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湖北四地七校2018届高三英语2月联考试卷(附答案)

时间:2018-02-13 17:39:47作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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绝密★启用前
荆、荆、襄、宜四地七校考试联盟
2018届高三2月联考
英语试题
命题学校:襄阳五中    命题人:李濛奇  郑  程  梅菊军    审题人:胡绪超
本试卷共10页,72题。全卷满分150分。考试用时120分钟。
★祝考试顺利★
注意事项:
1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。
2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。写在试卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
3.非选择题的作答:用黑色签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
4.考试结束后,请将本试卷和答题卡一并上交。

第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
 例:How much is the shirt?
A. ₤19.15.      B. ₤9.18.      C. ₤9.15.
答案是C。

1. Who will the speakers have dinner with?
A. The man’s father. B. The woman’s sister. C. The man’s mother.
2. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. Their favorite food. B. The weekend plan. C. The woman’s trip.
3. Where is the woman now?
A. In Ireland. B. In Spain. C. In Thailand.
4. What still needs to be done?
A. Having a first team practice.    
B. Collecting money.    
C. Handing out the schedules.
5. Why can’t the woman sleep at night?
A. The baby keeps crying. 
B. Her mother moved in recently.
C. She is not used to her new role as a mother.

第二节  (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Why does the man want to get a car?
A. It is useful for his work. B. He has got a lot of money. C. The new model is on sale.
7. What do the speakers discuss in the end?
A. The way of payment. B. The quality of the car. C. The function of the car.

听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. How did the man respond to the woman’s first complaint?
A. He ignored her. B. He argued with her. C. He apologized to her.
9. What’s the relationship between the speakers?
A. Husband and wife. B. Host and cleaner. C. Store owner and customer.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Where are the speakers?
A. In the police station. B. On the road.               C. At the insurance company.
11. What did the man first suggest they do?
A. Talk to the people behind them.  
B. Pull over to the side of the road.
C. Get their cars fixed together.
12. How do the speakers deal with the situation in the end?
A. They call the police. B. They go through their insurance.   C. They settle it between themselves.

听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What does the woman compare the toy to?
A. A medicine. B. A ball. C. A hand.
14. What age group is the toy popular with?
A. Children. B. Teenagers. C. All age groups.
15. Why do some teachers dislike the toy?
A. It leads to theft. B. It causes arguments in class. C. It makes students lose focus.
16. Who is the actual inventor of the toy?
A. An academic researcher. B. An IT professional. C. A chemical engineer.

听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Who usually leads the introductions?
A. Matt. B. Steven. C. Karen.
18. Where can you find tennis equipment?
A. Near the bathrooms. B. At the center of the store. C. Just to the right of the speaker.
19. What is Andrew’s main responsibility?
A. Doing the accounts. 
B. Using the computers to list products.
C. Keeping the area neat and organized.
20. What will Laura do next?
A. Help fill out a form. B. Pay for goods. C. Do some sports.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
The Costa Book Awards consistently pick winners that are both of the moment and subsequently endure. It’s our pleasure to confirm this year’s Category Winners.
First Novel Award Winner
Book: Eleanor Oliphant is Completely Fine
Author: Gail Honeyman
Eleanor is 31 years old; work finishes on a Friday and begins again on a Monday. Between, her only company will be two bottles of vodka and her own solitary, unique wit (机智). It is contentment, of a kind, but an unexpected shared experience suddenly opens the door to possibility. Challenging reader expectations with a living, breathing character, Gail Honeyman’s debut is a funny and moving diamond.
Biography Award Winner
Book: In the Days of Rain
Author: Rebecca Stott
The Exclusive Brethren were a closed community who believed the world is ruled by Satan. Into this is born Rebecca. Her father had been an influential Brethren Minister. As her father lay dying, he begged her to help him write the memoir. He wanted to tell the story of their family who for generations had all been members of a fundamentalist Christian sect.
Poetry Award Winner
Book: Inside the Wave
Author: Helen Dunmore
To be alive is to be inside the wave, always travelling until it breaks and is gone. These poems are concerned with the borderline between the living and the dead — the underworld and the human living world – and the acutely intense being of both.
Children's Award Winner
Book: The Explorer
Author: Katherine Rundell, Hannah Horn
Four children survive their aircraft plunging into the Amazon jungle, but for Fred and his friends it’s only the beginning of a cruel battle for survival. Brimming with adventure and a real command of character and incident, Rundell has few peers in superb children’s fiction.
21. What kind of life does Eleanor lead?
A. boring and lonely.  B. funny and touching.
C. exciting and complex.  D. ordinary and happy.
22. Why did Rebecca Stott write In the Days of Rain?
A. To introduce beliefs of the Exclusive Brethren. 
B. To help her father fulfill his last wish.
B. To share the life of fundamentalist Christians.  
D. To pass on her family traditions.
23. For a young adventurous soul, which book seems more appealing?
A. Eleanor Oliphant is Completely Fine B. In the Days of Rain
C. Inside the Wave  D. The Explorer

