mentioning “traffic light” and  “windshield wiper”,the author indicates that countless inventions are ______.
A. beneficial,because their inventors are famous
B. not useful,though their inventors are famous
C. not useful,because their inventors are less famous
D. beneficial,though their inventors are less famous
33. Professor Joan McLean's course aims to ______.
A. add colour and variety to students' campus life
B. prepare students to try their own inventions
C. carry out the requirements by Mountain University
D. inform students of the windshield wiper's invention
34. Tommy Lee's invention of the unbreakable umbrella was ______.
A. inspired by the story behind the windshield wiper
B. not eventually accepted by the umbrella producer
C. due to his dream of being caught in a rainstorm
D. not related to Professor Joan McLean's lectures
35. Which of the following can best serve as the title of this passage?
A. How to Help Students to Sell Their Inventions to Producers?
B. Shouldn't We Develop Invention Courses in Universities?
C. Shouldn't We Know Who Invented the Windshield Wiper?
D. How to Design a Built­in Device for Cleaning the Window?

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
With the development of science and technology, mobile phones have been an important communication tool in our modern life.      36____           
First,     37     Mobile phones make it convenient for people to keep in touch with each other wherever they are. If we have a mobile phone, it is possible for us to contact anyone at any time and anywhere. We could call our clients and customers for business. And we can send messages, including text and picture messages to our friends for personal affairs.
In addition, mobile phones have been multi-functional nowadays since its advanced development. They can take photos instead of digital cameras. They can download information from computers directly. They can be used as a radio or recorder or for playing music.    38____    
    39     Sometimes we would not like to be available to anybody at any time; sometimes we receive so many rubbish messages.
In conclusion,    40    They are really a great invention, which makes our life more convenient and more colorful!
A.  However, some small troubles would visit you after using it for some time.
B.  Thanks to them, our life becomes easy and colorful.
C.  But sometimes mobile phones can also make you in a dilemma(进退两难).
D.  mobile phones bring us more benefits than disadvantages.
E.  And they can also be game players.
F.  mobile phones play an important part in our work.
G.  mobile phones really bring great convenience to our lives.

第三部分 英语知识运用
完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题中所给的四个选项(ABCD)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
One Monday morning, news got around in the schoolyard about a fire over the weekend.Soon Mr. Johnson, my teacher, came to explain that the Art class would be   41   due to the fire.He also warned us not to approach the Art room because it could be   42  .
During the morning break, Kim and I decided to take a   43  .A first hand observation would make us heroes at lunch.At the appointed time, Kim and I   44   the Art room, ignoring the consequence(后果) I would face   45  I got caught.We stood on tiptoes looking hard   46   the door window, trying uselessly to see   47   was forbidden.Suddenly a firm   48   on our shoulders stopped us.
Turning around, I found a teacher staring angrily at us.In those seconds millions of   49   flashed through my mind.My father would beat me hard.  50   than that, my mom might be so mad that she might not stop him.My spirits   51   even lower while realizing how   52   Mr. Johnson would be.
When Kim and I were led back to our classroom, I could found   53   to hide and wanted to melt into the floor.   54  , Mr. Johnson had a different  55   to teach.
Slowly, he bent down to look me in the   56   , and I was met with a look of concern rather than anger.He spoke softly as he explained why he was   57   in my decision to go where I may have got hurt.He cared more about my   58   than the fact that I’d broken a rule.My heart was   59  with regret, and I discovered that he still loved me even after I’d disappointed him.The rest of the day, he didn’t even mention it in class publicly,   60   did he tell my parents. It was the first time I felt the power of being given an unexpected second chance.
41 A. confused B. examined C. canceled D. suggested
42 A. useless B. dangerous C. childish D. naughty
43  A. test B. risk C. check D. chance
44 A. reached B. searched C. entered D. cleaned
45 A. until B. unless C. as D. if
46 A. over B. within C. through D. across
47 A. what B. how C. why D. which
48  A. word B. hold C. cry D. order
49  A. thoughts B. feelings C. solutions D. excuses
50  A. Easier B. Less C. More D. Worse
51  A. changed B. lifted C. sank D. lost
52  A. strange B. angry C. kind D. sad
53  A. somewhere B. anywhere C. nowhere D. everywhere
54  A. Meanwhile B. Therefore C. Besides D. However
55  A. course B. lesson C. knowledge D. ability
56  A. eye B. head C. hand D. feet
57  A. embarrassed B. excited C. disappointed D. moved
58  A. grade B. honesty C. interest D. safety
59  A. full B. heavy C. relaxed D. empty
60  A. so B. nor C. either D. yet

