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山东莱芜市2018届高三英语上学期期中试题(附答案)

时间:2017-11-30 10:20:27作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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2017.11
本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。共150分,考试时间120分钟。
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必用0.5毫米黑色签字笔将自己的姓名,班级,准考证号座号填写在答题卡和试卷规定的位置上。
2.第Ⅰ卷每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。
3.第Ⅱ卷必须用0.5毫米的黑色签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应的位置,不能写在试卷上;如需改动,鲜花掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不能使用涂改液,胶带纸,修正带。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
第I卷(共100分)
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的形影位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £ 19.15.           B. £ 9.15.          C. £ 9.18.
答案是 C。
1.What is the man doing?
A. He’s running.         
B. He’s hiking.       
C. He’s drinking water.
2.When will the girl learn how to surf?     
A. In 5 years.   
B. In 10 years.
C. In 15 years.
3. Where are the speakers?   
A. Up in a tree.   
B. On a beach.     
C. On a big hill. 
4. What are the speakers mainly discussing?    
A. Careers.
B. Health problems.   
C. Types of hospitals.
5. How do the speakers know each other? 
A. From work.   
B.From school.              
C. From the restaurant.
第二节:(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面五段对话或独白。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What is the dog’s name?
A. Harry.
B. Yoda.
C. Luke.
7. What is the dog like?
A. Young and fast.
B. Old and loyal.
C. Big and scary.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What is the man’s attitude toward the woman?
A. Annoyed.
B. Encouraging.
C. Admiring.
9. How long did it take the man to learn Spanish?
A. A couple weeks.
B. A few months.
C. Several years.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. When did the man see the bear?
A. At about 9:15 am.
B. At about 9:30am.
C. At about 9:45 am.
11. How did the bear act toward the man?
A. It attacked him.
B. It showed its teeth.
C. It ran away quickly.
12. What does the man think of the bear?
A. It isn’t very dangerous.
B. It is a beautiful brown bear.
C.It often attacked runners in spring.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.Where are the speakers?
A. At a bookstore.
B. At a library.
C. At Ms. Calvin’s house.
14. Who is the main character in Ms. Calvin’s book?
A. A Bird.
B. A dog.
C. A scientist.
15. Hoe long did it take Ms. Calvin’s write her book?
A. About three months.
B. About one year.
C. About two years.
16. What helps Ms, Calvin think of ideas?
A. Feeding birds. 
B. Reading the newspaper.
C. Taking a shot shower.
听第10段材料,回答17至20题。
17. What is the topic of the talk?
A. Bad behavior in schools.
B. Making kids healthier.
C. New education methods.
18. Who is Ashanti Branch?
A. An assistant principal.
B. The manager of a company.
C. A parent of a student.
19. What is difficult for the kids to do?
A. Sit still in class.
B. Adjust to the new education system.
C. Work independently on school work.
20. What was the solution to the problem?
A. More teachers.
B. Shorter class time.
C. Different furniture.
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,共30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Types of Fire Extinguishers
Fire extinguishers are marked according to the kind of fore on which they should be used. Using the wrong type of the extinguishers can be dangerous and make things worse.
Type A extinguishers are used for fires on paper, cloth, wood, rubber, many plastics and so on. These types of fires usually leave ashes when they burn, so use Type A extinguishers for fires that leave ashes.
Type B extinguishers are used for burning liquids, such as oil, gasoline, and paints. These substances often come in barral-shaped containers, so use Type B extinguishers for such barrals.
Type C extinguishers are used for electrical fires Electricity travels in a circuit, so use Type C extinguishers for circuits.
Remember, A is for Ashes, B is for Barrals, and C is for Circuits. Make sure you have the correct type of fire extinguisher, learn PASS. PASS stands for Pull, Aim, Squeeze, and Sweep.
Pull the pin at top of the extinguisher cylinder(灭火器圆筒).
Aim the nozzle(喷嘴)at the base of the fire.
Squeeze or press the bandle.
Sweep the sprary from side-to-side at the fire’s base until it goes out.
