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江苏姜堰区2018届中考英语适应性试题(二)含答案

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江苏姜堰区2018届中考英语适应性试题(二)含答案

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2018年中考适应性考试(二)英语试题
(考试时间:120分钟   满分:120分)
注意事项:
    1.本试卷分第一部分选择题和第二部分非选择题
2.作答试题前,请考生务必将自己的姓名、考试号用钢笔或圆珠笔填写在试卷规定的位置上,并认真核对。
3.答案必须填在答题纸上,在其他位置作答一律无效。每小题做出答案后,用2B铅笔钢笔或圆珠笔填涂在答题纸的相应位置。

第一部分 选择题 (共 60 分)
一、单项选择  从下列每题所给的选项中,选择一个最佳答案(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
1. Zhang Miman, 82, ______ professor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, was given ______ 2018 L’Oreal-UNESCO for Women in Science award on March 22.
A. a; the       B. a; an    C. the; a     D. the; the
2. Located beside Hangzhou’s beautiful West Lake, a new private university will soon rise. Shi Yigong is recommended ______ the first president.
A. to      B. as      C. for     D. with
3. —My father works in Taizhou. He spends much time driving home every day.
—Don’t worry about that. It’ll be ______ when the new expressway is built.
A. harder   B. slower   C. easier   D. earlier
4. —Someone is sleeping next door. Is it Mr. Wu?
—It ______ be him. He called me from England just now.
A. shouldn’t    B. can’t    C. mustn’t     D. needn’t
5. —When did the classroom have a power cut?
—This morning. While we ______ an English lesson.
A. have   B. had   C. are having  D. were having
6. My mother always tells me that “______”. So I always do my best while studying.
A. many hands make light work   B. the early bird catches the worms
C. no pain, no gain      D. all roads lead to Rome
7. —Our classmates are going to Rose Garden after the exam.
  —______ exciting idea!
  A. What an        B. How           C. What        D. How an
8. —Are you sure you can do well in tomorrow’s test, Lucy?
—______. But I’ve got everything ready.
A. I believe I can               B. I’m afraid not
C. It’s hard to say                  D. I hope not
9. The notice on the board tells us that _______ smoking _______ spitting is allowed in the waiting room.
A. either;or     B. not only;but also    C. neither;nor    D. both;a nd
10. _______ its youth toward better development, Chinese government has set a careful plan.
A. Lead   B. To lead         C. Leading   D. To lead
11. In Amazing China(厉害了,我的国), common people are also ______. In the film, you can see a Tibetan woman volunteering in the countryside to help poor people.
A. paid attention to        B. devoted to  
C. looked forward to        D. led to
12. As a student, getting up early and being afraid of missing the first school bell may be common ______ for you. But thanks to new rules, you can stay in bed longer than before.
A. signs     B. symbols     C. experiences   D. tasks
13. Which of the following suffixes CANNOT be used to make a noun?
  A. -less        B. -ness          C. -tion           D. -ment
14. “______ there’s still much work to be done, the people’s government will not let the people down.” Premier Li said on March 5 in Beijing.
A. Because    B. Unless    C. If     D. Although
15. — Mike, can you explain ______?
— I’m sorry, Mum. I was listening to music and didn’t hear it.
A. why everything in the house was in a mess
B. why nobody answered the phone when I called you
  C. how you could finish the homework in such a short time
  D. how you can make the robot work since there is no power
 二、完形填空  阅读短文,从每题所给选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
I find it interesting sometimes that even the most common things can encourage us to face the difficulty bravely.
My wife, my daughter, and I moved into our home nine years ago and we   16   a lot of time and energy in the yard to get it looking like it does today. We live on a corner, higher than street level. There is a rock wall   17   our yard. But at the edge(边缘) of the yard, some rocks were thrown up onto the ground as if someone were in a hurry to   18  . We called this area our “rock garden”. Whenever we planted flowers or plants, Denise or I would stick them out(伸出去) to bring some   19   to the area.
Last summer I reached the end of the garden and found a tiny little   20   that I could not immediately make sure what it was, I knew I didn’t plant it and Denise claimed that she didn’t either. We decided to let it continue growing   21   we could tell what it was.
Weeks passed and as I made my way back to the   22   plant, it turned out to be a sunflower(向日葵). It had a tall skinny stalk and only one head on it. I decided to   23   it and get the weeds(杂草) around it away. As I moved away the rocks from the area, I noticed something   24  . The sunflower had not started where I saw the stalk begin. It actually had begun under a big rock and grown under and around it to reach the   25  .
That’s when I   26   that if a tiny little sunflower didn’t let a big rock stand in its way of developing, we should have the   27   of doing the same thing, too. Once(一旦) our environment begins to see that we believe in ourselves like that little sunflower, we can get the same nourishment(营养) and growing up as well.
