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2017-2018高一英语上学期期末试题(附答案黑龙江大庆铁人中学)

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2017-2018高一英语上学期期末试题(附答案黑龙江大庆铁人中学)

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大庆铁人中学高一学年上学期期末考试
英语试题

试题说明:1、本试题满分150分,答题时间120分钟。         
2、请将答案填写在答题卡上,考试结束后只交答题卡。


第一部分  单项填空(本大题共20小题,共20分)
1. What? Is it the first time that this _________?
A. happened      B. has happened     C. had happened      D. happens
2. Hurry up! The train _______. You know it _______at 10:00pm.
A. leaves; leaves   B. is leaving; leaves   C. leaves; is leaving    D. is leaving; is leaving
3. Everyone hates ________ in public.
A. to laugh at     B. to laugh          C. being laughed       D. being laughed at
4. You can’t avoid _____ your job tomorrow ______ you work hard today.
A. losing; unless   B. to lose; though    C. losing; until         D. to lose; if
5. ______ great fun it is to have a swim on such a hot day!
A. How          B. How a           C. What              D. What a
6.The _____look on Sam’s face suggested that the news must be ________.
A. disappointed; disappointed     B. disappointing; disappointing
C. disappointed; disappointing     D. disappointing; disappointed
7.---Why is he absent from school today?
 ---Because he _______ for a foot injury in hospital.
A. was being treated   B. is being treated    C. is treating     D. has been treated
8. I’m glad to hear that you ______ in English this term.
A. have made a progress    B. have made progress
C. have made progresses    D. made a rapid progress
9. The boat sank quickly but ______ everybody was rescued.
A. generally      B. naturally      C. fortunately       D. frequently
10.After such a long walk , the two soldiers returned to their dormitory, _____.
A. exhausting     B. exhausted    C. being exhausted   D. having exhausted
11. ---Come to my home and enjoy the NBA basketball match?
    --- _____.James is always my favorite star.
    A. I couldn't agree more              B. I'm afraid not
    C. It doesn't matter                  D. It's a piece of cake
12. Besides _____ good diet, Mr. Qu, a marathon runner,  takes ____ exercise every day to keep fit.
A. a; the          B.\; a        C.\; \         D. a; \
13. My mother always gets a bit _____ if we don’t arrive when we say we will.
A. anxious       B. energetic    C. patient     D. embarrassed   
14. It was several days before the floodwater sank and life returned to _______.
A. ordinary      B. average     C. common   D. normal
15. When he was trying to ______ the bank, the thief was caught on the spot.
A. break in      B. break into    C. break down D. break up
16. The Student Union of Tieren Senior High School _______about 20 members, I guess.
A. is made up    B. consists of   C. make up    D. consist in
17. There is a piece of board at the gate of the construction site near Zhengfa Temple, which reads: ______ without permission.
A. Keep out     B. Keep away   C. Keep off     D. Keep up
18. The scenery along Chengfeng Lake is beautiful beyond________.
A. description   B. statement    C. praise       D. introduction
19.I am wrong. ______, you are to blame.
A. Probably     B. Likely       C. Similarly     D. Generally
20. ---John and I will celebrate our fortieth wedding anniversary next month.
---Oh,________!


第二部分 阅读理解(共两节;满分40分)
第一节(共15小题; 每小题2分,满分30分) 
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
    Many people go to school for an education. They learn languages, history, geography, physics, chemistry and mathematics. Others go to school to learn a skill so that they can make a living. School education is very important and useful. Yet no one can learn everything they want to know. The teacher’s job is to show his students how to learn. He teaches them how to read and how to think. So, much more is to be learned outside school by the students themselves.
   It is always more important to know how to study by oneself than to memorize some facts or a formula(公式). It is usually quite easy to learn a certain fact in history or a formula in mathematics. But it is very difficult to use a formula in working out a maths problem. Great scientists, such as Einstein, Newton and Galileo didn’t get anything from school. But they were all so successful. They invented so many things for mankind.
   The reason for their success is that they knew how to study. They read books that were not taught at school. They worked hard all their lives, wasting not a single moment. They would ask many questions as they read and they did thousands of experiments.
   Above all, they knew how to use their brains.
21. Many people go to school for an education. But some others go to school for __________.
A. enjoying themselves                   B. learning subjects
C. learning a skill                       D. making a living
22. A teacher’s job is mainly to train his students to master the ability of __________.
A. learning by themselves              B. making a living
C. reading and thinking                D. studying all the subjects
23. Using a formula in working out a maths problem is ______ memorizing it.
A. much easier than                     B. more difficult than
C. as easy as                           D. as difficult as
24. The scientists were successful because __________.
A. they read books that were not taught at school   B. they worked all their lives
C. they wasted not a single moment              D. they knew how to use their brains