21. What is the purpose of the text?
A. To get the readers informed.
B. To entertain readers.
C. To sell fire extinguishers.
D. To express opinions.
22. What should you do before using a fire extinguisher?
A. Check whether it is in good condition.
B. Check whether you have chosen a right one.
C. Make sure you have an instructor beside you.
D. Made sure you have mastered the way to use one.
23. Which of following can replace the underlined phrase “goes out” ?
A. Keeps burning. 
B. Stops bursting. 
C. Goes off. 
D. Stops shining.
24. The tone of this test can be best described as _______.
A. depressing.
B. humorous.
C. serious.
D. optimistic.
B
Small islands that bear the brunt of rising sea levels also face the greatest risk of diseases linked to a warmer planet, health leaders said on Saturday, as 13 million medical professionals added to the calls for a global climate pact.
Hundreds of thousands more people will die every year from heat stroke and tropical illnesses unless negotiators in Paris can agree a strong global deal to decrease global warming the Global Climate and Health Alliance said.
The Would Health Organization has warned that the effects of extreme weather on the fight against malnutrition, malaria and diarrhea alone will account for an extra 250,000 premature deaths a year by 2030.
“In the case of small island states like Tuvalu, the health impacts of climate change are palpable,” said the island’s health minister.
“When we are talking about climate change, this is important for the future health of our people, and people everywhere.”
John Usamate, health minister for Fiji, said the island was suffering from climate-related diseases such as dengue fever and chikungunya, a disease transmitted by mosquitoes and unknown in Fiji.
“As the climate changes, we are seeing new infectious diseases and many other health impacts,” he said.
The Global Climate and Health Alliance groups more than 1,700 health organizations and 8,200 hospitals and health facilities.
It is said it had collected 13 million signatories(签字者)from its members, wanting to come to a medical agreement on the need to fight against global warming.
Even without the wider effects of climate change, air pollution from fossil fuels, especially from coal-fired electricity and vehicle emissions(排放), is a major cause of early death.
In the European Union, more than 400,000 early deaths a year are linked to air pollution that cause respiratory disease and some forms of cancer, the European Commission has found.
25. What is the possible result of global warming?
A. Many small islands will appear.
B. Many cars will be banned driving.
C. The sea level will continually decrease.
D. Many people will die from climate-related diseases.
25. Why did so many people join together?
A. To fight against global warming.
B. To fight off climate-related diseases.
C. To decrease the effects of climate change.
D. To force the government to take measures.
27. What can we learn from the last two paragraphs?
A. Cancer is a disease caused by air pollution.
B. More than 400,000 people die each year in Europe.
C. Climate change is the main cause of many diseases.
D. No air pollution, no deaths.
28. What is the passage mainly about?
A. How to prevent climate change.
B. How to prevent emission of harmful gases.
C. The effect that climate change has on health.
D. Measures to prevent air pollution.
C
Born in the Netherlands in 1853, Van Gogh led a simple life in a small town until the age of 16. He then left school and joined a firm of art dealers in the large city of The Hague. He eventually realized that dealing with others’ artwork was not his profession, his true love was to become an artist himself.
He devoted much of his time to learning the fundamentals of drawing. Van Gogh believed that to become a great painter, one must first master the ability to draw. It was only after he was comfortable in this area that he began to use oil paints. That is when he developed a style and talent for color that made him one of the most respected artists of all time.
Van Gogh’s paintings are amazing representations of his view of the world. The colors jump off the canvas(画布), not only because of their brightness but also because of the brush strokes(笔画). Van Gogh avoided light, feathery strokes, which would portray typical subjects. Instead, he used his brush and oils to make layers that built the painting until it was almost three-dimensional.
Perhaps one of the most memorable examples of Van Gogh’s use of color and brush style is his painting The Starry Night. The sky swirls(打旋)across the canvas, while the stars shine with unearthly brightness. Each brush stroke creates the image of movement. Under the sky rests a village painted with smaller strokes and finer detail, giving the impression of peace. A large tree in the foreground suggests that the view is enjoyed from the top of a hill, which offers a glance of the beauty of the night sky. The Starry Night shows Van Gogh’s ability to create a powerful image with simple subjects.
