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宁夏银川一中2018届高三英语一模试卷(附答案)

时间:2018-03-12 11:49:15作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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绝密★启用前
2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
英     语 
(银川一中第一次模拟考试)

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。考生作答时,将答案答在答题卡上,在本试卷上答题无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
注意事项:
注意事项:
1.答题前,考生务必先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上,认真核对条形码上的姓名、准考证号,并将条形码粘贴在答题卡的指定位置上。
2.选择题答案使用2B铅笔填涂,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案的标号;非选择题答案使用0.5毫米的黑色中性(签字)笔或碳素笔书写,字体工整、笔迹清楚。
3.考生必须按照题号在答题卡各题号相对应的答题区域(黑色线框)内作答,写出草稿纸上、超出答题区域或非题号对应的答题区域的答案一律无效。
4.保持卡面清洁,不折叠,不破损。

第Ⅰ卷 (选择题)
第一部分:听力理解(共两节。满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节  (共5小题:每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt ?
    A.$19.15.               B.$9.18              C.$9.15
答案是C.
1. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A skirt.       B. A dress.   C. A jacket.
2. What does the woman proba bly think of the new neighbor?
A. He’s forgetful.  B. He’s funny.     C. He’s unfriendly.
3. What time is it in New Yo rk?
A. 5 pm.    B. 7 pm.            C. 10 pm.
4. Where does the woman suggest meeting?
A. At the bus stop.   B. At the stadium.    C. At the cafe. 
5. What will the woman do next?
A. Go to her office.  B. Visit a library.   C. Make a phone call.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从每题所给的A,B,C三个选
项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
请听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。
6. Why does the man want to buy a television?
A. To watch news.   B. To enjoy movies.  C. To listen to music.
7. How much will the bigger television be this weekend?
A. $230.     B. $299.            C. $350.
请听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。
8. What does the woman like best?
A. Beef.     B. Pork.          C. Chicken.
9. What does the woman think of the fish?
A. Too sour.    B. Too sweet.    C. Too salty.
请听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. How will the speakers travel this time?
A. By plane.    B. By ship.     C. By train. 
11. What does the man say about the last trip?
A. The schedule was tight. B. It took him too much time 
C. It gave him a surprise.
12. What will the speakers do tomorrow morning?
A. Visit Joseph.   B. Withdraw some money.  
C. Buy traveler’s cheques.
请听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What does the woman’s mum like to do in her free time?
A. Paint.       B. Read.             C. Write.[来源:Zxxk.Com]
14. What is the woman’s sister?
A. An actress.   B. A teacher.          C. A tour guide.
15. Who is working as a doctor?
A. The woman’s dad. B. The woman’s uncle.      C. The woman’s aunt.
16. Where does the woman’s cousin work?
A. In the hospital kitchens.       B. At the emergency department.  
C. At the hospital reception desk.
请听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. How long did it take all seven books in the Harry Potter series to get published?
A. About seven years.  B. About ten years.     C. About twenty years.
18. When was the play previewed?
A. In February,2016.  B. In June,2016.      C. In July,2016.
19. Who wrote the script of the play?
A. John Tiffany.           B. J.K. Rowling         C. Jack Thorne.
20. Where was the new book sold best before it was officially released?
A. On Amazon.           B. In Book World        C. On Barnes &Noble.
第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分 )
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
    阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Thirty-three years ago, English comedian Marty Feldman completed the autobiography, put it away and set off for Mexico to make a film. He never returned, dying of a hear t attack during filming.
Only Feldman’s widow Lauretta knew about the autobiography and the valuable material it contained, but she found reading it too painful and the book remained a secret, hidden from the public.
It was only after her deat h in 2010 that the family friend Mark Flanagan discovered the manuscript. Four years later from then, it was published for the first time.
