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广东汕头金山中学2017-2018高一英语下学期期末试题(带答案)

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广东汕头金山中学2017-2018高一英语下学期期末试题(带答案)

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汕头市金山中学2017~2018学年度第二学期高一期末考
英语科试卷
命题人:郑佳成、许晓虹
试卷选择题和非选择题两部分,满分135分,考试用时120分钟。
第一卷   选择题部分(满分85分)
第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45分)
第一节  单项填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
1. He is the only one of the students who _____ a winner of scholarship five times up to now.
A. is    B.are     C.have been    D. has been
2. Though the series of books is a bit too dear (昂贵), it is worthwhile _____________.                
A. to be bought       B. buying                  C. to buy           D. buying it
3. The lawyer was so kind that he devoted all his spare time he had _________ the disabled.
 A. to helping       B. helped     C. helping      D. to help
4. It was only when I read this story for a second time ________to appreciate its beauty.
A. then I began           B. that I began     C. did I begin        D. had I begun
5. Have you forgotten __________$1000 from me last month? Will you please remember ________ it tomorrow?
A. borrowing; to bring  B. to borrow; bring   C. borrowed; bringing    D. borrowing; bringing
6. Yaoming is so tall that he can be ________in the crowd easily.  
A. picked up        B. picked out        C. figured out      D. helped out
7. Two _______of the population of the state _________immigrants(移民).
A. thirds, are   B. third, is    C. thirds, is     D. third, are
8.________ abstract, Galileo's theory was quite difficult to understand of his time.
A. Sounded      B. To sound     C. Sounding        D. Having been sounded
9. It ______ Jim and his wife ______ gave me help when I was in trouble.
A. were, who     B. was, who    C. were, that    D. was, whom
10. The long-lasting war, filled with blood and deaths, ended in people’s sadness, _______no result.
A. reached       B. to reach      C. would reach     D. reaching
11. Jenny was a little nervous in front of so many strangers at first.But when she glanced at Jack,she immediately felt________.
A.in peace     B.in need     C.at a loss      D.at ease
12. The factory has produced _______ it did last year.
A. twice more cars as    B. twice as many cars as 
C. twice as more cars as  D. as twice many cars as 
13. He was in hospital for six months. He felt as if he was _____ from the outside world.
A. cut out     B. cut off     C. cut up    D. cut down
14. Don’t cry any more, Tony. Or I’ll regret _______ the truth.
A. to tell you    B. told you    C. telling you     D. tell you
15. Hearing the news, he rushed out, _______the book ______on the table and disappeared into the dark.
A. leaving; lying open   B. left; laid open    C. leaving; lie open    D. left; lay open
第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、 B、C、 D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A couple of weeks ago, I made a trip to Toronto with my granddaughter who just turned three years old. The two of us were on our way to 16._______ her parents, and my wife—her 17.________ who had been gone for over a week. We were all anxious to 18._______again and as I pulled out of Mamere and Papere’s driveway in Chelmsford, Hailee and I were both 19._______about the trip and couldn’t wait to arrive at our 20._______.
    When we completed the “SEVEN”-hour trip to Toronto later that day, the reunion was absolutely 21._______ and I can sincerely say I enjoyed every single minute of that 22._______ journey.
Hailee is at that “I want to 23. ______ it myself” stage of her life. And if you can just get over the “hurry-up syndrome” we acquire as 24. ______, it is wonderful to witness. Who knew that putting a straw into the 25. ______ in a juice box for the very first time could be such an earth-shattering (惊天动地的) event? Or being 26. ______ enough to actually open the fridge door for the first time? Or putting on your own 27. ______ on the right feet would be so 28. ______?
I’ll never forget the look on her face the day she was able to 29. ______ into my truck by herself. She finally 30. ______on my seat, holding onto the steering wheel (方向盘) and declared 31. ______, “I did it!” And when she could actually put her own seat belt on—what a(n)32. ______!
Have you ever watched a three-year-old 33. ______ to sip a McDonald’s milkshake through a straw? It is hard enough for an adult, too. And 34. ______every time the icy solution (溶液) touched her lips, you could see the 35. ______in her eyes. I learned that you can’t hurry a child through a milkshake.

