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山东淄川中学2018届高三英语上学期第一次月考试卷(带答案)

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山东淄川中学2018届高三英语上学期第一次月考试卷(带答案)

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淄川中学高三第一次月考  英语试卷(2015.09)
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力(共两节, 每小题1.5分,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1.When did the woman go home?
A. At one o'clock.    B. At two o'clock.    C. At five o'clock.
2. Who is probably the woman?
A. A doctor.         B. A patient.        C. A nurse.
3. What are the speakers stalking about?
A. How to lose weight.   B. What the man is eating•   C. Where to have dinner.
4. Why is the woman carrying an umbrella?
A. She thinks it will rain.   B. She wants to be famous.  C. She is afraid to get sunburned.
5. Where does the conversation take place?
A. At a restaurant.    B. At a dance club.    C. At a theatre.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6.7题。
6. What does the man think of the things on sale?
A. In great demand.    B. In a mess.    C. In good shape.
7. Why is the woman selling her old things?
   A. To buy new things.   B. To be better organized.   C. To move away soon.
听第7段材料,回答第8.9题,
8.What does the woman mostly use her phone for?
   A. Sending text messages.   B. Surfing the Internet.   C. Making phone calls.
9. What will the woman probably do next?
   A. Fix up her phone.   B. Use the computer.   C. Borrow some money.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What does the woman want to do?
   A. Take a holiday.   B. Find an other job,   C. Get some thing to eat.
11. What does the man suggest?
   A. Listening to the radio,   B. Working hard every day,   C. Keeping things simple.
12. What is the man's secret?
  A. Talking with musicians  B. Enjoying what he is doing.  C. Earning as much as possible.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Which of the following is true of Fleet Week?
   A. It is not in San Francisco.  B. It happens in October.  C. It's all about art exhibits.
14, What is the main point of Fleet Week?
   A. To have fun.  B. To make friends.   C. To see navy boats.
15. What are the Blue Angels?
   A. A musical group.   B. A group of sailors.   C. A group of airplanes.
16. What is the man's favorite?
   A. The big party.   B. The history.   C. The tricks.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What does the speaker say about the event?
   A. All jobs will be filled today.   B. Not everyone will be offered a job.
   C. Over 1000 companies are here today.
18. Where are the copy machines located?
   A. In the main hall.  B. On the second floor,   C. Near the rest rooms.
19. What is the speaker's final advice?
A. Look your best.  B. Be confident.   C. Ask a lot of questions.
20. When will the event begin?
A. In five minutes.  B. In fifteen minutes.  C. In fifty minutes.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分40分)
第一节(共15小题; 每小题2分, 满分30分)
  阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中, 选出最佳选项。
A
Environment Awareness Week
Regal Convention Centre, Halls 1-4
24-30 March 2015 10:00 am-9:00 pm
Free admission for all!
Save the environment, Save our future
Our environment needs help. With the participation of more than 50 organizations, Environment Awareness Week is the biggest public education even dedicated to environmental protection and conservation. Don’t miss it! Come and know more about:
The Threats to Earth(Hall 1)---What is global warming? How serious is pollution? Learn about different environmental problems from our university students. Protect our environment!
The Search for Renewable Energy (Hall 2)---Can we get electricity from wind, solar energy, waves, rivers and underground heat? Get the answers from Solar Ace, Teflon, Touch Wind Resources and other participants.
The Quest for Freshwater (Hall 3)---Is the shortage of freshwater worsening? What are Singapore’s solutions for treating wastewater? Hear from Flow Technologies, HydroMax Solutians and other participants.
The 3 Rs to Save Earth(Hall 4)----How can we REDUCE, REUSE and RECYCLE to cut down household wastes? Find out from the Global Gaia Network, Green Earth Foundation and other participants.
For more information, please call Mr. Philip Koh at 6553 1188, send an email to Mrs. Daisy Soh at daisy. Soh at daisy.soh @ ief. Org or visit the event’s website at http://www.ief.org/eaw.
21. The organizer of the event is__________.
   A. Global Gaia Network                    B. Clean Energy Agency
   C. Green Earth Foundation                  D. International Environment Fund
22. What’s the purpose of “Environment Awareness Week”?
   A. To educate people about environment protection.
   B. To advertise for environmental friendly products.
   C. To make money by attracting visitors.
   D. To support environment protection.
23. The “3 Rs” stand for_______.
   A. Read, Realize and Remember              B. Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
   C. Green Earth Foundation                   D. Global Gaia Network

