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河北保定市2017-2018高一上学期英语期末试卷(附答案)

时间:2018-02-08 17:45:44作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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本试卷由四部分组成。其中第一、二部分和第三部分的第一节为选择题;第三部分的第二节和第四部分为非选择题。考试时间120分钟,满分120分。
第一部分 听力(共两节  满分20分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题纸上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the woman want to do now?
A. Watch the TV program.   B. Have something to eat.  C. In the computer room.
2. Where is Mr. Johnson now?
A. In the classroom.    B. In the reading room.   C. In the computer room.
3. What will the man do tonight?
A. Go to party.     B. Do his homework.   C. Finish a project.
4. How will the woman probably get to the zoo?
A. On foot.      B. By bus.     C. By car.
5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A writer.      B. An actor.     C. An explorer.
第二节(共15小题;每题1分,满分15分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。
6. Why was the woman late?
A. She had lunch with Betty.
B. She went shopping.
C. She overslept.
7. What is the weather like in the man’s hometown?
A. It is very hot in summer.
B. It is very cold in winter.
C. It sometimes gets 30℃ in summer.
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
8. Where does the conversation take place?
A. At the airport.    B. At the train station.   C. At the bus station.
9. When is Helena expected to arrive?
A. At 7:30 a.m.    B. At 7:30 p.m.    C. At 8:30 p.m.
10. What does the man suggest doing?
A. Sending a text message to Helena.
B. Thinking about giving her a ring.
C. Sitting down and having a coffee.
听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
11. Why does the woman call the man?
A. To invite him to play golf.
B. To send him a magazine.
C. To do business with him.
12. When will the speakers meet on Saturday?
A. At 7:30 a.m.    B. At 11:30 a.m.   C. At 7:30 p.m.
13. What do we know about the woman?
A. She works for a magazine company.
B. She met the man when playing golf.
C. She has know the man for a few years.
听第9段材料,回答第14至16题。
14. What is the woman doing?
A. Organizing clubs.   B. Putting up posters.  C. Reading club notices.
15. What is the man interested in?
A. Guitar.     B. Movies.    C. Books.
16. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. What hobbies they have.
B. Which club they should join.
C. What move they should watch.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What does the speaker do?
A. A radio host.    B. A writer.   C. An editor.
18. How many pieces of advice does the speaker give us?
A. 3      B. 4     C. 5
19. What is Step One about?
A. Having a good breakfast.
B. Starting with fruits.
C. Having a good rest.
20. What does Step Two suggest doing?
A. Taking exercise.
B. Doing homework.
C. Going to school by bus.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Do you know that November is National Novel Writing Month (NaNoWriMo)? You can find the NaNoWriMo Young Writer’s program at ywp.nanowrima.org. It is a challenge(挑战)to write a 50,000-word novel in one month.
The program began in 1999 in San Francisco with only 21 members. Later year, more than 400,000 took up the challenge. The writers can choose what they want to write about. On November 1st, writers visit the website and start to update(更新)their word count. They can communicate with other writers there as well. All the writers have to stop writing on November 30th.
It is okay if you have never written a book before. The website provides lesson plans and workbooks for beginners. You can use them to improve writing skills in your novel. Then you can start planning what your novel will be about.
Are there any books published(出版)from the NaNoWriMo program? Here are a few:
The Night Circus by Erin Morgenstern
Water for Elephants by SaraGruen
Entrychats by Cecile Duquenne
Are there any young readers who want to join in this program? If you want, we hope you can write the best novel. If you have not heard of NaNoWriMo, but you have a good story in mind, join us!
21. What can you do in the writing month if you join in the program?
① Visit ywp.nanowrima.org    ② Update the word count.
③ Publish the new novel     ④ Choose what to write about.
A. ①②④   B. ①②③   C. ①③④   D. ②③④
22. According to the text, Water for Elephants by Sara Gruen ______.
A. will be published      B. has already been published
C. is the most attractive     D. gets the least attention
23. This text is most probably written to ______.
A. encourage more young people to join in the program.
B. invite more famous writers to visit ywp.nanowrima.org.
C. show more wonderful books written by young writers
D. advise more people to communicate with other writers
B
1990 was an important year in world events. In February, Nelson Mandela was set free after 27 years in prison. In October, East and West Germany became one country again. Then at the end of 1990, the World Wide Web was born. For this final event we have one man to thank. Tim Berners-Lee, the father of the Web.
