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陕西咸阳市2017届高三英语二模试卷(含答案)

时间:2017-03-22 17:17:24作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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陕西省咸阳市2017届高三二模英语试题
注意事项:
1.本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。
2.答第I卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
3.选出每小题答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。
第I 卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15        B. £9.18     C. £9.15
答案是C.
1. Who is the man?
  A. The woman’s father              B. The woman’s boss         C. The woman’s classmate
2. What does the woman ask the man to do?
   A. Come to her store               B. Go shopping with her      C. Look after the store for her
3. Why does the man go back to the hotel?
   A. To get his book                B. To check out again          C. To wait for his friend
4. How long has the man been waiting?
  A. Half an hour                   B. Forty minutes              C. Ten minutes
5. What does the man think about the activities?
  A. He thinks they should do both
  B. It doesn’t matter which one they do
  C. They aren’t very good because they’re so different.

第二节  (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
   听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What are the two speakers talking about?
  A. Trees         B. Beijing    C. Weather
7. Where are the now?
  A. At home    B. At school    C. At hotel
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. When did the attack happen to he man?
  A. At a quarter past nine
  B. After a quarter past nine
  C. Before a quarter past nine
9. How did the man break his leg?
  A. The doctors dropped him
  B. The man hit himself
  C. The attacker hit him
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What will the girl probably buy?
   A. A watch        B. A cake          C. A dress
11. What is the man going to do tonight?
   A. Buy tickets    B. Attend a concert   C. Prepare a dinner
12. What are the speakers talking about?
   A. Buying a surprise gift
   B. Preparing a dinner party
   C. Planning a birthday celebration
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Who might the woman be?
   A. A high school teacher     B. A librarian             C. A college professor
14. About which section does the man need the woman’s suggestion?
   A. The dance studio        B. The exhibition gallery    C. The literature room
15. How many famous writers did he woman mention?
   A. 2.                   B. 3.                   C. 4.
16. What will the man send the woman?
   A. A list of books        B. A list of plays         C. A list of paintings
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. How did the man help the old lady?
   A. He took the sick lady to hospital
   B. He carried hr bags and took her home
   C. He helped her to find her son’s home
18. Why did the man tell the old lady a white lie?
   A. The old lady didn’t want to trouble him
   B. The man wanted to please the old lady
   C. The man let the old lady believe in him
19. When did the man’s grandmother die?
   A. 20 years ago     B. 25 years ago    C. 30 years ago
20. What did it turn out to be?
   A. The old lady was the man’s father’s aunt
   B. The old lady was the man’s fathers neighbor
   C. The old lady looked after the man as he was two.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Cheap travel destinations for winter trips
Charleston, BC. (Hotel Cost: $72.33, Round-Trip Flight: $303) The charming city of Charleston is ripe for exploring even during the cooler winter months. Catch a show at the Charleston Stage Company or watch a performance from the Charleston Ballet. If it’s your first time visiting, take a carriage tour of the city to explore 25 to 30 blocks of the downtown area.
Anchorage, Alaska(Hotel Cost: $43.67, Round-Trip Flight: $577.50)Walk on a glacier, see wildlife and explore attractive national parks for cheap in Anchorage. The Chugach Mountains are easily accessible, just 20 minutes from the downtown area.
Washington, DC. (Hotel Cost: $150, Round-Trip Flight: $206.50) Take a trip to the Lincoln Memorial, express respect and admiration to the soldiers that served in World War II at the National World War II Memorial and discover other sites that Honor American history---free of charge. Galleries, museums and historic neighborhoods are ripe for exploring even during the winter months.
Savannah, Ga. (Hotel Cost: $49, Round-Trip Flight: $317.50) Taking a self-guided tour of this southern city is one of the best ways to see famous landmarks and sites free of charge. Visit the 22 public squares and see the General Casimir Pulaski monument. And don’t forget to get your picture taken at the same bus stop bench used in the movie “Forrest Gump”, in Chippewa Square.
21. Which place will you choose to go if you are interested in modern American history?
   A. Savannah, Ga              B. Charleston, BC
   C. Anchorage, Alaska          D. Washington, DC
22. What can we learn about traveling in Savannah?
   A. Travelers can often see wildlife in the parks
   B. Travelers can watch a performance of ballet
   C. Travelers have to take a self-guided tour to travel
   D. Traveler often take pictures at the bus stop bench
23. The passage is NOT probably taken from a ___________.
   A. newspaper             B. novel           C. web-page         D. magazine
B
   If you have ever had a cat, or have watched one of the many funny cat videos online, you’ll know that cats have a mind of their own. A lot of the things they do are hard to understand---they like to climb up tall furniture, fit themselves in small spaces and attack small objects for no reason at all.
