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河南濮阳市2018届高三英语二模试卷(含答案)

时间:2018-04-09 15:01:51作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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第一部分 听力(共两节, 满分30 分)
 做题时, 先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后, 你将有2 分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5 小题;每小题1. 5 分, 满分7. 5 分)
 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题, 从题中所给的A. B. C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后, 你都有10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.15.   B. £9.15.   C. £9.18.   
答案是C。
1. Where is the woman going first?
A. The school.  B. The library.  C. A bookstore.
2. When does the game finish?
A. At 4:00.  B. At 3:40.  C. At 3:20.
3. What will the man do this weekend?
A. Visit his grandma.
B. Stay at home with his friend.
C. Have dinner with his aunt’ s family.
4. Why hasn’t the man got the letter?
A. He couldn’t find the post office.
B. He has been too busy.
C. He forgot about it.
5. What are the two speakers talking about?
A. A desk.  B. A colleague.  C. Piles of paper.
第二节( 共15 小题;每小题1. 5 分, 满分22. 5 分)
 听下面5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题, 从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题5 秒钟;听完后, 各小题给出5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料, 回答第6、7 题。
6. Who is the woman most probably?
A. Dr. Smith’s wife.  B. Dr. Smith assistant.  C. Dr. Smith’s neighbor.
7. What’s the man going to do next?
A. Go to a bar.  B. Meet Dr. Smith.  C. Wait in the waiting room.
听第7 段材料, 回答第8. 9 题。
8. How does the woman feel about her presentation?
A. Confident.  B. Unsure.  C. Terrified.
9. When will the conference be held?
A. This Thursday.  B. This Friday.  C. Next Monday.
听第8 段材料, 回答第10 至12 题。
10. Where are the speakers?
A. At an airport.  B. In a hotel.  C. In a restaurant.
11. Why do they decide to go to the coffee stand?
A. To have a rest.  B. To get the luggage.  C. To avoid the crowd.
12. Why does the man want to pay for the coffee?
A. To show his generosity.
B. To repay the woman’ s treat.
C. To thank the woman for her help
听第9 段材料, 回答第13 至16 题。
13. Who is the man probably?
A. A house owner.  B. A house buyer.  C. A housing agent.
14. What’ s the total cost of a room?
A. $ 700.  B. $ 730.  C. $ 1, 000.
15. What attracts the woman most about the house?
A. The heating system.  B. The position.  C. The price.
16. What can people do in the house?
A. Do some indoor sports.
B. Enjoy an open fire in winter.
C. Have a good view of the garden.
听第10 段材料, 回答第17 至20 题。
17. What’ s the speaker doing?
A. Introducing the school cafeteria.
B. Advertising the school cafeteria.
C. Giving advice on the school cafeteria.
A. Healthy.  B. Dull.  C. Special.
19. Why don’t some students eat in the cafeteria?
A. The food is tasteless.
B. The kitchen is untidy.
C. The prices are unreasonable.
20. What does the speaker say about the cafeteria?
A. The staff there are friendly.
B. It’s made a few changes to the menu.
C. Students have to wait there for a seat. 
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节, 满分40 分)
第一节(共15 小题;每小题2 分, 满分30 分)
阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Who We Are
Goodreads is the world’ s largest website for readers and book recommendations. Our aim is to help people find and share books they love. Goodreads started operations in January 2007.
A Few Things You Can Do On Goodreads
●See what books your friends are reading.
●Track the books you’ re reading, have read, and want to read.
●Check out your personalized book recommendations. Our recommendation engine analyzes 20 billion data points to give suggestions to your tastes.
●Find out if a book is a good fit for you from other users’ reviews.
A Message From Our CEO Otis Chandler
When I was in second grade, I discovered the Hardy Boys series. Ever since, I’ve loved to read—both for fun and to improve my mind. And I’m always looking for the next great book.
One afternoon while I was scanning a friend’s bookshelf for ideas, it struck me: when I want to know what books to read, I’d rather turn to a friend than any random person or best-seller list.
So I decided to build a website a place where I could see my friends’ bookshelves and learn about what they thought of all their books. I started in my living room, motivated by the belief that there was a better way to discover and discuss good books, and that I could build it.
Goodreads is that site. You can create“bookshelves’ to organize what you’ve read or want to read , comment on each other’ s reviews and find your next favorite book. And on this journey with your friends you can expand your mind.
Knowledge is power, and power is best shared among readers.