Van Gog spent only the last ten years of his life painting. He is believed to have sold only one of the 900 paint he created during those years. Yet Van Gogh today is considered one of the greatest artists of all time. He influence is evident; many painters mimic his style and use of color. His artwork can be found in museums all over the would and is valued in the millions of dollars, a testament to Vincent Van Gogh’s talent.
29. How did Van Gogh learn to paint?
A. By reading many books about art.
B. By familiarizing himself with basic techniques.
C. By closely observing the world around him.
D. By carefully studying the techniques of others.
30. What does the author seem to admire most about Van Gogh’s paintings? 
A. The images.
B. The mood.
C. The brushwork.
D. The themes.
31. Why does the author refer to The Starry Night?
A. To praise Van Gogh’s ability.
B. To show Van Gogh’s style of painting.
C. To show Van Gogh’s respect of nature.
D. To honnor the great genius.
D
In colleges around the country, most students are also workers. The reality of college can be pretty different from the images presented in movies and television. Instead of the students who wake up late, party all the time, and study only before exams, many colleges are full of students with pressing schedules of not just classes and activities, but real jobs, too.
This isn’t a temporary phenomenon. The share of working students has been on the rise since the 1970s, and one-fifth of students work year round. About one-quarter of those who work while attending school have both a full-course load and a full-time job. The arrangement can help pay for tuition (学费) and living costs, obviously. And there’s value in it beyond the direct cause: such jobs can also be critical for developing important professional and social skills that make it easier to land a job after graduation. With many employers looking for students with already-developed skill sets, on-the-job training while in college can be the best way to ensure a job later on.
But it’s not all upside. Even full-time work may not completely cover the cost of tuition and living expenses. The study notes that if a student worked a full-time job at the federal minimum wage, they would earn just over $15,000 each year, certainly not enough to pay for tuition, room, and board at many colleges without some serious financial aid. That means that though they’re sacrificing time away from the classroom, many working students will still graduate with at least some debt. And working full time can reduce the chance that students will graduate at all, by cutting into the time available for studying and attending classes.
There is little reward for attending but not finishing college. Students who end up leaving school because of difficulty in managing work and class are likely to find themselves stuck in some of the same jobs they might have gotten if they hadn’t gone at all. The difficulty of working too much while in school can create a cycle that pushes students further into debt without receiving any of the financial or career benefits.
32.What is the reality of college students?
A. They throw parties a lot.
B. They stay up late every night.
C. They pay no attention to exams.
D. They work besides attending classes.
33.What has caused the increasing number of working students?
A. The need of developing social networks.
B. The lack of summer jobs for young adults.
C. The chance of finding a job after graduation.
D. The expenses of high tuition and living costs.
34.We can learn from the passage that ______.
A. working students are more likely to finish college
B. students can cover their college expenses through working
C. students receive a huge reward for managing work and class
D. dropping out of college may not help students get career benefits
35.What is the best title for the passage?
A. The Difficulties of Landing a Job.
B. The Struggle of Work-School Balance.
C. The Reward of Working While Studying.
D. The Images of Working College Students.
第二节(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
It is very important for kids to be courageous. A brave child is more likely to withstand negative peer pressure, say no to temptations(诱惑)and flight the good fight.  36  It boosts kids’ resilience(适应力), confidence and willpower as their as well as their learning, performance and school engagement. Here are several ways to develop kids’ courage: 
Model courage. Kids who watch their parents stick their necks out to do the right thing are more likely to do the same.  37  Then express how good it feels when you conquer your fear instead of taking a shortcut. Your kids will learn how to take on the tough challenge they face by witnessing how you tackle your fears.
  38  Research finds that kids are more likely to be courageous if they believe that their parent them to support those in need. Discuss bravery with your kids: Tell hem Courage is making the choice to do what you know is right even if you are afraid.”
