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第一节 阅读理解（每小题2分, 共30分）
BKLYN House Hotel
This hotel features works by Brooklyn artists. The 116 rooms are good value and Manhattan is only 20 minutes away by taxi or subway. The immediate surroundings feel urban—the hotel is by a high-rise public housing project while the nearest commercial street is under elevated(高的) subway tracks—but Bushwick’s best bars and cafes / restaurants are nearby.
Doubles from $99, room only. Tel: 718 388 4433
Visitors eager to stay in the heart of Manhattan should try one of the bargain-priced rooms at this hotel. Rates vary from great value to expensive; some start from as low as $179 a night (if prepaying in full). Rooms are small but tasteful, with nice touches such as exposed brick. Some have close-up views of the Empire State Building.
Doubles from $199, room only. Tel: 212 719 4100
Pod 39 Hotel
In an elegant brick building in Manhattan’s Murray Hill, this excellent budget option opened following the success of its sister hotel, The Pod. The rooms are called pods given for their small size and may not suit everyone. But with prices among the most competitive in Manhattan, budgeters will be happy.
Doubles from $95, room only. Tel: 212 865 5700
CitizenM New York Times Square
This is the first US location for a Netherlands-based concept hotel chain—CitizenM. The hotel features self check-in at its 230 little but comfortable rooms via touch screen “MoodPads”. There’s a rooftop bar, a 24-hour grab-and-go cafeteria and an area with public iMac workspaces. Although New Yorkers avoid nearby Times Square, all the lights, cameras and action can make it a fun tourist experience.
Doubles from $170, room only. Tel: 212 319 7000
1．What can we know about BKLYN House Hotel?
A. It has the most rooms. B. It is located in Manhattan.
C. It is Bushwick’s best hotel. D. It is decorated with some art works.
2．Which hotel might attract those who have a tight budget?
A. Archer Hotel. B. Pod 39 Hotel.
C. BKLYN House Hotel. D. CitizenM New York Times Square.
3．Which number should you call if you want to live in the heart of Manhattan?
A. 212 319 7000. B. 718 388 4433. C. 212 865 5700. D. 212 719 4100.
Doctors in hospital emergency rooms often see accidental poisonings. A frightened parent arrives with a child who swallowed a cleaning liquid. Or perhaps the harmful substance is a medicine. Or it might be a chemical product meant to kill insects. These are common causes of accidental poisoning.
In cases like this, seek medical help as soon as possible. Save the container of whatever caused the poisoning. And look on the container for information about anything that stops the effects of the poison. Save anything expelled from the mouth of the victim. That way, doctors can examine it.
Millions of people know a way to save a person who is choking on something trapped in the throat. The method is commonly known as the Heimlich Maneuver or abdominal thrusts(腹部按压), which you can do by getting directly behind a sitting or standing person. Put your arms around the victim’s waist. Close one hand to form a ball. Place it over the upper part of the stomach, below the ribs. Place the other hand on top. Then push forcefully inward and upward. Repeat the abdominal thrusts until the object is expelled from the mouth. For someone who is pregnant or very fat, place your hands a little higher than with normal abdominal thrusts.
Red Cross experts say taking these steps can save many lives. But they also warn that abdominal thrusts are not for people who have almost drowned. They say use of the method could delay other ways to re-start breathing in the victim. Abdominal thrusts should be used only in cases where a near-drowning victim is choking on an object.
To learn more about first aid, ask a hospital or organization like a Red Cross or Red Crescent Society for information. There may be training classes offered in your area.
4. According to the first paragraph, which of the following is NOT the common cause of accidental poisonings?
A. A harmful medicine B. A cleaning liquid
C. Poisonous insects D. Dangerous pesticide(杀虫剂)
5. The underlined word “expelled” in paragragh2 can be replaced by “ ”.
A. coming out B. taking up C. going away D. getting down
6. Why abdominal thrusts are not for people who have almost drowned?
A. Because people are unwilling to attempt rescue efforts
B. Because it is hard to perform
C. Because it is no need to do so
D. Because it could hold up other ways to re-start breathing in the victim
7. What is the author’s purpose in writing this text?
A. To promote medical research B. To share some knowledge about first aid
C. To show how to perform abdominal thrusts D. To help people deal with accidental poisoning
At your next meeting, wait for a pause in conversation and try to measure how long it lasts.
Among English speakers, chances are that it will be a second or two at most. But while this pattern may be universal, our awareness of silence differs dramatically across cultures.
What one culture considers a confusing or awkward pause may be seen by others as a valuable moment of reflection and sign of respect for what the last speaker has said. Research in Dutch (荷兰语)and also in English found that when a silence in conversation stretches to four seconds, people start to feel uneasy. In contrast, a separate study of business meetings found that Japanese people are happy with silences of 8.2 seconds---nearly twice as long as in Americans’ meetings.
In Japan, it is recognized that the best communication is when you don’t speak at all. It’s already a failure to understand each other by speaking because you’re repairing that failure by using words.