B
Zero. That’s the number of points I scored the entire summer while playing in Philadelphia’s Sonny Hill Future League when I was 12 years old. I didn’t score. Not a free throw, not an accidental layup, not even a lucky throw-the-ball-up-oops-it-went-in-basket.
My father Joe “Jellybean” Bryant and my uncle John “Chubby” Cox were Future League legends in their day. My father as a 6’10” point forward and my uncle as a 6’4” point guard.
I was putting my family to shame!
I considered maybe just giving up basketball and just focusing on soccer. Here’s where my respect and admiration for MJ was forged (形成). I learned that he had been cut from his high school team as a freshman; I learned he knew what it felt like to be embarrassed, to feel like a failure. But he used those emotions to fuel him, make him stronger, he didn’t quit. So I decided to take on my challenge the same way he did. I would channel my failure as fuel to keep my competitive fire burning. I became obsessed with proving to my family — and more importantly to myself — that I CAN DO THIS.
It became an obsession. I learned everything about the game, the history, the players, the fundamentals. I wasn’t just determined to never have a summer of zero again, I was driven to inflict (使遭受) the same sense of failure on my competition as they unknowingly inflicted on me. My killer instinct to score was born.
Twenty-four years later, I pass my muse. What a journey this has been. Setting this mark is a huge honor. Thank you all for your love and support, it is much appreciated, even if the villain (恶棍) in me refuses to acknowledge it all the time.
24.Why did the author feel like giving up basketball when he was a kid?
A. He lost interest in basketball.
B. He showed a greater talent for football.
C. He felt that he didn’t deserve his family name.
D. His family was disappointed at his performance.
25.What did the author think of failure after knowing about MJ’s story?
A. Motivator. B. Nightmare.  C. Embarrassment.     D. Shame. 
26.What has the author achieved Twenty-four years later?
A. He has beaten MJ in his achievement.
B. He has known everything about basketball.
C. He has become another Future League legend.
D. He has defeated his nightmare of the Zero-scored summer.
27.Which word can best describe the author’s character?
A. Fragile B. Aggressive C. Optimistic            D. Proud

C
Zoos have traditionally been built in a certain way: Animals on the inside, humans on the outside, peering in. This separation is good in theory—humans and animals need to be protected from one another—but terrible in practice, as animals end up living in an environment far from a natural habitat. A new plan for a Zoo in Denmark wants to reverse those roles, giving animals more freedom in captivity while effectively placing humans inside protective barriers.
Called Zootopia, the conceptual design has the goal of turning the safari style zoo into a place where animals determine interaction—not humans. "Try to imagine if you asked the animals what they would like. What would they decide?" says the director of the project. "They want their nature back, so to speak, and we are going to try to create that".
In Zootopia, animals will wander free around the perimeter (周围,边缘)while humans observe, hidden away from view in underground passageways and naturalistic architecture structures. Visitors can watch lions through an underground enclosure disguised as a hill. They'll peek out at giraffes through windowed houses built into the side of a hilly plains. Outside of the main circular entrance, there will be no traditional buildings. "We want to take away human influence," said Zootopia's designers.
The main challenge, of course, is to design the zoo in a way that the enclosure is still there but it's not visible. The two-phase plan, which will cost around $200 million, is still in the improving and approval phase; it'll be at least five years until we see any work finished on the park, and it's likely to take upwards of 10 years before it opens. Can the animals wait that long?