2 I. What does the text say about Goodreads?
A. It has been in operation for less than a decade.
B. It enables its users to listen to books being read.
C. It allows its users to give their comments about books.
D. It helps its users to gradually form a good reading habit.
22. Where did Otis Chandler ‘s interest in reading come from?
A. A best-seller list.
B. A great book series.
C. A visit to a friend’s bookshelf.
D. His friends’ opinions of their books.
23. What’s the text mainly intended to introduce?
A. Benefits of reading online.
B. A fun club for book lovers.
C. Ways to discover good books.
D. A website recommending books.
B
During the First World War, my dad left his homeland of Japan for the USA. At that time, Japan was growing more and more militaristic(军国主义的)and many people were forced to join the army. My father didn’t want that to happen to him. The l ISA was an unsafe country to move to, but Dad thought it’ d be a better place.
As Dad began his new life in the States, he remembered a nurse named Takeko—my mother—whom he’d met in Japan. He went back for her. Unfortunately, after his new bride failed an immigration health test because of a suspected illness, Dad had to leave her behind. Mom was trapped in Yokohama. After being cleared by immigration, she took the next ship to America.
They settled in Seattle, where Dad bought a truck to sell fresh vegetables and fruits. Years later, he decided to buy a grocery store to support his wife and three daughters. Before Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Mom and Dad moved the family back to Japan for safety.
Life in Tokyo during World War II( WWII )was very hard. There was a lot of bombing. I worked for a Japanese publishing company that hired American-born people w ho could type. My father predicted there would be a food shortage , but as he was a clerk in the government in charge of distributing food , we were able to stay fed.
After the war ended, US Gen. Douglas MacArthur ruled Japan. It was common for American soldiers to marry Japanese girls then, but my future husband George wanted to get married back in the US. So, we didn’t become husband and wife until we were reunited in Chicago in 1950. A lot of people said it wasn’t going to work, including my parents. But it did—we were happily married for over 40 years !
24. Why did the author’ s father leave Japan during World War I?
A. To avoid serving in the army.
B. To seek better job opportunities.
C. To guarantee the safety of his family.
D. To stay away from the hard life in Japan.
25. What can we know about Takeko from paragraph 2?
A. She used to work as a doctor in Japan.
B. She fell ill the moment she arrived in America.
C. She reached the[ JS together with her husband.
D. Her immigration was far from smooth at the start.
26. What made the author’ s family have enough food to eat during WWII?
A. Americans’ kind help.
B. Her father’ s job.
C. The author’ s hard work.
D. Her father’ s precise prediction.
27. What does the last paragraph imply?
A. The author’ s husband was once the ruler of Japan.
B. It was in Japan that the author married her husband.
C. The author’ s happy marriage was out of many people’ s expectation.
D. It was rare for Japanese girls to marry American soldiers during WWII.
C
No matter the nature of your business ,having a solid marketing plan behind you is necessary. If you fail to advertise your product and service effectively, it’ll be difficult for your business to succeed. Understanding what makes a particular advertisement effective allows you to make your ow n marketing plans and achieve better results.
To be effective , an advertisement has to be memorable for the viewer. If the viewer doesn’t remember the ad after viewing it, the company sponsoring the ad is simply wasting time and their money. With an effective advertisement, the viewer should be able to clearly remember what happened during the course of the ad, and more importantly, which product is being advertised.
A big part of developing an effective advertising campaign is knowing exactly who your target audience is. Chances are the product or service you offer won’t appeal to everyone, so it’ s important to identify the part of the population most likely to need what you have to offer. Identifying your target audience also helps you decide which television programs, radio stations and other advertising places are likely to be the most effective.
An effective ad will inform the consumer about the product or service you have to offer, but that advertisement also needs to entertain the potential buyer. The more entertaining you can make that ad, the more effective it can be. If it’ s appropriate, try to use humor in your ad, since it helps to catch and hold the attention of the viewer or listener.
No matter how good your ad may be, it’ll do your company no good if no one sees it. An effective advertisement needs to win the interest and attention of the viewer. Getting the attention of those potential customers is necessary , so it pays to test several different designs and choose the one that is the most eye-catching.
28. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. The Qualities of a Good Advertisement
B. The Importance of a Good Advertisement
C. The Process of Making an Advertisement
D. The Benefits of a Good Advertisement
29. According to the text, an effective ad enables the viewer to     .
A. be addicted to it
B. make a wise choice
C. offer to be its sponsor
D. keep its contents in mind
30. What should advertisers do in their advertising campaign?
A. Always be serious.
B. Try not to be entertaining.
C. Prepare various ad designs.
D. Target no fixed audience group.
31. How is the text mainly developed?
A. By drawing conclusions.
B. By making explanations.
C. By listing examples.
D. By making comparisons.
D
Every day a robotic rover(探测车)about the size of a small car wakes up and makes its next move across the surface of Mars. It’s called the Curiosity Mars Science Laboratory rover, exploring around Mount Sharp on the Red Planet.