In the US, it may originate from the history of colonial America as a crossroads of many different races. When you have a complex of difference, it’s hard to establish common understanding unless you talk and there;s understandably a kind of anxiety unless people are verbally engaged to establish a common life. this applies also to some extent to London.
In contract, when there’s more homogeneity, perhaps it’s easier for some kinds of silence to appear. For example, among your closest friends and family it’s easier to sit in silence than with people you’re less well acquainted with.
8．Which of the following people might have the longest silence in conversation?
A. The Dutch B. Americans C. The English D. The Japanese
9．What might the Japanese agree with a in conversation?
A. Speaking more gives the upper hand B. Speak out what you have in your mind
C. Great minds think alike without words D. The shorter talking silence, the better
10．What does the underlined word “homogeneity” in the last paragraph mean?
A. Similarity B. Contradiction C. Diversity D. Misunderstanding
11．What can we learn from the text?
A. A four second silence in conversation is universal
B. It’s hard for American to reach a common agreement
C. English speakers are more talkative than Japanese speakers
D. The closer we and our family are, the easier the silence appears
Cities are likely to be affected by overheating, thanks to something called the urban heat island effect. Cities tend to be short of trees, which provide shade, and they are covered with black pavement, which absorbs heat from the sun. Think of how it feels to wear a dark shirt versus a white shirt on a sunny day. A black shirt absorbs light, heating you up. But a white shirt reflects light, keeping you cool.
The average temperature in a city of a million or more people can be more than 5 degrees F hotter than surrounding areas. That extra 5 degrees can turn a hot day from uncomfortable to deadly. As temperatures rise, cities will be an especially dangerous place to be during a heat wave. To protect public health, city officials are going to make the city cooler.
As part of that effort, Los Angeles is coating its roads in CoolSeal, a gray paint that keeps streets and parking lots 10 degrees cooler than black asphalt（沥青）. It will help Angelinos save money during the summer, when air conditioning sends power bills soaring. And it will save lives by lowering temperatures and improving air quality. Hot weather worsens air pollution by turning car exhaust into smog, which can make life miserable for people with asthma（哮喘）and other breathing problems.
Of course, LA will have to do more than paint over a few streets to cool off the city. Angelinos will also need to plant more trees and apply white paint to rooftops—at least those not already covered in solar panels. While LA is a pioneer of reflective streets, other cities, like New York, are already experimenting with reflective roofs or, like Melbourne, lowering the temperature by planting trees. LA is hardly alone in its effort to stay cool.
“This is an urgent challenge, and it’s much bigger than one person,” said Mayor Garcetti in a recent statement. “Climate change is a fact of life that people in Los Angeles and cities around the world live with every day.”
12．Which of the following contributes to the urban heat island effect?
A. Planting more trees in the streets. B. Covering the streets with white paint.
C. Applying reflective paint to rooftops. D. Furnishing every house with air conditioners.
13．What should the city officials emphasize during hot summer?
A. How to make the city cooler. B. Where to wear a white shirt.
C. Why to coat the roads with black paint. D. When to cut off the electricity supply.
14．What benefit can people gain from the use of CoolSeal?
A. Increasing the indoor activities. B. Promoting the sale of air conditioners.
C. Making life easier and more comfortable. D. Reducing the number of cold days.
15．What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. L.A. adopted many approaches to fight against the heat.
B. L.A. calls on people to fight against global warming.
C. More and more countries begin to plant trees in the streets.
D. L.A. is painting its streets white to keep the city cool.
第二节 阅读填空（每小题2分, 共10分）.
Facing the Enemies Within
We are not born with courage, but neither are we born with fear. Fears, even the most basic ones, can totally ruin our ambitions (雄心壮志). Fear can ruin fortunes. Fear can ruin relationships. Fear, if left unchecked, can ruin our lives. Fear is one of the many enemies living inside us.
The first enemy we face is indecision. Indecision is the thief of opportunity, 17 . Take a sword to this enemy.
The second enemy inside is doubt. 18 , But you also can’t let doubt take over. Many people doubt the past, doubt the future, doubt each other, doubt the government, doubt the possibilities and doubt the opportunities. Worse of all, they doubt themselves. I’m telling you, doubt will ruin your life and your chances of success. It will empty both your bank account and your heart. 19
Do battle with the enemy. Do battle with your fears. 20 . Be courageous in your life and in your pursuit of the things you want and the person you want to become.
A. Sure, there’s room for healthy doubt. You can’t believe everything.
B. Build your courage to fight what’s holding you back, what’s keeping you from your goals and dreams.
C. Let me tell you about two of the other enemies we face from within.
D. Below are the ways which might be useful for us to overcome our fears.
E. Doubt is an enemy. Go after it. Get rid of it.
F. It will steal your chances for a better future.
G. Some people doubt everything.
第一节 完型填空（每空1.5分, 共30分）
On June 8th, much of the world observes United Nations World Oceans Day. The idea is to remind people how 21 the world's oceans are to all life on Earth, to celebrate their beauty, and to bring attention to the 22 human activity has on the oceans. This year, the 23 is “Our Oceans, Our Future”, with 24 emphasis on finding solutions to plastic pollution, and 25 marine (海洋) litter for a healthier ocean and a better future.