Berners-Lee was born on June 8, 1955 in London, England. His parents, both computer designers, encouraged him to think and work creatively as he grew up. He was an excellent student and naturally took an interest in computers and science.
After graduating from Oxford University, Tim went to work at a science research centre in Switzerland. There he developed some of the different systems(系统)that would later become the Web. The first was HTML, the computer language used to make web pages. The second was an address system that let computers anywhere find each other and send and receive information. In 1990 he put them together to make the first Internet browser(浏览器).
Tim knew that the more people used the Web, the more useful it would be. He wasn’t interested in money but knowledge, so he gave out his invention for free to anyone who was interested. Many were interested an the growth of the Internet began.
Today Tim works as a professor at the MIT in America, studying new ways to use the Web. He has received many awards from governments and organizations for his efforts. He is still not very interested in money. That is why he is so liked by his students and workmates. It may also be one of the reasons that few people outside the world of technology know his name.
24. The following events all took place in 1990 except that ______.
A. Nelson Mandela got free
B. the World Wide Web was born
C. Eat and West Germany reunited
D. Berners-Lee started school
25. We can learn from the text that Berners-Lee ______.
A. was encouraged to be creative
B. didn’t do well at school
C. cares little about money and knowledge
D. is well-known all over the world
26. Where does Berners-Lee live today?
A. England.       B. Switzerland.
C. America.       D. Germany.
27. What does the text mainly talk about?
A. The events that took place in 1990.
B. The history of the Internet.
C. The invention of the Internet.
D. The father of the World Wide Web
C
You need some bread and milk. But half an hour later, you leave the supermarket with a trolley(推车)full of food. What games do supermarkets play to make us spend so much money?
The tricks usually start before you walk in. Outside the supermarket entrance, anybody who walks past can smell warm, fresh bread. That makes us hungry and ready to buy lots of food, not just bread.
Now you’re inside and, of course, a small basket would be fine, but all they have are trolleys. And of course the problem with a trolley is that it looks sad and lonely with just one or two goods inside. So we may fill it with something. In fact, supermarket trolleys are actually getting bigger so that we buy more.
Of course, many people shop in supermarkets because they think everything is cheaper than in other shops. So supermarkets offer very cheap prices on some things but then have higher prices for other goods. One new trick is to put red stickers(标签)on them. Customers usually connect red stickers with lower prices so the red stickers is
easy to be seen, even when there is no reduction! Interestingly, this trick appears to work more with men than with women.
There is a story behind the position of everything in the supermarket. The most expensive goods are usually at eye-level so you see these immediately. The exception is anything that children might like. These goods are on lower shelves so that kids see them.
Apart from what you see and smell in a supermarket, what about what you listen to? In most supermarkets they have soft, slow music. It’s so relaxing that you slow down and spend more time (and money) in the store. Experts suggest it’s better to shop when it’s quieter, on a Monday or a Tuesday for example. And be careful with queues at the checkouts(收银台). These are sometimes on purpose, to make you buy something from the checkout shelves while you wait.
So, next time you go into your local supermarket, remember these tricks and see if you can come with just the things you went for.
28. There are no small baskets but trolleys in the supermarket because ______.
A. small baskets are not strong enough
B. people don’t like using baskets
C. it’s easy to go shopping with trolleys
D. trolleys are actually making people buy more goods
29. What does the underlined word “tricks” in paragraph 2 mean?
A. small jokes      B. clever methods
C. suggestions      D. advertisements
30. According to the text, supermarkets put red stickers on goods to ______.
A. make them look more beautiful
B. show these goods are worth buying
C. let people know they are for men
D. draw the customers’ attention
31. From the last two paragraphs we can learn that ______.
A. It is better to be careful with the tricks and shop reasonably
B. there is no good listening to the soft music in supermarkets
C. supermarkets usually close earlier on Monday and Tuesday
D. we should be more careful when waiting at the checkout
D
It’s Friday morning in the year 2050, and you’re running late. You got carried away watching the music video that is playing in the corner of your bathroom mirror while you were brushing your teeth. How will you get to your office at Mega Giga Industries on time?
A quick check of your Internet-connected refrigerator tells you your train is a bit behind schedule, too. So you decide to drive your environmentally hydrogen fuel(环保氢燃料)car instead-or rather, let your car drive you. It’s programmed to know the way and it will get you there without getting lost.