The comedian and actor famous for his crooked eyes once wrote: “My eyes perhaps brought on by an accident when a boy stuck a pencil in my eye at school or the result of a boating accident, when I almost drowned. My looks are my comic equipment, and they are the right packaging for my job.”
Despite being told he was too “strange” for TV by broadcasting legend David Frost, Feldman made a breakthrough in 1967.  He became famous for writing, and then landed a successful run of hit TV shows in the Sixties and Seventies, both in the UK and America. Feldman’s comic genius also led to films, including a memorable role as Igor in Mel Brooks’ Young Frankenstein, starring Gene Wilder.
He died suddenly in1982 aged 48 on location in Mexico while shooting a film.
Flanagan says: “The day Marty shot his final scene, Graham Chapman received a frantic call from him: ‘Please come quickly---- I think I’m dying.’ Graham rushed to Marty’s room, knowing from the tone of his voice that this was not as usual. Marty was still alive but laboring, and Graham asked someone to call an ambulance and the hotel to find life-saving equipment. ‘It was not enough to save him.’”
21. Why didn’t Feldman’s wife want to publish his autobiography?
A. She liked to keep secret from the public.
B. She felt sad when she read it.
C. She didn’t know his autobiography at all.
D. She had a quarrel with her family friend.
22. How long had Feldman been dead before his autobiography was first published?
A. 32 years.       B. 24 years.  C. 18 years.   D. 33 years.
23. What did Feldman think of his appearance?
A. He thought himself to be very handsome.
B. He thought his looks did bad for his performance.
C. He thought he was born crooked eye s.
D. He thought his looks contributes to his career.
24. From the passage, we can know __________.
A. David Frost thought Feldman was a legend and genius
B. Feldman telephoned his friend before he died
C. Feldman was shot when making a film
D. No one knew Feldman died in a hotel
B
No messy coins—and more importantly -- no embarrassment. This is how young Chinese "go Dutch" these days—scan a QR code and pay their share via smart phones in one easy click.
It was the first time most of the 13 people at my dinner table last weekend had used the function on social networking tool WeChat."It has made going Dutch less embarrassing and so much more fun," said Zhou Ye, a Beijing-based journalist. "Young people think splitting bills this way is fun, and older ones may find it fashionable to do so." Most importantly, it saves people the embarrassment of figuring out who owes what.
Splitting the bill is a relatively new idea to most Chinese. It's being popular among the young people, but for many older folks, who fear "losing face," it feels embarrassing. At dinner parties,  families and friends often fight over who will cover the expense.
Used by 600 million Chinese, WeChat is similar to WhatsApp but has many more features. One of them, WeChat Wallet, allows people to pay for almost any service by smart phones. The bill splitting function was launched last year. Owned by Chinese Internet giant Tencent, the payment platform competes with Alibaba's Alipay, which is widely used and also has a bill splitting function.
The smart phone apps that rely on these payment platforms have transformed the lives of many urban Chinese. Massages, haircuts, house cleaning, laundry services and personal trainers can be ordered in your own home. Zhao Mengsha, 28, an editor in a magazine enjoys a manicure (美甲)once every month, and pays half of the price charged in salons. "It's just really convenient," she said. "I wouldn't have thought about getting a massage at work without the apps." Like millions of others, Zhao uses Alipay and WeChat to pay for the services. "You can make do without a wallet but can't live without your smart phone when you go out these days," Zhao said.
25. What is the advantage for the young people to pay their share via smart phones?
A. Saving much money.                     
B. Avoiding embarrassment of paying the bills.
C. Contacting others more easily after dinner.
D. Having m ore convenience than other ways.
26. According to the article, why do many old folks "fight" at dinner parties ?
A. Because they think splitting bills funny.
B. Because they want to know who is rich.
C. Because they want to pay the bill.
D. Because they figure out who owes what.