28. Why does a zoo in Denmark plan to create Zootopia?
A. to protect animals from humans.
B. to provide animals with a natural habitat.
C. to provide humans with more freedom in the zoo.
D. to protect humans and give animals enough freedom.
29. Different from traditional zoos, in Zootopia         .
A. animals enjoy full freedom.
B. there will be no conventional buildings.
C. humans watch animals without being noticed.
D. humans can interact with animals at their will.
30. What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A. It’s tricky to design the enclosure.
B. Zootopia is now under construction.
C. There is a long way to go before Zootopia operates.
D. Zootopia arouses people’s concern about animals.
31. What is the passage mainly about?
A. the future of Zootopia      B. the development of Zootopia
C. the fall of traditional zoos    D. the concept of a cage-free zoo

D
If you often choose to spend your evenings settling into your bed with a cup of tea and Netflix, it’s probably a sign that you’re an introvert. But while flying solo can reveal a lot about your personality, it might say something about your smarts, too. Yes, it’s true: New research says that introverts could have a higher IQ.
Generally speaking, the more often people socialize with friends, the happier they feel. But intelligent people tend to prefer their “me time”, according to a new study by researchers at Singapore Management University and the London School of Economics.
To reach these results, the team of psychologists conducted two studies using data from a massive national review of over 15,000 people between the ages of 18 and 28. The first study examined the link between subjects’ scores on an intelligence test, the population density in the area where subjects lived, and how satisfied subjects reported feeling with their lives. Meanwhile, the second evaluated how subjects’ IQ scores compared to their life satisfaction and how often they socialized with friends.
Overall, participants who lived in less populated areas reported feeling happier, whereas those with high IQ scores who lived in the same areas felt less satisfied. Most people were also happier the more often they socialized, the results found. But on the flip side, intelligent people reported feeling less satisfied with their lives the more time they spent with friends.
While these two conclusions seem to contradict each other, the psychologists believe they can be explained by “the savanna theory of happiness.” Here’s the basic rundown: Back when our ancestors were hunter-gatherers, spending time with friends was essential to survive; now, as a result, most of us feel unhappy when we are isolated. But because people with high IQs don’t follow that rule, some scientists believe that intelligent brains are simply more adaptable to what would otherwise be unusual environments, such as being alone or living in crowded communities.
So next time you're looking for an excuse to back out of a social engagement, — preferably one that's not "I'd rather play Pokémon Go tonight" — then have we got the perfect line for you: "I'm just too intelligent."
32. What does the underlined word in paragraph 1 refer to?
A. someone who is intelligent and curious.
B. someone who is quiet and unsociable
C. someone who is active and determined
D. someone who is addicted to the Internet
33. According to the passage, who might be more satisfied with his life?
A. An average person living in a less crowded community.
B. A smart person hanging out with friends at weekends.
C. An average person watching TV alone at home.
D. A smart person living in a thinly-populated area
34. Why is the savanna theory of happiness mentioned in this passage?
A. To inform us why our ancestors needed friends.
B. To explain two seemingly contradictory conclusions.
C. To clarify why smart people prefer to stay alone.
D. To introduce a psychological theory to us.
35. What can we learn from the passage?
A. One’s intelligence might have something to do with his personality.
B. Intelligent brains feel uneasy in crowded communities.
C. People who play Pokémon Go are too intelligent for social engagements
D. Intelligent people are more flexible in unusual circumstances.

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

There are more and more options on the market to make your life easier when going green   36  .  Here, let’s take a look at the well-known options available for green house building.
Location Is Still Everything
Avoid building a west-facing house as the sun-exposure may overheat your home and lead to major air-conditioning electricity bills. Besides, do your research into any flood risk areas, hurricane or earthquake potentials within your chosen area    37  .
Keep It Size Appropriate
Right-sizing a home reduces its environmental impact. Compared with a larger green house, smaller homes always come up as more environmentally friendly.   38  . It means being conscious about what space is necessary and appropriate.
Play It Cool With That Roof
Scientists have discovered that similar to how wearing white on a summer’s day keeps you cool, painting your roof with a reflective coat keeps your home cooler and saves on air-conditioning bills!    39  .
Water is King
Water is one of the scarcest resources on our planet, building your house is an important opportunity to prevent water wastage through fixtures and appliances which save water. Think low flow faucet devices and Energy Star rated products.
Building a green home will not only save you money in the long run, it is also a thoroughly rewarding opportunity to ensure you’re contributing to our world’s sustainability    40  . A vast range of suggestions are also available to make your life easier when going green, so get involved and enjoy it!