We need to believe in ourselves knowing we have the abilities in   28   our dreams. Like the sunflower, it knew it had the abilities to get out of the difficulty because it  trusted in the Universal Truth and believed it would   29  .
Stand tall like the sunflower and be proud of who and what you are and the environment will begin to   30   you. You will find a way to go under or around.
16. A. spent     B. paid      C. needed      D. took
17. A. around      B. before      C. beside      D. near
18. A. build     B. finish      C. carry      D. paint
19. A. pictures      B. memories     C. places      D. colors
20. A. plant      B. flower      C. tree      D. bush
21. A. unless      B. after      C. until      D. when
22. A. beautiful     B. strange     C. strong     D. unknown
23. A. look out of      B. take care of     C. play the role of  D. take notice of
24. A. terrible      B. unhappy     C. unusual     D. impossible
25. A. water      B. sun      C. moon     D. sky
26. A. realized      B. complained     C. doubted     D. supposed
27. A. rights      B. chances     C. thoughts     D. abilities
28. A. noticing      B. failing      C. achieving     D. breaking
29. A. matter      B. succeed     C. control      D. solve
30. A. refuse      B. promise     C. support     D. praise
三、阅读理解  阅读下列短文,根据短文内容选择最佳答案 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
                                    A
News 1
Chinese video sharing APP, Douyin is denying reports that British cartoon character Peppa Pig has been cancelled from the platform(平台) because of some bad influences, reports China National Radio. The Peppa Pig cartoon has been a big hit since it first landed in China in 2015. Episodes(片段) of the show have been watched billions of times on television.
News 2
On Wednesday, China announced plans to increase taxes(税) on $50 billion of U.S. goods. The Chinese measures would increase tariffs(关税) by 25 percent on 106 products, such as soybeans, airplanes and cars. The Associated Press said the list includes the biggest U.S. exports to China.
News 3
Wildlife researchers in Georgia and Florida are concerned about the population of endangered whales(鲸). The winter birthing season just ended, but no newborn whales have been reported. There are about 450 North Atlantic whales.
Since last December, researchers have been looking for newborns off the coasts of Georgia and Florida. Each winter, female whales swim to the area to give birth in warmer waters, usually from early December to late March.
News 4
An American company says it has completed the first allowed 3D printed homes in the United States. The home was shown to reporters and visitors at the South by Southwest technology meeting and music festival. The event took place earlier this month in Austin, Texas.
31. What is Peppa Pig according News 1?
A. A Chinese cartoon character.     B. A British cartoon character.  
C. A British book.      D. A pig from Britain.
32. What is the meaning of exports in Chinese?
A. 进口。    B. 出口。    C. 赠送。     D. 投资。
33. How long will female whales give birth each year?
A. Three months.   B. One month.   C. Two months.    D. Four months.
34. Who can print a 3D printed home?
A. A company.    B. A visitor.    C. A reporter.    D. A singer.
35. Which of the following is TRUE according to these news?
A. Peppa Pig is not popular in China at all.
B. People can see the 3D printed homes everywhere in the U.S..
C. The population of endangered whales may be smaller than before.
D. All the goods from the U.S. will be more expensive in China than before.
B
A survey of reading habits shows adult Chinese read 7.78 books a year on average(平均), and children and teenagers under 17 read 8.81 books, according to survey results released on Wednesday in Beijing. This year’s survey, the 15th edition, was conducted and released by Chinese Academy of Press and Publication starting in 1999. The survey focused on the data in 2017.
“Compared with 2016, growth was stable,” said Xu Shengguo, a member of the academy’s research team. “We see it is the result of government efforts. It also shows the reading platforms are different. Besides books in print, there are e-books on computers, smartphones and kindles.”
Xu said although the number is still rising, the average of books Chinese people read are outnumbered by Japan with 11, South Korea with 9, France with 8 and the United States with 7.
The survey found 67.5 percent of urban residents(城市居民)had a habit of reading books in 2017, while 49.3 rural residents(农村居民)did. In recent years, digital reading has grown in the countryside.
73 percent of adult Chinese read digitally, including online, mobile, digital readers and smart phones, compared to 68.2 percent in 2016.
When it comes to favorite types of books, Chinese readers love literature most, followed by lifestyle, history and psychology. As for digital reading, urban love stories are the most popul ar, followed by history/military, literature classics and fantasy.
Other interesting points from the survey:
●On average, about one in ten adult Chinese reads more than ten books in print in 2017, and about one of twenty reads more than ten digital books.