  B
Last year I ruined(毁) my summer vacation by bringing along a modern convenience that was too convenient for my own good: the iPad. Instead of looking at nature, I checked my email. Instead of paddling a small boat, I followed my Twitter feed (推特简讯). Instead of reading great novels, I stuck to reading four newspapers each morning. I was behaving as if I were still in the office. My body was on vacation but my head wasn’t.
So this year I made up my mind to try something different: withdrawal (退出) from the Internet. I knew it wouldn’t be easy, since I’m bad at self-control. But I was determined. I started by giving the iPad to my wife.
The cellphone signal(信号) at our house was worse than in the past, making my attempts at cheating an experience in frustration (沮丧). I was trapped, forced to go through with my plan. Largely cut off from email, Twitter and my favorite newspaper websites, I had few ways to connect to the world except for radio and how much radio can one listen to, really? I had to do what I had planned to all along: read books.
This experience has had a happy ending. With determination and the strong support of my wife, I won in my vacation struggle against the Internet, realizing finally that it was I, not the iPad, that was the problem.I knew I had won when we passed a Starbucks and my wife asked if I wanted to stop to use the Wi-Fi. “ I don’t need it,” I said.  
However, as we return to post-vacation life, a harder test begins: Can I continue when I’m back at work? There are times when the need to know what’s being said right now is great. And I have no intention(愿望) of giving up my convenience completely. But I hope to resist(抵抗) the temptation (诱惑) to check my email every five minutes, which leads to checking my Twitter feed and a website or two.
I think a vacation is supposed to help you reset your brain to become more productive. Here I hope this one worked.
25. What do we know about the author’s last summer vacation?
A. He was determined to enjoy the beautiful view.
B. He felt satisfied that he had stuck to his usual timetable.
C. He hated himself for acting as if he were at work on vacation.
D. His iPad ruined his plan of finishing a great novel.
26. What did the author do to keep away from the Internet this year?
A. He cut off his cellphone signal.
B. He handed his iPad to his wife.
   C. He refused to cheat in his house.
   D. He listened to the radio most of the time.
27. When back at work, the author will probably choose to_______.
   A. continue to read more and more books.
   B. stay away from the Internet for ever.
   C. stop checking what is being said right now completely.
D. keep control of when and how to use the Internet.
28. What is the author’s opinion of a great vacation in the passage?
   A. A vacation means a change of pace to make one more creative.
   B. A vacation is a period of time to do whatever one wished to.
C. A vacation is having nothing to do but read all day.
   D. A vacation proves that a life of pleasure is overvalued.
   

      

