1. What does Mr. Connors most probably do?
A. A mechanic. B. A salesman. C. An engineer.
2. When does the man want the woman to get to the restaurant?
A. At 6:20. B. At 6:30. C. At 6:50.
3. Where is Tom probably?
A. At the bank. B. At his office. C. In the barber’s.
4. What is the question probably about?
A. English. B. Math. C. Chemistry.
5. Why will the woman go to Beijing?
A. She has found a new job there.
B. She will attend college there.
C. She wants to see the world.
6. What kind of business does the man’s company probably do?
A. Painting. B. Designing. C. Printing.
7. When will the woman’s order be done?
A. By the end of the week.
B. At the beginning of next month.
C. In six weeks.
8. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers?
A. Customer and assistant. B. Workmates. C. Journalist and passer-by.
9. What is the woman’s advice?
A. Advertising in the local newspaper.
B. Giving out the same gifts to everybody.
C. Having the company’s name on the gifts.
10. What should be handed in next Monday?
A. A summary. B. A short passage. C. A film review.
11. How many words do the students need to write for the assignment?
A. About 100. B. About 120. C. About 150.
12. What instruction docs the man give about the text?
A. Memorizing the new words.
B. Reciting the text to the class.
C. Copying the idioms three times.
13. When did Richard Wright finish his first novel?
A. In 1935. B. In 1938. C. In 1945.
14. What was Richard Wright’s first published book about?
A. Dreams. B. Family problems. C. Racial problems.
15. Which book does the man think is Richard Wright’s most successful one?
A. Uncle Tom’s Children. B. Black Boy. C. Native Son.
16. What does the woman probably want to become in the future?
A. A writer. B. An actress. C. A director.
17. What weapon was used in the first robbery case?
A. A gun. B. A knife. C. A metal pole.
18. How did the criminals leave the scene after they robbed the hotel?
A. They left by the front door.
B. They ran down Seventh Ave.
C. They fled the scene in a white car.
19. Where did the second robbery take place?
A. At a T-shirt store. B. At a bike store. C. At a jean store.
20. What does the speaker want to do?
A. Get some help from the public.
B. Remind the public of their safety.
C. Tell the public the cases have been solved.
21. many of us today take the television for granted, it’s actually one of the greatest inventions of the 20th century.
A. If B. Unless C. While D. Since
22. It was Jack who cheated in the exam. Why are you talking to me as if I it?
A. had done B. have done C. did D. am doing
23. Even though she pretends to be fine, her smile cannot hide her sorrow.
A. authentic B. artificial C confidential D controversial
24. This young man likes travelling—he is always .
A. in a rush B. at a crossroads C. in a dilemma D. on the move
25. Once winter became less of a threat to human beings in literature, literary works it became more positive.
A. featuring B. being featured C. having featured D. featured
26. The climate in Kunming is quite pleasant, the temperature rarely, , reaching 35°C in summer.
A. if not B. if any C. if ever D. if so
27. The last part 0fthc government report the importance of bridging the gap between science and development policy.
A. updates B. claims C. strengthens D. underlines
28. Many elderly people consider school days as their golden days they cannot return again.
A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which
29. — How about travelling abroad this winter holiday, just for a change?
---OK. , you want.
A. whichever B. however C. whatever D. whoever
30. Nowadays, it’s common for a child to some knowledge of the computer just by watching others working on it.
A. bring up B. pick up C. look up D. set up
31. With WeChat becoming more and more popular in China, we seem the art of chatting face-to-face.
A. losing B. to be lost C. to be losing D. having lost
32. It’s said that a clean is a soft pillow, with which we can have sweet dreams.
A. conscience B. criterion C. consciousness D. commitment
33. During my first year at university, I was so busy studying and meeting new people that I did not write to my family as often as I .
A. could have B. would have C. might have D. should have
34. An effective brainstorm makes it easier to your project quickly when you’re ready to pursue it further.
A. submit to B. dive into C. stick to D. cater to
35.--- Who told you about it?