A. Townhomes come in all shapes and sizes
B. A simple coating could bring down that heat by 50 degrees
C. There are excellent resources out there for green home building
D. There are motivations for engaging in green home building certification
E. Nevertheless, you don’t necessarily need to resign yourself to a cupboard under the stairs
F. Also, do keep aware of local transport links and public transport options when building your house
G. Growing research shows that the choice of greener buildings is becoming more mainstream and less of an alternative choice

第三部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
 I was watching Family Feud a few years ago when they asked something like “What’s one thing you want your pilot to be?” And one of the answers was “A man.” Yes, I was   41  , but that just motivated me more. It’s   42   enough to see women pilots—for the first two years of my flight training classes, I was the only female student—and even more unusual to see a pilot who’s a woman of   43  . Black women   44__     about 7 percent of the U.S. population, but less than 1 percent of pilots. And of course, most of them are a bit    __45   than I am. I just graduated from high school in May.
My mom is a crazy aviation (航空)   46  , so she always   47   me to air shows when I was younger. We’d watch the Thunderbirds or Blue Angels, and I’d get the pilots’ autographs (签名). With her   48  , I started taking lessons after I turned 12. Friends would ask me to   49   out, and I’d say, “Sorry, I have a flight”—they’d look at me   50   I had four heads. But the air felt like where I was   51   to be.
Flying is   52   for many reasons: the   53   you can see only from above, visiting incredible places. But to me, one of the coolest things is being   54   the plane — the liberation of holding the controls. I plan to   55   the big jets as an airline transport pilot, which   56   doing lots of ground training, banking 1,500 hours of flight time, and   57   a bunch of certificates and ratings.
 On my first plane   58  , when I was 4, the flight attendants gave me a little pin with wings. We took a picture of me in the cockpit(驾驶员座舱) next to   59  . Who would’ve   60   that someday I’d be sitting in his seat?
41. A. attacked B. moved C. pleased D. offended
42. A. odd B. rare C. common D. usual
43. A. responsibility B. colour C. achievement D. talent
44. A. occupy B. count C. make for D. account for
45. A. older B. younger C. taller D. stronger
46. A. collector B. fan  C. supporter D. researcher
47. A. took B. brought C. showed D. limited
48. A. restriction B. compromise C. encouragement D. understanding
49. A. speak B. move C. get D. hang
50. A. since B. as if C. for fear  D. while
51. A. permitted B. expected C. supposed D. appointed
52. A. amazing  B. frightening  C. thrilling  D. disappointing
53. A. horizon B. reality C. beauty D. target
54. A. in search of B. in charge of C. in possession of D. in favor of
55. A. land B. fly C. own D. board
56. A. allows  B. deserves C. means D. confirms
57. A. involving B. receiving C. collecting D. earning
58. A. performance B. lift C. ride D. lesson
59. A. my mum B. an attendant C. a passenger D. the captain
60. A. guessed  B. assessed C. suspected D. declared
   