Each year, Curiosity’s science team celebrates another full Martian year of exploration, and Curiosity has been doing its job since August 6, 2012. It has been a significant time, revealing new information about Earth’ s neighbor in the solar system. Scientists are interested in conditions on the planet, particularly its ability to support life.
One of the most important questions is: What’ s the history of water on Mars? Curiosity’ s instruments and cameras were designed to help answer that.
One of Curiosity’s first discoveries was an ancient riverbed running beneath the rover’ s landing site. At an area known as Yellowknife Bay, the rover dug into two blocks of mudstone and studied samples(样品). The idea was to search for zones appropriate for simple life forms to live in. Analysis of the mudstone samples showed that they were once at the bottom of a lake filled with water rich in nutrients. That’ s the kind of place where life could have formed and developed on the early Earth. If Mars had living organisms, this would have been a good home for them as well.
One question that keeps coming up is: If Mars had a lot of water in the past, where did it all go?The answers differ greatly, from frozen underground reservoirs to the ice caps. Studies by the MAVEN spacecraft orbiting the planet strongly support the idea that some water loss to space occurred. This changed the planet’ s climate. Curiosity has measured various gases in the Martian atmosphere and has helped Mars scientists figure out that much of the early atmosphere escaped to space. More recent studies have found underground ice on Mars, and possibly salty water just beneath the surface in some areas.
32. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word “revealing”in paragraph 2?
B. making known
A. putting together
D. throwing doubt on
C. giving proof about
33. Why did Curiosity dig for mudstone samples?
A. To check if ancient riverbeds exist on Mars.
B. To determine whether Mars is similar to Earth.
C. To look for areas suitable for simple life forms.
D. To find out the nutrients contained in mudstone.
34. W hat can we learn about Curiosity?
A. It supports life on Mars.
B. It can measure Martian gases.
C. It works around the clock.
D. It landed on Mars 10 years ago.
35. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A. It isn’t agreed where the water on Mars went.
B. Water loss had little effect on Martian climate.
C. Underground water has already been found on Mars.
D. Water resource on Mars exists in the form of salty water.
第二节( 共5小题;每小题2 分, 满分10 分)
根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Aside from our desiring for a long life, we also have a strong wish to stay young and full of energy. 36 However, man has discovered wise moves to delay it. Here are some ways to help you stay young and energetic.
Your brain is the most important part of your body that should slay young and energized. It is the part that controls the major organs of your body. Its health determines your mental condition and its youthfulness helps to keep your memory and intellect wonderful. Your brain isn’t a muscle. 37 You need to use your brain from time to time to keep its sharpness and to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’ s disease.
Having an active social life can help keep your brain young. 38 Joining in physical activity at least three times a week can help to delay the appearance of these signs. Being physically active is also a way to reduce stress and to protect you from the risk of diseases.
Eating fish, particularly the ones that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, can help to give you a healthy mind and brain. Omega-3 also helps improve your mood(心情)and the health of your skin. 39 Eating fruits and vegetables is also a natural way to help keep you looking young, strong and lively.
 40 They include quitting smoking and protecting your skin from the harmful rays of the sun.
A. The aging process is an unavoidable part of life.
B. But you can lose it if you don’t use it regularly.
C. This can translate to less wrinkles and a youthful look.
D. These are some of the ways to stay young and energetic.
E. Of course , there are many other ways that can delay the aging process.
F. Some physical signs of aging are also connected with an inactive lifestyle.
G. Your social life is of little importance to your youthful mental state.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节, 满分45 分)
第一节(共20小题;每小题1. 5 分, 满分30 分)
阅读下面短文, 从短文后各题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Eric Grey knew he was in trouble. His weight had increased to 320 pounds. In 2010, a physician told him that he could live another five years 41. He was only 51years old then.
One day a fitness trainer 42 Eric to get a shelter dog. Eric was 43, but he followed that suggestion, heading to a nearby shelter. He told the manager, “I want a 44 middle-aged dog, like me.” That’ s how he 45 Peety.
Peety 46 to be walked, so Eric and Peety walked for over half an hour every day. Over the course of a year, he lost 140 pounds and Peety lost 25. Eric no longer relied on medicines to 47.
Their story might have 48 there. But Carol Novello, president of the Humane Society Silicon Valley, had been trying to prove the 49 that helping animals improves the lives of humans, too. She started 50 stories that made the case. Eric and Peety’ s story 51 to her immediately. She came up with the idea of a 52 where people can share stories of how a shelter animal changed their lives. The 53 tale gels a video made about their story. So far, the HSSV has received hundreds of stories, many of which are 54 with health.
Sure, stories are nice. 55, do pets really improve human 56? The answer is yes. Having a pet can help decrease blood pressure and feelings of loneliness while increasing 57 for exercise and socializing with other humans. And there’s increasing 58 that communication with pets helps people 59 challenges in life.