--- . You only need to know it is true.
A. It’s your call B. Never you mind C. It’s anyone’s guess D. You have my word
Last summer, I had just enough money saved to buy a golden ticket — a 3-month train pass that would take me to the furthest reaches of Europe. Excited for my journey, I 36 all the necessary stuff— 37 the guidebook.
While the 38 of the Internet was definitely a 39 factor to my decision, this was not the only reason I decided to fly 40 .
To be honest, I find the guidebook 41 a journey—like a bossy aunt who is always telling you what to do, 42 she doesn’t always know what’s best. 43 has taught me that there is a clear 44 between a tourist and a traveler.
While waiting in a queue to see Michelangelo’s Statue of David in Florence, I met a man who showed me his 45 of “Top 20 Things to do in Italy” and told us 46 that he’d “seen” everything Italy has to 47 in just four days.
The problem I had with this man’s way of 48 was that he was too focused on 49 the boxes provided by his guidebook. He was 50 in the so-called “must-sees” and blind to all that was happening somewhere else.
So, guidebook-less as we were, my companion and I traveled to Estonia. Arriving for no good reason, we had no option but to 51 some friendly faces for advice. We 52 ourselves and asked them what was happening around town. When this resulted in an 53 to a beautiful Estonian home by a river where we enjoyed a 110-degree wood-stove sauna(桑拿), 54 picked forest-mushrooms and the good 55 of our five new-found Estonian friends, we sure were glad we had left our bossy aunt at home.
36. A. loaded B. collected C. packed D. selected
37. A. except B. with C. including D. besides
38. A. competence B. convenience C. instance D. performance
39. A. demanding B. contributing C. striking D. thrilling
40. A. around B. away C. abroad D. alone
41. A. limits B. influences C. confuses D. encourages
42. A. in case B. as though C. even though D. if only
43. A. Regulation B. Communication C. Intelligence D. Experience
44. A. relationship B. connection C. similarity D. distinction
45. A. list B. book C. file D. summary
46. A. loudly B. positively C. proudly D. happily
47. A. recommend B. offer C. discover D. order
48. A. traveling B. planning C. preparing D. drafting
49. A. counting B. following C. drawing D. ticking
50. A. involved B. interested C. lost D. engaged
51. A. approach B. grab C. spot D. seize
52. A. presented B. helped C. introduced D. forced
53. A. application B. access C. entrance D. invitation
54. A. skillfully B. randomly C. joyfully D. locally
55. A. quality B. company C. possession D. advice
As you enter university, you are likely to be confused by new demands and challenges. You need to decide for yourselves what you want to achieve when you graduate. It is important that you have appropriate and realistic expectations of a university education and know how far you can go towards achieving your personal and academic goals, so that you will have a sense of achievement at the end of your first year as well as when you graduate.
This website aims to be a quick one stop information hub to help you understand more about learning at HKU and make better use of HKU’s support services.
University Life is an adventure that—literally—everyone here is a key player.
Your strategic moves at each stage have a direct impact on the outcomes of this adventure. The key to winning is mainly about how you manage your resources, especially your time. Most successful players engage themselves in activities that meet their needs and goals.
First Year Experience
As a new player, you may find yourself standing at the crossroads and wondering which directions you should go. An open mind for handling new challenges and a roadmap or planning and setting priorities during your stay at HKU are what you need to start your journey.
And don’t forget to check out the following to familiarise yourself with the “game rules”, “support and resources” and “opportunity cards” on hand:
＊ HKU Education aims to know what you are expected to achieve.
＊ The key cards that contribute to your academic, professional and social excellence, e.g. Horizons Office, Common Core, Centre for Snorts and Exercise (CSE), Centre for Applied English Studies (CAES).
