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福建福州市2018届高三英语3月质量检测(带答案)

时间:2018-03-12 14:49:05作者:佚名试题来源:网络
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福州市2018届高三下学期质量检测
英语
第一部分 听力(共两节, 满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题;每小题1. 5分, 满分7. 5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What does the boy still need to do?
A. Hang up his clothes.  B. Put away. C. Sweep the floor.
2. Why is the girl asked to go to bed early?
A. She has to fix the chair on time.
B. It’s her new term tomorrow.
C. She must drive to school early.
3. Why is the woman sad?
A. She lost her homework.
B. The man deleted her essay.
C. She forgot to send some email.
4. What does the man want to know?
A. What time it is. 
B. Where the boarding hall is. 
C. When his train is supposed to leave.
5. Who might Freddy be?
A. The speakers’ son.  B. The speakers’ pet.  C. The speakers’ landlord.
第二节(共15小题:每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料, 回答第6和第7两个小题。
6. Why does Rusty think the new student is poor?
A. She’s not fashionable.
B. Her jeans have holes in them.
C. Her mother gave her old clothes.
7. What does Sally think of Rusty?
A. He is helpful.  B. He is too curious. C. He is a little out of date.
听第7段材料, 回答第8至10题。
8. How did Harriet know the time?
A. From her cellphone.  B. From her watch. C. From the sun.
9. What does Don think about Harriet’s explanation?
A. It’s wrong.  B. It’s funny. C. It’s scientific.
10. Where might the conversation be taking place?
A. In a field. B. In a classroom. C. At a computer lab.
听第8段材料, 回答第11至13
11. What is the conversation mainly about?
A. How Alexa killed her plants.
B. Where Alexa planted her plants.
C. Why Alexa kept her house green.
12. What did Alexa do with he yellow plant?
A. She put it in the sunlight.
B. She returned it to the shop.
C. She gave it too much water.
13. What does the man suggest Alexa do?
A. Find out more about plants online.
B. Move all her plants out of the sun.
C. Throw all her plants away.
听第9段材料, 回答第14 至16题。
14. Why doesn’t Sue have the cake?
A. She is losing weight.
B. She doesn’t like it.
C. She has a medical problem.
15. What did Jill bring to the party?
A. Salads.  B. Sandwiches.  C. Soup.
16. Where sill Sue probably go next?
A. To the restaurant.  B. To the backyard.  C. Into the house.
听第10段材料, 回答第17 至20题。
17. What is the main purpose of the loud noises?
A. To warm people outdoors to get inside.
B. To get people’s attention inside their homes.
C. To inform people without radios of danger.
18. Who decides to turn on the system?
A. Local media.  B. Local officials.  C. The national weather service.
19. Where should people go when they hear a warning?
A. To a window.  B. To a public shelter.  C. To the middle of a building
20. What is the main topic of the talk?
A. A weather report.  B. A warming system.  C. The safety tips in bad weather.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个表项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Look at a map of Spain and point a the center. You’ve located the county’s capital and one of Europe’s most beautiful cities: Madrid. This popular destination is considered a city of contrasts with its abundant historic sites, resting in the shadows of modern skyscrapers.
History
This city of over 3 million people is proud of Western Europe’s largest royal place, and some consider it to be Madrid’s most beautiful building.
Inside the Royal Palace 2,800 rooms are decorated in glory with museum-quality furniture and artwork. Tourists can tour 50 of these large and splendid rooms.
Art
The Internationally respected Prado Museum is the largest and most impressive art gallery in Spain. Opened in 1819, it is filled with works of art that feature the world’s most comprehensive collection of Spanish paintings.
Shopping
Madrid has some of Europe’s best shopping, and potential buyers love to look through the stores looking for bargains. But for 500 years, shoppers have gathered to an extremely large outdoor flea market known as the Rastro where they find everything from antiques to CDs.
Entertainment
No trip to Madrid is complete with out seeing a performance of Spain’s famous art form, flamenco. Every day, flamenco performers sing, dance or play the guitar in small cafes and grand theaters alike.
Food
Madrid has a wide variety of restaurants, but because the Spanish typically eat late at about 9 or 10 pm, it’s difficult to find good dinner food earlier. If you get hungry before then ,the best solution is to try a tapas bar where light snacks are served. Be sure to try the jamon, dry-cured ham: Spain is famous for it.
Time for a break
After a day of touring, relax in 350-acre Retire Park with its beautiful gardens,fish pond and lake. It is the perfect place to reflect on all you’ve enjoyed in this impressive Spanish city.
21. What do we know about the Royal Palace?
A. It has 50 rooms for visit.
B. It can hold 2, 800 people.
C. It’s been visited by 3 million people.
D. It is thought to be the largest in Europe.
22. What kind of market is “the Rastro”?
A. For discount.
B. For artworks.
C. To sell various goods.
D. To sell antiques and CDs.
23. What is a must when travelling in Madrid?
A. Enjoying flamenco.
B. Having dinner earlier.
C. Relaxing in Retiro Park.
D. Drinking in a tapas bar.
B
Steve Brosnihan is the “resident cartoonist” at the children’s Hospital, who wanders from room to room drawing and chatting and doing whatever else he can think of to cheer up the sick children. During one visit, he was saying good night to a teenage patient when he had a bright idea.
Steve told the teenager to look out of the window after he left. Outside, Steve flickered(闪烁)his bike light up toward the hospital. To his surprise, the teen responded, flickering his own room lights right back.
Every night after that, Steve flickered his light, and more and more kids flickered back. When he mentioned it to a friend working at a restaurant, the owner said he wanted in too. He started to flick the restaurant sign for one minute every night at 8:30. Soon enough, the customers started joining in with flashlights and cell phones. Almost by accident, a simple gesture was changing into a powerful connection between local people and sick children.
Now more than 20 groups are on board for the *:30 p.m. flicker. Every Wednesday night, police officers line up their cars and flash them. Even boats on the river join in to give their bright good-night wave to kids who are going through frightening situations and sleeping in a strange place.