●12 percent of Chinese read books for more than one hour a day on average.
●Adult Chinese spent 80.43  minutes a day on their smartphones in 2017, a more than six-minute increase from 2016. During this period of time, an average of 27 minutes is spent on WeChat.
●22.8 percent of adult Chinese listened to audio books regularly in 2017, an increase of 5.8 percent compared to 2016.
36. How many ways can people use to read e-books according to Para 2?
A. One.      B. Two.     C. Three.     D. Four.
37. What is the meaning of the underlined sentence “Compared with 2016, growth was stable.”?
A. The books Chinese read in 2016 on average are more than those in 2017.
B. The books Chinese read in 2016 on average are fewer than those in 2017.
C. The books Chinese read in 2016 on average are as many as those in 2017.
D. The books Chinese read in 2016 on average are better than those in 2017.
38. How long did Chinese spend on their smartphones in 2016?
A. 74.43 minutes.    B. 80.43 minutes.   C. 27 minutes.    D. 86.43 minutes.
39. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Chinese only read books in print.
B. Chinese love literature classics most for digital reading.
C. More and more rural residents prefer to have digital reading these years.
D. 12 percent of adult Chinese read books for over one hour a day on average.
40. The purpose of the passage is to _________________.
A. show us why Chinese read books
B. encourage more Chinese to read on the smartphones
C. talk about the basic situation of Chinese reading in 2017
D. prove Chinese love reading better than people in any other country in 2017
C
 A number of companies have used the wind and the sun to produce energy. Now, one company is using the force of flowing rivers and ocean waves.
The company is based in the U.S. state of Maine. It is called the Ocean Renewable Power Company, or ORPC. The company recently presented the new technology at an energy conference near Washington, DC. Christopher Sauer, the CEO of ORPC says the technology was designed for small, lonely villages that do not have easy ways to get power.
The ORPC technology is an energy generator(发电机)which can be put under water in the river, called RivGen. It works in a series of steps. First, the generator is put in the middle of a steel cage. The cage goes on top of a wide boat with a flat bottom called a pontoon(趸船). Wheels – or, turbines(涡轮机) – are connected to each side of the generator. Once the pontoon boat is fixed to one place, it is flooded with water. The pontoon, cage, and generator all sink to the bottom of the river. There, the river waves turn the wheels and creates as much as 50 kilowatts(千瓦)of power.
CEO Christopher Sauer says the generator is not very tall, so it can work in water areas that are not very deep, but other companies are not able to work in shallow water. And, Sauer says, the turbines are safe for the animals that live in the river. “At the peak of salmon(鲑鱼) season, we had almost two million fish pass by this thing but at the end of all of that, we did not have a single fish die that we knew abou t,” he said. Another feature of the technology he mentioned is “crossflow turbines”. They permit the turbines to move in the same direction, no matter what way the water is flowing. Sauer also says the turbines’ shape permits the generator to harvest power from tidal waves in the ocean. The company’s ocean turbine is called TidGen. It can create up to 600 kilowatts of electricity, enough to power a small settlement(定居点).
Right now, the amount of power TidGen can harvest changes as the strength of the tide goes up and down. But ORPC workers are trying to make the power output steady(稳定的). In time, they want TidGen power to be part of the main energy.
CEO Christopher Sauer estimates ORPC’s current price is about 50 cents per kilowatt-hour. That price does not make the ORPC system competitive with natural gas. However, for small lonely villages, energy from flowing water could be more economical.
41. What can ORPC use to produce energy?
A. The wind.       B. The sun.    
C. The natural gas.       D. The force of flowing river.
42. Where is RivGen when it works?
A. On the river.     B. At the bottom of the river.
C. Over the river.     D. On the river bank.
43. According to what Sauer said in Para 4, we can know that ___________ .
A. the turbines killed lots of fish
B. salmons can help the RivGen create power
C. the animals that live in the river ma y destroy the turbines
D. the turbines do not make the animals in the river in danger
44. Which of the following word CANNOT be used to describe the RivGen?
A. Safe.     B. Perfect.    C. Useful.    D. Harmless.
45. What can we infer from the passage?
A. ORPC’s generator can work in shallow water.
B. The way the water is flowing can make the turbines move in different directions.
C. TidGen power is still not part of the main energy at present because of its unsteady output.
D. All lonely villages in the U.S. will have easy ways to get power with the help of RivGen.