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Thanks to technology you're already aware that you record 10,000 steps a day and get about three hours of REM sleep a night.   61   how much data are you collecting about your   62   (tooth)? Probably not enough.
A 2014 study   63   (find) that 30 percent of people are not brushing twice a day. When they do brush, people often do it wrong. Even people who have the right   64   (intend) may not be cleaning as well as they think. What they found was that there was a big gap between consumers' perception of their brushing and reality. Now, here is the new innovation in toothbrush technology — Bluetooth connectivity.
A Bluetooth signal on the brush transmits data via three sensors   65   a smartphone app. As you brush, the app directs you to six regions of your mouth, all of   66   get 20 seconds of brushing over a 2-minute period. The sensors tell the app if you're pushing too hard or too   67   (violent). The location sensor also tells you if you reached every spot and brushed it well enough. There's even a children's version of the software   __68   (call) Playbrush.
It doesn't end there. After your 2-minute session, the app signals you   69   (brush) again, if necessary. Then it asks if you've flossed, rinsed with a mouthwash and cleaned your tongue. Previously, the only way you'd get such feedback is by   70   (visit) the dentist every six months or so, and nobody enjoys that particular trip.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Nowadays there is an increasingly number of people who love mountain climbing. Indeed, it is an awesome outdoor sport, which can offer us a chance to get close to the nature. While climbing a mountain, we can enjoy beautiful views along the way and totally relax us after tiring work or study. Besides, it can not only benefit our health but also shapes our character. Moreover, mountain climbing is also likely to cause some negative effects. Some people always threw away empty bottles or garbage bags along the path, which have become a real headache for the cleaners. What’s worse, many forest fires are caused by cigarette end left behind carelessly by some smokers.
To sum up, mountain climbing is a sport worth joining. But we must pay attention to the two problems mention above.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,你不慎丢失外教Thomas 借给你的书The Great Gatsby。你给他写一封电子邮件,说明丢失的经过和解决办法。

注意:
1.词数100 左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Thomas,
—————————————————————————————————————
—————————————————————————————————————
—————————————————————————————————————

Yours,
Li Hua


荆、荆、襄、宜四地七校考试联盟
2018届高三2月联考英语参考答案

听力
  1—5 ACCBC 6—10 AACAB 11—15 BCBCC 16—20 BAABA
                                           
阅读理解
21—40    DBD     CAAB     DCCD     BABD   GFEBC
完形填空
41—50    DBBDA   BACDB   51—60 CACBB   CDCDA
语法填空
61. But       62. teeth           63. found    64. intentions/intention      65. to
66. which    67. violently    68. called    69. to brush         70. visiting
短文改错
Nowadays there is an increasingly number of people who love mountain climbing. Indeed, it is
                                        increasing
an awesome outdoor sport, which can offer us a chance to get close to the nature. While climbing a mountain, we can enjoy beautiful views along the way and totally relax us after tiring work or
                                                                                                                     ourselves
study. Besides, it can not only benefit our health but also shapes our character. Moreover,
                                                                                            shape                         However
 mountain climbing is also likely to cause some negative effects. Some people always threw away
                                                                                                                                           throw
empty bottles or garbage bags along the path, which have become a real headache for the cleaners.
                                                                                     has
What’s worse, many forest fires are caused by cigarette end left behind carelessly by some
                                                                                         ends
 smokers.
   To sum up, mountain climbing is a sport worth joining∧. But we must pay attention to the two
                                                                                          in
problems mention above.
                mentioned
书面表达
One possible version:
Dear Thomas,
I am writing to express my boundless regret and sincere apology, for I have lost The Great Gatsby, the book you lent me last week.
The book was so attractive that I always took it with me. When I was reading it in a café yesterday, it struck me that it was my mother’s birthday. So I ran to a taxi hurriedly, leaving the book behind. It was not until ten minutes later that I realized my carelessness. I rushed back and searched every corner of the café, only to find it had disappeared.
To answer for the consequence, I’d like to compensate you. Would you please tell me the price of the book? Or would you please wait for 2 weeks so that I can buy a new one online? Once again, I am sorry for the inconvenience.
Looking forward to your reply!
Yours,
Li Hua

 


部分试题简析:
阅读理解
A篇(原创):
语篇来源
https://www.waterstones.com/category/cultural-highlights/book-awards/the-costa-book-awards
https://www.costa.co.uk/media/487568/2017-awards.pdf
21. D  细节理解题。由文章第二段中“work finishes on a Friday and begins again on a Monday”以及“It is contentment, of a kind…”可知。
22. B  细节理解题。由文章第三段中“As her father lay dying, he begged her to help him write the memoir.”可知。
23. D  推理判断题。根据题干中“young”和“adventurous”两个关键词,综合全文内容可知。