Ask your kids to share their acts of bravery. Learning to be brave takes practice, so encourage your children to do something courageous every day.  39  A mom I talked to had her kids share their brave deeds at dinner time.
Teach your kids how to reduce their fears. If not kept under control, fear can be powerful.   40   You might encourage positive self-talk, such as saying, “I can handle this” or “I have courage to do this.” Or teach your child to take slow, deep breaths to find courage.
A. Talk about values and courage.
B. Courage has other surprising benefits.
C. The good news is that courage can be taught.
D. Teach your child simple strategies to be brave.
E. Let your child see you step out of your comfort zone.
F. In today’s uncertain world, kids will need courage and confidence.
G. Then take time to focus on their courageous breakthroughs.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
“The Youth Exchange and Study (YES) program was definitely a life changing experience,” says Alaa. “I had lots of  41  and expectations when I left Jordan and headed to Chicago to become a YES program particpant."
During it, Alaa had the chance to be a part of two wonderful host families. “I   42   a lot by living with my host families,” says Alaa “The first one was a single older person that  43  me to most of American cultures. My second family was kind enough to have me stay at their house and  44  me like one of their own kids. I am   45   both host families forever.”
  46  Alaa learned a lot from her host families, she realized that   47   a new culture and new family comes with its own growing pains.
“There was a huge   48   between me and my first host mom,” says Alaa. “She worked all the time,   49   I was expecting her to interact with more peole. But that was too   50   . She goes her own way”
“The education system we have in Jordan is quite different from here, so the   51   to the education system was hard too. I went to Schaumburg High School, where everything was so organized and the teachers were so nice. I started an Arabic program   52   the gifted students in the school,” states Alaa. With my assistance, they  53  to know the beauty of my language. By the end of the year, I received Christmas card from the students with their names and   54   in Arabic. To my   55  , in no time they   56   were able to talk to me in Arabic without difficulty.”
“My YES program was soon   57   .” Alaa said. “But it had a deep   58   on me.” Thanks to the YES program, Alaa had conquered fears.   59   new skills, and finally changed the course of her life forever. “I don’t let anything get in the  60  of achieving my dreams.” says Alaa.
41. A. worried       B. guesses    C. changes   D. friends
42. A. took up       B. took over     C. gained       D. required        .
43.A. promised      B. ordered      C. introduced     D. announce
44.A. raise        B. educate         C. cherish       D. treat
45.A. aware of      B. careful with     C. interested in     D. grateful for
46.A. When       B. As      C. Before     D. Although
47.A. appealing to     B. adjusting to     C. attending to    D. contributing to
48.A. difference     B. coincidence    C. effect     D. similarity
49.A. and       B. but       C. when      D. where
50.A. possible     B. awkward     C.hard      D. dull
51.A. connection     B. understanding    C. recognition   D. adjustment
52.A. through      B. within      C. among     D. around
53.A. went      B. came      C. grew      D. increased
54.A. wishes     B. hobbies      C. lessons     D. life
55.A. despair     B.astonishment    C.disappointment   D. puzzle
56.A. still       B. even      C. yet      D. ever
57.A. forgotten     B. repeated     C. conducted    D. finished
58.A. cooperation    B. expression    C. description    D. influence
59.A. admired      B. acquired     C. adopted      D. exploited
60.A. way       B. channel      C. path      D. trip
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
A motto is a sentence or a phrase which can inspire us especially when we are   61   (face) with difficulties. Many of us use well-know   62   (say) as mottos, such as “Where there is a will, there is a way.” Or “nothing is difficult if you put your heat into it.”, and so on. My motto is “God helps those who help  63  . Sometimes I am lazy 64   don’t want to make efforts to work hard, but the moment I think of my motto I will get  65  (energy) again and devote myself to what I am doing. I write my motto  66   I can see it easily. Every time I fail in my exam and begin to lose heart, the sight of my motto inspires me   67   much confidence. My motto also makes me become an   68   (dependent) person. That is to say, I won’t rely on others   69  (easy). My friends, what is your motto? If you still haven’t got a motto, please choose   70   because a motto can have a great effect on you.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词;
          2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 
I have been feeling tired these days and often find hard to concentrate on my study. My teacher told me that it was the sign of anxiety. She advised me to read an article about reducing tension and improving brain efficient. I listened to her and found some useful ways in it. I began to form a habit of talking a nap for 15minutes at noon and try to spare 30 minutes a day to get move. A walk on the playground was beneficial. Besides, following the author’s advices, I would play words with friends during class break, which made the brain refreshed and worked better. Having fun with friends is really a good way of becoming relaxed.