第二部分  非选择题(共60分)
四、词汇运用(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
A. 根据句意和汉语提示,在空白处填入一个适当的单词(每空限一词)
46. Once a year, the members of our Birdwatching _________ (协会) go to study the birds in Zhalong.
47. The shooting is still a _________(严重的) problem in the USA, some people die from it from time to time.
48. In Disneyland, I bought a _________ of(几件 事物) pencil cases for my classmates.
49. We depend on the earth’s rich resources to live, so it is important for us to protect it _________ (明智地).
50. Through watching Amazing China, We can’t stop _________ (想象) what our country will be like in 50 years.
B. 用括号内所给词的适当形式填空 (每空不限一词)
51. In 2017, China’s GDP was _________ (five) times more than that of India.
52. —Hello. This is Sunshine Police Station. Can I help you?
—A car crashed into a tree and the driver was badly hurt. A doctor _________ (want) here.
53. Many people teach _________ (they) English by watching American TV series.
54. Chinese government has made up its mind to protect its _________ (fisherman)rights in South Ocean.
55. Now even the old are used to _________ (send) messages or pictures on WeChat.
五、阅读表达  阅读下列短文,根据短文内容及字数要求回答问题(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
Nearly 2.4 billion people around the world used a smartphone in 2017. By the end of 2018, more than a third of the global population will be using smartphones. Those numbers -- from Mobile Marketing Magazine -- sound great, don’t they? More people will have more information at their fingertips. However, smartphone technology can be a double-edged sword(双刃剑).
On one hand, it sends us endless information. We don’t have to wait. Our devices ring, ping, vibrate and light up with the latest news from family, friends and around the world.
On the other hand, this immediate way to information may become an addiction(瘾). And it may make some people feel lonely, worried and stressed.
These findings are from a 2018 study from San Francisco State University and have been published in Neuro Regulation.
Erik Peper and Richard Harvey are both health education professors at the university. They led the study.
The two professors asked 135 university students about their smartphone use and their feelings. They found that “students who used their phones the most reported higher levels of feeling—lone ly, stressed and worried.”
But Erik Peper suggests turning off push notifications(推送提醒) and other such alerts on our phones.
The  researchers also suggest taking control of when and where you answer a text, a message or an email. You do not need to answer them all. And you certainly don’t need to answer them as soon as you get them.
They also suggest setting limits on the time you spend on smartphones. If you want to catch up with friends on Facebook or WeChat, set aside a small amount of time to it. Schedule periods of the day to focus on important tasks and do not allow technology to take up your time.
(Answer the following questions with no more than six words)
56. What are Eric Peper and Richard Harvey?
                                                                          