16.A. follow B. help C. bless D. visit
17.A. mother B. father C. grandma D. aunt
18.A. get together B. turn up C. pay off D. settle down
19.A. concerned B. excited C. hopeful D. anxious
20.A. destination B. conference C. city D. hometown
21.A. hard B. wonderful C. timely D. surprising
22.A. frequent B. final C. tough D. long
23.A. carry B. prove C. do D. explain
24.A. doctors B. parents C. friends D. adults
25.A. bottle B. ring C. hole D. corner
26.A. clever B. strong C. friendly D. early
27.A. shoes B. socks C. sweater D. trousers
28.A. difficult B. satisfying C. useful D. simple
29.A. hide B. jump C. run D. climb
30.A. sat B. leaned C. stood up D.  looked up
31.A. carefully B. bravely C. politely D. proudly
32.A. truck B. moment C. example D. goal
33.A. struggle B. expect C. offer D. hope
34.A. when B. then C. though D. yet
35.A. delight B. anger C. fear D. sadness

第二部分 阅读理解(每题2分; 满分40分)
第一节(共15题, 每题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列四篇短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。
A
I wished I had known earlier the fact that I was a low achiever because there was a reason beyond my control. Then I needn’t have worked so hard in my late twenties and early thirties. But I just didn’t know that. I was writing and writing. I was working for no other reason than to hear people praise me.
Most people who go through university read at least twice as fast as I do. I can never tell my left from my right. I avoid dialing a telephone if I can help it, because I sometimes have to try three times before getting the number right. I hear that recording “The number you have reached is not in service” more than any man on earth.
Despite my weaknesses I view my dyslexia (difficulty in reading) as a gift, not a curse(诅咒). Many dyslexics are good at right brain, namely abstract thought, and that is what my key of creative writing is. I’m starting with nothing and coming up with something that didn’t exist before. That’s my strong point. I owe my career to Ralph Salisbury, my writing instructor at the University of Oregon, who looked past my misspellings and gave me encouragement and hope. I just carried on and never looked back. I’m also very “visual”. This means nothing in school, but when I write books or scripts, I’m seeing everything in my imagination. I write quickly. I go like the wind and can get up to 15 pages a day. Writing is not the problem. I have no problem downloading; it is inputting where things get messed up.
The real fear I have for dyslexics is not that they have to struggle with messy input, but that they will quit on themselves before they finish school. Parents have to create victories whenever they can, whether it is music, sports or the arts. You want your dyslexic child to be able to say, “Yeah, reading is hard. But I have these other things I can do.”
36. From Paragraph 3 we can know that ______
A. The author was grateful to his writing instructor
B. The author often complained about his dyslexia
C. The author had trouble with both inputting and outputting.
D. Having problem in inputting, the author wrote slowly.
37. For dyslexics, the author thinks that_________.
A. they should work as hard as himself    
B. they had better choose to drop out of school
C. they should be constantly encouraged   
D. they should put their hearts into reading
38. Which of the following proverbs can best summarize the main idea of the passage?
A. He who laughs last laughs best.
B. Where there is a will, there is a way.
C. Reading enriches the mind.
D. When God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.
39. What kind of man is the writer?
A. Open-minded and optimistic     B. diligent and generous
C. clever but selfish        D. kind but useless
B
Preventing obesity and smoking can save lives, but it doesn’t save money, reported researchers. “It was a small surprise, for it is against the common belief,” said Pieter Van Baal, who led the study. “But it makes sense. If you live longer, then you cost the health system more.”
The researchers found that from age 20 to 56, obese people racked up (累计) the most expensive health costs. But on average, healthy people lived 84 years. Smokers lived about 77 years, and obese people lived about 80 years. Smokers and obese people tended to have more heart disease than healthy people. Therefore in the long run, the thin and healthy group cost about $417, 000, from age 20 on. Smokers cost about $326, 000 and obese people $371, 000.
“The result throws a bucket of cold water onto the idea, based on guesswork, that obesity is going to cost trillions of dollars,” said Patrick Basham, a professor of health politics. “If we’re going to worry about the future of obesity, we should stop worrying about its financial impact,” he said.
“The benefits of obesity prevention may not be seen immediately in terms of cost saving in tomorrow’s budget, but there are long-term gains,” said Van Baal. “These are often immeasurable when it comes to people living longer and healthier lives.” In the meanwhile, he said that governments should recognize that successful smoking and obesity prevention programs mean that people will have a longer chance of dying of something more expensive later in life.
“Lung cancer is a cheap disease to treat because people don’t survive very long. But if they are old enough to get Alzheimer’s (早老性痴呆症) one day, they may survive longer and cost more. We are not advising that governments stop trying to prevent obesity,” Van Baal said. “But they should do it for the right reasons.”