56. According to the passage, which is the most important for students, academic success?
A. Seeking support from their teachers. B. Setting personal and academic goals.
C. Being familiar with school facilities. D. Making good use of their time.
57. The purpose of this website is to .
A. attract more excellent students to attend HKU
B. help new students adapt to their university life
C. encourage students to seek adventure at university
D. advertise roadmaps and key cards among students
As Apple’s long awaited iPhone X hit shelves around the world, Samsung’s newest ad uses the opportunity to make a mockery of the last 10 years of iPhone products. ① .
Samsung’s latest advertisement, released through the company’s YouTube channel, highlights how apparently late to the game Apple has been with each version of the iPhone over the last decade as compared to other smartphones, from waterproofing to the headphone jack. ②
The video follows a character upgrading his Apple iPhone each year, and each year continuing to miss out on features like water-proofing, the headphone jack and more, as he compares to Samsung models that do have these features ahead of the iPhone.
Apple’s iPhone X notch (V型切口) has been widely criticized by tech experts, who have called the design “odd” and “ridiculous.” The reason for the peculiar design is to accommodate a front-facing camera and facial-recognition technology in a device that Apple advertises as “all screen.”
③ In 2016, the South Korean firm made fun of its rival’s phones as it launched the Galaxy Note 7, zeroing in on the lack of a headphone jack (which many Apple customers complained about). To go back even further, Samsung released videos on YouTube in 2014 and in a 2013 Superbowl teaser also, mocking Apple smartphones and watches.
The new Galaxy Note 8 by Samsung launched well before the Apple iPhone X, and comes with two rear cameras with two OIS, a much bigger 6.3-inch OLED full display with 18:9 aspect ratio. It also has a much bigger battery than Apple’s iPhone X—although Samsung doesn’t like to talk too much about batteries, given the fiasco with the Galaxy Note 7.
④ Apple may not be too troubled by the mockery conveyed by the Samsung’s advertisement: the new iPhone is already sold out, and reports of strong demand around the world have driven the company’s stock to new all-time highs in recent days. And, as they say, imitation is the sincerest form of flattery (恭维): a new trial has been ordered to determine how much Samsung should pay Apple for copying the look of the iPhone.
There’s another irony to this battle: Samsung has a vested (既定的) interest in the iPhone X’s success, given that Samsung supplies the OLED display, NAND flash and the DRAM chips in the iPhone.
58. Where should the sentence “The ad is not Samsung’s first offence against Apple.” be placed in the passage?
A. ① B.② C.③ D.④
59. The underlined word “fiasco” in paragraph 6 means .
A. privilege B. creativity C. disaster D. suspension
60. According to the passage, which of the following statements may the writer be in favor of?
A. Samsung’s latest advertisement is nothing more than a made-up story.
B. Different versions of the iPhone have always taken the lead in waterproofing.
C. Samsung’s new Galaxy Note 8 copied the look of the Apple iPhone X.
D. Samsung is likely to develop better through cooperation with Apple.
Competition is an ideology (意识形态) that spreads all over our society and misleads our thinking. But it means no profits for anybody, no meaningful differentiation, and a struggle for survival. We advocate competition, see it as necessary, and set its laws; and as a result, we trap ourselves within it—the more we compete, the less we gain.
Our educational system both drives and reflects our craze for competition. Grades alone are precise measurement of each student’s competitiveness; pupils with the highest marks receive status and credits. And it gets worse as students rise to higher levels of the tournament. Higher education is the place where people who had big plans in high school get stuck in fierce competition with equally smart peers over conventional careers like management consulting and investment banking. For the privilege of being turning into conformists (顺从者), students (or their families) pay hundreds of thousands of dollars in rapidly rising tuition. Why are we doing this to ourselves?
I wish I had asked myself when I was younger. My path was so tracked that in my 8th-grade yearbook, one of my friends predicted—accurately—that four years later I would enter Stanford. And I enrolled at Stanford Law School, where I competed even harder for the standard badges (徽章) of success. The highest prize in a law student’s world is unambiguous: the Supreme Court clerkship. I was so close to winning this last competition. If only I got the clerkship, I thought, I would be set for life. But I didn’t. At the time, I was frustrated.