57. How do smartphones make people feel according to the study?
                                                                          
58. How many suggest ions are given to fight against smartphone addiction?
                                                                          
59. What did Eric Peper and Richard Harvey ask 135 university students about?
                                                                          
60. When will more than a third of the global population be using smartphones according to Mobile Marketing Magazine?
                                                                          
六、任务型阅读  阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词,每个空格只填1个单词 (共10空;每空1分,满分10分)
In 1995, the UNESCO’s General Conference held in Paris designated the World Book Day on April 23 to say thanks to books and writers worldwide and to invite everyone to be a lifelong reader.
The following reading list consists of 5 books, 3 in English and the others in Chinese, about China and Chinese culture.
1. Insights into Chinese Culture (中国文化读本)
As an overview of Chinese culture, this book shows many ways of Chinese culture, they include Chinese customs, scenic spots, science and technology, folk art, literature and international cultural exchanges. Many people consider it as a perfect start for anyone who wants to learn about China.
2. Quotations from Confucius (孔子语录)
This book keeps most of the words and thoughts from Confucius, who is the greatest educator and thinker in history. People around the world think Confucius’ teaching ideas and philosophy are still working in today’s education.
3. Chinese Folk Art series (中国民间艺术系列读本)
Published by Shanghai People’s Fine Arts Publishing House, each book focuses on one folk art, such as paper-cutting, clothing and Chinese New Year picture. Readers can enjoy the beautiful photos while learning the history and development of each art.
4. Chinese Characters (中国汉字)
This book offers us a main introduction about the wonderful culture of Chinese characters. With enough examples, it proves that learning the most difficult language in the world can be rather interesting.
5. Symbols of China (中国符号)
Taking a special way to explain Chinese culture, this book chooses over a hundred cultural symbols and tell the story behind every one of them. Like a hundred small mirrors, these symbols show the value of traditional Chinese culture.
Five books about China and Chinese culture
Insights into Chinese
Culture It shows many ways of Chinese culture,   61    Chinese customs, scenic spots, science and technology, folk art and so son. It is    62    as a perfect start for those who want to learn about China.
Quotations from
Confucius Confucius, the greatest    63    and thinker in China’s history. His teaching ideas and philosophy still have a great    64    on today’s education.
Chinese Folk Art series There are many books in Chinese Folk Art series. Each book talks about one folk art, such as paper-cutting,    65    and Chinese New Year pictures. Readers can enjoy the beautiful photos and    66    the history and development of each art.
Chinese Characters The book    67    us with a main introduction about the wonderful culture of Chinese characters. It tries to    68    that it can be rather interesting to learn the most difficult language in the world with enough examples.
Symbols of China The book explains Chinese culture in a    69    way. One hundred cultural symbols are    70    one hundred small mirrors. They show the value of traditional Chinese culture.
七、短文填空  根据短文内容及首字母提示,补全空格内单词,使短文完整、通顺(请在答题卡上写出完整单词) (共10空;每空1分,满分10分)
Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England on 8th January, 1942. He went to school in St. Albans—a small city near London. After l   71    school, Hawking went first to Oxford University where he studied physics, then he went to Cambridge University where he studied cosmology(宇宙学). As he himself admits (承认), he didn’t work hard. He was a very l   72    student, and did very little work. However, he still got good m   73   .
It was at the age of 20 that Hawking first noticed something was w   74    with him. When he visited his family at Christmas time, his mother was so worried that she made him see a d   75   . Hawking was sent to hospital for tests. Finally, the r   76    came out. Hawking had motor neuron disease, an incurable illness which would make him unable to speak, breathe or move w   77    the help of a machine. Doctors said they had no way to help him. He would die before he was 23.
At first, Hawking became very s   78   . After a while, though, he began to see his life in a different way. As he later write, “Before my illness was diagnosed (诊断), I had been very bored with life. There had not seemed to be anything worth doing. But shortly after I came out of hospital, I suddenly realized that there were a lot of worthwhile things I could do.” Hawking married, f   79    a job at Cambridge University, and had three children. He also went on to do some of the most important scientific research.
On 14th, March, 2018, Hawking left us forever, but many people think he is one of the most excellent physicists s   80    Einstein.
八、书面表达(满分20分)
最近,你校八年级将举行 “十四岁青春仪式”,你将代表九年级的同学发言,作为学长,你一定有许多话要对他们说。请根据以下要点提示和自主发挥,用英语写一篇文章。
学习上 生活上 忠 告
1. 独立思考……
2. 保持好奇心…… 1.积极锻炼身体……
2.健康饮食…… 1.不做手机控
2.远离电脑游戏
3.(至少一点) ……
参考词汇: smartphone freaks 手机控; curiosity 好奇心
注意:  1.词数100左右。短文的开头已经写好,不计入总词数。
       2.短文必须包括所有要点,不要逐词翻译,句式表达多样化,上下文连贯。
       3.短文中不得提及真实的人名、校名等相关信息。
Dear my friends,
It is my great honor to make a speech for you. As an old stude nt in our school, I would like to talk about how to be a good teenager.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
That’s all, thank you!
 