B
A new study shows students who write notes by hand during lectures perform better on exams than those who use laptops.
   Students are increasingly using laptops for note-taking because of speed and legibility (清晰度). But the research has found laptop users are less able to remember and apply the concepts they have been taught.
   Researchers performed experiments that aimed to find out whether using a laptop increased the tendency to make notes “mindlessly” by taking down word for word which the professors said.
   In the first experiment, students were given either a laptop or pen and paper. They listened to the same lectures and were told to use their usual note-taking skills. Thirty minutes after the talk, they were examined on their ability to remember facts and on how well they understood concepts.
   The researchers found that laptop users took twice as many notes as those who wrote by hand. However, the typists performed worse at remembering and applying the concepts. Both groups scored similarly when it came to memorizing facts.
   The researchers’ report said, “While more notes are beneficial, if the notes are taken mindlessly, as is more likely the case on a laptop, the benefit disappears.”
    In another experiment aimed at testing long-term memory, students took notes as before but were tested a week after the lecture. This time, the students who wrote notes by hand performed significantly better on the exam.
    These two experiments suggest that handwritten notes are not only better for immediate learning and understanding, but that they also lead to superior revision in the future.
24. More and more students favor laptops for note-taking because they can ____________.
    A. write more notes     B. digest concepts better   
C. get higher scores    D. understand lecture better
25. While taking notes, laptop users tend to be ________________.
   A. skillful        B. tireless       C. thoughtful       D. mindless
26. The author of the passage aims to _________________.
   A. examine the importance of long-term memory
   B. stress the benefit of taking notes by hand
   C. explain the process of taking notes
   D. promote the use of laptops
27. The passage is likely to appear in _________________.
   A. a finance report      B. a computer textbook
   C. a science magazine    D. a newspaper advertisement
C
 Across Britain, burnt toast will be served to mothers in bed this morning as older sons and daughters rush to deliver their supermarket bunches of flowers. But, according to a new study, we should be placing a higher value on motherhood all year.
Mothers have long known that their home workload was just as heavy as paid work. Now, the new study has shown that if they were paid for their parental labours, they would earn as much as £172,000 a year.
   The study looked at the range of jobs mothers do, as well as the hours they are working, to determine the figure. This would make their yearly income £30.000 more than the Prime Minister earns.
By analyzing the numbers, it found the average mother works 119 hours a week, 40 of which would usually be paid at a standard rate and 79 hours as overtime. After questioning 1,000 mothers with children under 18, it found children under 18, it found that, on most days, mums started their routine work at 7 am and finished at around 11 pm.
To calculate just how much mothers would earn from that labour, it suggested some of the roles that mums could take on, including housekeeper, part-time lawyer, personal trainer and entertainer. Being a part-time lawyer, at £48,98 an hour, would prove to be the most profitable of the “mum jobs”, with psychologist(心理学家) a close second.
It also asked mothers about the challenges they face, with 80 percent making emotional (情感的) demand the hardest thing about motherhood.
Over a third of mums felt they needed more training and around half said they missed going out with friends.
The study shows mothers matter all year long and not just on Mother’s Day. The emotional, physical and mental energy mothers devote to their children can be never-ending, but children are also sources of great joy and happiness. Investing(投人) in time for parenting and raising relationships is money well spent.
28. How much does a Prime Minister earn, according to the passage?
   A. £ 30,000.      B. £142,000    C. £172,000       D. £202,000
29. The biggest challenge for most mothers if from_____________.
   A. emotional demand               B. low pay for work
   C. heavy workload                 D. lack of training
30. What is stressed in the last paragraph?
   A. Mothers’ importance shows in family all year long.
   B. The sacrifices mothers make are huge but worthwhile.
   C. Mothers’ devotion to children can hardly be calculated.
   D. Investing time in parenting would bring a financial return.
31. What can we conclude from the study?
   A. Mothers’ working hours should be largely reduced.
   B. Mothers should balance their time for work and rest.
   C. Mothers’ labour is of a higher value than it is realized.
   D. Mothers should be freed from housework for social life.
D
You are a new manager at the American branch of your German firm in Chicago. With a few minutes to spare between meetings, you go to get a quick cup of coffee.
“Hey, David, how are you?” one of the senior partners at the firth asks you.
“Good, thank you, Dr. Greer,” you reply. You’ve really been wanting to make a connection with the senior leadership at the firm, and this seems like a great opportunity. But as you start to think of something to say, your American colleague breaks in to steal your spotlight.
“So Arnold”, your colleague says to your boss, in such a casual manner that it makes your German soul cringe(畏缩), “So what’s your Super bowl prediction? I mean, you’re a Niners fan, right?”
   The conversation moves on, and you walk silently back to your desk with your coffee. You know how important small talk is in the U. S., and you feel jealous of people like your colleague who can do it well.
There’s nothing small about the role that small talk plays in American professional culture. People from other countries are often surprised at how important small talk is in the U. S. and how naturally and comfortably people seem to do it-with peers, men, women, and even with superiors. You can be the most technically skilled worker in the world, but your ability to progress in your job in the United States is highly dependent on your ability to build and maintain positive relationships with people at work. And guess what skill is critical for building and maintaining these relationships? Small talk.
What can you do if you are from another culture and want to learn to use small talk in the U. S. to build relationships and establish trust? Work hard to hone(磨练) your own version of American-style small talk. Watch how others do it. You don’t have to mimic what they do; in fact, that would likely backfire because people would see you as inauthentic (不可靠的). But if you can develop your own personal version, that can go a long way toward making you feel comfortable and competence.
32. The author introduces the topic of the passage by__________.
   A. raising an interesting question                B. describing an interesting scene
   C. making comparisons                        D. telling a small jokes
33. What do we know about German people?
   A. They usually make small talk in work breaks.
   B. They hate making small talk.
   C. They don’t make so much small talk.
   D. They are good at making small talk too.
34. What makes people from other countries surprised in American professional culture?
   A. American workers’ ability to make progress.
   B. American workers’ attitude towards superiors.
   C. The special meaning of small talk.
   D. The role small talk plays in work setting.
35. What does “backfire” underlined in the last paragraph mean?
   A. be difficult                    B. be helpful
   C. have a good result              D. have the opposite effect
.第二节(共5小题; 每小题2分, 满分10分)
根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Four Habits to Help you Succeed
We all want to succeed, whether it’s in losing weight or learning the guitar. For those who have tried and failed, success seems difficult to understand. Why does one person succeed while another person fails?   36   
1. Identify your core values.
Finding your core values is in line with creating inner motivation.  37   Pick a handful of things and actually write them down. Remind yourself of your values every day, and reflect on whether you are honoring those values through your work.
2. Pick a goal and focus on it.
Choose one goal to start something large enough that will give you a sense of accomplishment, while adjusting well to your core values. Focus is key here.  38  If you perform may tasks at a time, you might never complete your projects because they will take far too long.
3. Set a deadline for success.
Set a date for success. Identify when you hope to achieve your goal.   39   By setting a time limit, you are making the process more real.
4.    40  
Failure can’t be avoided when you take risks, By its very definition, the desire to succeed means you are risking failure. Many people tend to give up far too early. Don’t fail into this trap! Remember your mindset earlier. Know it will happen. A failure is merely you working out the details, and learning what works and what doesn’t. Use failure. Treat it as a good thing, and march on!
A. Stick to your goal.
B. Make the right decision.
C. Sit and reflect on what you value most.
D. Keep it realistic, while not giving you too much time.
E. I’ve made a list of four habits to help you set goals and achieve them.
F. The more focused you are on one goal, the higher chance you have of success.
G. Push yourself to be courageous, and take that next step.
第三部分完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分30分)
Bill, my friend, had wild hair and wore a T-shirt with hole in it, blue jeans and no shoes. I 41   once saw Bill wear a pair of shoes.
He became a Christian while attending college. Across the street from the campus was a   42   full of well-dressed, middle-class people.
One day, Bill decided to worship there. He walked into the church, with his wild hair, T-shirt, blue jeans and 43  feet. The church was completely   44  , and the    45   had already begun. Bill started down the aisle(走廊) to find a place to sit. By now the people were looking a bit   46  , but no one said anything.
As Bill   47  closer and closer to the pulpit(圣坛), he realized there were no   48  seats. So he sat down on the carpet right up    49  .By now, the tension in the air was   50  .
Right about the time Bill took his “seat”, an elderly man began slowly making his way   51  the aisle. He was in his eighties with silver gray hair. He was a godly man-elegant and dignified. He walked with a stick and, as he neared the boy, church members thought, “How can you expect a man of his age and background to    52   some college kid on the floor?”
It took a    53  time for the man to reach the boy. The church was   54   except for the clicking of his   55  . All eyes were on the   56  .
  57  then they saw the elderly man   58  his stick on the floor. With great difficulty, he sat down on the floor next to Bill and whispered with him. Everyone in the church   59  up with emotion. When the minister gained control, he told the people, “What I am about to preach(讲道), you will never remember. What you’ve just seen, you will never   60  ”.
41. A. seldom              B. never              C. nearly              D. ever
42. A. cafeteria             B. theatre             C. church             D. concert
43. A. dirty                B. big              C. smelly             D. bare
44. A. decorated            B. prepared           C. packed             D. organized
45. A. speech              B. service             C. discussion           D. party
46. A. uncomfortable        B cheerful           C. unfit               D. happy
47. A. sat                  B. ran                C. struggled           D. moved
48. A. clean                B. occupied          C. extra               D. empty
49. A. back                B. front               C. inside             D. outside
50. A. falling               B. appearing         C. thickening         D. lasting
51. A. down                B. off               C. from            D. across
52. A. put                  B. understand         C. fight             D. beat
53. A. boring               B. short             C. relaxing         D. long
54. A. silent                B. noisy            C. upset           D. curious
55. A. keys                 B. shoes             C. stick         D. watch
56. A. elderly man           B. people         C. boy            D. feet
57. A. So                  B. But            C. And         D. Though
58. A. hold                B. push            C. carry          D. drop
59. A. choked              B. stood             C. turned           D. went
60. A. remember            B. adopt        C. forget           D. admire

第Ⅱ卷
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共10小题; 每小题1. 5分, 满分15分)
阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Have you ever    61  (imagine) what the world looks like through the eyes of a bee? You can try it out with the MicaToolbox.
The MicaToolbox is a free plugin(插件)    62   (build) by scientists at the University of Exeter in Britain. Together with ImageJ, a popular piece of software for   63  (science) pictures, it can turn many image into animal vision. This means people can check out the pictures  64  appear in the brains of animals such as insects, birds, and fish.
The way we see our world depends on how our eyes deal   65  light.. Human eyes have three types of photoreceptors(感光细胞), and this makes us see  66  colors of red, green, and blue. Animals,   67  , might see it  68  (different). A cat’s vision is similar to a human who is color blind, while bees can see ultraviolet(紫外线) light, easily finding patterns on flowers that show them the way to honey.
As of now, the MicaToolbox has already been used in many research projects,   69  (look) at, for example, how animals hide   70  (they) You can download the software from researcher Jolyon Troscianko’s website http://www.jolyon.co.uk/myresearch/image-analysis
  第四部分 写作(共两节, 满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题; 每小题1分, 满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)画掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。
         2. 只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Last week we held a discussion on which we should do for our school before we graduate. The students in our class have different suggestion. Some students thought that we can collect money to buy some books for the school library or everything else for the school. Others students think that it’s not necessary to spend money. We can study hard and make our school feeling proud of us.
In my opinion, we don’t have to spend money. We can do something meaningfully without money. For an example, we can do some voluntary work to beautify the school and try to get better results in the coming exams so that our school will proud of us.
.第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,暑假你参加了英国游学活动,住在房东Mary家中,回国后给房东写一封信表示感谢,要点如下:
1. 安全抵家
2. 回顾英国游学体会
3. 感谢房东的帮助
4. 附寄两张合影
5. 表达愿望
注意:1. 词数100左右。
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
3. 结束语已为你写好。
Dear Mary,
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Looking forward to your reply.
                                                                         Yours
                                                                   Li Hua
 