B篇(原创):效仿2017年高考英语全国II卷模式,选择名人轶事相关记叙文题材,激发学生英语学习兴趣。
语篇来源
https://www.theplayerstribune.com/kobe-passes-jordan/
24. C  细节理解题。综合文章前三段的内容,由第三段的“I was putting my family to shame!”可知。
25. A  细节理解题。由文章第四段“So I decided to take on my challenge the same way he did. I would channel my failure as fuel to keep my competitive fire burning.”可知。
26. A  细节理解题。文章最后一段提到“Twenty-four years later, I pass my muse.”,然后结合上文的内容,可以推断出此处的“my muse”应该是第四段里帮助作者走出逆境的Michael Jordan (MJ)。
27. B 推理判断题。Aggressive: very determined to succeed or get what you want (Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English 5th Edition)。综合全文内容,以及第五段中关键语句“I wasn’t just determined to never have a summer of zero again, I was driven to inflict (使遭受) the same sense of failure on my competition as they unknowingly inflicted on me. My killer instinct to score was born.”可知。

C篇(原创):ACCD
语篇来源
https://www.wired.com/2014/08/a-zoo-designed-to-trick-animals-into-thinking-you-arent-watching/
28. D  细节理解题。由文章第一段“…giving animals more freedom in captivity while effectively placing humans inside protective barriers”可知。
29. C细节推理题。由文章第三段“In Zootopia, animals will wander free around the perimeter (周围,边缘) while humans observe, hidden away from view in underground passageways and naturalistic architecture structures.”可知
30. C  推理判断题。由文章最后一段 “…is still in the improving and approval phase; it'll be at least five years until we see any work finished on the park, and it's likely to take upwards of 10 years before it opens.”可知。
31. D  主旨大意题。结合全篇内容以及“a new plan”和“conceptual design”等关键词可知本文介绍的是一个新型动物园的理念。同时第一段导语主旨句 “…giving animals more freedom in captivity while effectively placing humans inside protective barriers”,以及最后一段“The main challenge, of course, is to design the zoo in a way that the enclosure is still there but it's not visible”可以推断出Zootopia这个新型动物的最显著特征是“cage-free”。

D篇(原创):
语篇来源
https://www.rd.com/health/wellness/prefer-alone-science-says-genius/
32. B  词义推测题。由文章第一段“If you often choose to spend your evenings settling into your bed with a cup of tea and Netflix”,“flying solo”,以及下文实验结果的描述可知。
33. A  细节理解题。由文章第四段研究结论 “Overall, participants who lived in less populated areas reported feeling happier, whereas those with high IQ scores who lived in the same areas felt less satisfied”,“…intelligent people reported feeling less satisfied with their lives the more time they spent with friends.”可知。
34. B  推理判断题。由文章第五段第一句话“While these two conclusions seem to contradict each other, the psychologists believe they can be explained by ‘the savanna theory of happiness.’”可知。
35. D  细节理解题。由文章第五段“… intelligent brains are simply more adaptable to what would otherwise be unusual environments, such as being alone or living in crowded communities” 可知。

