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河南天一大联考2018届高三英语上学期阶段测试(三)附答案

时间:2017-12-18 15:21:56作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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绝密★启用前
天一大联考
2017-2018学年高中毕业班阶段性测试(三)
英语
考生注意:
1.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在试卷和答题卡上,并将考生号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。
2_回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
3.考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有2分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题 卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
    听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每 段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the skirt?
A. £19.15. B.£9. 18. C.JE9.15.
答案是C。
1. What does the man mean?
A. He has lost those tools.
B. He hasn't finished using the tools.
C. He hates to lend his tools to others.
2. What do we know about the man?
A. He doesn’t like his job. B. He will not give up his job.
C. He has a large family to support.
3. What’s the relationship between the two speakers?
A. Classmates. B. Teacher and student. C. Headmaster and teacher.
4.Who is worried about gaining weight?
A. The son. B. Aunt Louise. C. The mother.
5. Why doesn' t the woman buy the coat?
A. There isn't her size. B.It is too expensive. 
C.She doesn’t like the color.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳 选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答 时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What is the woman probably?
A. A hotel clerk. B, A house agent. C.A shop assistant.
7.Where are the pillows filled  with ?
A. Cotton, B. Dried flowers. C. A special material.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Where did the woman once work?
A. In a trading company. B. In a travel company. C. In a computer company.
9. How fast can the woman type?
A. 100 English words per minute.
B. 150 Chinese words per minute.
C. 150 English words per minute.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What's wrong with the woman's mother?
A. She has been sick.
B. She misses her family and friends.
C. She can't earn enough to support her family.
11. Where does the woman live?
A. In China. B. In India. C.In America.
12. What does the woman plan to do next year?
A. Travel to India.
B. Learn a new language.
C. Visit her father’s native country.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. How many Economics lectures will the man attend every week?
A. Five times, from Monday* to Friday*
B. Two times, on Thursday and Friday.
C. Two times, on Tuesday and Thursday.
14. Why did the man miss the meeting for the new students yesterday?
A. Because he had to do a part-time job.
B. Because he hadn’t been told about it.
C. Because he had to attend the group discussion.
15. If a student wants to earn the scholarship, what is the least required attendance rate?
A.80%. B.90%. C. 100%.
16. What can we know about the man?
A. He is new to the university.
B. He has to work every morning.
C. He thinks the lecture time is too early.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. How long has the speaker lived in a big city?
A.One year. B. Ten years. C. Eighteen years.
18. What does the speaker think of public transport in big cities?
a.Comfortable. B. Time-saving. C. Cheap.
19. What is good about living in a small town?
A.It’s safer. B. It's healthier. C. It’s more convenient.
20. What kind of life does the speaker seem to like most?
A.Busy. B. Colorful. C.Quiet.
第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
    Volunteers give their time and money to help those in need. Non-profit organizations around the world seek volunteers to feed the homeless,build houses and encourage people who suffer. Those who cannot give time are encouraged to give donations to volunteer organizations. The following are all non-profit orgnizations.
Habitat for Humanity
    Founded in 1942,Habitat for Humanity has built over 400,000 homes and served more than 2 million people around the world. It helps create affordable homes for those affected by natural disasters and homelessness. Its goal is to remove poverty and homelessness from the world.
Peace Corps
    Over 200,000 Peace Corps volunteers have worked in 139 host countries around the world. This volunteer organization began in 1960,working on AIDS relief, business development and Information technology around the world. In 2011 , 37% of its volunteers were serving in Africa,24% in Latin America and 21% in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. It aims to promote world peace and friendship,
Make a Wish Foundation
    Make a Wish Foundation is a globally known volunteer organization seeking to help children with life- threatening medical conditions. b The organization was founded in 1980 and has reached more than 193,000 children around the globe. Children with life-threatening medical conditions are selected to have a personal wish come true. This organization creates an unforgettable experience for a child in need.
Volunteers of America
    Volunteers of America is a non-profit organization that has helped over 2 million people in the US. It’s famous in the US for its human service programs for at-risk youths, the elderly and homeless people. Approximately 70 ,000 volunteers help this organization reach its aim* For over 115 years, it has brought meals, medicine and warmth to people in need in the US.
21.What's the purpose of the text?
A. To compare different volunteer organizations. 
B. To promote some benefits of volunteering.
C. To tell how volunteer organizations work. 
D. To introduce some volunteer organizations.
22.Which of the following has the shortest history?