40. Among middle-aged people, who may cost the health system most?
A. Those who are heavy smokers.  B. Those who are overweight.
C. Those who are too thin.    D. Those who are suffering from heart attacks.
41. What can we know about the belief that obesity costs much?
A. It turns out to be incorrect.    B. It comes from scientific study.
C. It is based on medical evidence.      D. It has changed over the past years.
42. According to the text, governments prevent obesity for the purpose of _______.
A. reducing the risks of suffering cancer          B. weakening obesity’s financial impact
C. making sure of people’s long and healthy life    D. reducing the money spent on medical programs
C
Britain's most popular lie has been disclosed, with one in four people admitting using “sorry I had no signal" when returning a missed mobile phone call, a survey found.
Researchers found the average Briton tells on average four lies every day or almost 1500 every year. Almost one in six men admitted they were most likely to lie to their wife or girlfriend, on average at least twice a day. The most popular lie was saying you had no mobile phone signal, with one in four people admitting regularly using the little white lie. It usually came after they hit the “ignore" button when their mobile rang.
Three quarters of people think women are better liars. The research found 46 per cent of girls have been caught lying, compared to 58 of men.
The second most common fib(无关紧要的谎言) is “I haven't got any cash on me” when asked for money by tramps (流浪者), beggars and Big Issue sellers. “Nothing's wrong – I'm fine” came third followed by “You look lovely” and “Nice to see you”. 
Modern technology turned out to have contributed to many lies with “I didn't get your text” in 18th, “Our server was down” in 20th and “My battery died” in 26th place. Other lies to make the top ten included “I'll give you a ring”, “We're just good friends” and “We'll have to meet up soon”. “I'm on my way” and “No, your bum doesn't look big in that” completed the top ten.
Men tell the most fibs, coming out with five every day compared to women who lie just three times.
In many cases perhaps it is better to flatter with a fib than destroy someone with the truth, according to a spokesman for OnePoll, which carried out the research of 4,300 adults.
43. Whether the person being called has pushed the “ignore” button or ______, the caller at the other end hears the same tone.
A. really has no signal     B. can’t get the text
C. has a battery failure      D. answers the call
44. Most people think women are better liars because ______.
A. there’re more women liars   B. fewer women liars are found out
C. women tell less harmful lies   D. women are harder to convince
45. “You look lovely” and “I’m on my way” rank _____ on the popular-lie list.
A. 3rd and 8th    B. 5th and 10th  C. 4th and 9th    D. 5th and 12th
46. The OnePoll spokesman seems to think it’s ______ for the British to lie so much.
A. puzzling        B. unpleasant  C. impossible    D. reasonable
D
For many people, the ideal way to do homework involves listening to music. But some parents disagree, saying: “Switch off the music and concentrate!”
Well, if that’s the case with your parents, you might now be able to convince them that you have science on your side.
A new study, conducted by British company Mindlab International, has found that listening to music at work increases accuracy(准确性) and speed, the Telegraph reported.
The company gave 26 participants a series of different tasks for five days in a row, including spell checking, equation (方程式) solving, and mathematical word problems. The participants completed these tasks while listening to one of four music genres (类型), or no music at all. The results showed that while music was playing, 88 percent of participants produced their most accurate test results and 81 percent completed their fastest work.
“The message is that music is a very powerful management tool to increase not only the efficiency of workforce but also your emotional state.” said David Lewis, chairman of Mindlab International.
However, not all genres match all homework. For mathematics, or other subjects involving numbers or attention to detail, you should listen to classical music, the study found. Previous studies had said that listening to Mozart makes a person smarter, and now that conclusion has gained more support. And if you need to finish a paper very soon, say, in an hour, the study said that listening to some pop music might be helpful.
In the study, pop music enabled participants to complete their tasks 58 percent faster than when listening to no music at all. If you’re reviewing your English writing, pop music is also the best choice, as it is the best genre for spell checking. It cut mistakes by 14 percent, compared to listening to no music.
And to check your homework, you should probably listen to some dance music, as this genre resulted in the highest overall accuracy and fastest performance across a range of tasks in the study. In other words, it fits all subjects.
47. According to David Lewis, listening to music while working ______.
A. improves efficiency and mental state    B. increases people’s creativity
C. makes people more emotional     D. distracts people’s attention