“He transformed me into a completely different person,” Eric, the winner, says in the video. “ I 60 think: Who rescued whom? Did I rescue him, or did he rescue me?”
41. A. at first B. at most C. at last D. at least
42. A. warned B. advised C. forced D. allowed
43. A. surprised B. concerned C. fortunate D. excited
44. A. lazy B. strong C. fat D. beautiful
45. A. treated B. met C. valued D. considered
46. A. learned B. preferred C. deserved D. needed
47. A. sleep B. breathe C. survive D. recover
48. A. ended B. changed C. existed D. spread
49. A. practice B. point C. principle D. prediction
50. A. making up B. trying out C. getting across D. looking for
51. A. appealed B. referred C. adapted D. contributed
52. A. lecture B. gathering C. contest D. conference
53. A. important B. winning C. unique D. impressive
54. A. familiar B. filled C. consistent D. associated
55. A. Instead B. Besides C. However D. Therefore
56. A. health B. function C. happiness D. performance
57. A. rewards B. expenses C. gifts D. opportunities
58. A. confidence B. evidence C. motivation D. expectation
59. A. handle B. avoid C. forget D. quit
60. A. unwillingly B. deliberately C. frequently D. automatically
第二节( 共10小题;每小题1. 5 分, 满分15 分)
阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式, 并将答案填写在答题卡上。
Our homes today are smarter than they have ever been before, and this 61(tend)will continue.
With the rise of various 62 (product)from companies like Nest and SmartThings, we are getting closer to the day when our homes can do more for us 63 just give us a place to rest our heads at night. We have also seen some other characteristics of the future home take shape, like web-connected TVs and sound systems 64 can be controlled from anywhere in your home by a smartphone.
About 821 million smart devices(设备) 65 (sell)last year, with 1.2 billion 66(expect)to be sold this year, according to Gartner, so there is a huge opportunity 67 (make)our every day objects smarter.
A new non-profit group , the Internet of Things Consortium, recently came into being with just that in mind. 68 (it)primary goal is to help the makers of Internet-connected products and services work together with each other, and further grow the network-connected devices industry.
Considering 69 number of companies working on home automation tools is growing rapidly, our homes will 70 (certain)go through some big changes in the next 10 years.
第四部分 写作(共两节;满分35分)
第一节: 短文改错(共10小题; 每小题1分,满分10分)
    假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文,文中共有10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。
    增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除: 把多余的词用斜线() 划掉。
    修改: 在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词:
         2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。
Today I called a repairman come and fix my Internet. The repairman arrived very soon, but he fixed my problem in fewer than an hour.Before he left, we talked about my wood stove and how much I loved use real firewood to warm up the room during winter month. He said that he is used to do so because his wife was very weak. I asked what she was doing. He replied that she’d died of cancer. I felt sorry and asked if I could give her a hug. He smiled and nodded happy. Sometimes a hug warmed the heart.
第二节 书面表达(满分25 分)
假定你是李华,从网上获悉大自然保护协会( the Nature Conservancy )正在全球招募环保志愿者。请你用英语写一份申请函,内容包括:
1.写信目的;
2.自我介绍;
3.希望获准。
注意:
1.词数100 左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
                                                                                                
                                                                                                
河南省濮阳市2018届高三第二次模拟考试
英语试题答案
听力
1-5 BACBA  6-10 BABCA  11-15 CCABB  16-20 ACBCA
阅读理解
21-25 CBDAD 26-30BCADC  31-35 BBCBA  36-40 ABFCE
完形填空
41-45 BBACB  46-50 DCABD 51-55 ACBDC  56-60 ADBAC
61. tendency  62. products  63. than   64. that/which  65. were sold
66. expected  67. to make  68. Its   69. the   70. certainly
短文改错
Today I called a repairman/come and fix my Internet. The repairman arrived very soon, but he fixed my
                     to                                                and
problem in fewer than an hour.Before he left, we talked about my wood stove and how much I loved use real
         less                                                                    using
firewood to warm up the room during winter month. He said that he is used to do so because his wife was very
                                    months           删除is
weak. I asked what she was doing. He replied that she’d died of cancer. I felt sorry and asked if I could give her a
           how                                                                        him
hug. He smiled and nodded happy. Sometimes a hug warmed the heart.
                     happily                warms
书面表达
One possible version :
Dear Sir or Madam,
I’m a senior high school student from China. I’m writing to apply for the position of an environmental protection volunteer that you have advertised on the Internet. Personally, I think it can not only enrich my knowledge and experience but also benefit the environment.
In the past few years, I’ve participated in various social activities in which I performed well and gained rich experience. Besides, my excellent English and communication skills make me fit for the position.
I’d appreciate it if you could take my application for the position into consideration. Looking forward to your reply !
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
 

 

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