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2018届高三英语一模试题(带答案湖南长沙市)

时间:2018-02-13 17:48:47作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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总分:150分 时量:l20分钟
第I卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题; 每小题1.5分,黄分7.5分)
 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有l0 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £l9. 15.  B. £9. l8.  C. £9. 15.
答案是C。
l. Why does the man probably call the woman?
A. To sell his product.  B. To apply for a job.  C. To book an airline ticket.
2. What’s the relationship between the speakers?
A. Good friends.  B. Fellow workers.  C. Salesman and customer.
3. What does the man want to do?
A. Buy boat tickets.  B. Visit the islands.  C. Become a guide.
4. Where does the conversation take place?
A. At home.  B. In a concert hall. C. In a KTV.
5. What does the girl want most for Christmas?
A. A radio.  B. A toy car.  C. Little dolls.
第二节(共15小题; 每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5 秒钟; 听完后,各小题将给出5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听下面一段对话,回答第6、7两个小题。
6. What is the man doing?
A Reading stories.  B. Waiting for a friend. C. Observing people’s pace.
7. What is the couple going to do according to the man?
A. Have brunch.  B. Get their hair done.  C. Say goodbye to each other.
听下面一段对话,回答第8、9两个小题。
8. Why is the man calling?
A. To check on an order.  B. To discuss a website.  C. To change the delivery time.
9. What day is it today?
A. Monday.  B. Thursday.  C. Friday
听下面一段对话,回答第l0至第l2三个小题。
l0. How did the woman book the movie tickets?
A. On the phone.  B. At the ticket office.  C. Through the Internet.
11. Where will the speakers go first?
A. The cinema. B. The restaurant.  C. The bookstore.
l2. When was the appointment originally scheduled?
A. At 11:30. ` B. At 12:00. C. At 2:00.
听下面一段对话,回答第l3 至第l6 四个小题。
l3. How long did the woman study physics?
A. For six months.  B. For three years.  C. For four years.
14. Where does the woman work now?
A. At the BBC.  B. At a railway station.  C . At a local weather center.
15. What brings the weather forecasters more accurate information?
A. Modern technology.  B. Rich work experience.  C. Weather training course.
l6. What does the woman think of her job?
A. Easy.  B. Boring.  C. Time-consuming
听下面一段独白,回答第l7 至第20 四个小题。
l7. What was the speaker afraid of?
A. Water.  B. Dolphins.  C. Strangers.
l8. What does Real Dreams do?
A. It develops people’s skills.
B. It arranges sightseeing trips.
C. It helps people realize their dreams.
l9. What did the speaker do in the sea?
A. She fed two dolphins.
B. She swam with dolphins.
C. She played with her friend
20. What’s the talk mainly about?
A. Dolphins wisdom.
B. An amazing experience.
C. An introduction to Real Dreams.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
November isn’t the only time when people come together to raise money for good causes. Here are three other major charity events from around the world.
Race for Life, UK
What started off as a race of 680 women in a London park in l994 to raise money for a cancer charity has now turned into a massive nationwide event, with thousands of women up and down the UK taking part every year.
Known for dressing head to toe in pink, participants raise money for breast cancer research by being sponsored to take part in marathons, which are organized all year round. Since it began, more than 8 million women have taken part, raising over £547million for Cancer Research UK.
40-HourFamine (饥饿) , Australia
Normally taking place in mid-August, this program encourages young Australians to give something up for 40 hours in order to raise awareness of less fortunate youths around the world.
Participants raise money which is donated to good causes worldwide, by giving something up for the weekend, including the use of technology (TVs, computers, smartphones and so on), or even food. Since it began in l975, World Vision Australia, the event’s organizer, has raised over A$200 million.
AIDS /LifeCycle, US
Each year, thousands of people ride the 545-mile route from San Francisco to Los Angeles in order to raise money and awareness for HIV (AIDS-related causes. Cyclists make the trip over seven days, stopping each night at designated camps to shower, eat and relax. The mainly male riders are known for their colorful riding sportswear, with some dressing as nuns (修女),cowboys or even in bikinis. The event has raised around $l00 million since it
began in 200l.
