M7 Unit 1 Living with technology
Period 6 Grammar and usage 2
I. Teaching aims:
1. Students are expected to learn that prepositions can be combined with verbs, nouns to form prepositional phrases and the ways to use them in various situations.
2. Students will apply what they have learnt to practice by fulfilling some written tasks.
II. Teaching important point:
Help students learn the useful words and phrases.
III. Teaching difficult point:
Students will apply what they have learnt to practice by fulfilling some written tasks.
Step 1: General introduction:
The grammar items in this lesson focus on prepositional phrases. You are expected to learn that prepositions can be combined with verbs, nouns and adjectives to form prepositional phrases and the ways to use prepositional phrases in various situations. At the same time, you are expected to apply what they have learnt to practice by fulfilling some written tasks.
Step 2: Prepositions with verbs:
Some verbs in English are paired with a particular preposition to create an expression. Each of these expressions has a particular meaning. Even though there are often two or more prepositions paired with the same verb, each expression has a different meaning and they cannot be used interchangeably. For example, look at, look for, and look up have the same verb but three different prepositions. The phrases have different meanings and you cannot use look up when you need look for in your sentence.
speak to 和……说话 stay with 和某人呆在一起 think about 考虑有关……
write to 给某人写信 look for 寻找 wait for 等待
take care of 照顾 call on（sb.）拜访 arrive at（in） 到达
Step 3: Prepositions with nouns
Prepositions can also be combined with nouns, e.g. in time for, on time, by means of, by accident, for/on sale, in air, on the market, in that case, up to date …
at least 至少 at present 目前 at first起初 at once立刻 at last最后（终于）
at night夜晚 on foot 步行 on one’s way 在去某地的路上 on the telephone 用电话
on time 准时 on behalf of 代表......利益 for a while 一会儿 for example 例如
for oneself 为了自己 for hours（days, years）有好几小时（天，年） in English 用英语
in those days在当时 in class 课上 in time 及时 in all 总计 in advance 事前
in the meantime 与此同时 in place 适当地 in hopes of(或in the hope of) 怀着.......希望
in connection with 和……有关 in contact with 和……联系 in addition to 除......以外
in case of 倘若，万一 in conflict with和......冲突 in force 有效的，大批
in depth 彻底地 in regard to 关于 in the neighborhood of 大约、邻近
in retrospect 回顾，一想起 in the least 一点，丝毫 in alarm 惊慌、担心
in the opinion of 据……见解 in the long run/term 从长远说来 in one's opinion 在……看来
in word 口头上 in a word 总之 in vain 无益地, 白白地 in case 如果，万一，以防
in detail 详细地 in haste 急急忙忙地 in conclusion 总之 in spite of 尽管
in honour/memory of 为纪念 in charge of 负责 in praise of 赞扬
in other words... 换句话说 in return 作为回报 in the name of 以......名义
in doubt 怀疑 in debt 负债 by the way 顺便说 by oneself 独自地
after school 放学后 of course 当然 at work 在工作 at school在上学
at war 在交战
Step 4: Prepositions with adjectives
be absent from 缺席 be proud of 以……为自豪 be different from 和……不同
be famous for 因……而著名 be fond of…… 爱好，喜欢 be pleased with 乐于
be sorry for（sth.）为……抱歉 be afraid of 害怕…… be kind to 对某人亲切
be good at 在……做得好；擅长于…… be late for迟到 be confident in 对 ……有信心
be interested in对 ……感性趣
Some prepositions can also be combined with adjectives, e. g. good at, capable of, fond of, full of, happy with …
Step 5. Excises:
Now, please complete the introduction to the digital camera on page 9. Check the answers as a whole class.
(1) on sale (2) up to date (3) capable of (4) stands for (5) satisfied with
(6) on the market (7) In that case (8) in time for (9) up to (10) agree with
Step 6. Extensions:
1. The functions of prepositional phrases
● as an adverbial
My mother has worked in the school for nearly twenty years.
To our great surprise, all of the students have passed the exam.
My father goes to work on foot, but if it rain, he will go by bus.
● as an attribute
The girl under the tree is my good friend.
The book with a red cover was given to me as a birthday present.
Please pass me the one on the left.
● as an object complement
Later, I found my watch in my pocket.
I left my book in the classroom.
Before it is ready to eat, we’d better keep it in the fridge for a while.
2. When a preposition is used after an intransitive verb to form a prepositional verb, the prepositional verb can be followed by an object. For example :
Who will look after the children when Mother is away?
You can always believe in him. He won’t let you down.
Let’s look over the notes before the test.
Ask students to finish exercises of part C2 on page 104 of Workbook.
V. Design of writing on blackboard:
VI. Record after teaching: