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2017中考英语题型分类汇编16--短文填词(有答案)

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2017中考英语题型分类汇编16--短文填词(有答案)

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专项训练十六 短文填词
Passage 1(2017•温州)
根据短文内容和所给中文提示,用单词的正确形式完成以下短文。
Why are some animals pets and others lunch?
In some countries, dogs and cats are commonly considered as pets, while chickens, ducks, and (1)________(猪) are food. However, in some other countries dogs and cats are food, and the food animals are pets.
People(2)________(分开, 将……分成) animals into several kinds to their own needs. For example,  you may have   (3)________(朋友)  who keep rabbits as pets. Some people (4)________(烹饪) rabbits as dishes. People treat a rabbit as a pet because it(5)________(带来) them pleasure. They eat it, for they think it is a kind of meat. They kill it because they believe it is (6)________(有害的) to plants or people.
People also treat animals differently based on their own cultures. Most of us have dogs as pets. Dogs live in our house, like a(7)________(成员) of  the family. However, in some cultures, dogs are considered unclean. People(8)________(几乎不)ever keep them as pets. In some parts of Southeast Asia, dogs are on the menu.(9)________(百万)of dogs are killed every year.
What's (10)________(正确的)and wrong in the way we treat animals?
Passage 2 (2017•广东)
请用适当的词完成下面短文,每个空只能填一个形式正确、意义相符的单词。
What will happen if a family is without the Internet for a month? One American family decides to find out. They have sent an invitation to a leading US television station, expecting that it will send a film group to record their day­to­day life(11)________ technology for a month.
When the film group meet (12)________Smiths, they find that Mr.S mith, Mrs.Smith and their two sons are so crazy about technology that(13)________hardly do things together. At mealtimes, no one(14)________at the dining table for their food. “Everyone just runs into the kitchen, takes their food and then goes back to their screen,” Mrs.Smith explains.“(15)________we don't make a change, our family will become strangers to each other!”
Getting back to the normal life without the Internet is not (16)________,  especially when the Smiths lose themselves in it. They have to make many(17)________. For example, the two brothers have to go to the school(18)________to borrow books for their scientific  projects, and Mr.and Mrs.Smith need to go out shopping because they cannot buy things(19)________. As the family have picked up the new lifestyle, they find that  they can spend more time taking over meals, playing sports and doing all(20)________of activities together.
Would they be able to go for long without using the Internet after the challe nge?
Passage 3(2017•绍兴)
阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给汉语意思写出单词的正确形式(每空一词)。
Daniel Kristiansea is a 14­year­old schoolboy from Denmark.Recently, while doing his history homework about World War Ⅱ,  he had a surprising discovery(21)________(在……后面)his family's home. He found the remains of a World War Ⅱplane and a(22)________(飞行员).
After telling his father about his history homework, Daniel was encouraged to go out onto their farm with a special machine to find(23)________(金属). He and his father hoped they might find some old plates or something he could(24)________(给……看)to his classmates at school. Much to their surprise, on the(25)________(第五)day, they found some broken plane pieces. When they(26)________(挖)down seven meters, they suddenly came across pieces of (27)_______(灰色的)clothes. They reported what they found to the government, and soon the news was(28)________(广泛地)heard across Denmark. Each da y their house was (29)________(拥挤的)with news reporters.
Daniel's father, Klaus, remembered being told by his grandpa that a plane from (30)________(德国)had hit their farm during World War Ⅱ. But Klaus thought it was just a good story. Now it turns out to be true.
Passage 4(2017•天津)
根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。每空限填一词。
Lan Lan, a st udent of Grade Seven in Lushan, was taking a drawing class in a tent on April  23.Guess what she drew—a house with wings. When the teacher asked why she did so, Lan said if her house could (31)f________,  it wouldn't fall down in an earthquake.
Lan's hometown was hit by a (32)s________ earthquake on April 20.At least 196 people were killed and more than 11 , 000 were injured. Many people became homeless. Soldiers and doctors (33)q________ arrived in the area, saving people and rebuilding homes. Lots of money was sent there to help all those in need.
Although we can't prevent (阻止) an earthquake from happening, we can use some methods to (34)r________ harm. During an earthquake, do not jump out of high buildings because it is very (35)d________. Another method is to cover your head and neck (36)u________ a strong table or desk. If there is no shelter (躲避处) nearby, you can also stay by a wall, and cover your head and neck with your arms and hands. And then you must keep c alm and stay there (37)u________ the shaking stops.
Japan is a (38)c________ which lies on the earthquake belt (地震带) and it is very good at dealing with earthquakes. From a very young age, the Japanese are already taught how to survive (幸存) them. Students often receive earthquake training. Almost in every Japanese family you can find a survival kit (救生装备) with a flash­light, a radio, water and enough food for several days. This helps people to stay (39)a________ after an earthquake.
“There should be more safety (40)t________ at schools in our country, ” said Xu Jiannong, an education expert in Beijing. There is no more truth than this when one's life is the most important of all.
Passage 5(2017•昆明)
用括号中所给词的适当形式填空,使语篇意思完整,必要时请用否定式。
In November 1979, pupils in England (41)________(be)able to watch a new TV program called Monkey. Most of them  were  hearing this story for the (42)________ (one) time. However, this story is not new to Chinese children. The Monkey King or Sun Wukong is the main character in the traditional Chinese book Journey to the West.
The Monkey King is not just any (43)________(normally) monkey. In fact , he sometimes does not even look like a monkey! This is because he can make seventy­two(44)________(change) to his shape and size, turning himself into different animals and objects. But unless he can hide his tail, he (45)________(can) turn himself into a man. To (46)________(fight) bad people, the Monkey King uses a magic stick. Sometimes (47)______ (him) can make the stick so small that he can keep it in his ear.(48)________(at)other times, he is able to make it big and long.
The Monkey King (49)________(excite)children of China for many years. And as soon as the TV program came out more than 30 years ago, Western children became interested in  (50)________(read) this story because the clever Monkey King keeps fighting to help the weak and never gives up.
Passage 6(2017•杭州)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填上适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Hitchbot
Have you ever seen a hitchhiker(搭便车的旅行者)standing by the side of a road? Now drivers in Canada might see(51)________unusual hitchhiker: a hitchhiking robot.
One of its inventors, David Harris Smith, has hitched across Canada three times. Smith and a friend, Frauke Zeller, have built Hitchbot because they wanted(52)________(see) if people would stop and give the robot a lift and talk to it. The robot can chat about things it has learned, and about (53)________(it) trip. Y ou might think it's a joke, (54)________ Smith and Zeller's experiment has a serious point: can robots and people get along?
Hitchbot (55)________(begin) its journey in Nova Scotia in July. It has already completed a third of its 6, 000­mile trip to Victoria. More than 57, 000 people are following its journey (56)________(close) on Facebook and Twitter, and travelers have posted lots of (57)________(photo) on the websites. Hitchbot has also done some shopping, eaten motor oil, and had fun with travelers. Nobody knows(58)________ it will finish its journey. It might be (59)________(long) than expected, but Zeller and Smith want Hitchbot to get (60)________ many rides as it can. It hasn't been in a self­driving car yet, but anything is possible!


专项训练十六 短文填词
Passage 1:
1.pigs 2.divide 3.friends  4.c ook   5.brings
6.harmful 7.member 8 .hardly  9.Millions 10.right/correct
Passage 2:
11.without 12.the 1 3.they 14.sits 15.If
16.easy 17.changes 18.librar y   19.online 20.kinds
Passage 3:
21.behind 22.pilot 23.metal 24.show  25.fifth 
26.dug 27.grey 28.widely  29.crowd ed 30.Germany
Passage 4:
31.fly 32.strong 33.quickly 34.reduce   35.dangerous 
36.under 37.until 38.country  39.alive 4 0.training
Passage 5:
41.were 42.f irst 43.normal 44.changes 45.can't
46.fight 47.he 48.at  49.has excited   50.reading
Passage  6:
51.an 52.to see 53. its 54.but   55.began 
56.closely 57.photos 58.when  59.longer 60.as

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