A. Habitat for Humanity.    B. Peace Corps.
C. Make a Wish Foundation. D. Volunteers of America.
23.What makes Volunteers of America different from the other three?
A. The aim of its working,        B. The range of its service area.
C. The number of its volunteers. D. The number of people benefited,
B
     Saraswati Bai, a 75-year-old woman from India, says that she hasn’ t consumed a grain of rice, or any other solid food in the last 60 years. Apart from one banana a week一eaten only now and then—she survives on water and tea alone.
     Saraswati remembers that she used to have a normal diet until she got a Typhoid (伤寒)infection,a few months after her first son was born. She couldn't keep anything down and suffered severe stomach aches, so she
B
    Saraswati Bai, a 75-year-old woman from India, says that she hasn’ t consumed a grain of rice, or any other solid food in the last 60 years. Apart from one banana a week一eaten only now and then—she survives on water and tea alone.
     Saraswati remembers that she used to have a normal diet until she got a Typhoid (伤寒)infection,a few months after her first son was born. She couldn't keep anything down and suffered severe stomach aches, so she  gave up eating completely. As her condition improved, she started drinking tea,but her appetite never returned. Concerned about both her well-being and that of their son,her husband Dwarka Prasad Patikar tried convincing   her to start eating solid food,but she just couldny t do it.
    Dwarka Prasad Patikar even took her to several treatment centers,but nothing worked,and seeing that she seemed to be in good health,he eventually gave up. Saraswati went on to give birth to five more children,and also worked in the fields alongside her husband. Even today ? she still spends up to five hours a day tending to her family's land.
    Unsurprisingly, after reading Saraswati ’ s story in the papers, a lot of people found it hard to believe, but both her family and her neighbors in the village of Sundrail confirm her claims.
    Mahendra Patidar, one of the woman 1 s sons, says that they have all got used to her eating habits, but   remember their father4 s attempts to get her to eat solid food, Ramesh Chandra, one of Saraswatifs neighbors,adds that everyone was surprised and concerned when they first learned about her diet,but after seeing her in such   good shape for her age,their feelings changed. Now they all have a strong desire to be like her.
24. What has Saraswati Bai mainly been feeding on in the past six decades?
A. Rice. B, Bananas. C Water and tea. D. Solid food.
25. When did Saraswati Bai start her unusual diet?
A. After being infected with Typhoid. 
B. After giving birth to her eldest son.
C. After having difficulty swallowing. 
D. After suffering a loss of appetite.
26. It can be known from paragraph 3 that Saraswati .
A. once received systematic treaWnents 
B.works less in the fields due to her diet
C. has brought up five children altogether 
D. is still very energetic now
27. What's Saraswati ’ s neighbors ’ present attitude towards her?
A. Disapproving, B. Admiring. C. Uncaring. D. Doubtful.
C
     A Japanese company,NextTechnology,has created a robot dog that can tell you how bad your feet smell,by using a powerful sensor fixed in its nose. If your feet don’t have a bad smell, Hana-chan will happily wag its tail, if it's exposed to feet that are mildly smelly,it'11 start to bark,and if they give off an extremely bad smell, it'11  just fall over like the smell caused it to faint (昏倒).
     Foot odor(脚臭)is a big deal in Japan, where it’s customary for people to take off their shoes whenever they enter someone' s home. In fact, exposing others to bodily odors can be considered annoyance in Japan. Some of the most brilliant minds in the country’s tech industry have been trying to solve this problem. Last year, Thanks started selling axmpit(腋窝)fans designed to keep people’s armpits nice and dry. Now, we have Hana-chan.
    The robot dog has a special sensor for a nose,and can tell you if your feet smell just by sniffing them for a  few seconds. According to some media reports,Hana-chan can help solve the problem of extremely smelly feet by spraying them with air freshener, but it's unclear whether this feature comes built-in,or if you ’ 11 have to pay extra for it.
     According to researchers at NextTechnology, the idea for Hana-chan was inspired by a person who desperately wanted some way to know if his feet smelled. “He told us his daughter had said his feet were smelly,” NextTechnology's Kimika Tsuji said.   But he didn't want to know how bad the odor was because he would feel
hurl. That's why we developed this cute robot.”
     You may be able to make Hana-chan faint with your smelly feet,but it can have conscious people. NextTechnology plans to start selling the feet-smelling robot dog next May。
28. Under what condition will Hana,chan bark?
A. When its nose is fixed with a sensor. 
B. When it detects mildly smelly feet.
C.When it wags its tail.      
