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江苏海安高中2018届高三英语1月月考试卷(含答案)

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江苏海安高中2018届高三英语1月月考试卷(含答案)

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江苏省海安高级中学2018届高三阶段检测(三)
英   语
第I卷  选择题(共三部分,满分85分)
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What will the woman probably do next?
A. Hike down the hill.
B. Take out her cell phone.
C. Take a picture with her camera.
2. Where does the conversation take place?
A. On the telephone. B. In a hospital. C. At a beach.
3. What is the man doing?
A. Asking for advice. 
B. Giving directions. 
C. Asking for directions.
4. Where does the smell come from?
A. The garbage. B. The cat. C. A dead animal.
5. What does the woman mean?
A. The man isn’t able to do the puzzle.
B. She can’t stand b y the man anymore.
C. She will not be able to solve the puzzle.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What will the woman do tomorrow?
A. Leave for the U.S. by air.
B. Go to a concert with the man.
C. Pick up her friend from the airport.
7. What can we learn from the conversation?
A. Professor Smith has bought the tickets.
B. The woman will go to the airport without the man.
C. The woman has canceled her appointment tonight.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What did the man find out from his special socks?  
A. He needs to run faster
B. He isn’t ready to run a race.
C. He wasn’t running in the right position.
9. Which competition has the man already participated in?
A. A marathon. 
B. A half marathon. 
C. A quarter marathon.[来源:学科网]
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What kind of ring will the man buy?
A. One with a thick gold band.
B. One with a red stone.
C. One made of silver.
11. Who is helping the man?
A. A store employee. B. His friend. C. His father.
12. What will the man do next?
A. Buy the ring.
B. Look at a different ring.
C. Take a picture of the ring.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Which country did the woman visit?
A. Spain. B. Ireland. C. England.
14. How long was the woman abroad?
A. For a few years. B. For six months. C. Just under half a year.
15. Why didn’t the man travel to Brazil?
A. His trip was canceled.
B. He couldn’t get the time off work.
C. He ran out of money.
16. What will the man do next?
A. Get a job.
B. Find a place to live.
C. Introduce the woman to a friend.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Who is Jessica?
A. The Helpline officer.
B. A university tour guide.
C. The Student Union President.
18. What will the speaker hand out?
A. Her business cards. 
B. Guide brochures. 
C. Maps.
19. What are the hours of the Student Welfare Office?
A. 9:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. on weekdays.
B. 9:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. on Saturdays.
C. 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. on Saturdays.
20. What should visitors do during busy times?
A. Wait in a line.
B. Add their name to the waiting list.
C. Ask the speaker to call them back.
第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题纸上将该项涂黒。
21. According to the rule of the game, students should give a truthful answer ________with the reality of their world.
  A. relevant    B. flexible   C. authentic   D. consistent
22. It was in the early 199 0s that cartoons began to take off in China, ______ there were only picture-story books.
  A. where    B. when    C. after that   D. before which
23. --- It’s really a surprise that I happened to meet Will, my old schoolmate in the art gallery last week.
  --- If my memory serves me right, you ______ each other for more than a decade.
A. haven’t seen   B. hadn’t seen   C. didn’t see   D. don’t see
24. As our teacher often puts it, ________ to key universities ________ those who will never give up halfway.
A. being admitted; are        B. admitting; is 
C. admitted; are         D. to be admitted; is
25. --- Excuse me, I’d lik e to know more details on how the course is arranged.
   --- Well, the course is made up of 36 two-hour ______, which will mainly be given in the evenings or on weekends.
A. sessions    B. curricula   C. terms    D. criteria
26. Much to their annoyance, their car ________ engine trouble, the young couple had to put up at a roadside rest area for the night.
A. developed           B. being developed     C. having developed    D. to develop
27.The old lady died, leaving his son an orphan. But the money she left _____for life.
   A. put him up        B. put him away     C. set him up       D. set him aside
28. The great interest in public education over the past three decades indicates the strong feeling in our society that all children, ________ their conditions, deserve the opportunity to fully develop their capabilities. 
A. how     B. what    C. whatever   D. however
29. To report an event responsibly, a journalist must not only make sense of earlier reports, but also ________ his report in the long term.
  A. allow for    B. follow up    C. catch on   D. switch to
30.The 60th Grammy nomination list was suspiciously male dominated, leaving a number of social media users up in arms, complaining why Katy Perry and Demi Lovato, who both had albums eligible for nods, ______ be shut out.
A. should         B. must       C. shall       D. might
31. Don’t be angry any more. I’m sure he ignored you by accident and not ______.
   A. by chance   B. by design   C. by mistake   D. by force
32. Happiness is ________ you think, what you say and what you do are in harmony.
   A. what     B. where what   C. when what   D. that
33. ---How do you find the club?
---I ________ it. Everyone is saying its management is going from bad to worse.
A. couldn’t have joined      B. might have joined   
C. would rather not have joined     D. would like to have joined
34. The newly-elected ministers should understand that with the great honor of being government officials of this nation ______ great responsibility.
  A. comes    B. is coming   C. have come   D. will come 
35. --- That was rather a tough question. How did you get it right?
   --- To tell the truth, I just ______.
A. burnt the midnight oil      B. was left to sink or swim 
C. played it safe         D. took a shot in the dark
第二节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每科题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上讲该项涂黒。
In childhood, we often linked fear with imagination, afraid that a monster was hiding behind the door or under the bed, or that an airplane would crash on our houses.
As we grow up, we’re often encouraged to think of  36  as weakness. However, scientists have actually shown that human beings tend to be optimists. So maybe that’s  37  we think of fear, sometimes, as a danger in and of itself. “Don’t worry,” we like to say to one another, “Don’t panic”. In English, fear is something we 38 . It’s something we overcome. But what if we looked at fear in a(an)  39  way? What if we  40  fear as an amazing act of the imagination?
Maybe it’s no  41  that some of our most creative minds  42  to leave fears behind as adults. The incredible 43  that produced “The Origin of Species”, “Jane Eyre” and “The Remembrance of Things Past”  44  intense worries that affected the  45  lives of Charles Darwin, Charlotte Bronte and Marcel Proust. So the question is, what can the rest of us learn about fear from imaginations and young children?
Now, some of us naturally 46 our fears more  47  than others. Recently I read about an essay of study on successful businessmen, and the  48  found that these people  49  a habit that he called “productive paranoia(偏执狂),” which meant that these people, instead of  50   their fears, read them closely, they  51  them, and then they  52  that fear into preparation and action. So that way, if their worst fears came true, their businesses were 53 .
And maybe if we all 54  to read our fears, they could offer us something as  55  as our favorite works of literature: a little wisdom, a bit of insight and a version of that most elusive thing —the truth.
36. A. fear B. danger C. imagination D. childhood
37. A. why B. what C. because D. where
38. A. conquer B. like C. panic D. imagine
39. A. old B. strange C. ridiculous D. fresh
40. A. dream of B. rely on C. thought of D. count on
41. A. use[来源:学+科+网] B. way C. significance D. coincidence
42. A. like B. fail C. try D. decide
43. A. fear B. determinations C. preparations D. imaginations
44. A. overcame B. generated C. relieved D. criticized
45. A. famous B. disastrous C. adult D. early
46. A. looked B. exposed C. read D. hide
47. A. closely B. secretly C. roughly D. reluctantl y
48. A. businessmen B. author C. readers D. others
49. A. changed B. suffered from C. shared D. sought
50. A. understanding  B. reporting C. dismissing D. writing
51. A. hated B. hid C. abandoned D. studied
52. A. translated B. transferred C. transmitted D. transplanted
53. A. over B. ruined C. declining D. ready
54. A.tried B. hesitated C. failed D. allowed
55. A. delicious B. precious C. conscious[来源:学科网] D. suspicious
第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
A