 
听力部分
1-5 ACBCA  6-10 CBCBA  11-15 CBBAC  16-20 ABABA
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
21-23 DAB    24-27ADBC   28-31 BABC   32-35 BCDD   36-40 ECFDA
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
41-45BCDCB    46-50 ADDBC   51-55 ABDAC   56-60 ABDAC
【评分标准】
1.第1至20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分
2.第21至40小题,每小题2分,满分40分
3. 第41至60小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分
3.以上各题,凡与答案不符者,不得分。
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
61. imagined      62 built        63. scientific     64. that/which     65. with  
66. the         67. however        68. differently       69. looking   70. themselves.
【评分标准】
1.本题,每小题1.5分,满分为15分
2.凡与答案不符者,不得分。

 

 


第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题分,满分10分)
 
【评分标准】
1.本题,每小题1分,满分为10分
2.凡与答案不符者,不得分
第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
Possible version:
Dear Mary:
I’ve come back home safely. Looking back to my stay in Britain, I felt so happy and satisfied. The beautiful scenery and friendly people impressed me a lot. I also benefited a lot form learning together with local students. More importantly, your help and kindness made it easier for me to have a better understanding of Britain culture and adapt to the life there. So I’m so grateful to you.
By the way, attached to the letter are two photos taken with you, which I believe will remind you of the happy time we spent together.
You are expected to come to China soon.
Looking forward to your reply.

                                                                                  Yours
                                                                                   LiHua
【评分建议】
一、评分原则
1.本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分。
2.评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。
二、各档次给分范围和要求
第一档 (23—25分):能写出全部要点;语言基本无误,表达流畅、得体。
第二档 (19—22分):能写出大部分要点;语言有少许错误,但表达清楚。
第三档 (15—18分):能写出大部分要点;语言有一些错误,但表达基本清楚。
第四档 (8—14分):能写出部分要点;语言错误多,影响意思表达。
第五档 (0—7分):未答题或只能写出与所要求内容有关的一些单词。

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