2l. In what way is “Race for life” special?
A. The participants are all women.
B. It’s a yearly marathon held in London
C. All the athletes are cancer patients.
D. It attracts about 8 million people every year.
22. What do the cyclists mainly do in the AIDS /LifeCycle trip?
A. Advertise for a brand sports suit.
B. Research into the causes of AIDS.
C. Talk with local cowboys in camps.
D. Cycle in the daytime and rest at night.
23. What do the three events have in common?
A. All the participants give something away to the poor.
B. They are all held to raise money for people in need.
C. All the participants donate what they have to charity.
D. They have all drawn people’s attention to cancer and AIDS.
B
Isn’t it amazing that one person can change your life by sharing one idea at the right time and place? This is certainly what happened in my life.
When I was l8, I left home for El Paso. Upon reaching downtown El Paso, I met a homeless man on the street comer. He stopped me and questioned me as I passed by. He asked me if I was running away from home. I told him, “Not exactly, sir, since my father had given me a ride to the freeway in Houston and given me his blessings while saying. ‘It is important to follow your dream and what is in your heart, Son.’ ”
After a simple conversation, the bum (流浪汉) told me to follow him. He told me that he had something grand to show me and share with me. We walked a couple of blocks until we came upon the downtown El Paso Public Library. The bum first led m e to a table and asked me to sit down and wait for a moment while he looked for something special among the shelves. A few moments later, he returned with a couple of old books under his arms and put them on the table.
He then sat down beside me and said, “There are two things that I want to teach you, young man. Number one is to never judge a book by its cover. ”
He followed with, “I’ll bet you think I’m a bum, don’t you, young man?”
I said, “Well, uh, yes, I guess so, sir. ”
“Well, young man, I’ve got a little surprise for you. I am one of the wealthiest men in the world. I originally come from the Northeast and have all the things that money can buy. But a year ago, my wife passed away, and since then I have been deeply reflecting upon life. I realized there were certain things I had not yet experienced in life, one of which was what it would be like to live like a beggar on the streets. For the past year I have been going from city to city doing just that. So, you see, don’t ever judge a book by its cover, for a cover can fool you.
“Number two is to learn to read, my boy, for there is only one thing that people can’t take away from you and that is your wisdom. ”
At that moment, he reached forward grabbed my right hand in his and put them upon the books he’d pulled from the shelves. They were the writings of Plato and Aristotle—immortal(不朽的) classics from ancient times.
24. Why did the bum stop the author on the street?
A. He wanted to know how he arrived there.
B. He wanted to question him about his family.
C. He doubted whether he ran away from home.
D. He wondered if he could go to the library with him.
25. What can we know about the author’s father?
A. He completely supported him.
B. He was confused at his behavior.
C. He wondered what was in his mind.
D. He was a little anxious about him.
26. Why did the old man become a bum?
A. He was deeply sad at his wife’s death.
B. He just wanted to try anew way of life.
C. He pretended to be poor to travel alone.
D. He hoped to express his attitude towards money.
27. How would the author probably feel about this experience?
A. It was meaningless.
B. It was ridiculous.
C. It was amusing
D. It was inspiring.
C
It is back-to-school time in the United States, which for many is bittersweet. The bitter part is saying goodbye to carefree, unscheduled summer days. The sweet part is saying hello to a new school year and school friends.
However, going back to school can also be a stressful time for children and families. Every kid must make the change from easy summer life to routines, schedules and homework. Parents might also stress about spending extra money for a new school year. They often need to pay school fees or to buy new school clothes, sports equipment, musical instruments and school supplies.
Back-to-school stress is different for different ages. Younger children may feel scared to leave their families. Making new friends and dealing with bullying(欺霸行为) can also cause stress for students. Older students may stress about their appearance, grades and getting into college.
A 20l3 survey by the American Psychological Association found that teens in the U. S. are now as stressed as adults. A high percentage of the teens surveyed say they are stressed about getting into a good college (83%) or deciding what to do after high school (69%) and financial concerns for their family (65%)
However, parents, teachers and children can all help to make the transition(过渡) back to school easier.