A wonderful Cornish self catering holiday cottage
Cider Cottage is the perfect place to escape and unwind.
It is ideally located to explore and enjoy all that Cornwall has to offer.

Cider Cottage sleeps five in a lovely countryside setting, with all home
comforts. Recently fully renovated to a high standard, the Cottage was
awarded a 4 Star rating by Visit England.
It is a detached property full of character, with exposed feature stone walls and ceiling beams.
In the past the building was used to store and crush apples to produce local Cornish cider.
One step inside the door and you will know you have found somewhere special to spend
your holiday.

Cider Cottage has three comfortable bedrooms, of which the Master
bedroom has a king size bed and an en-suite bathroom.


A spacious fully equipped Kitchen and Dining room fitted with a
ceramic hob and oven, microwave, washing machine, dishwasher and
tumble dryer. We also supply all those kitchen essen tials that you won’t
want to pack.

Down a flight of steps is the large cosy Lounge, with exposed
feature stone walling and beams that date back hundreds of years.


Set between the south Cornwall coast and enigmatic Bodmin Moor, in
lovely countryside, Cider Cottage is just 1 mile from the historic town of
Liskeard and a short drive from the lovely fishing village of Looe with its
wonderful sandy beach.

 
56. How can Cider Cottage be described as?
A. Unique, attractive and well-designed.
B. Suitable, mysterious and well-located.
C. Relaxing, convenient and well-furnished.
D. Practical, comfortable and well-managed.
57. According to the information given, Cider Cottage is ______.
A. in the center of town      B. far away from the seaside
C. for sale at the moment      D. suitable for a family of five