“it is all I look forward to basically all day” says Abigail Waldron, aged ten. “ It just shows you that somebody is helping you through your whole experience in the hospital.”
“It would be very hard not to do this,” says Steve, “ once you start.” The most powerful of all, he adds, comes from the families of children who have died. They continue to return to the hospital to flicker a light outside in support of children who are still patients.
24. Why did Steve Brosnihan flicker his bike light?
A. To get light for the hospital.
B. To comfort a teenage patient.
C. To inform the patients of his leaving.
D. To expect a response from a teenager.
25. What does the last sentence in Para. 3 mean?
A. A small action can make a difference.
B. Actions speak louder than words.
C. Love makes the world go round.
D. Great minds think alike.
26. What can we learn from Waldron’s words?
A. He likes to flicker lights.
B. He is frightened of treatment.
C. He gets warmth from the lights.
D. He likes the boat light.
27. Which of the following can be the best tile for the text?
A. Treatment for Sick Children
B. A Warmhearted
C. The powerful Lights
D. Lights Flickering in the Hospital
C
With the ever-increasing popularity of online shopping, users’ reviews are becoming more and more important. Given that you can’t actually touch, see, smell or hear the product you’re buying online, these reviews provide buyers valuable information on the product itself. But how far can you trust them?
Barnaby Bicken had an unpleasant experience. “I took some friends to a restaurant in Manchester that had excellent review on a food website. However, the service was awful and we were ignored most of the time. Later, I wrote a review to the same site only to be told that the review site owner would not accept and bad reviews—only the good ones.
So, how can you get a useful review? Web expert Hilary Saunders has a few top tips. “If there are only a few reviews of a place, there is a good chance they have been planted by friends or enemies. If there are many reviews, start by dropping the most extreme comments. Also, watch out for similarities in style between reviews from people with different usernames, particularly if those reviews were placed about the same time. The best thing is to look for reviewers who show some relevant knowledge of the product they are reviewing.
Some companies seem to be contributing to the problem. A publishing house offered gift vouchers(礼券) to anyone who would give their textbook a five-star review. But not all online companies operate like this. “Amazon works hard to keep the completeness of its customer reviews,” said a spokesperson for the company. “We have very clear guidelines, and when a customer reports a review that they feel is inappropriate, we check, and may take it down.
So, next time you see that 5-star review for something you want to buy, be aware—it could be the work of a false reviewer!
28. What does “them” in Para. 1refer to?
A. Products.
B. Users.
C. Reviews.
D. Buyers.
29. What does Barnaby Bicken’s story imply?
A. The food served was awful.
B. Not all reviews are believable.
C. Many people are easily cheated.
D. He likes to write bad reviews.
30. What reviews of products are useful?
A. Those by competitors.
B. Those by different users.
C. Those with good comments.
D. Those with related information.
31. How does Amazon deal with the customer reviews?
A. Helps to finish the reviews.
B. Pays attention to the bad reviews.
C. Offers gifts for the good reviews.
D. Tries to make the reviews objective.
D
As missing children age, they outgrow their last known photographs, which makes finding them tough. Now AI(Artificial Intelligence) could make it quicker to match any found children to those old photos.
Police can use software to age photos of people who have been missing for a while, but these tend to work best in adults, as age-related changes to adult faces are more predictable and so easier to make.
With children, these aged images(图像) don’t tend to resemble the older child, and matching photos of found children to old images in a database of missing children is difficult. “Given a recent face image of a child, it is extremely hard for a human to recognize, visually, who the child is from a large data set of child face images,” says Debayan Deb at Michigan State University.
Now Deb and his colleagues have created an algorithm(算法) to do this for them. They created a face-recognition algorithm on data sets, which contains images of nearly 1000 children between 2 and 18 years old. Each was photographed at least four times over a period of six years.
The AI learned to match recent photographs of children with images taken 2.5 years earlier80 percent of the time.
With one year between the two photographs, the method was 90 percent accurate a recognizing faces. This dropped to 73 percent after three years. The approach beats comparing children with photos taken when they were aged 0 to 4 that have been aged by software, which stays at 50 percent recognition after six months. The new AI might help to improve accuracy of this kind of software as well.
Deb’s next goal is to make the age gap wider. His team also hopes to develop an app that could be used to fight child trafficking.
32. What is suggested in Para.1?
A. The old photos are hard to read.
B. Found children change greatly
C. Children’s faces are unpredictable.
D. Photos of children are easy to match.do the research?
33. Why do Ded’s team do the research?
A. To prove the advantages of AI function
B. To help the police change their software
C. To build a data base to find the missing children.
D. To improve the accuracy of children’s face-recognition.
34. What does the underlined word “trafficking” in the last paragraph mean?
A. Image matching
B. Comparing
C. Recognizing.
D. Illegal trade.
35. What is the main idea of the text?
A. Al could match missing kids to old photos.
B. Age-related changes to faces are predictable.
C. A face-recognition algorithm has been created.
D. A new software is improved to find missing kids.
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选次中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
The holiday season is supposed to be the most festive and fun time of the year, but all those plans and expectations of joy can turn tougher and more stressful than they sound. This is especially true for those of us who struggle with mental illness.