48. Which of the following helps you review English words faster and more correctly, according to the article?
A. Listening to Mozart.       B. Listening to pop music.    
C. Listening to rock music.         D. Not listening to music.
49. The author describes the study by Mindlab International mainly by ______.
A. giving examples using research data           B. describing how it was conducted
C. comparing its results with previous studies     D. indicating its significance on people’s daily lives
50. The best title of the article might be ______.
A. Classical music makes you smart          B. Listening to music shall be allowed
C. Study about music                      D. Listening to music helps with homework 
第二节(共5题, 每题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
We eat to satisfy our hunger and to provide necessary nutrition for our body. 51_______          Research shows that there are times when certain foods may provide possible solutions for various problems.
When you can’t sleep:
_52      Almonds(杏) contain magnesium(镁), an essential nutrient that helps relax the muscles and promote sleep.
When you have bad breath:
Drink a cup of black, green or oolong tea, which contains a compound that stops the growth of the bacteria that causes bad breath.
When you feel irritable:
Reach for a chocolate bar. _53      That is not only because it tastes good, but also because it increases the production of serotonin(血清素), which affects peoples’ moods.
When you have joint pain:
Eat strawberries, oranges or other foods loaded with Vitamin C. Eating two oranges daily gives you 120 milligrams of Vitamin C, which may help slow the wear and tear on your joints.
_54_____    
Drink ample amounts of water. When you don’t drink enough water, oxygen and nutrients can’t reach your brain in an efficient manner, leaving you tired and less able to concentrate.
_55     .
A. When you don’t have much energy.
B. The next time you have a problem, remember to check your kitchen first for a solution.
C. When you have any trouble.
D. It is known to make most people happy.
E. By doing these, you are expected to solve all of your annoying problems.
F. But there are other reasons to reach for particular foods.
G. Try a few almonds for a late-night snack.
第二卷   非选择题部分   (满分50分)
第一节 语法填空 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空(不多于3个词),并将答案填写 在答题卡题号为51-60的相应位置上。
Culture shock isn’t a clinical term or medical condition. It’s 56._______(simple) a common way to describe the confusing and nervous feelings 57.________ a person have after leaving a familiar culture to live in a new and different culture.
To understand culture shock, it is vital to understand what culture is. You may know that genes determine a big part of 58.________ you look like. What you might not know is that your environment has a big effect on your 59.________(appear) and behavior as well.
    Your environment isn’t just the air you breathe and the food you eat, though; a big part of your environment is culture. Culture 60._________(include) the common things that members of a community learn from family,friends,media,literature,and even strangers. Often,you don’t even know you are learning these things because they become second¬-nature to you-for instance,the way you follow 61._______(shake) hands with someone,the kind of things you find 62._______(interest),or how you view religions.
    The differences between cultures can make 63._______ very difficult to adjust to the new surroundings. When you go to a new place,such as a new country or even a new city,you often enter a culture that is different 64.________ where you used to live. Sometimes your culture and the new culture are similar. Sometimes,they can be very different. What might be perfectly normal in one culture-for example,spending hours eating a meal with your family-might be unusual in a culture 65.________(value) a more fast¬paced lifestyle.
第二节 结合语境,根据首字母提示或中文提示用Book 4所学单词的适当形式填空(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
66. His encouraging speech always  i_________ us to be ready to fight with all kinds of hardships.
67. A man of success is even better if he keeps being ________(谦虚的)
68. Great changes have taken place in our school in the past two d_________ or twenty years.
69. An electric fan keeps the air __________(循环).
70. In the future, we can send robots e__________  with advanced chips to do observation for us.
第三节 句型结构(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
阅读下列各小题,根据括号内提示完成句子。(一空一词)
71. Rather than give up, we should try our best to ____________ all kinds of _________(克服困难).
72. She spent most of her life __________ the __________ of animals while they were hunting for food. (观察动物的行为)
73. He would rather _________  ________ his research than give speeches all around the world. (集中精力于)
74. __________  ________ his students’ achievements, the professor referred to them several times in the interview. (对…感到满意的)
75. Actors ________  ________ comedies are expected to have a better sense of humor.(主演)
第四节 书面表达(满分20分)
假如你是李华,你校即将举行一年一度的“校园书市 (a campus book fair)”活动,其目的是给同学们提供一个交换、利用图书的机会。请你用英语写信给你的加拿大笔友Mike, 介绍此次活动的有关情况。内容应括:
1. 活动目的;
2. 活动内容:买书,卖书,交换图书;
3. 活动意义。
注意:
1.词数100左右;
2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Mike,
    How are you doing these days?
_________________________________________________________________________________