Mary Anne Aidala began teaching in the New York school system in l962. She retired 39 years later, in 200l. She is an award-winning teacher. She advises parents to focus on the basics—get enough sleep, eat healthy foods, and tum off electronics before bedtime.
“Well, the first thing they (parents) have to do is to get them (children) on a schedule of sleep habits. And they should also make sure they have a good breakfast to keep their brains alert(机敏的). And maybe before they go to sleep every night they should start to read them a story or do something educational; so, they can start to reactivate their brains into using them. ”
28. How do most kids generally feel when their summer holiday is over?
A. Easy and energetic.
B. Excited and nervous.
C. Fully occupied and tired.
D. Scared and stressed
29. Why are some parents stressed out at the beginning of a new school year?
A. They are anxious about school violence.
B. They need to buy more clothes for children.
C. They have an extra expense besides school fees.
D. They are confused at the demand of musical instruments.
30. What can we learn from what Mary Anne Aidala says?
A. Children should form a good habit of going to bed early.
B. Nutrition must be put in the first place in children’s diet.
C. Bedtime stories are helpful in developing children’s good qualities.
D. Parents can do some simple things to help relieve children’s stress.
3l. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage?
A. Lessening school burden on children
B. Living a happy and healthy school life
C. Dealing with back-to-school stress
D. Getting school life back to normal
D
When we do the same movements with our bodies over and over again, we overuse some muscles. And that overuse can lead to strain(紧张) and injury. Sometimes those problems can come from doing sports. But exercise professionals say they are now seeing another cause for muscle problems: hand-held technology devices (设备).
Staring down at your phone or tablet for long periods of time puts great tension on your neck and spine(脊椎) . Mary people who use tech devices also bend their shoulders forward Experts say this posture (姿势) puts strain on the entire upper body. Muscle strain linked to hand-held technology has become such a common condition that it now has a name: tech-neck.
Kimberly Fielding, an exercise teacher in New York City explains that constantly looking down at our devices creates an unnatural bend in our spine. This can cause nerve pain and other problems. “A lot of the curves of the neck can change, so instead of the neck spine going inward, the curve can be a little bit different and it causes nerve pain and disc herniation(椎间盘突出) and different muscle tension headaches—different things that really can reduce quality of life. ”
Fielding created a class to directly address the problem of tech neck. The class uses different exercises to release tension in the upper body and strengthen back and neck muscles. Fielding says these exercises may feel uncomfortable in the beginning because the neck muscles may have become weak.
However, you don’t need to take a class like Fielding’s. You can take simple steps to improve tech neck. For a quick fix, hold your phone at eye level. At the same time, take breaks from using your technology by standing up and stretching your legs often. Also, give your eyes a break by closing them throughout the day.
32. What does the underlined phrase “tech neck” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. The painful neck caused by electronic devices.
B. The strong neck after technical physical exercises.
C. The decoration on the neck with hand-held devices.
D. The cell phone or iPad frequently hung on the neck.
33. What can we learn from Kimberly Fielding’s findings?
A. Muscle tension can lead to spine curving and headaches.
B. Nerve pain and other problems are caused by disc herniation.
C. Staring down at your smartphone does great harm to your neck spine.
D. Quality of life depends in a large part on the condition of neck spine.
34. Why did Kimberly Fielding start the class?
A. To help those suffering from tech neck.
B. To introduce her newly-invented devices.
C. To further study the causes of tech neck.
D. To stress the danger of hand-held devices.
35. What is the purpose of the last paragraph?
A. To invite people to attend Fielding’s class.
B. To urge people to keep away from e-products.
C. To advise those addicts to exercise their necks.
D. To give some practical tips to prevent neck pain.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
A new Kenyan law bars the production, sale and even use of polythene(聚乙烯) plastic bags.  36  
The secretary of Kenya’s National Environmental Management Authority(NEMA), Judi Wakhungu, told reporters that plastic bags are affecting Kenya’s food and water supplies. “It is a poisonous substance (物质) that we must get rid of, ”she said
   37   People often get them when buying products from food stores or other businesses. But experts argue that polythene bags are bad for the environment and public health While the bags are thin, they never really break down into small pieces through natural processes.   38   They have also been blamed for killing animals who eat them or become trapped in them.
