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福建漳州市2017-2018高二下学期英语期末模拟试题(带答案)

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福建漳州市2017-2018高二下学期英语期末模拟试题(带答案)

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漳州市2017—2018学年高二年下学期期末考模拟英语试题
试卷分第一卷(选择题)和卷二(非选择题)两部分,共150分。考试时间120分钟。
第I卷 (三部分, 共100分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例: How much is the shirt?
A.£ 19.15.        B. £ 9.15.             C. £ 9.18.      答案是B。
1. What does the woman suggest the man do?
A. Take a bus.      B. Go on foot.      C. Take the subway.
2. How many books at most can each student borrow?
A. Two.       B. Three.        C. Five.
3. When does the woman have to leave to pick up her daughter?
A. At 2:30 pm.     B. At 2:15 pm.       C. At 2:45 pm.
4. What is the weather like now?
  A. Rainy.   B. Windy.     C. Fine.
5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A pet.     B. A baby.      C. A park.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. How long is the movie?
A. About 2 hours.      B. About 3 hours.    C. About 5 hours.
7. Why do they choose Wanda rather than TCL cinema?
A. It is far.       B. It is near.      C. It is crowded.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Where does the conversation most probably take place?
A. In an office.        B. In a school.      C. At home.
9. What’s the relationship between the two speakers?
A. Brother and sister.    B. Husband and wife.    C. Mother and son.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. When does the man have science classes?
A. On Mondays and Tuesdays.
B. On Tuesdays and Thursdays.
C. On Mondays and Wednesdays.
11. What does the woman study? 
A. Art.      B. Engineering.         C. Computer.
12. How many years in all may the woman stay in college?
A. Three.        B. Four.       C. Five.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What does the woman think of the new car?
A. Eco-friendly.     B. Strange-looking.    C. Precious.
14. What kind of car do they talk about? 
A. A gas car.    B. An electric car.     C. A gas-saving car.
15. Why did the man buy the new car?
A. To help the environment.
B. To save money on gas.
C. To join a parents’ group.
16. What is the woman’s attitude at the end of the conversation?
   A. Doubtful.     B. Hopeful.     C. Positive.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What is the main focus of the study?
 A. Eating chocolate without gaining weight.
 B. The benefits of eating proper chocolate.
 C. The effect of eating chocolate on mood.
18. Which of the following is right about dark chocolate?
 A. More fat.     B. More sugar.   C. Fewer calories.
19. What may be a result of eating a lot of chocolate daily?
 A. Higher blood pressure.   B. Weight loss.  C. Negative mood.
20. Who might appreciate this news report most?
 A. People who have a balanced diet.
 B. People who exercise regularly.
 C. People who love chocolate.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
When I walk into my classes at Shores, I sit at my desk and load up Microsoft Word 2000, and I ask myself: “Why am I using 14-year-old software?” Questions about my education seem to come up every day. I am at Shores. Why are some of my teachers not paid enough while others make too much for the quality of work they do? Why is some technology up-to-date while the rest is a decade behind?
Intelligence seems to be looked down upon in today’s society. The United States stands at the bottom of the educational ladder, and there needs to be a change. This change should eventually lead to a society that values a good education. This can only be achieved through educational reform and funding.
I see it firsthand every day: the underfunded classrooms and underpaid teachers of this school deserve more than our government provides, and it is not happening. Based on the current salary for teachers, I would not want to be one when I can make so much more in a private sector occupation even though I would enjoy teaching.
Technology needs to be a No.1 priority for schools, and money must be allocated to provide for every school’s need. This will be a difficult process, and funds will need to be taken from elsewhere in the government to achieve this such as military spending, tax cuts for the wealthy, and congressional salaries.
Education, in general, needs to be a top priority if we are to advance as a civilization. If education continues to lag behind, children will not be ready for the world soon to come and the innovation soon to be created. We need education, more than anything else, to compete in a new world of invention and intelligence.
21. What does the author think of Microsoft Word 2000?
A. It doesn’t work.       B. It is still popular.
C. It is old-fashioned.      D. It raises lots of questions.
22. We can infer from the text that _________.
A. underpaid teachers often do a bad job     B. teachers are not appreciated enough
C. good teachers are paid well       D. education is expensive
23. Who is mainly responsible for the present situation of the educational system?
A. Schools.        B. Teachers.
C. Congressmen.       D. The government.
24. The underlined word “one” in Para. 3 refers to __________.
A. a clerk in a private company   B. a student at Shores
C. a doctor           D. a teacher
B
The church in the 1600s decided that it was about time to honor our real mothers. Mothering Day was created. This actually became a holiday of relief and pity for all people, including the poor. This was because Mothering Day was a day of rest for servants and working people: they were allowed a day of vacation to visit their mothers. Unfortunately, Mothering Day was not allowed to continue in the Puritan New World. But the desire and need to have a day to visit their mothers continued.
The birth of the modern Mother’s Day came about when in 1870 Julia Ward Howe published a poem, coming up with the idea of an international Mother’s Day celebrating peace and motherhood. It is ironic(讽刺的) that the woman who brought us Battle Hymn of the Republic because of her love of the Union and hate for slavery became one of the main supporters of pacifism after the Civil War. She became disgusted by recognizing how many people had been killed during the war.