In 2004, after I had built and sold PayPal, I ran into an old friend who had helped me prepare my failed clerkship applications. We hadn’t spoken in nearly a decade. His first words to me were not “Hi Peter” or “How are you doing?” But rather, “So, aren’t you glad you didn’t get that clerkship?” Because if I hadn’t lost that last competition, we both knew that I never would have left the track laid down since middle school. Had I actually clerked on the Supreme Court, I probably would have spent my entire career taking depositions or drafting other people’s business deals instead of creating anything new. It’s hard to say how much would be different, but the opportunity costs were enormous.
Looking back at my ambition to become a lawyer, it looks less like a plan for the future and more like an excuse for the present. It was a way to explain to anyone who would ask—to my parents, to my peers, and most of all to myself-that there was no need to worry. I was perfectly on track. But it turned out that my biggest problem was taking the track without thinking really hard about where it was going.
61. Students compete at school because .
A. they are assessed by grades B. they are under peer pressure
C. they want to find a secure job D. the tuition increases quickly
62. We can learn from paragraph 3 that the writer .
A. didn’t have a clear plan for future B. did badly in study in the 8th grade
C. wasn’t a capable student in college D. didn’t want to obtain the clerkship
63. The underlined sentence “the opportunity costs were enormous” (in paragraph 4) shows the writer .
A. is unsure whether his choice is correct B. regrets failing clerkship applications
C. is happy out not ting the clerkship D. thinks he could have had a better career
64. The writer shares his life story mainly to argue that .
A. people shouldn’t support competition B. grades cannot reflect students’ ability
C. failure can be a good thing sometimes D. we shouldn’t follow other people blindly
This passage is adapted from Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte.
Seeing me, She recovered herself: she made a sort of effort to smile, and expressed a few words o congratulations, but the smile disappeared, and the sentence was abandoned unfinished. She put up her glasses and pushed her chair back from the table.
“I feel so astonished,” she began, “I hardly know what to say to you, Miss Eyre. I have surely not been dreaming, have I? Sometimes I half fall asleep when I am sitting alone and fancy things that have never happened. It has seemed to me more than once when I have been in a doze (打盹), that my dear husband, who died fifteen years since, has come in and sat down beside me; and that I have even heard him call me by my name, Alice, as he used to do. Now, can you tell me whether it is actually true that Mr. Rochester has asked you to marry him? Don’t laugh at me. But I really thought he came in here five minutes ago, and said that in a month you would be his wife.”
“He has said the same thing to me,” I replied.
“He has! Do you believe him? Have you accepted him?”
She looked at me confused. “I could never have thought it. He is a proud man; all the Rochesters were proud; and his father at least, liked money. He, too, has always been called careful. He means to marry you?”
“He tells me so.”
She surveyed my whole person: in her eyes I read that they had there found no charm powerful enough to solve the mystery.
“It passes me!” she continued, “but no doubt it is true since you say so. How it will answer I cannot tell: I really don’t know. Equality of position and fortune is often advisable in such cases; and there are twenty years of difference in your ages. He might almost be your father.”
“No, indeed, Mrs. Fairfax!” I protested (抗议), annoyed; “he is nothing like my father! No one, who saw us together, would suppose it for an instant. Mr. Rochester looks as young, and is as young, as some men of twenty-five.”
“Is it really for love he is going to marry you?” she asked.
I was so hurt by her coldness and skepticism, that the tears rose to my eyes.
“I am sorry to make you unhappy, ” continued the widow (寡妇),” but you are so young, and so little acquainted with men, I wished to put you on your guard. It is an old saying that ‘all is not gold that glitters’; and in this case I do fear there will be something found to be different to what either you or I expect.”
“Why?—am I a monster?” I said. “Is it impossible that Mr. Rochester should have a sincere affection for me?”