   Now scientists have managed to figure out what exactly is going on in the brains of our little friends. According to Tony Buffington, a professor at Ohio State University in the US, cats’ strange behavior largely comes from their way of life back in the wild. “Cats today still have many of the same instincts(本能)that allowed them to live in the wild for millions of years.” he said in a TED Talk. “To them, our homes are their jungles.”
   In the wild, cats are hunters. Their bodies and great balancing abilities allow them to climb to high spots to better look at the environment. Even though they don’t have to hunt anymore in human houses, they still keep the old habit of viewing the living room from, for example, the top of the refrigerator.
   Cats’ hunting instinct is also what makes them attack small things like keys and USB drives. In the wild, they hunt whatever they can get, and most of the animals they kill are small.
   However, cats can also be prey. This explains why they like to stay in small spaces like drawers or washing machines---they are hiding, or they think they are hiding, from more dangerous animals. This is also why cats prefer a clean box: a smelly one could easily show enemies where they are.
   Knowing how cats’ minds work is not only useful for better understanding them. It may also help cats’ owners to better meet cats’ needs. For example, owners could try to make climbing easier for cats by moving their furniture around. They could also use “food puzzles” to make eating feel more like hunting instead of just giving food to the cats.
24. According to Tony Buffington, ________.
   A. cats’ strange behavior is hard for people to understand
   B. cats are more used to living in the wild than in humans’ homes
   C. cats behave strangely mainly because of some instincts in the wild
   D. cats’ instincts are as helpful to them today as they were millions of year ago
25. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?
   A. Cats like to climb up high because they want to hide from dangerous animals
   B. Cats attack keys and USB drives because they have a habit of hunting small animals
   C. Cats enjoy staying in small spaces because they usually live in small caves in the wild
   D. Cats’ preference for a clean box probably has something to do with their hunting instincts
26. The underlined word “prey” in Paragraph 5 probably means _________.
   A. an animal that is too lazy
   B. an animal that likes hiding games
   C. an animal that keeps itself clean
   D. an animal that is hunted
27. This article is mainly written to _________.
   A. explore the reasons behind cats’ strange behavior
   B. describe cats’ past wild experience to readers
   C. tell cat owners how to make life easier for cats
   D. compare cats’ behavior in human homes with that in the wild
C
China dropped its decades-long, one-child policy last year to allow each family to have two children. This change has put 270 million married women of childbearing age in the position of choosing between family and work. The employers also face big challenges as more female workers will have two maternity leaves(产假)for a total of seven to eight months.
In a survey published by classified advertising website Ganji.com, career women who might be considering having a second child were asked what kinds of pressure they might expect. More than 76 percent of the women who were questioned mentioned concerns about the financial burden of raising two children, while more than 71 percent said it would be difficult to balance career and family. In addition, nearly 56 percent said that having a second child would definitely have a negative effect on their career.
Another survey conducted by Chongqing-based human resources webstie job.cq.qq.com found that over 70 percent of job seekers believe that having a second child would make females less popular in the job market, although two-thirds of the employers said the policy will make no difference in their employment of staff.
Feng Lijuan, s senior expert on human resources at 51 job.com, a leading Chinese job finding platform, said she would not say “there is prejudice against career women.” Feng said Chinese women shoulder more family responsibility. “It is not only about maternity leave; a female employee might only fully get back to work after three to five yeas after having her first child.”
Wang Yixin, a senior employment adviser, said the positive side is that more companies are trying to attract more talents by providing support to career women. “Different from before, it is not only employers choosing employees. Many talents, including professional career women, also choose employers.” said Wang. “According to our survey, many large companies are very open to their employees’ choice of having a second child.”
28. Women employees take longer time to concentrate on work after childbirth because __________.
   A. there is more prejudice against career women
   B. they have longer maternity leaves to enjoy
   C. they shoulder more family responsibility
   C. having a second child makes them less popular
29. What are women concerned about when having two children in the first survey?
   ①Financial burden of raising two children
   ②Fewer opportunities to get a pay rise
   ③Negative effects on their career
   ④Difficulty in balancing career and family
   A. ①②③                B.②③④               C. ①②④           D.①③④
30. Which of the following shows the structure of the whole text?
 