B
After my pubic lectures on evolution, someone in the audience asks, “Are we still evolving?” People want to know i f humans are getting taller, smarter, better looking or more athletic. My answer is truthful but disappointing: We’re almost certainly evolving, but we don’ t know in what direction or how fast.
 We’ve seen some evolution in our species over the past few millennia(千年), but it was detected by reconstructing history from DNA sequences. For example, we know that during the past 10,000 years, several populations of humans — those keeping sheep, cows or goats for milk— gained the ability to digest dairy products. This trait was useless in our earlier ancestors who, after babyhood, never encountered milk. And in the past 3,000 years, Tibetans have acquired genetic adaptations that allowed them to develop well in their high-altitude, low-oxygen home. But these well-documented changes are limited to particular populations, so the evidence for recent evolution of our entire species, remains not much.
 The authors of “Evolving Ourselves” disagree. Not only, they claim, are we evolving faster than ever, but we’re doing it to ourselves. Juan Enriquez and Steve Gullans argue that humans have controlled evolution — not just in our own species but virtually in all species: “For better or worse, we are increasingly in charge. We are the primary drivers of change. We will directly and indirectly determine what lives, what dies, where, and when. We are in a different phase of evolution: the future of life is now in our hands.”
 According to the authors, we’ve replaced natural selection with what they call “unnatural selection.” Overfishing, for example, has reduced the average size of many fish species, for taking the biggest fish selects in favor of those that reproduce when younger and smaller.
 Yet while there’s no doubt that we’re changing the planet, the claim that we’re completely changing evolution on the planet does not follow. Let’s take those fish that are evolving to reproduce smaller and younger. This phenomenon has been documented in many species that we eat, but this is just a minuscule fraction(极小的一部分) of the 30,000 known species of fish.
 The authors speak with unwarranted assurance about how our species is evolving in response to nearly everything. When they assert, for example, our ingestion(摄取) of drugs and exposure to chemicals mean that “our children’ s brains are evolving fast,” they are overplaying their hand and abusing the word “evolution.” Out children’s brains may be changing fast in response to the new pharmacological(药理学的)environment, but change alone is not evolution.
58. The two examples in Paragraph 2 are given to_________.
A. show in what direction humans evolve
B. explain the importance of DNA sequences
C. illustrate the evidence for evolution of our entire species is insufficient
D. demonstrate how slow humans have evolved over the past few millennia
59. The authors of “Evolving Ourselves” claim that________.
A. humans dominate the future of other life
B. fish become smaller because of natural selection
C. humans are to blame for changing the planet for the worse
D. the boundary between natural selection and unnatural selection is unfixed
60. What is the major question discussed in the passage?
A. Are humans still evolving?
B. Is unnatural selection powerful?
C. Are humans the main driver of evolution?
D. Does evolution require many genetic changes?
C
America’s businesses are getting older and fatter, while many new businesses are dying in infancy.
    A study last month by the Brookings Institution found that the proportion of older firms has grown steadily over several decades, while the survival rate of new companies has fallen. In addition, young people are starting companies at a sharply lower rate than in the past.
    A new report from the National Association of Manufacturers shows a major cause: The cost of  obeying government regulations has risen to more than $2 trillion (12.26 trillion yuan) annually, or 12 percent of the GDP, and this cost falls disproportionately on smaller, newer businesses.
It’s risky, difficult and expensive to start a business, and getting more so. Governments are imposing various new rules on a seemingly daily basis: health insurance, minimum wage increases and, most recently in California, compulsory paid sick days for even hourly employees. These regulations shift huge social welfare costs directly onto often-struggling small businesses, while being proportionally much less costly for larger companies.
    This is partly an unintended issue of resources—established companies can cope with new costs more easily—but it’s also deliberate. For instance, big insurance companies got a seat at the table to help write Obamacare, but less politically powerful firms—like medical device manufacturers—got squeezed.
    Mature, successful corporations can e mploy ex-lawmakers with connections, distribute campaign contributions and even write regulations for themselves. They are also more likely to want to protect steady revenue streams than revolutionize their industry.
   Major companies that have been so ill-managed they would otherwise collapse—airlines, car companies and banks—stagger(蹒跚)on because politicians ride to the rescue with bags of taxpayer money.
    The genius of our unique system of government is the determination to protect and defend the rights of the individual over the rights of the nation. As such, the rise of a well-connected oligarchy(寡头政治)that protects big business at the expense of small business, and the established over the new, is opposite to American ideals.
    Income inequality—which is directly caused by faulty government policy—is being promoted as the reason to impose more of that bad policy. But let’s be perfectly clear, we do not have a free market but one where government picks winners and losers through regulations and financial aids.
Politics is, and always has been, about balancing competing interests seeking to benefit themselves, and that’s as it should be, but the force of government should never be used to reduce competition, kill innovation or support and extend artificial monopolies(垄断)by harming the consumer, the taxpayer and the economy. Policy must breed our new and small businesses or see the as-yet undreamed of innovations that could be our bright future die in infancy.
 61.We can learn from the passage that ______________.