NEMA officials have been urging retail (零售) businesses and companies in the capital city to obey the new ban. They are supporting a campaign known as the “take-bag” project.    39  
“I hope soon we’ll start seeing people who are carrying out these recycling materials, or alternative bags, which are eco-friendly. All this is creating much more employment than is being lost.” Said Geoffrey Wahungu, the director general of NEMA.
   40   In Kenya, two plastic bag importers attempted to overturn the ban in court last week. But their effort failed. The National Association of Manufacturers says the ban will cost the country more than 60,000 jobs. Some producers of plastic bags also oppose the idea of banning bags.
A. Plastic bags can be easily recycled like paper bags.
B. Plastic bags are widely used in daily life throughout the world
C. The bags have been blamed for polluting cities and coastal areas.
D. The polythenes are more dangerous and damage the environment.
E. However, not everyone feels that banning plastic bags is a wise idea.
F. People are expected to bring their own cloth bags or baskets from home.
G. People caught breaking the law may be fined up to $40,000 or face a four-year jail term.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题15分,满分30分)
阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
From the start, I sensed something special about my brother Joe. Bom premature(早产), he spent his first few
   41   in an incubator (恒温箱) . I was four years old having no   42   of babies.
“What is that?” I said the day he   43   came home.
“That’s your brother, ”said my mother softly. “Call him Joe.”
I   44   him gently with my little hand and he grabbed hold of my finger.
“Whoa, ” I said, “he’s strong. ”
Little did I know. Joe would prove   45   than the sum of his diseases: the weakness in his legs, the limits of his mind the never-ending night of his vision.
When he was six months old, my mother brought him home from a regular   46   from the hospital and told me to watch him while she was  47  supper in the kitchen. We started playing a game that I  48  “dogs”—rolling on the floor like pups (小狗). Then I looked up and saw my mother watching us. She was crying sadly.“Poor Joe, he’s   49   ,” she whispered, with   50   in her eyes. “The doctor told me today. ”
I looked at Joe, who was laughing happily. “He can’t be blind, ” I argued. “He’s truly smiling at my face. ”
“Oh, no, honey. He smiles at your   51  . ” she replied. “He’ll   52   see your face.”
When he was seven, Joe spent a month in a hospital, following an operation that failed to help his legs. Walking without support seemed   53   for him ever since. From the age of eight, he  54  a school for the deaf and the blind, learning to read Braille. He was always  55  , and when he was 16, the school said he had learned enough and sent him home. However, nothing could   56  him from learning and becoming independent. At 21, Joe moved out to live on his own, as he said, “Like a man, I am able to   57  by myself as a consultant.” He learned to cook, clean, do his own laundry and almost anything he   58   ,which were joyous experiences for him.
Then he met the  59 of his life. They dated three weeks before getting married. Joe called me proudly, “  60   a blind man can fall in love at first sight.”
41. A. seconds B. minutes C. weeks D. years
42. A. opinion B. judgment C. responsibility D. understanding
43. A. gradually B. finally C. frequently D. occasionally
44. A. watched B. kissed C. touched D. scratched
45. A. stronger B. weaker C. brighter D. slower
46. A. course B. sightseeing C. visiting D. checkup
47. A. serving B. preparing C. delivering D. paying
48. A. called B. attended C. walked D. fed
49. A. deaf B. dumb C. lame D. blind
50. A. disappointment B. anger C. satisfaction D. delight
51. A. voice B. gestures C. expressions D. performance
52. A. probably B. surely C. always D. never
53. A. easy B. relaxing C. tough D. refreshing
54. A. participated in B. boarded at C. graduated from D. passed by
55. A. sensitive B. warm-hearted C. hard-working D. stressed
56. A. prevent B. tell C. separate D. excuse
57. A. take measures B. make a living C. draw a conclusion D. keep words
58. A. hated B. rejected C. regretted D. enjoyed
59. A. love B. challenge C. dilemma D. competitor
60 . A. Hardly B. Even C. Often D. Seldom
第二节(10小题; 每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Teenage obesity(肥胖) levels   61   (rise)ten times in the last four decade   62   (mean) 124 million boys and girls around the globe are too fat, according to a new research.