D. When something is wrong with its nose.
29. Why is foot odor paid great attention to in Japan?
A. Because Japanese have strong bodily odors.
B. Because its tech industry is highly developed.
C. Because Japanese are especially considerate of others.
D. Because Japanese are usually barefooted at others’ home.
30. What can be inferred about Hana-chan from the text?
A. Its idea comes from Kimika Tsuji. B. It’s already available in the market.
C.It can recognize foot odor quickly, D. It has a built-in air freshener sprayer.
31.What does the underlined part in the last paragraph imply?
A. Hana-chan is no cheap thing. 
B. People should mind their smelly feet.
C.People should be careful about their budget. 
D. Hana-chan makes people loosen their budget.
D
    Anger itself is neither good nor bad. It's what we do when we’re angry that matters. Anger is a tool that helps us to read and respond to the social situations that bother us. But how can we keep it under control?
    It's normal to think that getting angry is bad and many times we punish ourselves for doing so. But contrary to popular belief, research indicates that anger increases optimism, creativity and efficiency(效率). In addition, studies suggest that anger can lead to more successful negotiations at work ? as well as in our personal lives.
In fact,suppressing.(抑制)anger can be very bad for your health. In this sense, Dr, Ernest Harburg performed a study by monitoring a group of adults. What he found is that the men and women who suppressed their anger as a response to an unjust attack had a higher risk of developing bronchitis(支气管炎),suffering from heart attacks, and were more likely to die before their colleagues who let their anger surface when they felt bothered.
      When anger arises,we feel the need to either prevent or put am end to this powerful emotion for the sake of our well-being or the well-being of those we care about. But this act of kindness, sympathy,love or justice isn't beneficial in this way. However,it's definitely a good thing to be cautious when anger appears* Expressing your anger can be appropriate with certain people at certain times. The question lies in how to do it without losing control. The key to expressing your anger is to find the appropriate tone for expressing what it is that upsets you. But to avoid unnecessary shouting, hitting, or other violent reactions, it’s worth taking a moment to step back and think, even though we may be in the middle of an argument with someone.
32. What do people generally think of anger?
A. It is a helpful tool.
B. It is a negative feeling state.
C.It is likely to improve creativity. 
D. It is important in social situations.
33. What does Dr* Ernest Harburg’s study imply about anger?
A. It needs a way out.        B. It should be avoided.
C. It can cause sudden death. D. It must be kept under control.
34. What does the author suggest we do when we're angry?
A.Find out its cause, B. Ignore it.
C.React to it violently. D. Express it reasonably.
35.Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. Ways to Control Anger.  B. Benefits of Mild Anger
C. Anger Isn't Always Bad. D. Anger Does Affect Health
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。
     In a world full of uncertainty, it's important to have at least one thing you can count on. 36 For some it could be reading. For others it could be running. For me, however, this thing is always art.
     Creating can be difficult,but that’s what makes art special. You can start your project with a certain idea of what you want and you can change your mind a thousand times, 37 So be patient with yourself even if your idea is a little messy.
If I could name my favorite thing about art, it would be that no two pieces axe the same. Many people try to follow one another in an attempt to be just like them, but that’ 11 never happen. 38 Art has taught me that before anything,be yourself. You may be a little too colorful for some people but to others you're exactly the rainbow they've been looking for.
    39 The small things you observe could be your inspiration. Listen, feel and see more. You can learn about the world if you just pay attention. And it will fascinate you how much more you appreciate the small things in people and in the world.
     Art is seen differently by everyone. However, one thing that every piece of art has in common is creativity. You don’t need to be good at painting to enjoy something beautiful. Be ready to be patient,be yourself and be   observant (善于观察的).40
A. The beauty of art is in the details.
B. I've learned some lessons from creating.
C. If so, there’ll be no limits on what you can create.
D. It’s something that nothing or no one could take away.
E. There'11 always be certain things that make them unique.
F. The only thing that makes me happy is painting-
G. But no matter what, there will always be a finished product.
第三部分语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节(共20小题;每小题1. 5分7满分30分)
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
     One day,Luke Fortune drove from Oregon to Portland,where he parked his car in a paid gaiage overnight. The next morning, he 41 the car's window had been broken7 along with his dreams for the future—His computer was 42.“Everything important to me was on that computer,” said Fortune. "I felt 43 . ”
     Two days after the theft, a young man, Masoud Almazrouei, called Fortune. Almazrouei was an exchange student from the United Arab Emirates. He'd been 44 by a man who said he had a computer for 45 .Only $200. Almazrouei needed a computer* so he bought it, took it home and 46 the computer. Within seconds, he saw files and photographs. “I wondered who would sell a computer 47 all of this on it, ” he said.