                                                                          Yours,

                                                                          Li Hua

 

 

汕头市金山中学2017~2018学年度第二学期高一期末考
英语科参考答案
第一卷   选择题部分(满分85分)
单选(每题1分)  1-5  DDABA   6-10 BACBD     11-15 DBBCA
完形(每题1.5分) 16-20   DCABA   21-25 BDCDC   26-30 BABDC   31-35DBADA
阅读(每题2分)  36-39 ACDA   40-42 BAC     43-46 ABCD    47-50  ABAD
51-55 FGDAB
第二卷   非选择题部分   (满分50分)
第一节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
56. simply    57. which/that    58. what   59. appearance    60. includes 
61. to shake   62. interesting    63. it      64. from        65. valuing
第二节 单词拼写共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
66.inspires     67.modest    68. decades     69. circulating    70.equipped
第三节第三节 句型结构(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
71. overcome; difficulties  72. observing; behavior   73. focus on
74. Satisfied/Content with    75. starring in
第四节 书面表达(满分20分)         
Dear Mike,
How are you doing these days?
Aiming at providing a platform where students can have a chance to exchange and make use of their books, the annual campus book fair will soon be held in our school. The fair will attract a huge crowd from the entire school, who are to sell, buy and exchange their second-hand books with their peers.
As a regular visitor, I’ve found myself increasingly drawn by the fair. For one thing, the fair exhibits books of hundreds of types on diverse topics, motivating us to further develop our reading habits and help to broaden our horizons. For another, most books are sold at a lower price than what the bookstores offer.
Please let me know if you have any suggestions on how to host such a book fair better. 
                                                                                        Yours,
                                                                                        Li Hua


 

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