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河北保定市2018届高三英语下学期一模试题(含答案)

时间:2018-04-11 13:59:34作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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本试卷由四部分组成。其中,第一、二部分和第三部分的第一节为选择题。第三部分的第二节和第四部分为非选择题。考试时间120分钟,满分150分。
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节 (共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
l. Who did the woman want to call?
A. James.
B. Sophia.
C. John Brown.
2. What is the man probably going to do?
A. Scold his staff and cut their bonus.
B. Tell his staff to work to a deadline.
C. Encourage his staff never to give up.
3. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A space travel.
B. A beautiful dream.
C. A wonderful film.
4. What does the man mean?
A. He didn't clean the room since his mother left.
B. He forgot when his mother last came over
C. He hoped to see his mother quite soon.
5. Where is Susan most probably?
A. In her office.
B. In the meeting room.
C. In the reference room.
第二节  (共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What does the man think of the news?
A. It’s boring.
B. It’s informative.
C. It's entertaining.
7. What will the man probably do next?
A. Change the channel.
B. Turn off the TV.
C. Go out and have a walk.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What is the woman heading for?
A. A game for ski lovers.
B. A meeting for the ski club.
C. A lecture on skiing techniques.
9. What does the man decide to do?
A. Listen to the lecture.
B. Play the game with the woman.
C. Come along with the woman to the club.
听第8段材料,回答第10 至12题。
10. What is the relationship between the two speakers?
A. Teacher and student.
B. Interviewer and interviewee.
C. Boss and secretary.
1l. What advantages does the woman have?
A. She has a master's degree in marketing.
B. She is good at computer programming.
C. She speaks German and English well.
12. What will the woman do next Wednesday?
A. Give the man a call.
B. Send the man her resume.
C. Have an interview with the man.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What will the speakers do first?
A. Drive around.
B. Make a reservation.
C. Go shopping.
14. What’s the woman’s it’s expectation of the hotel?
A. It’s close to the shopping center.
B. It’s surrounded by parks.
C. It doesn’t cost much.
15. What do we know about the Royal Factory?
A. It’s on Gother Street.
B. It produces good silk.
C. It owns the Central garden.
16. Why do the speakers come to the city?
A. To take a vacation.
B. To go on business.
C. To meet the royal family.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. When was the kite known in China?
A. 15 centuries ago.
B. 20 centuries ago.
C. 25 centuries ago.
18. What did the ancient Chinese use the kite to do?
A. Measure the speed of wind.
B. Give warnings of danger.
C. Carry ropes across rivers.
19. Why did Franklin fly a kite in the storm?
A. To find the strength of silk for kites.
B. To draw lightning from the clouds.
C. To protect houses against lightning.
20. What invention did Franklin’s idea enlighten?
A. The invention of the lightening rod.
B. The invention of the kite sport.
C. The invention of wind power.
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Attention from strangers is nothing new to me. Questions about my height is the center of almost every public interaction. My friends say my height is just a physical quality and not a personality aspect. However, when I reflect on my life, I realize that my height has shaped my character in many ways and has helped to make me who I am.
I learned how to be kind. When I was younger, some parents in my neighborhood regarded me kind of dangerous because I was so much larger than other children my age. I had to be extra welcoming and gentle simply to play with other children. Of course, now my coaches wish I weren’t quite so kind on the basketball court.
I learned the quality of not being too proud about myself. At 7 feet tall, everyone expects me to be an amazing basketball player. They come expecting to see Dirk Nowitzki, and instead they might see a performance more like Will Ferrell (successfully starred a professional basketball player). I have learned to be modest and to work even harder than my fellows to meet their (and my) expectations,
I developed a sense of lightheartedness. When people playfully make fun of my height, I laugh at myself too. On my first day of high school, a girl dropped her books in a busy hallway. I got down to her level and gathered some of her notebooks. As we both stood up, her eyes widened as I kept rising over her. Astonished, she dropped her books again. Embarrassed, we both laughed and picked up the books a second time.
All of these lessons have defined me. Looking back, I realize that through years Of such experiences, I have become a confident, expressive person. Being a 7-footer is both a blessing and a curse, but in the end, accepting who you are is the first Step to happiness.
21. Why does the author often draw attention from strangers?
A. He is interested in public interaction.
B. He has a unique personality.
C. He is physically strong.
D. He is extremely tall.
22. When he was young, the author intended to be more friendly just to      .
A. gain extra favor       B. play with other children
C. prove his kindness       D. please his coach
23. It can be inferred from Para. 3 that      .
A. Dirk Nowitzki was an awful basketball player
B. the author seldom disappointed his basketball fans
C. the author expected to make something better of himself
D. Will Ferrell was better at playing basketball Dirk Nowitzki
24. What does the text mainly talk about?
A. The height has shaped the author’s personality and life.
B. The height has brought the author a lot of trouble.
C. Some funny experiences the author ever had.
D. Being tall benefits the author in many ways.
B
Whenever we talk about holidays, my mother teases my sister and me about how we “make out like robbers.” She is referring to the fact that we are half Jewish and half Indian, so we receive gifts on both the festivals of lights: Hanukkah and Diwali. Though my mother teases us, I do not mind getting two sets of gifts!