A. over several decades, new companies have grown steadily.
B. mature, successful corporations prefer to maintain their stable incomes.
C. less politically powerful firms also have their voice in making regulations.
D. the cost of obeying government regulations falls equally on all businesses.
62. We can infer from the last three paragraphs that ____________.
    A. the rise of a well-connected oligarchy is contrary to American ideals
    B. the state economy may depend on those innovative businesses
    C. income inequality is what the government should take action to resolve
    D. the government picks winners and losers through the law of free market
63. It can be concluded from the passage that _______________
    A. larger and older firms have a command of resources of various aspects
    B. most of the ex-lawmakers work in mature, successful corporations
    C. politicians like providing financial aids to the companies of worse operation
    D. big insurance companies have better relationship with Obama
64. As to the development of smaller businesses, the writer is _______________
    A. contented  B. confident  C. concerned      D. convinced
D
The phone ID flashed, “Emergency Vet”. “Oh no” I whispered. I could not lose Merlin now.
Ron and I had tried to have children for a long time with depressing results. I threw myself into my work. Any maternal feelings I had were spent on Merlin.
I couldn’t wait to get home from work each night. I wanted to pick up that warm bundle of loving fur and nestle him. I wanted to sing “Rock-a-bye Merlin”, as I did every night as he would put his paws around my neck.
Merlin was my comfort especially at times when I wondered if God was listening. But last night something had changed. Not only did I sing “Rock-a-Bye Merlin”, but I asked, “What will I do after you’re gone?”
Although Merlin was 19 years old, a senior in the age of a cat, he didn’t look or act that way. I didn’t want to accept the fact that he was nearing the end of his lifetime. My job at the law firm was so demanding and stressful that I couldn’t imagine getting through the day without Merlin waiting to greet me at home.
I dialed the vet’s number. I asked for my husband but he already left. Then I took a breath and asked the question that no one wants to ask, “Is my Merlin still alive?” The nurse said “yes.”
Ron came home and said that Merlin had almost no red blood cells left. White blood cells were replacing them. Merlin would need expensive transfusions most likely on a monthly basis. We both knew Merlin was running out of time. I asked Ron to drive me to the vet so I could say goodbye to my little boy cat but he was beat tired and it was late. Ron said if Merlin was still alive the next morning then he would take me to the vet.
The next morning I called the vet. Merlin had survived the night.After driving to the vet, I went into the examining room. The nurse brought Merlin and placed him on an examining table on his side. His eyes were tightly shut. I thought he died already. I carefully edged my hand to reach his body. His body felt warm, but when I spoke his name there was no response. No response to his name or that I was there and that I loved him. I was extremely sad.In that examining room I felt helpless. I wondered how many people in an examining room felt as helpless as I did.
Feeling driven to prayer I yelled, “God this isn’t good enough. I need to see my Merlin the way I remember him, I need a miracle and I need it now!”
At that moment, God granted a miracle. Merlin’s favorite compliment entered my mind. I said,  “Merlin, You are Beautiful and You are Gorgeous, do you hear me?”
One eye opened.
I said “Gotcha”. I kept repeating those words.
Merlin opened the other eye and, one limb at a time, got up. He was waiting for that phrase. He wanted to hear that he was beautiful and gorgeous again.
Then I experienced another miracle.
There was no sound in that examining room until Merlin started walking to me. From out of nowhere, or maybe from heaven, I clearly heard a song we sung in church often: “It Is Well With My Soul.” I remembered thinking, “Yes, it is well with my Soul. I got to see my little boy cat one more time.”
Merlin walked to me. He put his face in mine, which he had never done before. He rubbed a circle around my face twice. Merlin said goodbye with his face and marked me for life.
Ron appeared shocked that Merlin was up and had walked to me. I said to Merlin, “Tell God you are a good boy and how much we love you” and then handed him back to the nurse.
Tears of gratitude poured forth in memory of a miracle. You see for nineteen years God spoke to me through a special cat named “Merlin.” On Merlin’s last day, God proved he heard me when he granted a miracle. That miracle gave me time to say goodbye.
65. Ron’s wife couldn’t lose Merlin because ________.
   A. Merlin was her adopted child for nineteen years
   B. Merlin could supply her with comfort and warmth
   C. she failed to give birth to her own biological child
   D. she would sing her usual song to no one later in life
66. What did Ron’s wife think of Merlin?
   ①comfortable ②demanding ③long life ④full of devotion ⑤lovely ⑥religious[来源:Z+xx+k.Com]
    A. ①②⑥    B. ①②③  C. ④⑤⑥  D. ③④⑤
67. What does “The next morning I called the vet.” in Paragraph 8 imply?
    A. The writer turned to the vet because Merlin was in desperate condition.
    B. The writer was so hopeless as to ask a favor of the vet.
    C. Ron would accompany her wife to the vet to live up to his promise.
    D. Ron did not care about Merlin so that the writer called the vet.
68. When Merlin reached the examining room, ________.
    A. he shut his eyes tightly and was obviously dead
    B. his body felt warm because the writer rubbed him hard
    C. the writer chanted prayers to him trying to waking him up
    D. the writer felt helpless to have no timely surgical operation
69. We can infer from the passage that _______.
    A. we have to have faith in the church to get miracles in future life
    B. God will not disappoint us if we are devoted to our loved ones
    C. couples should have a child or something to fill in their free time
    D. doctors may not always be reliable when our loved ones need their help
70. Which of the following can be the proper title?
    A. The Miracle Granted         B. A Dying Cat
    C. God Accompanying Us        D. Gratitude Out Of Miracle