Julia Ward Howe is credited with bringing about Mother’s Day, and helping us recognize the contributions women make. Mother’s Day became an official holiday during the work of Anna M. Jarvis. She made it her personal project to bring about the adoption of Mother’s Day as a national holiday. She continued with Julia Ward Howe’s focus on peace, and by 1908 there was an official Mother’s Day in the US.
25. We can infer from Para. 2 that ______.
A. Julia might have misunderstood slavery
B. the Civil War changed Julia’s attitude to war
C. pacifism was to blame for the Civil War
D. Julia was responsible for the killed during the war
26. Which of the following is TRUE about Mother’s Day?
A. It was made a national holiday by Julia.
B. It was first celebrated in the 1870s.
C. Its formation was a long and hard process.
D. It has nothing to do with Mothering Day.
27. What does the article mainly talk about?
A. The origin of the modern Mother’s Day.
B. Julia Ward Howe, a great woman.
C. The difference between Mothering Day and Mother’s Day.
D. The two women who brought about Mother’s Day.
C
Since the 1970s, scientists have been searching for ways to link the brain with computers. Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology could help people with disabilities send commands to machines.
Recently, two researchers, Jose Millan and Michele Tavella from the Federal Polytechnic School in Lausanne, Switzerland, demonstrated (展示) a small robotic wheelchair directed by a person’s thoughts.
In the laboratory, Tavella operated the wheelchair just by thinking about moving his left or right hand. He could even talk as he watched the vehicle and guided it with his thoughts.
“Our brain has billions of nerve cells. These send signals through the spinal cord (脊髓) to the muscles to give us the ability to move. But spinal cord injuries or other conditions can prevent these weak electrical signals from reaching the muscles.” Tavella says. “Our system allows disabled people to communicate with external world and also to control devices.”
The researchers designed a special cap for the user. This head cover picks up the signals from the scalp (头皮) and sends them to a computer. The computer interprets the signals and commands the motorized wheelchair. The wheelchair also has two cameras that identify objects in its path. They help the computer react to commands from the brain.
Prof. Millan, the team leader, says scientists keep improving the computer software that interprets brain signals and turns them into simple commands. “The practical possibilities that BCI technology offers to disabled people can be grouped in two categories: communication, and controlling devices. One example is this wheelchair.”
28. BCI is a technology that can ________.
       A. help to update computer systems            B. control a person's thoughts
       C. help the disabled to recover                    D. link the human brain with computers
29. How did Tavella operate the wheelchair in the laboratory?
       A. By controlling his muscles.                     B. By talking to the machine.
       C. By moving his hand.                               D. By using his mind.
30. Which of the following shows the path of the signals described in Paragraph 5?
       A. scalp→cap→computer→wheelchair  B. computer→cap→scalp→wheelchair
       C. scalp→computer→cap→wheelchair  D. cap→computer→scalp→wheelchair
31. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
       A. Switzerland, the BCI Research Center
       B. New Findings about How the Human Brain Works
       C. BCI Could Mean More Freedom for the Disabled
D. Robotic Vehicles Could Help to Cure Brain Injuries
D
For high school leavers starting out in the working world, it is very important to learn particular skills and practice how to behave in an interview or how to find all internship(实习). In some countries, schools have programs to help students onto the path to work. In the United States, however, such programs are still few and far between.
Research shows that if high schools provide career-related courses, students are likely to get higher earnings in later years. In Germany, students as young as 13 and 14 are expected to do internships. German companies work with schools to make sure that young people get the education they need for future employment.
But in America, education reform (改革) programs focus on how well students do in exams instead of bringing them into contact with the working world. Harvard Education school professor Robert Schwartz has criticized education reformers for trying to place all graduates directly on the four-year college track. Schwartz argued that this approach leaves the country’s most vulnerable(易受影响的) kids with no jobs and no skills.
Schwartz believed that the best career programs encourage kids to go for higher education while also teaching them valuable practical skills at high school. James Madison High School in New York, for example, encourages students to choose classes on career-based courses. The school then helps them gain on-the-job experience in those fields while they’re still at high school.
However, even for teens whose schools encourage them to connect with work, the job market is daunting. In the US, unemployment rates for 16-to 19-year-olds are above 20 percent for the third summer in a row. “The risk is that if teenagers miss out on the summer job experience, they become part of this generation of teens who had trouble in landing a job,” said Michael, a researcher in the US.
32. What’s the main idea of the text?
A. Arguments about recent US education reform.
B. Tips on finding jobs for high school leavers.
C. The lack of career-based courses in US high schools.
D. Advice for American high school leavers.   
33. According to Robert Schwartz, _________.
A. there is no need for kids to go for higher education in the US
B. teenagers in the US can’t miss out on the summer job experience
C. education reform should focus on students’ performance in exams
D. students should get contact with the working world at high school
34. The underlined word “daunting” in Paragraph 5 most probably means __________.
 A. discouraging  B. interesting  C. creative  D. unbearable
35. What can be inferred from the text?