Obese children are likely to become obese adults, putting them   63   risk of serious health problems, including type 2 diabetes (糖尿病),heart disease, stroke(中风) and certain types of cancer. An analysis released on World Obesity Day warns that the global cost of treating.    64  (illness) caused by obesity will be over £920 billion every year from 2025.
Although child obesity rates appear   65   (be) stable in many high-income European countries, including the UK, they   66   ( accelerate) at an alarming rate in many other parts of the world. The largest increase has been in East Asia. China and India have seen rates “balloon” in recent years. Polynesia and Micronesia have  67  (high) rate of all—around half of the young population in these countries is overweight or obese.
The researchers say that   68   current world trends continue, “obese” will soon be more common than “underweight”. The number of underweight girls and boys worldwide has been decreasing since a top point in the year 2000.    69   (global), in 2016 an additional 213 million young people were overweight. Obesity researchers say this is a huge problem   70   will get worse.
第四部分: 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节: 短文改错(共10小题; 每小题1分,满分10分)
    假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文,文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
    增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除: 把多余的词用斜线() 划掉。
    修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
         2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。
Sunday, Sept l0                   Fine
Today is Teachers’ Day. In the afternoon, I attend the school celebration. Our principal first made an enthusiastic speech at the meeting. And then twenty old teachers each was awarded with a medal for have completed over thirty years of teaching. Mr. Li, my English teacher, was one of the medal winner. He also made a speech on behalf of all the teachers. He said that he would devote rest of his life to the cause of education. He also encouraged us to work hardly at our lessons. I was inspired by which he said and made up of my mind to be a teacher like Mr. Li in the future. Finally, we enjoyed the performances playing by some teachers and students, which were very interesting but instructive.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是李华,为了提高大家的环保意识,你所在的英语俱乐部将于本周日上午组织同学们到滨湖公园附近参加志愿者活动。请用英语给正在你校做交换生的好友Michael写一封邮件,邀请他参加。内容包括:
1. 活动时间;
2. 活动内容;
3. 注意事项。
注意:
l. 词数100左右(开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数);
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Michael,
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                                                       
                                                              Yours,
                                                                 Li Hua

 

湖南省长沙市2018届高三统一模拟考试
英语试题答案
1-5 ACBCA  6-10 CCABC  11-15 BBCAA  16-20 CACBB
21-23 ADB  24-27CABD  28-31 BCDC   32-35 ACAD  
36-40 GBCFE
41-45CDBVA  46-50 DBADA 51-55 ADCBC  56-60 ABDAB
语法填空:
61. have risen  62. meaning  63. at   64. illnesses
65. to be   66. are accelerating/have accelerated/have been accelerating
67. the highest  68. if   69. Globally  70. that/which
改错:
1. attend—attended  2. was—were
3. have—having  4. winner—winners
5. rest前加the   6. hardly—hard
7. which—what  8. 去掉of
9. playing—played  10. but—and
书面表达:
Dear Michael,
In order to raise awareness about environment protection, the English Club of our school will organize a voluntary activity this Sunday morning. I am writing to invite you to join us.
We will gather at the gate of the Binhu Park at eight sharp and do some voluntary work in groups. Activities will include putting up posters, telling the citizens the importance of protecting the environment and picking up rubbish in the park and neighboring areas. We hope to make our community a better place by working in our spare time. If you are interested and available, please meet us there on time. Don’t forget to wear light clothes and take some tools.
Looking forward to your reply.
                                                                        Yours,
                                                                          Li Hua

 

 

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