“No: you are very well; and much improved recently; and Mr. Rochester, I dare say, is fond of you. I have always noticed that you were a sort of pet of his. There are times when, for your sake, I have been a little uneasy at his marked preference, and have wished to put you on your guard; but I did not like to suggest even the possibility of wrong. I knew such an idea would shock, perhaps offend you; and you were so discreet (审慎的) and so thoroughly modest and sensible, I hoped you might be trusted to protect yourself. Last night I cannot tell you what I suffered when I sought all over the house, and could find you nowhere, nor the master either; and then, at twelve o’clock, saw you come in with him.”
“Well, never mind that now,” I interrupted impatiently; “it is enough that all was right.”
“I hope all will be right in the end,” she said: “but, believe me, you cannot be too careful. Try and keep Mr. Rochester at a distance: distrust yourself as well as him. Gentlemen in his station are not accustomed to marry their governesses.”
65. The passage makes it clear that Miss Eyre and Mr. Rochester .
A. will get married because they feel affection for each other
B. do not really know each other well enough to become engaged
C. will not live happily because they will be rejected by society
D. have a relationship that is not typical in their society
66. Miss Eyre’ feelings about her relationship with Mr. Rochester can be best described as .
A. confident B. unbelievable C. sensitive D. unreliable
67. Mrs. Fairfax compares Miss Eyre and Mr. Rochester’s relationship as possibly being similar to .
A. a mystery that cannot be solved by her
B. an object that appears to be something but really is another
C. a game used to entertain the innocent and naive
D. a shiny jewel that holds more value than it appears to
68. We may infer from the passage that Miss Eyre and Mrs. Fairfax are alike because they both .
A. believe that Mr. Rochester should not marry his governess
B. believe that Mr. Rochester will break Miss Eyre’s heart
C. are of the same age and social class
D. believe that Mr. Rochester is fond of Miss Eyre
69. The phrase “you were so discreet, and so thoroughly modest and sensible” is used by Mrs. Fairfax to .
A. explain why Miss Eyre should not marry Mr. Rochester
B. explain why it is likely that Mr. Rochester really doesn’t plan to marry Miss Eyre
C. explain why she hadn’t discussed Mr. Rochester’s feelings toward Miss Eyre before
D. insult Miss Eyre and let her know that Mrs. Fairfax was disappointed in her
70. By saying “Gentlemen in his station are not accustomed to marry their governesses,” Mrs. Fairfax means that .
A. Mr. Rochester is incapable of loving Miss Eyre for the whole life
B. Mr. Rochester may not be sincere about his feeling towards Miss Eyre
C. Mr. Rochester will treat Miss Eyre like a governess after marriage
D. Mr. Rochester may not really have asked Miss Eyre to marry him
The bystander effect, where people witness an emergency indifferently rather than step in to help a stranger, has been documented for decades. Now with the boom in social media, this phenomenon exhibits itself on a different level.
Suppose you’re witnessing a fight or a burning building, what would be your first instinct? To help, to call the authorities, or to pull out your phone and record the event? For many, the answer is to record it on their phone and not get involved, because of the fear of being hurt themselves, a notion that relates with the long-studied bystander effect.
Similarly, the bystander effect may be well at work on sites like Facebook. For example, the United Nations launched a project in 2010 to urge people to donate $10 for malaria (疟疾) in Africa. However, most people just shared rather than donated. The follow-up research found that people believed that their act of sharing was worth much more than a $10 contribution. They found that people truly thought that their digital influence equated to tens or even hundreds of individual donations from their connections.
Another example is how people on Facebook were suggesting helping veterans (退伍军人). While most people would agree to help them, several aspects make for the bystander effect and prevent anyone from doing so effectively. First, it’s often ambiguous how one can even help, like, people may simply not know how or where to help. Second, social media groups share weak bonds, so if an old acquaintance from high school asks his network to help out with something, people aren’t likely to help if they don’t feel a strong bond with the person. Third, the classic idea of distributed responsibility plays in. The bystander effect occurs when people hold back in an emergency situation because there are other people around. In a network of hundreds, everyone assumes someone else will help and in the end no one does.