27. What do people think about WeChat wallet and Alipay wallet ?
A. Smart phones with them cost a lot of money.
B. Neither of them will win in the competition.
C. Both of them are acceptable.
D. The payment platform should be improved.
28. What Zhao said in the last paragraph means _____.
A. the wallets are not necessary any more
B. she bought all that she needs through the Internet.
C. she doesn’t know how to work with phones
D. the smart phone apps change people’s life
C
After a few moments, my passenger started a conversation. It began ordinarily enough: “How do you like driving a cab?”
“It’s OK,” I said. “I make a living and meet interesting people sometimes. How about you? His reply intrigued me. “I would not change jobs even if I could make twice as much money doing something else.”
I’d never heard that before. “What do you do?’’
“I’m in the neurology department at New York Hospital.”[来源:Z#xx#k.Com]
Then I decided to ask for this man’s help. We were not far from the airport.
“Could I ask a big favor of you? I have a son, 15, a good kid. He wants a job, but a 15-year-old can’t get hired unless his old man knows someone who owns a business, and I don’t.” I paused. “Is there any possibility that you could get him some kind of summer job?”
He didn’t respond for a while. Finally, he said: “Well, the medical students have a summer research project. Maybe he could fit in. Have him send me his school record.”I tore off a piece  of my brown lunch bag, and he scribbled his name on it and paid me. It was the last time I ever saw him.
After I nagged, yelled, and finally threatened to cut off his pocket money, my son Robbie sent off his grades to the guy the next morning.
Two weeks later, when I arrived home from work, my son was beaming. He handed me a letter from my passenger, saying he was to call my passenger’s secretary for an interview.
Robbie got the job. He did minor tasks, unpaid, but he fit in well. The following summer, he worked at the hospital again with more responsibility. As high school graduation neared, Dr Plum was kind enough to write letter s of recommendation for Robbie and he was accepted by Brown University. Finally, Dr Robert Stern, the son of a taxicab driver, became OB-GYN chief president at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center.
Some might call it fate, and I guess it was. But it shows that something as ordinary as a taxi ride can change your life.
29. What does the underlined word “intrigued” in the second paragraph mean?
   A. interested        B. confused        C. benefited     D. challenged
30. After the author got the passenger’s name, he ___________.
   A. found that his son got the summer job immediately.
   B. found his son wasn’t interested in getting a summer job.
   C. had difficulty persuading his son to send his school record.
   D. asked for his help more than once.
31. Which of the following is TRUE according to the article?
   A. The author loves his job and devotes himself to it.
   B. Robbie was very eager to work at New York Hospital.
   C. The small summer job led to Robbie’s career.
   D. Dr. Plum promised to help the author without hesitation.
32. The author develops the article mainly by________.
   A. providing examples         B. following the natural time order
   C. making comparisons        D. presenting causes and effects
D
One of my friend expressed concern about the “listening” capability of smart phones.[来源:Z。xx。k.Com]
She said she had been planning a funeral and searched for funeral homes. She typed “f-u-n-e-r-a-l” and Google suggested funeral homes near her as well as other funeral-related websites.
Just then, a friend called her. The friend suggested that the woman make food called “funeral potatoes” for a gathering after the service.
After the call ended, the woman returned to her Internet search. She again typed “f-u-n-e-r-a-l”. This t ime, the first suggestion to appear on Google was “funeral potatoes”.
It seemed the cell phones had listened to what they were talking about. Cell phones may indeed be listening to us, even when we are not using them. Stories on the Internet tell of people who got Internet search results or advisements based on words they said aloud near  their cell phones.
When we give an app permission to use our cell phone microphone it is not clear when it is listening to us. There are no signal lights or icons that show when the microphone is turned on.
How should we stop our phones from listening? First, be sure to check the permissions you have given apps to access the microphone on your phone. Some apps need the microphone access to work correctly, but others do not. Never give permission to use your microphone unless the app needs access to it.
Second, turn off the microphone for any apps you do not want to have access to your microphone. You may want to turn off microphone access for all of the apps on your phone. If you find an app requiring microphone access you can always turn it back on again.
To make sure apps are not listening to you, turn off microphone access on your iPhone. Go to Settings, then Privacy, then Microphone, to see a list of all of the apps that have asked for permission to use your microphone.
Turn off permission for any apps you do not want using your phone’s microphone.