七选五(原创):
语篇来源:https://www.motherearthnews.com/green-homes/building-a-new-home-how-to-keep-it-green (2017年高考英语全国I卷阅读D篇同源出处。)
36. G  文章第一句 “options”对应选项中的“choice”。此句位于首段,首次引出“greener building” ,对应后文“green house building”。
37. F   “local transport links and public transport options”对应小标题中的 “Location”。
38. E   “小房子更环保,但也不要太小”。“… don’t resign yourself to a cupboard under the stairs”对应下句的“appropriate”。
39. B  “ a simple coating”对应前一句“a reflective coat”。
40. C   “excellent resources”对应后一句 “a vast range of suggestions”。
完形填空(原创)
语篇来源:http://www.oprah.com/inspiration/18-year-old-pilot-aris-darrisaw
41. D根据后文的“Black women”以及作者对个人经历的陈述可知,作者是位女性。当电视节目Family Feud里提到对飞行员的要求是男性时,作者感到被“冒犯”了。
42. B 女飞行员是很“罕见”的。 “…for the first two years of my flight training classes, I was the only female student.” 。
43. B  根据下一句Black women所占的人口比例以及飞行员比例可知,女飞行员中的“有色人种”更少见。
44. D  黑人女性在美国人口中占7%。“occupy”常用于占据时间空间,“count”数数,“make for”促成,“account for” 占据(一定数量或比例)
45. A 大部分女飞行员都比我年长。“I just graduated from high school in May”句中just暗示作者年纪小。
46. B  
47. A 妈妈是一个航空迷,所以在小时候总是带我去看航空展。
48. C   在妈妈的鼓励下,我12岁就参加了航空课程。
49. D   朋友们喊我出去玩。
50. B   我拒绝了朋友的邀请,朋友们觉得我很奇怪,“好像”我有四个脑袋一样。
51. C   但我觉得天空才是我应该属于的地方。
52. A    飞行是一件很了不起的事,“令人惊喜”。
53. C   只有从天上才能看到的“美景”。
54. B对我来说,最酷的事是能开飞机,对飞机的“掌控”。“…the liberation of holding the controls.”
55. B   根据上句的“holding the controls”以及后文“as an airline transport pilot”,作者计划以飞行员的身份来开飞机。
56. C    如果要成为飞行员,“意味着”要达到后文三个要求。
57. D  要想成为飞行员,需要做大量地面训练,累积1500小时的飞行时间,以及努力“挣得”一些证书。强调通过自己的努力获得。
58. C    在我4岁第一次“乘坐”飞机的 时候,乘务员送给我飞行徽章。
59. D  在驾驶员座舱和“机长”合影。文章最后一句 “…someday I’d be sitting in his seat”, 长大后作者成为了机长那样的飞行员。
60. A   谁又能“猜到”长大后我也成了一名飞行员?