第Ⅱ卷
第一节:语法填空(共10题,每题1.5分,共15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Studying abroad seems to be a global trend these days. A study suggests that more than two thirds of the students studying abroad ___61___ (influence) by movies in choosing their universities since the past decade. American movies such as A Beautiful Mind set in Princeton, The Social Network in Harvard, and The Graduate in Berkeley, California are playing ___62___ important part in attracting foreign students to America. The global ___63___ (succeed) of the Harry Potter films is considered as a factor in ___64___ (encourage) overseas students to come to England. Universities in New Zealand have benefited from The Lord of the Rings’ effect since it was first released.
Films can also be ___65___ (help) to get through difficult situations.  In 2009 there was a sharp decline in Indian students choosing Australian universities ___66___ some reasons. So Prateek Chakravorty, a Bollywood director, ___67___ graduated from Universities of Technology Sydney, made From Sydney With Love about two Indian students falling in love with some of the ___68___ (building) of Sydney University. By 2014, the number of Indian students in Australia was rising again.
When universities are competing ___69___ (fierce) for the attention of overseas students, the cinema screen can be a recognized way ___70___ ( attract ) overseas students. Will you choose universities because of movies?

第二节:短文改错(满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1、每处错误及其修改仅限一词;
2、只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Three years ago I failed an important exam in my life and became a student in a ordinary school. Disappointing as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorly-equipped classroom, I found the teachers patiently and considerate. Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class. I decided make the best of it. I worked hard and get along well with my teachers and classmates. Whenever I had difficulties, they were always available. Soon, I became one of the top student in my class, and which greatly increased my confidence and got him encouraged.
My experience tell me that it is not what you are given but how you make use for it that determines who you are.

第三节:书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李刚,一位18岁的男孩,是学校“爱心俱乐部”的成员。看到下面这则校报上的的招聘广告:
 A Voluntary Activity in the winter vacation
10 volunteers wanted
as English teachers at S.O.S. Children’s village
Those who are interested in taking part in the activity please send an email at Ms Li@ sina. com

请根据所给的中英文提示完成申请信。
内容要点:
1. 结合自身能力经验性格申请成为volunteer 
2. 简述对volunteer工作的认识  
3. 参考词汇:爱心俱乐部: Loving Heart Club
4. 词数100字左右
Dear Ms Li,

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

                                                                  Yours,
                                                                  Li Gang


 
大庆铁人中学2016级高二•上学期期末考试
英语试题答案

第I卷
第一部分:基础知识考查(每小题1.5分,共20小题,满分 30 分 )
1-5 DACBD  6-10  CABCD  11-15  BACBD  16  ABCAD
第二部分:阅读理解(每小题2分,共20小题,满分40分)
21-25  CBDAC 26-30  DBCBD 31-35  CDBAC 36-40 BGEAD
第三部分 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
41-45 CBBAD  46-50 CABAD 51-55 CBCDB  56-60 ACDBB

第Ⅱ卷
第一节:语法填空(共10题,每题1.5分,共15分)
61. have been influenced    62. an    63. success    64. encouraging    65. helpful   
66. for    67. who    68. buildings    69. fiercely    70. to attract
第二节:短文改错(满分10分)

Three years ago I failed an important exam in my life and became a student in a ordinary
an
school. Disappointing as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorly-equipped classroom, I found the
Disappointed
teachers patiently and considerate. Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class. I decided^ make patient                                                                  to     
the best of it. I worked hard and get along well with my teachers and classmates. Whenever I had
                          got
difficulties, they were always available. Soon, I became one of the top student in my class, and which
 students
greatly increased my confidence and got him encouraged. My experience tell me that it is not what you are  me                        tells 
given but how you make use for it that determines who you are.
of


第三节:书面表达(满分25分)
Dear Ms Li,
I'm writing in response to your advertisement on the school bulletin for one of the 10 volunteers as English teachers in S.O.S. Children's village.
I think I am quite qualified for the position. Not only am I skillful at written English, but I have no difficulty expressing myself in English fluently, which enable me to work well. What's more, I am a member of Loving Heart Club. While working in the club, I have gained much experience on getting along with others, which is of great importance to a volunteer. In addition, being a cheerful and outgoing boy, I'm always ready to help people who are in trouble.
Though volunteering, often defined as working for others without pay, is a difficult task, I think it's worth doing and rewarding.
I would appreciate it if you could take me into consideration and give me the precious chance to work as one of the volunteers.
               Yours,
               Li Gang

 

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