You can also turn the phone’s power off or leave the  phone in another room to make sure you are not being listened to.
33. What’s the passage mainly about?
A. Microphone is useful in life. 
B. Using microphone is dangerous.
C. How to use microphone correctly?
D. Microphone may listen to you.
34. When the microphone is turned on, __________.
   A. no sign will warn you
   B. the signal lights will be on
   C. some icons will remind you
   D. the bell will ring
35. Which of the following advice is mentioned in the passage?
   A. Unload some apps.              
B. Don’t allow the app to use microphone unless necessary.   
C. Don’t set microphone on your phone.              
D. the good policy of China
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10 分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
 More and more passengers are worried about texting and driving. If a texting driver is making you nervous but you’re not sure how to bring the topic up, here are some ideas.
The direct approach
You can go straight to the point and say, “I’m sorry, but I  get really nervous when people text and drive at the same time.”   36   Most people will admit it’s probably not a good idea or they’ll at least put down the phone.
The subtle approach
If you don’t feel comfortable telling a driver to quit texting directly, try hinting. “Would you like me to type for you since you’re driving?”   37  For example,“Did you see that truck ?”“I’ve seen a lot of policemen out today. ”
The life-saving approach
   If a driver continues to text and drive or laugh at you because you are worrying about it, avoid riding with that person.   38   This will make him feel ashamed. A little shame makes people think twice about bad habits.
Speaking of parents
  39  If you are stuck in a car with an adult who is texting behind the wheel, be direct and tell him to stop. Most adults know that parents are constantly telling kids not to text and drive, so they should feel embarrassed enough to put down the phone.
    If a driver absolutely won't stop texting or laugh at you for being nervous, don't argue.
  40   Just get out of the car as soon as you can. Next time that driver offers to give you a ride, you can say, “No, thanks.”
A. Or point out things the driver has missed seeing.
B. The last thing anyone needs is a texting driver.
C. As we all know, it’s not just young drivers who text.
D. Take away the driver's car key.
E. Let the texting driver knows you’re cutting him off.
F. Ask the driver who is texting to hand over the phone.
G. Wait to see how the person responds.
第三部分   英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Eight days before I turned 18, I stepped on to the stage at Brixton Academy. My family had travelled miles to   41  . Perhaps now they understood why I had   42  out of school after GCSEs.
At 15, I started a   43   with three mates. To our great joy, many people liked our performance and slowly things began to   44  . Two years later, we   45  a record deal with Independiente, a famous record company. We toured with them and built up a small but   46  following.  At the end of 2002, a well-known rock band   47   us to play with them. My teenage dream came true:  the band I looked up to seemed to   48  us.
Our first album   49   in 2003. The Observer declared it “a snapshot(快照) of one of the most important bands of their generation”.  50  , no one bought the awful thing.
Looking back, I think that was   51  . Though I’m incredibly proud of the music we _  52  , we were riding a wave of hype (大肆宣传) we could never  53  . Our label quietly dropped us and, my time in a band was   54  .
After I left the band, I asked my old school if I could   55  . They pleasantly welcomed me back, though I was    56   than the other students. I worked harder than ever and ended up at Oxford University.
The band had   57   everything. It took me out of Bolton and around the world. I
  58  that with a little luck and a lot of hard work, anything can happen. Now I often tell my   59   life to my students. And when they tell me their dreams, I will   60  them. After all, if I managed to make it that far, why shouldn’t they?
41. A. stop    B. watch    C. loneliness    D. misery
42. A. taken      B. let       C. run          D. dropped
43. A. band     B. company      C. tour        D. school
44. A. take place  B. go wrong      C. pick up   D. show up
45 A. cancelled   B. signed    C. broke    D. shared
46. A. devoted  B. ambitious   C. honest       D. optimistic
47. A. caused   B. applied   C. invited   D. commanded
48. A. know of  B. approve of      C. hear of   D. talk of
49. A. published  B. failed    C. struggled   D. appeared
50. A. Eventually   B. Exactly   C. Unfortunately  D. Actually
51. A. right      B. responsible      C. cruel    D. foolish
52. A. produced  B. wrote    C. enjoyed   D. shared
53. A. dream about B. live up to   C. think about  D. put up with
54. A. on    B. back     C. over     D. up[来源:学+科+网Z+X+X+K]
55. A. succeed   B. return       C. resign     D. help
56. A. younger  B. cleverer   C. older    D. slower
57. A. ch anged  B. took    C. ruined   D. made
58. A. promised  B. doubted   C. hoped    D. learned
59. A. present   B. emotional      C. easy    D. previous
60. A. congratulate B. encourage   C. forgive    D. praise