Also, it is not rare to see embarrassing videos on line, of people who are drunk or fall off his bike. People who posted the videos want retweets (转发), try to get more followers, or desperately want people to appreciate that they’re really, really funny. But they ignore whatever struggle the person in the video is going through in that moment, and bring embarrassment to the person.
These photos and videos show the bystander indifference in the social media era, in which case many people don’t step in when emergencies happen. But according to Alfred Hermida, a journalism professor at the University of British Columbia, recording events by phone may also be a step toward being less passive. ‘They’re saying, ‘If I document this, this might help police. If I document this, it might help bring the right people to justice.’”
The Modern Day Bystander Effect
A new form of the bystander effect People use phones to record an event or (71) ▲ it via social media instead of offering help.
Types of the phenomenon On the (72) ▲ of an emergency Over social media
(73) ▲ of the phenomenon Getting involved in a conflict may put people’s safety at (74) ▲ . • Most people rate their digital influence too (75) ▲ .
• Sometimes people don’t know how and where to help.
♦ People in social media groups are not (76) ▲ connected, and everyone (77) ▲ someone else to help out.
• Some people post embarrassing photos online to increase their (78) ▲ , even if it comes at someone else’s (79) ▲ .
The mixed sides of the effect People in trouble are less likely to get help from others. Recording may help the police find the (80) ▲ .
You don’t have to look far to find concerns about how technology will steal our jobs. It’s been widely noticed that automation (自动化) is making machines more powerful and shortening the list of current jobs that only a human can do. Martin Ford’s new book, Rise of the Robots, looks at how far machines have come.
At the same time, some people are getting more optimistic about the outlook (前景) of having a robot at home to help share the burden. When it comes to doing housework, most of Americans would like it better if someone else just did it for them.
1-5 BACBA 6-10 CABCA 11-15 CAACC 16-20 BACBA
第一节 单项填空 (共15小题；每小题1分，满分15分)
21—25 CABDA 26—30 CDCCB 31—35 CADBB
36—40 CABBD 41—45 ACDDA 46—50 CBADC 51—55 ACDDB
56—57 DB 58—60 CCD 61—64 CACD 65—70 DABDCB
第四部分 任务型阅读 (共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分)
71. share/spread 72. spot/scene/site 73. Causes/Explanations 74. risk/stake
75. highly 76. strongly/closely 77. assumes/expects 78. popularity
79. expense/cost ( sacrifice算错，英为 at the sacrifice of 有放弃的意思) 80. offender(s)/criminal(s)
第五部分 书面表达 (满分25分)
With the development of technology, robots are coming for our current jobs. While some people show their concern about the issue, 77% of Americans consider it normal to have a robot in their homes.
I’m totally in favor of owning robots in our daily life. First of all, they can perform tasks faster than humans with more accuracy. What’s more, they do not care about the comfort and security of their environment, therefore saving workers from boring and even dangerous tasks. Last but not least, they can work at a constant speed with no breaks and perform assignments at a steady high level.
To be honest, what we should really worry about is not the presence of robots themselves but the absence of necessary knowledge about them. Therefore, it is definitely wiser for people to become more familiar with our future helper rather than consider it a question of robots winning and humans losing.（154）
With the development of technology, robots are widely used. While77% of Americans consider it normal to have a robot in their homes, some people don’t think it a wise practice.
I’m against robots coming into widespread use in our daily life. First of all, convenient as it may be to employ robots, they may take over the jobs now done by humans, resulting in many people losing their jobs. What’s more, if operating systems in robots got infected with viruses, robots would not perform well as designed, even causing a disaster. Last but not least, I believe humans have better judgement in dealing with complex matters especially when there is not one clear answer.
To be honest, even though employing robots widely may be an irresistible trend, wecan not turn a blind eye to its possible threat and its side effects.（143）