第四部分:任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
Marketers have more options in today’s increasingly multilingual society — a variety of electronic and print media can address groups of consumers in different languages. Various factors influence the choice of media and langu age. In some cases, it’s simply practical to advertise in the consumer’s native language, particularly if many of the consumers in this group are primarily monolingual. In other cases, by advertising on, say, a Spanish television channel in the US, an advertiser may earn the respect of the consumer by addressing him in his native language, as well as develop positive associations with the medium and its unique content. Now, marketers have another factor to consider when deciding where to advertise and in what language. A paper, Do bilinguals have two personalities? , a special case of cultural frame switching published by researchers at the University of Texas, shows that bilingual individuals exhibit different personality characteristics when speaking different languages.
Lead researcher Nairan Ramirez-Esparza, tested individuals who were bilingual in English and Spanish for various personality traits, and found that the subjects answered the questions differently when asked in English and Spanish. The new work built on past research showed the values of subjects changed when they were surrounded by stimuli from different cultures.
How can marketers take advantage of “cultural frame switching”? It may sound challenging without specific research, but at least  for Spanish/ English bilinguals in the US, there is now some hard data on the language-related personality shift. Extrapolating to other language combinations may be possible, too. Since the Spanish/ English bilingual results seem to be in agreement with testing of monolingual Spanish and English speakers, language-specific testing of bilingual subjects may not be essential to get an idea of what kind of cultural frame switching might occur in other bilingual combinations. Rather, comparing known personality differences for each language/ culture would give an indication of the differences bilingual individuals would exhibit.
I think it would be a mistake to over-emphasize this phenomenon over other criteria affecting the selection of appropriate media and language to reach a target market. Clearly, the major considerations of demographics(人口统计资料), perception of the medium, language fluency, etc. should remain major factors. Besides, the language-driven cultural frame switching may not make much difference to many products or services. If the product does attract one cultural personality more, though, it may make sense to exploit that difference of the other decision criteria are more or less equivalent.
The researchers point out that the differences aren’t great. Even if slight, though, the differences are noticeable.