Being third may influence our mood though it has positive side. The brain can be the more creative. The author reminds what we should not fall asleep with brush in hand and we had better do something creative.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
英语课上老师让同学们写一篇英语文章,谈谈对当前中学生中存在的某些饮食现状的看法。
提示如下:
1.越来越多的中学生喜欢吃西式快餐;
2.对中餐和西式快餐哪种更健康同学们有不同看法;
3.你的看法和观点。
注意:
1.词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
 
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山东省莱芜市2018届高三上学期期中考试英语试题答案  2017.11
第I卷  (共100分)
第一部分  听力 (每小题1.5分,共30分)
1-5 BACAB 6—10 CABCC 11—15 BAACC 16—20 BBAAC
第二部分  阅读理解 (共40分)
第一节 (每小题2分,共30分)
21-25 ABDCD     26-30 ACCBC    31-35 ADCDB  
第二节 (每小题2分,共10分)
36-40 BEAGD
第三部分 英语知识运用
第一节 完形填空 (每小题1.5分,共30分)
41-45 ACCDD     46-50 DBABC    51-55 DCBAB     56-60 BDDBA
第II卷  (共50分)
第三部分 
第二节 语篇填空 (每空1.5分,共15分)
61.faced    62. sayings      63. themselves       64. and       65. energetic  
66. where    67. with        68. independent      69. easily     70. one
第四部分 书面表达
短文改错(共10分)
假定以下是你同学的一篇习作,请你帮助修改。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
        2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起),不计分。
说明: 文中出现的10处错误依次如下:
I have been feeling tired these days and often find∧hard to concentrate on my study. My
                                            it
teacher told me that it was the sign of anxiety. She advised me to read an article about
                      a
reducing tension and improving brain efficient. I listened to her and found some useful ways
                              efficiency
in it. I began to form a habit of taking a nap for 15minutes at noon and try to spare 30 minutes
                                                         tried
a day to get move. A walk on the playground was beneficial. Besides, following the author's
         moving       
advices, I would play words with friends during class breaks, which made the brain refreshed
advice[KS5UKS5U]
and worked better. Having fun with friends is really a good way of becoming relaxed.
   work
 Being tired may influence our mood though it has positive side. The brain can be the
                              but
more creative. The author reminds what we should not fall asleep with the brush in hand and
                            that
we had better do something creative.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
 (一)评分原则
1、本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分。
2、评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,综合把握,客观、公正赋分。
3、词数少于80和多于120的,从总分中减去2分。
4、评分时应注意的主要内容为:表达的完整性、内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性及上下文的连贯性。
5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。
(二)评分标准
第五档(21-25分):完全完成了试题规定的任务,完全达到了预期的写作目的。
——覆盖所有内容要点。
——应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。
——语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备较强的语言运用能力。
——有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。
第四档(16-20分):完全完成了试题规定的任务,达到了预期的写作目的。
——虽漏掉1、2个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容。
——应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。
——语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。
——应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。
第三档(11-15分):基本完成了试题规定的任务,整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的。
——虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。
——应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。
——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。
——应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文内容连贯。
第二档(6-10分):未恰当完成试题规定的任务,信息未能清楚地传达给读者。
——漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。
——语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。
——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。
——较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性。
第一档(1-5分):未完成试题规定的任务,信息未能传达给读者。
——明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求。
——语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。
——较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。
——缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯。
不得分(0分):未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法看清。

 

 


 

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