36. Sometimes you’re forced to spend time with family you rarely see and don’t always get along with. Or you are off from work, with more time to think troubling thoughts. Or you are put into party situations that you don’t like.
When you have a routine, it’s easier to manage whatever mental struggles you may face, and when that routine is broken, it can(引发)things you may not be ready to face. 37 . It was during the holidays when I hit a low moment and, with the help of my mother, decided to seek help for my eating disorder.
Around the holidays, I often feel like I’m supposed to be everywhere with everyone. 38 .To fight this, I’ve developed a mantra(咒语): is nod selfish to take time for yourself.
Take a walk in nature. Talk to a friend you trust. Sit out one of the holiday gatherings in favor of some personal time, 39 .
Trying to spend all of your time pleasing everyone else is not only exhausting—it’s impossible. And you know what? 40.
A. I know it has for me.
B. The holidays break your routine.
C. There are many things crowding in your mind.
D. I will accompany my friends to go wherever they like.
E. I have the added guilt of knowing it’s the season of giving
F. Just do whatever helps you calm down and gives you a break from the stress.
G If you take a little time for yourself, you will be much better company for those around you.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45 分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)
阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I was once in an unusual sociology(社会学) class at Brandeis.Each week we studied the 41 we interacted with one another, and how we 42 to anger, envy, attention. We were human lab rats. More often, someone 43 crying. I referred to it as the “touchy-feely” course. Mr. Brown said I should be more 44.
One day, Mr. Brown said he had an 45 for us to try. We were to stand, facing away from our classmates and 46 backward, relying on another student to 47 us. Most of us were 48 with this, and we couldn’t let go for more than a few inches 49 stopping ourselves. We laughed in 50.
Finally, a thin, quiet girl, whom I noticed almost always wear the same clothes, crossed her arms over her chest, 51 her eyes and leaned back, just like one of those Lipton tea ads 52 the model dived into the pool.
For a moment, I was 53 she was going to fall on the floor. At the 54 moment, her partner grabbed her head and 55 and pulled her up.
“Whoa!” several students yelled. Some 56.
Mr. Brown finally smiled.
“You see,” he said to the girl, “ you closed your eyes. That was the 57. Sometimes you cannot believe what you see, you have to believe what you 58. And if you’re ever going to have other people 59 you, you must feel that you can trust them, 60, even when you’re in the dark, even when you’re falling.”
41. A. behaviour B. ways C. courses D. relationship
42. A. responded B. objected C. stuck D. referred
43. A. went on B. gave up C. put off D. ended up
44. A. skillful B. honest C. open-minded D. energetic
45. A. arrangement B. order C. instruction D. exercise
46, A. jumped B. moved C. fell D. ran
47. A. catch B. pull C. control D. support
48. A. dissatisfied B. uncomfortable C. pleased D. familiar
49. A. before B. after C. while D. until
50. A. surprise B. excitement C. delight D. embarrassment
51. A. fixed B. opened C. closed D. touched
52. A. every time B. as though C. when D. where
53. A. sorry B. shocked C. sure D. puzzled
54. A. unusual B. crazy C. exciting D. last
55. A. shoulders B. attention C. legs D. chance
56. A. wept B. clapped C. laughed D. sighed
57. A. success B. difference C. result D. requirement
58. A. feel B. notice C. hold D. meet
59. A. stand by B. rely on C. believe in D. call for
60. A. however B. too C. though D. therefore
第二节(共10小题;每小题1. 5分满分15分)
阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
The Year of the dog began on Feb. 16, 2018 according to the Chinese Lunar calendar. Though dogs 61(see) as companions and part of the family today, China and Western countries do not have the same cultural 62 (belief) about dogs.
In Chinese, some words 63(concern) dogs have not very good meanings, such as “No ivory(象牙)can come out of a dog’s mouth”. But in English, the situation is 64 (differ). “Every dog has his day” describes a person with a period of good fortune and “work like a dog” is used 65 (describe) a hard worker.
The dog-human relationship goes right 66 to the beginnings of Western civilization, and the friendship between humans and dogs was a common subject for artists.
67 facts, people were close to dogs in a way they weren’t close to cows, pigs or even horses. Farmers worked 68 (close)with dogs. But even after science came to agriculture and dogs lost 69 traditional roles, the relationship between man and dogs remained.
Nowadays in the West, millions of people keep dogs as pets. People food them, take them on holidays 70 look after them. In return, dogs are loyal(忠诚)in a way that friends sometimes aren’t. This loyalty is the origin of the English saying, “A dog is man’s best friend.”
第四部分 写作(共两节;满分35分)
第一节: 短文改错(共10小题; 每小题1分,满分10分)
    假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文,文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
    增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除: 把多余的词用斜线() 划掉。
    修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
         2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。
This summer, I attended a journalism-themed summer camp, where I learn a lot.
What impressed me most was the interviews carrying out in the street. In the beginning, I wasn’t used to talk to strangers. But with my teammates encouragement, I was able to communicate smooth with them. Then we were noticed most of the answers we got were brief. After a discussion, my teammates and I realized that was why our questions weren’t open-ended enough. So we changed their questions and our interviewees were more willing to share with us their ideas in end.
From this experience I’ve gained several skill for interviewing people as a journalist.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Peter很想了解中国文物的故事,请你根据以下要点,写一封邮件向他推荐CCTV-3 的《国家宝藏》(National treasures)节目。
要点:
1. 节目内容:介绍中国重点文物的故事;
2. 节目目的:感受中国悠久的传统文化。
注意:
 1. 词数100 左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。
Dear Peter,
How is everything going?
                                                                                             