A. High school leavers with no practical skills can’t find a job at all.
B. Unemployment rates for US teenagers remain high at the moment.
C. Students with career-based courses never have problems finding a job.
D. US companies work with schools to prepare young people for future employment.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Space Tourism
Space tourism is the term used to describe space travel for recreational or leisure purposes. What was once only a dream is now becoming a reality.
   36   After the first man landed on the moon in 1969, they thought that hotels would be built on the moon by the year 2000. Futurologists also considered the possibility that, in the 21st century, families might go for a holiday on the moon.    37   But the rapid development of technology may mean these predictions are a possibility in the years to come.
Working with the Federal Space Agency of the Russian Federation and Rocket and Space Corporation Energia, Space Adventures is currently the only company to have succeeded in sending paying passengers into space.
Following several successful explorations into space, several companies are now considering the possibility of enabling tourists to visit space.    38    Passengers would be transported to a height of between 100—160km above earth, experience 3—6 minutes of weightlessness and a view of the stars before being taken back down to earth.   39 
While it could be an enriching experience, there are some disadvantages to space tourism.    40   The ozone layer would be damaged further. In addition, space travel is only really a possibility for the superrich.
A. Neither of these predictions has come true yet.
B. Millions of people worldwide couldn’t afford it.
C. This is expected to cost around $200,000 per person.
D. Space Adventures made flights for the world’s first private space explorers.
E. For example, a huge growth in the spaceflight industry could speed up the global warming.
F. To make it more affordable, low-orbit space travel is being considered by many companies.
G. Futurologists are scientists who attempt to develop predictions of what life will be like in the future.
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分40分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
I was at the funeral(葬礼) of my mother. She  41  had lost her long battle with cancer. I could felt the  42  from time to time. It was I, her 27-year-old daughter, who  43  her from the start to the end, because my brother  44  his childhood sweetheart and they were soon  45  with their newly-born baby. I counted it a(an)  46  to be able to spend my time with my dearest mom.
I was deep in  47 . My brother sat next to me,  48  his wife’s hand. I looked at the empty seat on my left,   49  had been the place for my mother on Sundays.  50  she was with God, my work was finished. As the funeral started, a door opened at the back of the  51 . A young man looked around  52  and took the seat on my left. I saw  53  in his eyes.
While listening to the memorial speech, he asked, “ 54  do they keep calling Mary by the name of ‘Margaret’?” “Because that was my mother’s name,” I  55 . “No, her name was Mary. She was my aunt.” “I believe you’re at the wrong  56 , Sir.” I replied. The man’s mistake was  57  and I almost couldn’t help laughing. He laughed too. He had  58  his aunt’s funeral.
After that, we dated and got married a year later at the same church. He arrived right  59 . Whenever people ask how we met, Rick tells them, “Her mother Margaret and my Aunt Mary  60  us in heaven.”
41. A. actually   B. finally    C. certainly      D. approximately
42. A. pain           B. problems        C. damage   D. accident
43. A. put up with  B. depend on   C. took care of      D. belong to
44. A. accompanied  B. visited         C. joined         D. married
45. A. busy   B. happy        C. satisfied      D. nervous
46. A. benefit   B. headache   C. honor         D. entertainment
47. A. sorrow   B. thought   C. fear       D. trouble
48. A. taking   B. touching   C. holding   D. reaching        
49. A. that   B. which    C. where      D. such      
50. A. In case      B. Even though  C. Ever since      D. Now that     
51. A. yard      B. stage           C. church             D. warehouse       
52. A. slightly   B. briefly       C. slowly       D. steadily    
53. A. delight   B. expectations  C. disappointment  D. tears
54. A. Why   B. How       C. What          D. Who      
55. A. emphasized  B. shouted      C. whispered   D. called 
56. A. destination  B. funeral          C. ceremony        D. spot     
57. A. ridiculous  B. unbelievable     C. interesting      D. stupid 
58. A. attended        B. avoided   C. lost           D. missed
59. A. on purpose  B. in need   C. on time         D. in advance 
60. A. noticed         B. introduced         C. contacted          D. comforted
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Have you noticed the confusion, which seems to extend in our world today? People seem to be going in all    61  (difference) directions. Many have no desire    62  (pursue). There’s no direction in their lives. There’s no reason for their work. They appear to be in    63   hurry, but are rushing with what purpose?
If you don’t live with a purpose, you live by accident. You could end up    64  (wander) from side to side down the pathway of life, never knowing the award that could be yours.
Take time to think    65  (deep). Listen to your inner self. Be patient and understand your unique gifts and know the reason    66   you are here. There are many    67  (opportunity) along the way to serve your purposes.
Your highest purpose should be giving and serving others. You don’t need to expect anything    68   return. You will truly know the blessing of life when you can give, desiring nothing but the    69   (satisfy) of a job well done.
Be true to yourself. Don’t confuse yourself by living for nothingness on Sunday morning    70    living for self for the rest of the week. Don’t confuse yourself by trying to be someone you’re not. Don’t confuse yourself by following the wrong people. Your living isn’t to be compromised. God created you for a purpose.
考生注意:请把1-60题的答案填涂在答题卡相应的题号上!!!
61-70答案写在第II卷的答题卷上,切记!!!