语法填空(原创)
语篇来源:https://www.wired.com/brandlab/2016/10/apply-data-teeth/
61. But     考查连词。根据文意,人们会用app记录步数和睡眠时间,但没有关注刷牙情况
62. teeth      考查名词。tooth为可数名词,复数为teeth       
63. found    考查时态。根据2014以及后文从句的过去时态,此句时态为一般过去时。
64. intentions/intention    考查词性转换。被形容词right修饰,后面应接名词。
65. to           考查介词。此句包含结构transmit sth to sth
66. which    考查定语从句。 which指上一句的six regions of your mouth,。
67. violently  考查副词。修饰动词用副词。
68. called      考查非谓语动词。 software和call是被动关系。
69. to brush   考查动词不定式。此句包含结构signal sb to do sth    
70. visiting    考查动名词。介词后面搭配名词性成分。
:录音原文
Text 1
M: What are you making for dinner on Tuesday?
W: I think I’ll make a chicken pot pie. Isn’t that your mom’s favorite dish?
M: You remembered! Unfortunately, she can’t come. My dad and sister will be here, though. (1)
Text 2
M: Liz, congratulations on your anniversary! Are you looking forward to your trip to Hawaii with your husband?
W: Yes, of course. We’ll be there for a whole week. Paul is excited to eat seafood and go hiking. But I’m actually more interested in relaxing by the water all day! (2)
Text 3
M: Welcome to Thailand, Miss O’Malley. (3) Wow! I’ve never seen hair like that before. I thought most people in Ireland had brown hair.
W: Yeah, it’s pretty rare. Only 6% of us have red hair. But in the capital city of Spain where I live now, about 1% of the population has it.
Text 4
W: That’s the end of our first team practice. As you know, the schedules were handed out to you last week during registration, so all that is left is to collect money for uniforms. (4)
M: You said we have a game coming up. When is it?
W: Tomorrow after school.
Text 5
M: The new baby must be keeping you up at all hours of the night.
W: She’s been pretty good since my mother moved in, and she’s sleeping for a longer time at night. It’s my thoughts as a mother that keep me awake at night. (5)
Text 6
W: Can I help you, sir?
M: Yes. I’m here to see the cars.
W: Thank you. We have many brands. Do you have any particular brand in mind?
M: Yes. I want to have a Ford. I need it badly for my work. (6) But I don’t have a lot of money. It must be very expensive, isn’t it?
W: Yes. Look, this model is newly developed and began to appear in the market just several weeks ago in America. It costs 43,800 dollars. But considering the high quality, it’s worth it.
M: That’s why I shall choose it. But I’m afraid that I can’t afford to pay in cash now. Can I pay regularly for the car in a year? (7)
W: Oh, yes. You can pay each month. For the first time, 13,800 dollars, and you must pay the remaining part in 12 months. (7)
M: Thank you. I’ll come back tomorrow.
W: Bye!
Text 7
W: Can you lift the toilet seat up when you go to the bathroom, please? I hate having to clean up after you all the time. (8)
M: Sorry about that. (8) While we’re on the topic, there are a few things you do that have been annoying me lately.
W: Oh, really?
M: Yeah, like when you leave the laundry in the washing machine. It makes the clothes smell bad.
W: I’m sorry. I’m just busy doing all the chores around the house, since you’re clearly too busy to do any of them yourself.
M: Look, I didn’t want to get into a fight, but you started it.
W: Oh, honey. I’m sorry if I was rude. (9)
M: No, you’re right. I need to start lending more of a hand around here.
Text 8 (第10题为推断题)
W: Oh, my gosh, I’m so sorry! I didn’t mean to hit your car. My baby was crying in the back seat. I got a little concerned and took my foot off the brake a bit.
M: That’s okay. It doesn’t look like there is much damage.
W: I guess I should get you my license and insurance information. Hold on a second.
M: Let’s pull over to the side of the road so we can let these people behind us get by. (11)
W: Good idea… OK, here is my information. Should we call the police? Oh, I’ve never been in an accident before. This is going to make my monthly insurance costs go up.
M: I’ll tell you what, I have a scratch on my passenger-side door that will cost me about $100 to get fixed. Why don’t we keep the insurance company out of this? (12)
W: Would you do that? That is so kind. Are you sure you don’t want more? (12)
M: I have kids, and bills to pay too. I know what it’s like.
W: Here, take $150. That’s all I have. (12)
M: Fine.
Text 9
M: I’m here with Margaret Seabrook, the CEO of Creative Toys. In today’s show, we’re going to discuss the hottest new toy of 2017: the Super Spinner. Margaret, welcome!
W: Thank you, Brian. It’s great to be here.
M: OK, so tell us about this new toy. (13)
W: Well, it’s similar to a relaxation ball in its function, (13) but it’s useful for anyone who has problems focusing. (14)
M: So, how does it work?
W: It’s about the size of a cookie, and it has three small round parts that can move in any direction. Basically, you just hold it in between your thumb and middle finger and spin it. That’s it.
M: That’s it?
W: Yeah. It’s very popular not only with children, but with adults as well. (14)
M: A professor at MIT by the name of Jill Meanley has publicly stated there is no scientific or medical evidence for your claims about its benefits. Many schools also have banned the toy, saying it leads to a lack of focus in the classroom. (15)
W: Well, that professor is allowed to have her opinion.
M: Fair enough. And who invented it?
W: Catherine Hettinger, a chemical engineer, was first believed to be its creator, but then we found that an IT professional named Scott McCoskery was the actual inventor. (16)
M: It’s time for a commercial break. More with Margaret Seabrook in a moment.
Text 10
Welcome, everyone, to your first day on the job. My name is Steven, and I’m going to give you a brief introduction to our store and all of its various departments. (17) I’m the assistant manager here at MVP Sports. Normally, our general manager Matt would be taking you through this, (17) but he won’t be in until tomorrow. Here is where customers pay for their goods, and this is Karen, our head cashier. To the left of me is all our outdoor equipment for fishing, camping, and biking. Down toward the bathrooms, we have our sports section: baseball, basketball, football, soccer, and other sports. (18) To our right is our shoe wall, and through the center of the store is where we sell our clothing. Each area will have a sales manager, and each salesperson will need to have in-depth knowledge of everything in their department. Everyone is expected to keep their section neat and organized. If you are in Shipping and Receiving, please follow Andrew, he will show you how to use the computers to list all our products on the system. (19) Now, Laura will help you fill out a form. (20)

 

 

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