Hanukkah is celebrated on the 25th day Of the Jewish month, which is usually sometime in December. On Hanukkah, like most Jewish families, we light a menorah and say a prayer each night. We also say a special prayer on the first night. After that, it is a tradition for my sister and me to do ‘hot and cold’ for our hidden Hanukkah gifts. When we walk towards the gift, our parents say ‘hot’ and when we walk further away, they say ‘cold’. We each receive one present every night of Hanukkah. Another part I like about this holiday is seeing family members who we do not see often. My aunt usually stays for a few days, and we sometimes visit other relatives.
Diwali is celebrated on the 13th day of the dark fortnight of the month of Ashwin (October / November). To celebrate Diwali, my family does a pooja, or prayers, in honor of the goddess Lakshmi. Since she is the goddess of wealth and prosperity, the pooja includes washing silver coins in milk and water. In India, people decorate their houses with lamps, similar to the way you might light up your house for Christmas. My family just places a few candles outside. We also set off firecrackers, which is my favorite part. We often do this activity with friends to add to the excitement.
Both holidays have different histories and stories. We celebrate theta in different ways, yet they both have the same meaning. They both translate into Festival of Lights. and they both mean family and presents for me!
25. Why does the author receive gifts on both Hanukkah and Diwali?
A. Because he lives in a rich family.
B. Because he lives in two different countries.
C. Because his Parents like celebrating their different cultures.
D. Because his Parents like spending money buying gifts for them.
26. What does the Underlined phrase “hot and cold” in Paragraph 2 refer to?
A. A kind of Hanukkah’ game.
B. A kind of Hanukkah gift.
C. A can of festival drink.
D. A riddle written on lights.
27. We can learn from the text that Hanukkah and Diwali       .
A. share the same history and culture
B. are celebrated by both Jews and Indians
C. are both related to the legend of lights
D. encourage the families to do their prayers
28. What is the author’s attitude towards Hanukkah and Diwali?
A. She enjoys celebrating both of them.
B. She does mind spending them.
C. She likes Hanukkah better.
D. She likes Diwali better.
C
Have you ever noticed tiny raised areas on the branches of a tree? These may have been insects. These small insects feed on tree sap (汁液). Insects on urban trees are notably more abundant than those on rural trees. As a result, urban trees suffer from heavy infestations (害虫横行), and are often unhealthy or die. To protect and restore urban trees’ health, we need to determine the factors that make these tree pests more successful in urban habitats.
Living organisms interact closely with their environment. The warmer, more drought-stressed trees harbor more successful pests than cooler, less drought-stressed trees. As cities and natural habitats become hotter and drier, damaging insects will become more abundant on urban trees.
Trees within urban forests are valuable economically and for the environmental sustainability (可持续性) of the region. More than half of the world’s population lives in cities. Across the globe, people are moving into cities at a faster rate than ever.
Rapid growth may turn cities into places with harder conditions. Although cities are primarily made of buildings, roads, parking lots, and vehicles, there are still plants in them. The trees within a city are referred to as the urban forest. Urban forests offer very big benefits to human and environmental health. They improve air and water quality, provide habitat for wildlife. cool down temperatures air and water quality, provide habitat for wildlife, cool down temperatures and beautify our environment. They make cities livable.
However, being a city tree is not easy. Heat released by human activities is trapped in cities. As a result,  temperatures in urban areas are often warmer than their surrounding rural areas. We call this urban warming or the urban heat island effect. Urban habitats are mostly made of surfaces of asphalt (沥青 ) and concrete. These surfaces reduce the amount of rainwater that reaches tree roots. As a result, urban forests may suffer, which can negatively affect people and the environment.
What can we do to restore urban forests? Regular irrigation when possible may help keep pest populations under control. Planting tree species that are suitable to handle heat and drought stress would also reduce the occurrence of insect pest outbreaks.
29. What makes tree pests more successful in the city than in rural areas?
A. The warmer and rainy habitat.
B. The hotter and drier habitat.
C. The cooler and drier habitat.
D. The hotter and rainy habitat.
30. Urban forests make cities livable by        .
A. providing people enough clean water
B. improving the living environment
C. offering people economic benefits
D. lowering the temperatures
31. According to the text, what results in the city trees’ suffering?
A. Natural disasters.        B. Invisible forces.
C. Human activities.        D. Natural evolution
32. What would be the best title for the text?
A. The Importance of the Urban Trees
B. How to Protect the Urban Trees
C. Urban Trees Are in Great Danger
D. Let’s Act for the Protection of Urban Trees
D
Here’s advice on where to find job applications.
Company Websites
If you are interested in working for a Particular company, visit their website. Career information is usually listed in the “Careers” or the “About Us” section of the site. Often, you will be able to apply for all company positions directly from the website.