 C   
To develop one’s taste in English,the most effective way is to read English books extensively. However, one may be at a loss to choose the suitable books,especially as a beginner.I would like to share some of my experience.
My first English novel was Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice,recommended(推荐) by many English teachers and professors as an ideal book for English learners. But I had great difficulty in understanding the novel,let alone enjoying it. It’s not the vocabulary that troubled me,but rather the way Austen constructs sentences,and her way of thinking,which seemed too remote to me at that time. My fading enthusiasm was much recovered after reading Hemingway’s novel Farewell to Arms. I particularly liked his brief and lively style. So my first suggestion is,as a beginner, you’d better choose contemporary (现代的)novels instead of classical ones.
However,reading novels is not the only way to improve your English. English essays(散文) can at once inform you,entertain you, and improve your taste in English. The best example is Bertrand Russell’s work. Its language is plain, yet you cannot help feeling the elegance and the unique sense of humor. His simple language enables his philosophy(哲理) within the reach of ordinary people. Here comes my second suggestion—essays are indispensable.
Never follow other’s opinions blindly,however famous or influential the person might be. As a saying goes,one man’s meat is another man’s poison. With that in mind,we are sure to find out our favorite writers through reading and develop our fine taste in English.
29. What made the author’s first English novel hard to understand?
A. Complex conversations.  B. Not knowing the social background.
C. The old-fashioned vocabulary. D. Sentences and Austen’s thinking pattern.
30. Which can best replace the underlined word“ indispensable”?
A. necessary   B. challenging  C. related  D. brilliant
31. What advice does the author give in the last paragraph?
A. Choose books that challenging us most.
B. Read books that are instructive.
C. Don’t be affected by other’s choices.
D. Compare books before buying.
32. What is the author’s purpose of writing the passage?
A. Give comments (评论)on literature(文学) works.      
B. Tell beginners how to choose English books.
C. Encourage people to read more English books.       
D. Recommend first-class books to English learners.
       
 
D
They may be teenagers,but 17-year-old Brittany Bull and 16-year-old Sesam Mngqengqiswa have grand ambitions(雄心)—to launch Africa’s first private satellite(卫星) into space.They are part of a team of high school girls from Cape Town,South Africa,who have designed and built equipment for a satellite that will orbit over the earth’s poles scanning Africa’s surface.
Once in space,the satellite will collect information on agriculture,and food security within the continent.Using the data,“we can try to determine and predict(预测) the problems Africa will be facing in the future”,explains Bull,a student at Pelican Park High School.“Where our food is growing,where we can plant more trees and vegetation and also how we can monitor remote areas,”she says.“We have a lot of forest fires and floods but we don’t always get out there in time.”Information received twice a day will go towards disaster prevention.
It’s part of a project by South Africa’s Meta Economic Development Organization(MEDO) working with Morehead State University in the US.
The girls (14 in total) are being trained by satellite engineers from Cape Peninsula University of Technology,in an effort to encourage more African women into STEM (science,technology, engineering, mathematics).
Scheduled to launch in May 2017,if successful,it will make MEDO the first private company in Africa to build a satellite and send it into orbit.
Mngqengqiswa comes from a single parent household.Her mother is a domestic worker.By becoming a space engineer or astronaut,the teenager hopes to make her mother proud.“Discovering space and seeing the Earth’s atmosphere,it’s not something many black Africans have been able to do,or get the opportunity to look at.I want to see and experience these things for myself,”says Mngqengqiswa.
Her team mate Bull agrees,“I want to show to fellow girls that we don’t need to sit around or limit ourselves.Any career is possible—even aerospace.”
33.What does Paragraph 2 mainly talk about?
A.Information provided by the satellite.    B.The benefits brought by the satellite.
C.Problems African agriculture faces.      D.The way the satellite collects information.
34.Why are the experts teaching the girls satellite technology?
A.To turn them into good farmers.
B.To help African women to live better.
C.To train employees for a private company.
D.To attract more African women to sci-tech fields.
35.What do you think of the girls in the text?
A.Ambitious and pioneering.        B.Generous and strict.
C.Independent and modest.          D.Brave and serious.