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
Hope you will like the programme.
Yours,
Li Hua


参考答案
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
1-5 CBAAB      6-10 BCABA      11-15 ACACB     16-20 CABCB
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节  21-23 ACA  24-27 BACC  28-31 CBDD  32-35 BDDA    
第二节  36-40 BAEFG
第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题;满分30分)
41-45 BADCD      46-50 CABAD        51-55 CDCDA       56-60 BBACB
第二节  (共10小题;满分15分)
61.are seen     62. beliefs    63. concerning        64. different  65.to describe
66. back       67. In       68. closely     69. their        70. and

第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;满分10分)
This summer, I attended a journalism-themed summer camp, where I learn a lot.
                                                       learned/learnt
What impressed me most was the interviews carrying out in the streets. In the beginning, I wasn’t used to talk
                                       carried                                           talking                                    
to strangers. But with my teammates encouragement, I was able to communicate smooth with them. Then we were
                    teammates’                                   smoothly            删除were   
noticed most of the answers we got were brief. After a discussion, my teammates and I realized that was why our
                                                                                   because 
 questions weren’t open-ended enough. So we changed their questions and our interviewees were more willing to
                                             our                          
 share with us their ideas in ∧end.
                       the   
From this experience I’ve gained several skill for interviewing people as a journalist.
                                 skills                         
第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
One possible version:
Dear Peter,
How is everything?
I am very glad that you would like to know something about our historical relics. Let me recommend to you “National Treasures” on CCTV -3, a cultural exploration programme.
As you know, China is well-known for its long history, leaving over lots of amazing cultural relics, which form the unique cultural name cards of China. So “National Treasures” tries to cover the origin and interesting stories of main historical treasures stored in our famous national history museums, reminding people of our long excellent traditional culture. I have the confidence that you will have a better understanding of our cultural relics by watching it.
Hope you will like the programme.
Yours,
Li Hua

 


 

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