(P: Paragraph)
31. Which is the best title for the next?
   A. Disadvantages of Raising Two Children           B. Responsibilities of Career Women
   C. Effects of Two-child of Policy on Women         D. Attitudes of Employers to Women
D
When I was in my third year at university, my roommates were American footballers, so I decided to join them. I remember seeing them in front of me wearing pads(防护垫), and thinking they were going to kill me. I got tackled(阻截)so hard that I was frightened. But then I realized it was just physical contact. I’ve been addicted since.
The fundamental aim of the game is to score by running with the ball into, or receiving the ball inside the opposition’s end zone. Every player on the field has a set responsibility. I’m a running back. My job is using my speed, strength and skill to carry the ball and keep running until either I score or I get put down. And it does hurt.
I’ve broken two fingers and hurt my shoulder, but the worst was when I trapped the ligaments(韧带)in the back of my leg. I had to take a year out. But none of that put me off-all I could think was how I was going to come back stronger. Besides training with the team, I now have my gym routine to get fitter, faster and stronger.
Although people think American football is aggressive, there’s much more to it. Every team has its own playbook, outing everyone’s role in different scenes. My playbook was 73 pages long. Words can’t describe how it feels when it all comes together on the field.
American football has changed my life for the better. I’ve learned time management, how to take responsibility for my actions, and how much I treasure being part of a team. Within the four lines of the field, it is physical. Emotions run high. If you’re on the opposing team, you are my enemy. But once the game is done, we’re like a big family.
32. The author’s body parts were hurt EXCEPT __________.
   A. his arm           B. his shoulder        C. his leg          D. his finger
33. What can we infer from the text?
   A. The author was very delighted when first playing
   B. The author has benefited more than suffering from the sport
   C. The author began to play at the beginning of his university life
   D. Playing American football is very popular among university students
34. How does the author find his playing American football?
   A. Relaxing           B. Challenging         C. Boring          D. Rewarding
35. The passage is manly about _______.
   A. the rules of playing American football
   B. how painful it is to play the sport
   C. how the sport has changed the author’s life
   D. the reason for the author playing American football
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项.
   Spring festival is the most important holiday for Chinese people.   36  The arrangements they have to make for family reunions, buying necessities and preparing food keep them busy throughout the holiday. With the country’s economic development and globalization, as it is celebrated today, Spring Festival has undergone many changes.
   ___37   People could not get good food they desired in earlier times, but three decades of economic growth has ensured that most people in China can enjoy good meals whenever they want to. Some people suffer from obesity and other health problems associated with extreme eating.
   In the past, Spring Festival celebrations were limited to events, such as songs and dances, dragon or lion dances or fireworks.   38  But economic development and urbanization (城市化)seems to have weakened the social links among people. Many, especially those living in cities, are not interested in celebrating the festival with people they hardly know.
   ___39   In the past, people used to visit relatives and friends with gifts and lots of good wishes. Today, many people especially the youth, use their cell phones or the Internet to send their good wishes and even “gifts”. Some may say this is sign that people have become less caring about their near and dear ones, but we should see this development as a time-and energy-saving exercise brought by the information age.
   Also we can see, some people have started praying to God or the Buddha for a career promotion or more chances instead of for a long life or a fortune of their family. However, the number of such people is decreasing now.   40
A. They require the joint efforts of the entire community.
B. But something like that does not apply to society today.
C. Yet no Spring Festival is complete without food.
D. Many Spring Festival customs have changed, too.
E. It is the busiest time of the year for Chinese people.
F. Many of them travel back home and meet friends.
G. That shows people are becoming more reasonable.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
   Grandma always made you feel she had been waiting to see you and accompany you all day but now the days were gone. She was   41  of suffering from Alzheimer’s disease when I was a kid. I was   42  as all kids are, so I didn’t think   43  about it.
   In my family, my grandma is the glue   44  us together. I remember going to my grandparents’ farmhouse every moment I could when I was a kid, where I always enjoyed her   45   . Little did I know, these would be the  __46  of my childhood that I would miss the most.
   As I grew up, I   47  my grandma changing. At first, it was   48  little things. Once again, I didn’t think it was serious. I could never have guessed   49  it would progress, transforming my grandma into someone I could  __50   recognize.
   One day, my father and I went to visit my grandparents. We    51  the time talking for hours   52   . Then, with   53  eyes staring right past me, my grandma asked “Now you’re graduating this year, aren’t you?” I was a freshman, so I was    54   why she was asking me about graduation.
   It took my father long to  55  a response, “Yes. She may not know where she is, but she will be there, no matter what happens.” I heard the   56   in his voice.
   ____57   , at sixteen, I have a better understanding of Alzheimer’s disease. It greatly   58  me to know that one day Grandma will   59  be able to look at me and say, “That is my granddaughter.” So don’t forget all your   ___60  out there. In other words: remember those who can’t.
41. A. reformed     B. thought     C. informed     D. reminded
42. A. thoughtful     B. selfish     C. foolish     D. careful
43. A. second     B. twice     C. highly     D. greatly
44. A. holding     B. taking     C. carrying     D. pushing
45. A. happiness     B. praise     C. company     D. comfort
46. A. thoughts     B. stories     C. feelings     D. memories
47. A. accepted     B. noticed     C. met      D. heard
48. A. just      B. also      C. already     D. yet
49. A. what      B. why      C. how      D. when
50. A. rarely      B. seldom     C. little     D. hardly
51. A. wasted     B. killed     C. spent     D. spared
52. A. occasionally    B. regularly     C. usually     D. continuously
53. A. empty     B. bright     C. open     D. wide
54. A. frustrated     B. confused     C. embarrassed    D. discouraged
55. A. come up     B. put up      C. come up with    D. put up with
56. A. relief      B. happiness     C. kindness     D. sadness
57. A. Therefore     B. However     C. Thus     D. Indeed
58. A. surprises     B. excites      C. encourages    D. upsets
59. A. any longer     B. any more     C. no more     D. no longer
60. A. elders     B. ancestors     C. relatives     D. family
咸阳市2017年高考模拟考试(二)
英语
第II卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
   A crying baby can’t be ignored at all, 61________anyone can prove it. Researchers have found, in 62_______(they)experiment, that a baby’s cries can cause unique emotional responses in the brain, 63________(make)it impossible for us to ignore them 64__________we are parents or not. Other types of cry, including calls of animals in great pain, fail 65_______(get)the same response—suggesting that the brain 66________(program)to respond especially to baby’s cry. The particularly strong response to it was seen in both men and women—even if they had no children.
  Researcher Dr. Christin said, “There is 67__________specialized process in men and women.” The study was in people who were not parents, yet they were all responding at 100 meters to these particular 68_________(sound). Fellow researcher Katie Young said it may take a little 69________(long) for someone to recognize their own child’s cries because they need to do more analyses. The team had 70____________(previous)found that our reactions speed up when we hear a baby crying.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线(____),并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
   Lily is a good friend of me. She is an exchange student from America, that has been studying in China for one and a half month. In order to make full use of her short stay here, Lily works hardly. Because she had not studied any Chinese before coming, so she has much trouble communicating with the local people. She got up early in the morning to study after class. She is so independent while live far from her family and quite helpful to our Chinese. However busy she is, she would rather take her time help us with our English.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
   假如你是李华,你校全体师生近期将举行一次远足活动,请你给外教Tim写一封邮件邀请他一起参加。内容要点如下表:
 