高二英语(下)学期期末考模拟试卷
第Ⅱ卷(共50分)
         第三部分第二节(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
61. _____  _______   62. ___  ________    63. ___________  64. ______ ______  
65. _______________   66. ________  ____   67. ____ ________  68. ______ _____  
69. _______________  70. _______________
第四部分 写作(共三节;满分40分)
第一节 单词拼写(每题1分,满分10分)
1. He has never been _____________ (缺席) from class this term.
2. All of a sudden, a warm feeling of _____________ (同情) rose up in my heart.
3. History has ____________ (见证) the endless productions of Shakespearean plays in every major language of the world.
4. We didn’t know his telephone number ; o           we would have telephoned him.
5. I have already made an _____________ (道歉) to her for not replying to her email.
6. It never o        to me that he was lying all the time.
7. As you can see, smoking in this office is _____________ (禁止).
8. S          this opportunity, and you will succeed in time.
9. Seeing the girl struggling in the lake, he threw himself in the icy water without h       .
10. R         of what happens, my claim is safe and secure.
第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满s分10分)
           每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。增加:在缺词处 加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Ten years ago, when I began my senior high school study, I found them difficult to learn English well because there were so much new words and grammar rules to recite. Hard though I might try, but I still did poorly in the English exams. Honest speaking, it was hardest time in my life. One day I was considered giving up when suddenly my mother found my problem. She told me that if I didn't complete that I wanted to do, it could directly influence my future. Under the help of my mother, I made rapid progresses in English little by little. At the end of the term, I get the highest mark in English.