The world's oceans produce over half of our 26 for breath, help regulate our climate, absorb carbon dioxide, and support the greatest 27 of life on our planet. Nearly half of all species on Earth 28 on the oceans for survival, and for many of the rest, including for people, the oceans 29 the quality of life.
The oceans are 30 vital to the world’s economy, because they are key to transportation and recreation. And 31 over 95 percent of the underwater kingdom remains unexplored, it is nearly a certainty that their 32 may hold the cure to many a disease, the resolution to many problems.
And yet, as much as 40 per cent of the world’s oceans are heavily 33 by human activities that result in pollution, over-fishing, and loss of coastal habitats. Of particular 34 is plastic litter. Some of it comes from 35 that use our rivers, lakes and seas, and 36 makes its way into the ocean. But 37 washes off land into the ocean each year.
We must remember the health and safety of our oceans is our 38 responsibility, one that we cannot afford to ignore. 39 through good administration can we safeguard the health of our oceans, and 40 that the oceans continue to meet the needs of future generations.
21．A. serious B. important C. apparent D. awesome
22．A. influence B. result C. affection D. drawback
23．A. title B. movement C. campaign D. theme
24．A. vital B. possible C. special D. fundamental
25．A. reusing B. preventing C. collecting D. gathering
26．A. water B. food C. air D. oxygen
27．A. abundance B. freedom C. independence D. protection
28．A. base B. depend C. live D. attach
29．A. increase B. decrease C. improve D. develop
30．A. also B. even C. still D. often
31．A. when B. while C. since D. although
32．A. areas B. widths C. amounts D. depths
33．A. destroyed B. exploited C. affected D. explored
34．A. activity B. concern C. reason D. cause
35．A. ships B. vehicles C. cars D. travelers
36．A. naturally B. controversially C. evidently D. eventually
37．A. much B. many C. some D. little
38．A. individual B. national C. common D. alternative
39．A. Then B. And C. So D. Only
40．A. promise B. insure C. foresee D. subscribe
Like most people, I was brought up to look upon life as a getting. It was not until in my later thirties 41 I made this important discovery: giving away things 42 (make) life so much more exciting. One discovery I made about giving away is that it is almost 43 (possibility) to give away anything in this world without getting something back, though the return often comes in 44 unexpected form. One Sunday morning the local post office delivered a letter to my home, though it 45 (address) to me at my office. I wrote the postmaster a note of 46 (appreciate). More than a year later I needed a post office box for a new business I was starting. I was told at the window that there were no boxes 47 (leave), and that my name would have to go on a long waiting list. As I was about to leave, the postmaster appeared in the doorway. He had overheard our conversation. “Wasn’t it you that wrote us a letter a year ago about 48 (deliver) a special delivery to your home?” I said yes. “Well, you are 49 (certain) going to have a box in this post office if we have to make one for you. You don’t know 50 a letter like that means to us. We usually get nothing but complaints.
文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（）划掉。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧）,并在其下面写出该加的词。 修改：在错的词下划一横线,在该词下面写出修改后的词。
I was entering the underground parking lot when I heard a little girl shouted, “Mama, Mama!”I looked around and saw the girl in a car alone. I went over to ask her how was the matter. She said she needed to go to the washroom badly. I tell the girl to get out and I would take him to the washroom. She was very gladly and ran with me to the washroom. After she washed her hand, I took her back to car. Still, her mom didn’t come. I really hoped the girl would tell her mom what had been happened. But next time the mom wouldn’t leave her little daughter in the car on herself.
假设你是李华，你的英国朋友Jim在给你的邮件中提到对中国文化感兴趣，因此你推荐他观看“中国诗词大会”（Chinese Poetry Competition）这档电视节目。请你给Jim回一封电子邮件，内容包括：
1 介绍该节目播出时间和电视频道；（每周五晚8:05, CCTV 1）
1-3 D B D 4-7 C A D B 8-11 D C A D 12-15 D A C D
二．七选五 16-20 C F A E B
21-25 B A D C B 26-30 D A B C A
31-35 C D C B A 36-40 D A C D B
1．that 2．makes 3．impossible 4．an 5．was addressed 6．appreciation
7．left 8．delivering 9．certainly 10．what
I’m very glad to hear that you are interested in Chinese culture.
Here, I’d like to recommend to you “Chinese Poetry Competition”, a TV program broadcast on CCTV1 at 8:05 every Friday night. As we know, Chinese poetry has a long history. Some poems are written to tell a story, while others are written to express the authors’ feelings, such as happiness or sorrow. Most poems rhyme at the end of the lines, and it is the rhythm and rhyme that make poems really beautiful. I believe the program will help you gain a better understanding of Chinese culture, and we can talk about poems in the future.
If you want to know more, please let me know.
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