绝密★启用前
2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试
英     语 
(银川一中第一次模拟考试)

第II卷
注意:将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
    Good morning, and w elcome to Scholastic House. I am delighted to see you here. It is my duty to explain to you some of the history of our college and some of the traditions
  61  I hope you will continue. The idea for Scholastic House was put forward by Samuel Wells in 1898. Wells died in 1900   62  he could see the college in action.
Scholastic House finally began   63   (operate) in 1903 with ten students. Those students came from Asia, Europe and America. At that time Scholastic House accepted only male students, although it has been co-educational   64   1963. These students went on to lead good lives. Three became   65   (politics)leaders; three became doctors; the most famous graduate became   66  university teacher and was responsible for the introduction of modern teaching methods in his country.
Scholastic House debate and discussion nights were open to the public in 1927 , and have been available to anyone who wishes to attend ever since. It is a proud tradition of the college that any view may be expressed. Over the years the topics which were controversial at the time   67  (discuss) and debated. It is your   68  (responsible) to continue the tradition of Scholastic House. I urge that you   69  (spend) your time here   70   ( wise), and I hope that I will hear much well-informed debate from you.

 

第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节   短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处.每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ) 并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
      2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
During my childhood, I only had a tiny bit of privacy. I didn't have my own room and have to share one with my two young brothers. When I was fifteen years old, our family moved in a new house and I got my own room. Since then, my parents have seldom come into my room and I have had a privacy completely. While it was still necessary for my parents to support me economically and mentally at that time, I was old enough to think and decide by myself which I should do. I wanted my privacy to be respect and thought it was important for me to become an adult. I agree that get my own place and becoming independence are two important ways for me to preserve privacy. By the way, I also agree that every child thinks privacy is important. Maybe it's only important to those children who are mature, such as myself.

 

 

 

 

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
本周班会课上,你班班长邀请了一位民间艺人来给你们传授传统的剪纸艺术。请你根据以下信息写一篇英文日记:
1、欢迎民间艺人;
2、民间艺人的授课情况;
3、同学们学习剪纸的过程;
4、你的感受和期望。
     注意:
1.词数100左右;
 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。
March 5th, 2018.                 Monday                             Sunny
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银川一中2018届高三年级第一次模拟(英语)
参考答案
听力(30分)[来源:学#科#网]
    1-5 BABBC   6-10 ABACB    11-15 ACACB    16-20 CBBCA
阅读(40分)
21-24. BADB    25-28. BCCD    29-32. ACCB    33-35. DAB  36-40. GAECB
完形(30分)25~28
    41-45 BDACB 46-50 ACBDC 51-55 AABCB 56-60 CADDB
语法填空(15分)
   61. which/that   62. before  63. operating/to operate  64.since  65. political
   66. a   67. have been discussed   68. responsibility   69. (should)spend  70.wisely
短文改错(10分)
71. have→had  72.young→younger    73. (moved )in→into    74. had a privacy→删掉a  
 75. which →what   76. respect → respected  77. get→getting
 78. independence → independent    79. every 前加not  80. myself→me
书面表达(25分)
March 5th, 2018      Monday                                Sunny
In our class meeting, a folk artist invited by our monitor gave us a lesson on paper cutting. As soon as he entered the classroom, he was given a warm welcome. After a brief introduction, he told us that Chinese paper cutting is a traditional art form and that it’s a kind of folk culture with a long history. Then he showed us the basic steps and skills of paper cutting, after which he instructed us how to cut the paper into different shapes as we watched attentively. Next, we started to have a try on our own. The folk artist walked around us, guiding us patiently. Much to our joy, all of us showed our works and took a picture with him.
Admiring the different shapes cut by ourselves, we were extremely excited. I have benefited a lot from this experience, hoping we can have more activities of this kind in the future.

 

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