出发 目的地 活动安排
本周日上午8点;校门口 汉阳陵博物馆Hanyangling Museum(距离你校约10公里) 1.参观景区
2.合影留念
3.……

注意:1. 词数100左右;
2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
3. 邮件的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Tim,
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
We would feel much honored if you could make it.
                                                                               Sincerely yours,
                                                                                 Li Hua

 

 


咸阳市2017年高考模拟考试(二)
英语参考答案

1—5 BAACB   6—10 CBBAC   11—15 BCACB   16—20 ABACB 
21—23 DDB 24—27 CBDA   28—31 CDAC    32—35 ABDC 
36—40 ECADG 41—45 CBBAC     46—50 DBACD    51—55 CDABC
56—60 DBDDA
61.and   62.their   63.making   64.whether   65.to get   66.is program(m)ed
67.a   68.sounds   69.longer   70.previously
短文改错:
    Lily is a good friend of me. She is an exchange student from America, that has
                      mine                                   who
been studying in China for one and a half month. In order to make full use of her
                                 months             
short stay here, Lily works hardly. Because she had not studied any Chinese before
                      hard 
coming,so she has much trouble communicating with the local people. She got up 
        so                                                    gets
early in the morning to study after class. She is so independent while live far from
                       before                           living
her family and quite helpful to our Chinese. However busy she is, she would rather
                         us                                        
take her time Λ help us with our English.
           to                       
书面表达:
One possible version:
Dear Tim,
I am writing to invite you to join a hiking to Hanyangling Museum, which lies about 10 kilometers away from our school. The hikers consist of almost all the school staff and students. The following are the details.
First, we’ll start off at 8:00 a.m. this Sunday from our school gate, and the whole journey will take one or two hours. Then, we’re to visit the museum at about ten o’clock and next, enjoy the beautiful scenery outdoors, which needs about one and a half hours. After that, having some photos taken and a picnic together is what to end our activities.
We would feel much honored if you could make it.
Sincerely yours,
Li Hua

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