第二节:任务型阅读。根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项,请把答案写在答题卡上。

Winston Churchill once said, “Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference. “Life has never been kind, but if we really want to enjoy it, it can only be possible with a positive attitude. The only way to have a better and pleasant future is to change outlook or attitude towards life.
Look at the Brighter Side of Things.
Even in the most unfortunate situations, there is always something to look forward to. In life, we do come across various situations where we compare our fate with others.   36   Never go to the comparison road, because it is endless.
Believe in Yourself.
Lack of motivation causes a great deal of stress, and negative thoughts easily pop up when a person suffers from an inferiority complex(自卑感).   37   Clear your mind and get rid of all the negativity.
Think Positively.
       38  it is also the first step in self-improvement, as improving oneself is only possible through positive thinking. It has been noted that positive thinkers are better equipped in handling disappointments as compared to pessimists(悲观者), as they usually focus on things that can be done to solve it rather than spending hours complaining.
  Help Others.
  Helping or being kind to someone in their time of need is probably the easiest way to be happy. It is by doing these simple deeds that important discoveries about oneself are made.     39__ 
Be Thankful.
Each day take a few moments and be thankful for all the great pleasures that life has provided. Even during tough times, remember the people who were always there and provided unconditional love and support.   40__ 
A. Think about everything that is right and forget about the wrong; your heart will be filled with thankfulness in no time.
B. Helping others, even in small things, helps in the birth of a happier and generous you.
C. Never think less of yourself because you are as different and important as everyone else.
D. Some people will always compare their worst with the best of others.
E. The best way to live is to get used to everyday changes and work hard.
F. Thinking positively is an important part of being positive.
G. First make the situation clear and see if they are right.
第三部分:语言知识运用 (共三节,满分55分)
第一节  完形填空(满分30分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
While my father was an officer of the British army in South Africa, we lived in a two-storeyed house. One evening my father and sister and I were sitting together. He was __41__ the window. I suddenly __42__ that he was turning very pale. I sat __43__, for I didn’t want to __44__ my sick sister. Soon father said in a __45__ voice, “Kate and Joan, a friend of mine __46__ here to see me this evening, and I wish to be __47 __ him. Will you go up to your own room?” We obeyed, went to our room and closed the door.
    Soon I heard a __48__ like that of a door burst in, and then a climb of feet. They were hurrying __49__ the narrow stairs. Fearing that there was __50__ near, I seized the pistol (手枪) on the table. Then I heard my father cry out, “For God’s sake, child, __51__ the door.” I did so. To my scare, I saw, __52__ my father’s shoulder; a gorilla (大猩猩), the worst enemy of the soldier in Europe, he was __53__ my father. I raised the pistol and fired. The animal fell backwards with an/a __54__ loud cry. Father took the still __55__ pistol from my hand, and fired another shot, which killed the gorilla.
     It happened when father __56__ us upstairs because he thought he would be able to __57__ the door—which was twenty feet away__58__ the animal reached it. However, the gorilla was too __59__; and this was the cause of the __60__ flight (escape) up the stairs.
41. A. towards      B. opposite       C. inside        D. behind
42. A. knew        B. learned        C. felt           D. noticed
43. A. still          B. hopefully     C. sadly           D. unhappily
44. A. hurt         B. frighten        C. lose          D. bother
45. A. loud         B. sad            C. calm          D. pleasant
46. A. was          B. comes          C. would be      D. is coming
47. A. friendly to      B. alone with     C. dependent on   D. careful with
48. A. sound       B. cry            C. voice         D. shout
49. A. to          B. down         C. via         D. up
50. A. some difficulty B. a thief       C. some danger  D. an accident
51. A. open        B. close           C. pull            D. draw
52. A. on          B. above          C. over           D. from
53. A. aiming at      B. marching towards C. shooting at    D. running into
54. A. exciting    B. exhausting       C. angry        D. natural
55. A. sounding       B. burning      C. frightening     D. smoking
56. A. had taken    B. had sent      C. had driven     D. had forced
57. A. push        B. lock           C. guard         D. defend
58. A. unless        B. when          C. before        D. though
59. A. quick        B. huge         C. heavy          D. disappointing
60. A. anxious      B. embarrassed     C. fearless      D. hurried