      Saturday is Betty’s day for doing the housework. In the earlier morning, she goes to town in her car and does some shop in the supermarket. Then she comes back home. She puts all the things off in the cupboards. After that she empty all the rubbish into the dustbin outside. If a kitchen is dirty, Betty cleans it. It really takes some time. Betty usually makes a cup of coffee relax herself. Her sisters Tina and Jenna usually come and help with her on Saturdays. They put all the dirty cloth in the washing machine and take the washing out when it’s finished. Betty cooks lunch. After lunch, they both wash the dishes together. They have a busy day and they feel happy!

    第三节 书面表达(满分20分)
假如你是李华,是英国某所学校的交换生,你几日前在英国的一个商店购买的手机坏了,请你根据下列提示给该商店客服用英语写一封电子邮件。电子邮件应包含以下要点:
1. 问题:使用几天就坏了;拍照时黑屏:无法重启;自动关机。
2. 要求:三天内予以更换或退款;尽快处理此事。
注意:1.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;2.词数100个左右。
Dear Sir or Madam,
My name is Li Hua, an exchange student from China. _______________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 
Looking forward to your early reply.
                                                        Yours sincerely,
                                                           Li Hua


参考答案
1-5 CBACA     6-10 ABCAB    11-15 CBBCA    16-20 ABCAC
21-25 CBDDB     26-30 CADDA   31-35CADAB     36-40 GAFCE
41-45 BACDA    46-50 CACBD    51-55 CBDAC    56-60 BADCB
61. different     62. to pursue     63. a     64. wandering     65. deeply   
66. why      67. opportunities     68. in      69.satisfaction      70. or
单词拼写:
1. absent     2. sympathy          3. witnessed    4. otherwise   5. apology
6. occurred   7. forbidden \ banned   8. seize        9. hesitation  10. Regardless
改错:
Ten years ago, when I began my senior high school study, I found them difficult to learn English
                                                       it
well because there were so much new words and grammar rules to recite. Hard though I might try,
many
but I still did poorly in the English exams. Honest speaking, it was∧ hardest time in my life. One
Honestly            the
day I was considered giving up when suddenly my mother found my problem. She told me that if I
considering
didn't complete that I wanted to do, it could directly influence my future. Under the help of my
what                                          With
mother, I made rapid progresses in English little by little. At the end of the term, I get the highest
progress                                         got
mark in English.

书面表达:
Dear Sir or Madam,
     My name is Li Hua, an exchange student from China. I’m writing to complain about the quality of the mobile phone which I bought from your store the other day.
     It unexpectedly went wrong a few days after I bought it. The screen turned out to be black while I was taking photos. I tried to restart it according to the instructions, but it still failed to work. What’s worse, it often automatically turned off before I realized it.
     Please direct me to a store where I can exchange it for a new one within 3 days or give me a refund. I hope that you will consider this matter seriously and process my complaint as soon as possible.
     Looking forward to your early reply.
                                                          Yours sincerely
                                                           Li Hua


 

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