 2018年中考适应性考试(二)
参考答案
 
一、单项选择(1*15=15)
1-5  ABCBD     6-10  CACCB      11-15  ACADB
二、完形填空(1*15=15)
16-20  AABDA    21-25  CDBCB     26-30  ADCBC
三、阅读理解(2*15=30)
31-35  BBDAC     36-40  CBACC     41-45  DBDBC
四、词汇运用(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
46. Society   47. serious    48. couple    49. wisely    50. imagining
51. five     52. is wanted   53. themselves    54. fishermen’s    55. sending
五、阅读表达(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
不超过六个词
56. Health education professors (at the university).
57. Lonely, worried and stressed.
58. Three.
59. Their smartphone use and their feelings.
60. By the end of 2018.
六、任务型阅读  (共10空;每空1分,满分10分)
61. including/like  62. considered  63. educator 64. influence/effect  65.clothing  
66. learn       67.provides    68.prove    69. special/different        70. like
七、短文填空  (共10空;每空1分,满分10分)
71. leaving     72. lazy       73. marks     74. wrong     75. doctor     
76. result(s)     77. without       78. sad      79. found      80. since
八、书面表达(20分)
 One possible version:
It is my great honor to make a speech for you. As an old student in our school, I would like to talk about how to be a good teenager.
Now you are not children any more. It is important for you to have your own ideas for your study. It’s always necessary for you to come up with good ideas to solve your problems. Being curious/Curiosity can also encourage you to find new amazing things around you.
There is no doubt that health is quite important for everyone, so much time should be spent on exercise every day no matter how busy you are. You should also eat healthily because healthy food like vegetables and fruit can offer you enough energy instead of overweight.
Moreover/In addition, I hope all of you don’t be smartphone freaks and keep yourselves away from computer games. And try to spare time to go out to enjoy the sunshine, the fresh air and the beauty of nature.

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