第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

 Rise After Falling
A father was worried about his son,   61  was sixteen years old but had no courage at all. So the father decided to call on a Buddhist monk(僧侣)  62   (train) his boy.
   The Buddhist monk said to the boy’s father, “I insist that your son should be left alone here. I’ll make him into a real man within three months.   63, you can’t come to see him during this period.”
Three months later, the boy’s father   64  (return). The Buddhist monk arranged a boxing match between the boy and an   65 (experience) boxer. Each time the fighter struck the boy , he   66   (fall) down, but at once the boy stood up; and each time a heavy blow knocked him down, the boy stood up again. Several times later, the Buddhist monk asked, “  67  do you think of your child?”
“What a shame!” the boy’s father said, “I never thought he would be so   68   (easy) knocked down. I needn’t have him stay here any   69  (long)!
“I’m sorry that that’s all you see. Don’t you see that each time he falls down, he stands up again instead of   70   (cry) ?That’s the kind of courage you wanted him to have.
第三节 单词拼写(满分10分)根据所给汉语意思,用本学期教材课文中出现的原文单词的适当形式填空。
71. The Internet is the biggest source of ____________(信息) in the world, and it’s accessible through a computer..
72. My first _____________ (印象)of  Mrs Li was that she was nervous and shy.
73. We saw _____________(被遗弃的) farms which were built more than a hundred years ago.
74. Now we are leaving the business district and _____________(接近) the harbour.
75. My mother has always made sure we eat very ____________(健康地).
76.I very __________(极少地) get colds.
77.By this time, I was ___________(上瘾的) to crack cocaine.
78. Some of them don’t like her , but most of us really ___________(欣赏,感激)her because her teaching is so well organized and clear.
79. There are a lot of ___________(旅游者,观光客) around. Don’t they bother you?.
80. It is important to know how they ___________(反应) with different substances.
第四部分 写作  (共二节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分, 满分10分)
 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线(______),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词;
      2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
   My school life is very interesting but meaningful. I usually get up at a quarter past six. After I wash his face, I read English for about half an hour. I think what it is a good habit. I always go to school by bike, to eat lunch at school and have a short sleep on the classroom. In the afternoon school is over at 5 o'clock. After school, I often play basketball or do some other sport on the playground happy. I went home at about five forty. Have had supper, I watch TV for while, and then I do my homework. I go to bed at about 9:30.

第二部分 书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李华。你的两位朋友Tom与 Peter几天前产生了误会。Peter的生日即将来临,Tom想送他一个礼物来缓和关系,修复友情,特地发来邮件寻求你的建议。请你根据以下要点给Tom回一封邮件:
 1、礼物选择;
 2、你的理由; 
3、其他建议。
注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。
Dear Tom,
I’m glad to hear that you are considering making up with Peter.
 
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    Best wishes
                                               Yours,
                                                         Li Hua

 

 
大庆铁人中学高一学年上学期期末英语试题
  参考答案
单项选择:1---5  BBDAC      6---10 CBBCB      11-15 ADADB     16---20 BAACD
阅读理解:A:21---24 CABD   B:25---28 CBDA  C:29---32DACB   D: 33---35 BDA
七选五:36---40 DCFBA
完形填空:41-45. BDABC      46-50. DBADC      51-55. ACBCD     56-60. BBCAD
语法填空:61. who   62. to train    63. However     64. returned    65. experienced  
66. fell    67. what      68. easily       69. longer      70. crying 
单词拼写:71. information   72. impression   73. abandoned   74.approaching  75. healthily
76.rarely       77. addicted     78.appreciate    79. tourists  80. react
短文改错:
1、but→and  2、 his→my   3、what→that或去掉what  4、去掉eat前的to  5、on→in
6、sport→sports 7、happy→happily  8、went→go  9、Have→Having  10、while前加a
书面表达:
Dear Tom,
I’m glad to hear that you are considering making up with Peter. If I were you, I would consider a bike as a birthday present for him.
As far as I know, Peter is always in poor health so he can take more exercise by riding a bike to build up his body. In the meanwhile, you can often go outing by bike together, which is helpful to rebuild your friendship. Besides, taking a bike is an environmentally-friendly means of transport. It’s convenient for him to get around as well.
Apart from giving him a gift, you can also adopt other means, such as travelling, seeing a movie, having dinner and going shopping. No matter what you do, being sincere is the most important. I really hope that we can be good friends forever.
Best wishes
Yours,
Li Hua

 

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