Cultural Frame Switching: Different Language, Different Personality
Concept of cultural frame switching Cultural frame switching refers to the phenomenon of shifting from one cultural mindset to another when people are (71)_____ to their new cultural environment.
Applications of cultural frame switching Cultural frame switching is a factor marketers now take into (72)______ to reach target customers.
 Personality shift proves to be (73)____ for Spanish/ English bilinguals, which makes it not (74)_____ to do language-specific testing of bilingual subjects.
 Looking for the known personality differences between each language/ culture would give marketers a better (75)______ of how bilingual individuals would (76)______ in two different cultures.
Facts about cultural frame switching It’s wrong to put too much (77)_____ on the functions of cultural frame switching.
 Compared with other criteria,  the language-driven cultural frame switching simply plays a(n) (78)______ role in marketing success.
 Providing that a product (79)______ to a certain cultural personality more, the difference is worth employing.
Conclusion The effect different languages have on personality is (80)_____ but noticeable.
第五部分  书面表达(共1题,满分25分)
81.请阅读下面短文及图画,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。       
 On a sunny day a shepherd(牧羊人) walked with his two hungry sheep along a winding country path. He managed to have them two tied to each other just in case they should go separated. It was quite a long time before they arrived at a place where there was merely a small amount of fresh grass on each side of the path. Both of the sheep were so hungry that they hurried to the grass but in the separate direction as the picture showed. Unfortunately the rope fastening them was not long enough. No matter how hard they struggled, neither was able to reach the grass in front of them.
 The shepherd was about to help them when he was surprised to find that one of them should voluntarily abandon the struggle, and went along with the other. Consequently, together the two sheep enjoyed the fresh grass on one side happily, and then the grass on the other.
【写作内容】
1. 用约30个单词概述上面这则寓言的主要内容。
2. 用约120个单词就此则寓言谈谈你的想法,内容包括:
(1) 从这则寓言中,你获得了哪些启示?
(2) 结合该寓言给你的启示,谈谈你在生活中是如何做的。
【写作要求】
1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;
2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;
3. 不必写标题。

 

 

 