Settling into your office chair, which changes color to match what you’re wearing, you pick up yesterday morning’s newspaper. Printed on reusable electronic paper, it rewrites itself. Now it’s time for your big meeting. Uh-oh! You’ve left your handwritten notes at home. No problem. The smartpen you used has stored an electronic copy of what you wrote.
Your wristwatch videophone(可视电话)suddenly rings. Your best friend’s face pops up on the screen asking what you’re doing this weekend. Will you play virtual soccer with the U.S. Olympic team? No, no. Your friend says, so you have to take the new elevator (made of microscopic fibers many times stronger than steel) 60000 miles into space.
Could this scene really take place in just a couple of decades? The researchers who are now developing all these things think so. These high-tech products(高科技产品)may be as common in 20 years as cell phones today.
32. How many high-tech products are mentioned in the text?
A. Four.   B. Six.   C. Eight.   D. Ten.
33. According to the text, if you miss the train to work, you can ______.
A. drive your smartcar instead
B. take the spaceship instead
C. wait for the next train
D. work at home
34. What can be inferred from the text?
A. Space tourism will be a reality.
B. Transportation will be trouble-free.
C. People will have more time to enjoy themselves.
D. Videophones will replace face-to-face communications.
35. What is the best title for the next?
A. Great Changes in Future    B. Modern Times
C. Life in the Future      D. Development in Technology
第二节 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Plants are very important living things. Life could not go if there were no plants. This is because plants can make food from air, water and sunlight.    36   . Animals get their food by eating plants and other animals. So animals and man need plants in order to live.    37   .
If you look carefully at the plants around you, you will find that there are two kinds of plants: flowering plants and non-flowering plants.
   38   . The seeds are protected by the fruits. Some fruits have one seed, some have two, three or four, and some have many seeds.    39   . An example of a fruit without seeds is the banana fruit.
   40   . They grow from spores(孢子). Spores are very small. Some spores are so small and light that they can float in the air. We may say that spores are quite the same as the seeds, when these spores fall on wet and shady places, they usually grow into new plants.
A. There are about half a million kinds of plants in the world
B. Animals and man cannot make food from air, water and sunlight
C. But a few fruits have no seeds at all
D. Not all the plants grow from the seeds
E. This is why we find that there are so many plants around us
F. Flowering plants can make seeds
G. Most non-flowering plants don’t grow from seeds
第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分30分)
第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I am a girl, but I was born to be a rebel(叛逆者). I like games that can be    41   . Some of the sports I like, even boys won’t play!
Wrestling(摔跤)is    42    seen as a sport for men, but I    43    to see if I could do it.
Every Saturday morning, I got out of bed early to go and watch my brother    44   . From morning to night, I would sit watching the    45    have all the fun. Since then, wrestling has been part of my    46   .
For three years, I    47    all the boys and became the best player in the team. My    48    memory of wrestling is when a boy walked off    49    because he’d lost to a girl.
My last    50    was at this year’s Girls’ State Wrestling Championships.
I was so    51   . I was sure I would win. My heart was beating hard when the match started. I could see    52    but my competitor. When the final whistle blew, I had    53    by four points. The cameras and    54    all turned to me: I was the new wrestling champion. I felt so    55   . But after a few minutes of enjoying being a champion,    56    began to run through my knee.
Because I hurt my knee, my    57    of being a national champion ended. Even so, I still    58    to wrestle next year when I go to college. I have    59    that you can do anything you want if you put your    60    into it.