     “ I 48 it could be stolen. ” Almazrouei found what appeared to be the owner’s phone number and. called it 49 .
     “He told me the story and said it was his fault。I thought it was a 50.I told him if he really had the  51 he should take it to the police. ”  Fortune said. 52 ,a police officer called Fortune saying that a man
had 53 the computer off and had said he was 54 .He passed along the man’s number. Fortune called  and thanked Almazrouei and 55 paying him a reward of $200. Almazrouei 56 .
    When a report about the two young men’ s story made it to the local papers, Almazrouei received a ( n) 57 from Wim Wiewel, the president of the university where Almazrouei is studying. Impressed with his student? s 58 ,Wiewel gave Almazrouei a new computer. uWe thought since you 59 the computer, we  should give you a computer so that you,11 have one,” Wiewel told him. “ We,re very 60 of you,” the president said on the phone.
41. A. expected    B. concluded     C. discovered D. remembered
42. A. robbed    B. hidden     C. broken     D. gone
43* A. curious    B. sad         C. strange     D. regretful
44. A* inspired    B. reminded     C. interviewed D. approached
45. A. example    B. sale         C. fun         D. free
46. A. turned on   B. turned around C. turned off D. turned in
47. A. by        B.of             C. with         D. in
48. A. realized    B. recommended C. admitted     D. guaranteed
49. A. unwillingly B. cautiously C. immediately D. automatically
50. A. mistake    B. catastrophe C. misunderstanding D. trick
51. A. chance    B. computer     C. bravery     D. experience
52. A. Besides.    B. Instead     C. Afterwards D. Therefore
53. A. took        B. moved         C. dropped     D. set
54. A. sorry    B. nervous     C. lucky     D. scared
55. A.enjoyed    B. practiced     C. succeeded in D. insisted on
56. A.ignored    B. refused     C. hesitated D. withdrew
57. A. invitation B. apology     C. warning     D. call
58. A. honesty     B. courage     C. independence D. determination
59. A. took back B. kept back C. gave back D. held back
60. A. fond         B. proud     C. aware     D. confident
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
    阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式,并将答案填写在答题卡上。
    The importance of punctuality(守时)61 (be)obvious. It affects both the individual and the workplace.
     When employees are punctual, the workplace operates more smoothly as 62 whole. For example, when everyone is on time for a meeting,the meeting is able to start smoothly as 63 (arrange ) . Punctuality may help you achieve advancement. Research shows that 64 ( manager) are less likely to promote employees who are   always late.
    Lack of punctuality not only affects the “machine” of the workplace, it also affects the people in it. It may   lead to anger, as colleagues who are on time compare 65 (they)with late-comers. Being late throws you out of the group, as you may miss important 66 (inform). This causes a harmful division among employees. Leaders   affect the entire workplace. When leaders are late, it sends an irresponsible message to employees, 67 may   lower their work enthusiasm.
     Lateness leads to stress,and stress results 68 poor workplace performance. Being consistently late may cause you 69 (start) believing your lateness is acceptable. When this happens, you begin to blame outside circumstances and lose focus on potential solutions. 70 (bad)of all,constant lateness can eventually make you   lose your job.
第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
     假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
   增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
   删除:把多佘的词用斜线()划掉。
   修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
     2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
     Yesterday a few friends and I took a trip on a new ferry, where was free for the month of July. They had lots   of fun during the first half of the trip, 'But when we were ready to returning,the ferry broke down. This meant we  had to find alternative way home. Fortunately there were another ferry we could take, so it had to be paid, A  mother and her three child had no money for the feny. Without hesitation, I pay the fare for them. They were very  glad and they kept thanking for me. I felt happily as well.
第二节书面表达(满分25分)
    假定你是李华。上周日你和来自美国的交换生Peter一起到泰山游玩,但Peter在下山途中不慎摔倒,右腿骨折住进了医院。请你就此事用英语给Peter的父母史密斯夫妇写一封电子邮件,内容包括:
    1.事故发生的时间、地点和原因;
    2.Peter的现状;
    3.你的打算。
注意:1.词数100左右;
      2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Mr. and Mrs. Smith,
                                                                          
                                                                          
                                                                          
                                                                          
                                                                          

Yours,
Li Hua


 

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