英语试题答案
2018届高三第一学期阶段测试英语试卷答案
听力1—5 BABCC 6—10 BBCBB 11—15 ACACA 16—20 CACCB
单选 DDBCA  CCCBA  BCCAD
完型 AAADC  DBDBC   CABCC   DADAB
阅读: CD   CAC   BBAC   BDCCBA
任务型阅读
71. exposed  72. account/ consideration   73. existent  
74. necessary/ essential      75. understanding/ idea   76. behave   
77. stress/ emphasis    78. minor/ unimportant   79. appeals    80. slight
81. Possible version:
 The fable shares with readers a story about two sheep, both of whom choose cooperation rather than competition in order to have access to the fresh grass of different sides.
 As a matter of fact, the fable mirrors that different attitudes may bring about different results. As an old saying goes, union means power. A chopstick breaks easily, while a bunch of them does not. Cooperation is th erefore the best policy in any case because it can lead to a win-win situation, where both sides can gain benefit by virtue of joint efforts.
 In my daily life, I often cooperate with my classmates when playing basketball, taking part in running races or going in for community-service activities. I learn a lot from my classmates and friends by following their advice. Meanwhile, I also do my part to help them in return. It is teamwork that helps us secure numerous victories.
Text 1
M: Can you take a photo of me?
W: I don’t have a camera with me.
M: I mean, with your phone. We hiked all this way; I need to remember this view!
Text 2
W: San Francisco General Hospital.
M: Hello. This is an emergency. Can you please send an ambulance?
W: OK, OK. Just try to calm down, sir. And tell me where you are.
M: OK. Right. Uh, we are at La Traviata Restaurant in North Beach.
Text 3
W: Hello, Mike. I’m having problems finding the conference center. I’ve just passed the Star Hotel.
M: You’re almost there. Just keep going. Slow down when you see the gas station and turn right there.
Text 4
W: What is that smell? Did you forget to take out the garbage?
M: No, I think the cat brought in a rat again.
W: Oh, no! That is so disgusting. Please go take care of it!
Text 5
M: This math puzzle is really beyond me.
W: Well, if you can’t solve it, I won’t stand a chance.
Text 6
M: Ann, are you doing anything tonight?
W: Yes. I’m afraid I’ll be busy tonight. I have an appointment with Professor Smith.
M: Well, how about tomorrow? Maybe we could go to a concert.
W: Tomorrow, I will take one of my friends to Heathrow Airport. She’s going to America.
M: That’s too bad.
W: I will pick you up when I get back and we can go to the concert together. What do you think?
M: Great. I’ll book the tickets right now.
Text 7
W: What are those socks you’re wearing? They look strange.
M: These are the Sensoria Fitness Smart Socks. They have computer chips in them that send data to a smartphone app. 
W: They don’t look very comfortable.
M: They’re extremely comfortable! Plus, they’re helping me reach my fitness goals. I’m  training to run a marathon, and these socks are able to give me information about how fast I’m running, as well as where my feet are landing on the ground. When I first started using them, they told me I was running incorrectly.
W: Have you ever run a marathon before?
M: No, this will be my first one. I’ve done a half marathon, but that’s it. Eventually, my goal is to try out for the Olympics.

Text 8
W: Can I help you with anything? 
M: Yes, I’m looking for an engagement ring for my girlfriend. 
W: Congratulations! That is very exciting. Do you know what kind of ring you’re looking for?
M: Not really. I’m not too good at this kind of stuff.
W: Do you know what she likes?
M: She really likes colorful stones. I  know that she prefers red and yellow. She likes diamonds, but I think she would also like a ruby or something else that’s really bright.
W: We have some gorgeous ruby rings over here. Does she like silver or gold?
M: Gold.
W: This one here is really nice. The gold band is on the thinner side.
M: I like that one. Do you have anything with a smaller stone?
W: This one here has a small stone. There’s a nice design on the band, too.
M: I think this may be the one! I’m going to send a photo of it to my mom.
Text 9
M: How was your trip?
W: Great! I went all over the world. I started out in Germany and then made my way to Spain and France. After Europe, I went to Egypt and Turkey, then over to India and China. From China, I traveled to Thailand and Indonesia, then spent some time in Australia. I was planning on going to South America, but I ran out of money.
M: How long were you gone for? It felt like years.
W: Almost half a year. I was gone for five months. It was amazing, and I learned so much about myself and the world around me.
M: A few years ago, I spent two weeks in England and Ireland, but that’s it. I almost went to Brazil for work last year, but my boss changed his mind. What are you up to now that you’re home?
W: I have to find a place to live. Right now, I’m staying with my parents. I also have to find a job.
M: What kind of job are you looking for?
W: Anything in the food business.
M: I have a friend who works at a nice restaurant. I can introduce you to him.
W: Great!
Text 10
Hello, everybody. Welcome to this informal meeting about the University Helpline. Now, let me tell you some details so that you know where to go and who to see if you want to pay us a visit. Generally, you will see your Helpline officer Jessica. Jessica is a full-time employee of the Student Union and she works in the Student Welfare Office — that’s the office that deals with all the matters related to student welfare, and it’s located at 13 Marshall Road. I have some maps here for those of you who haven’t been there yet. If you wish to call the office, the number is 326-9940. That’s 326-9940. The office is open from 9:30 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on weekdays and from 10:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on Saturdays. There will always be somebody there — usually Jessica  or myself — between those times. If you want to make an appointment, you can call or come into the office in person. Please note that it may not be possible for anyone to see you right away, particularly if it is a busy time — lunch time, for example — and you may have to add your name to the waiting list and then come back later. Well, enough from me. Any questions?

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