41. A. interesting   B. surprising   C. dangerous   D. famous
42. A. usually    B. ever    C. rarely    D. never
43. A. agreed    B. pretended   C. decided   D. happened
44. A. roll    B. run    C. fight    D. practice
45. A. boys    B. girls    C. teammates   D. friends
46. A. way    B. life    C. work    D. study
47. A. beat    B. hit    C. knocked   D. injured
48. A. longest    B. shortest   C. best    D. worst
49. A. shouting   B. smiling   C. laughing   D. crying
50. A. chance    B. match    C. try    D. sport
51. A. upset    B. great    C. pleased   D. excited
52. A. anything   B. nothing   C. everything   D. something
53. A. won    B. lost    C. led    D. gained
54. A. hands    B. players   C. lights    D. photos
55. A. shy    B. hopeful   C. happy    D. nervous
56. A. air     B. blood    C. steam    D. pain
57. A. dream    B. plan    C. goal    D. story
58. A. remember   B. cycle    C. want    D. walk
59. A. said    B. heard    C. learned   D. noticed
60. A. time    B. heart    C. foot    D. joy
第二节(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
Some time ago, a friend of mine who worked in a part of the city I didn’t know very well, invited me to call on him. It took me hours    61    (get) there and I took great trouble finding a proper place to park my car. As I was already half an hour late, I parked my car quickly on a non-parking place. At noon, just as I    62    (leave) my friend’s office suddenly I had no idea    63    I had parked my car. I could hardly go up to a policeman and tell him that I had lost a small green car somewhere! I had to walk down street after street and examined each car    64    (close). I was very happy to see a small green car just behind an old car. But how    65    (disappoint) I was to discover that though the car was exactly    66    my own, it belonged to someone else! I was very tired and went off for lunch. About half an hour later, I left the restaurant,    67    was nearby, and walked down the street. Turning the corner, I nearly jumped for joy: my car was right in front of me. But soon I felt down because a ticket    68    (attach) to my car.
To tell the    69    (true), driving in crowded cities is far from being a pleasure. So walking or cycling    70    (be) a good choice.
第四部分:写作(共两节,满分30分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:  1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词。
2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Mr. Grey liked walking from a station to his office. One morning he was walking along the street while a stranger stopped him and said to him, “You may not remember me, sir, but one year before I came to London without a penny in my pocket. I stopped you in this street and asked you lend me some money, but you gave me £5. You said you are willing to take a chance to give us a new start.” Mr. Grey felt a bit surprising and thought for a few second. Then he said, “Yes, I remember you.” “Well, are you willing to take for another chance?” The stranger said carefully.
第二节 书面表达(满分20分)
假设你是新华中学的学生李华,你的美国朋友Tom来信询问你寒假计划,因准备期末考试未能及时回复。请根据以下要点给他回封邮件:
1. 未及时回信的原因;2. 你假期的打算(如做兼职、旅行、做志愿者等);3. 询问他的寒假计划。
注意:词数100左右,开头语已为你写好,不计入总词数;可以适当增加细节以使行文连贯。
Dear Tom,
How are you? I’m sorry for not replying to your letter in time. ___________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Yours,
Li Hua

 
河北省保定市2017-2018学年高一上学期期末考试
英语试题答案
听力(每小题1 分;满分20分)
1---5 BCBAC  6----10 CBABC 11----15ABACB   16---20 BACAA
阅读(每小题2分;满分40分)[来源:Zxxk.Com]
21---25 ABADA  26---30 CDBBD  31----35 ACABC   36----40 BEFCG
完形(每小题1分;满分20分)
41---45 CACDA  46---50 BACDB  51---55 DBACC  56---60 DACCB
语法知识填空(每小题1 分;满分10分)
61. to get   62. was leaving      63. where         64. closely     65. disappointed 
66. like    67. which           68. was attached    69.truth       70. is
改错(每改对一处得1分;满分10分)[来源:学_科_网Z_X_X_K]
Mr. Grey liked walking from a station to his office. One morning he was walking
                           the
along the street while a stranger stopped him and said to him, “You may not remember
              when
me, sir, but one year before I came to London without a penny in my pocket. I stopped
ago
you in this street and asked you∧lend me some money, but you gave me £5. You said
to                  and
you are willing to take a chance to give us a new start.” Mr. Grey felt a bit surprising and
were                         me                          surprised[来源:学科网ZXXK]
thought for a few second. Then he said, “Yes, I remember you.” “Well, are you willing
              seconds
to take for another chance?” the stranger said carefully.
   删除for
书面表达(满分20分)
Dear Tom,
     How are you? I’m sorry for not replying to your letter in time. I was preparing for the final exam which was very important to me.
     During this winter vacation, I plan to do many things, one of which is making a trip to some places of interest together with my good friends. And I want to do some meaningful volunteer work. Also, I’d like to do a part-time job, which helps me know more about society and helps me earn some money for my schooling. That can be called killing the birds with one stone.
     What are you going to do in this winter vacation? Hope you could come to China in your spare time and have a wonderful time with us.
     Best wishes!
                                                                       Yours,
                                                                       Li Hua

 


 


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