Job Boards and Engines
If you aren’t sure what company you want to work for, you can look for job applications on job boards and job search engines. These contain job listings for positions at many different companies. Sometimes you have to go to the company website to fill out a job application. At other times, you can apply directly on the search engine or job board.
In Person
Applying for a job in person is a little different than applying for employment online. It’s not as complicated,’ but you will need to be prepared to apply and interview on the spot. You have to make sure you dress professionally, and bring all the materials you need.
Below is a list of sample employment applications and click to find what you want.
33. If you want to land a job in a certain company, you’d better         .
A. visit Company Websites
B. call “About Us” section
C. visit Job Boards and Engines
D. look for a job application form first
34. What is special about applying for a job in person?
A. needs more complicated programs.
B. calls for an interview on the spot.
C. needs all the application materials handed in.
D. requires the employee to wear a beautiful dress.
35. Where can you find the text?
A. In a magazine.
B. In a textbook.
C. On the internet.
D. In a poster.
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Should schoolchildren have jobs?
Now at school, the last thing you probably want to do is spend your weekends going to work. There is homework to do and sport to play.  36  When I was a teenager I had a Saturday job in a supermarket: stacking(摆放) shelves and working at the checkout.
Today in the UK you are allowed to work from the age of 13, and many children do take up part-time jobs.  37  Teenagers agree that it teaches valuable lessons about working with adults and also about managing your money. So, that’s no bad thing!
Some research has shown that not taking on a Saturday or holiday job could be harmful to a person later on. But despite this, recent statistics have shown that the number of schoolchildren in the UK with a part-time job has fallen by a fifth in the past five years.
 38  Probably not. Some experts feel that young people feel going out to work will affect their performance at school, and they are under more pressure now to study hard and get good exam results. However, Geoff Barton, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, told BBC News “Properly regulated part-time work is a good way of helping young people learn skills that they will need in their working lives.” In reality’ it’s all about getting the right balance between doing part-time work and having enough time to study and rest.
 39  One 13 year-old girl called Rachel, who has a Saturday job in a shop, told the BBC that “l enjoy my job because I’m earning money and it helps increase my confidence in speaking to people and socializing with people I work with.” That seems like something worth getting up on a Saturday morning.  40
A. Do you do a Part-time job when you are at school?
B. So you are not free to do what you are feeling like doing.
C. It is a waste of time and does no good to your career prospect.
D. It’s a taste of independence and a useful thing to put on your CV (简历).
E. Does this mean that British teenagers are now more afraid of hard work?
F. But your Parents probably persuade you to find a job and get some life experience.
G. Many young people actually want to work because it gives them a sense of freedom.
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 (共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
What would you do if you had $ 5, but were limited to two hours to make as much money as possible? Buy a lottery ticket. While this is the most  41  suggestion from people, it means a significant risk in return for a  42  chance.
Tina Selling, who invented the  43  for her students of Stanford University, has a  44  story to tell.
Selling gave each of the fourteen teams a sealed envelope that contains five dollars of “seed funding”. They were  45  to spend as much time planning, but once they had  46  the envelop they then had two hours to make as much money as possible. The next week, each team were to  47  their project in a three-minute presentation.
It  48  that most of the 14 teams didn’t use the five dollars  49 , They realized that focusing on the  50 actually limited the problem way too tightly. They understood that five dollars is essentially  51  and decided to reinterpret the problem more  52 ; what can be done if  53  with absolutely nothing?
The average  54  on the five dollar investment was 4, 000 percent! So what did they  55  do?
One team started a stand on campus to check bike tire  56  for free and charged $ 1 to refill tires. Another team made  57  at busy restaurants and then sold each of them for up to twenty dollars to customers who didn’t want to  58  in line. The team who made the greatest  59  sold their presentation time to a company that wanted to employ them to advertise. They  60  a good business for that company in the three minutes’ presentation and brought in $ 650,000.
41. fancy    B. useful    C. common    D. interesting
42. slim    B. big     C. hopeful    D. possible
43. form     B. challenge    C. plan     D. method
44. funny    B. shocking    C. dull     D. cool
45. A. advised   B. forced    C. permitted    D. determined
46. opened    B. lost     C. cot     D. posted
47. A. study    B. complete    C. report    D. limit
48.A. pointed out   B. turned out    C. proved    D. suggested
49. A. at all    B. after all   C. accidently    D. strangely
50. A. envelope   B. result     C. classroom    D. money
51. A. anything   B. something    C. nothing    D. everything
52. A. accurately   B. broadly    C. patiently    D. slowly
53. A. dealing   B. working    C. meeting    D. beginning
54. A. number   B. return    C. expense   D. score
55. A. actually   B. roughly    C. merely    D. generally
56. A. air    B. quality    C. pressure    D. size
57. A. snacks    B. decisions    C. appointments   D. reservations
58. A. sit    B. take     C. serve     D. wait
59. A. profit    B. progress    C. promise    D. present
60. A. had    B. created    C. sold     D. ran
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节  (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
To breed snails (蜗牛) well, you need to spray water to the container every morning and evening, change soil every two weeks, and feed them with cabbages and sweet fruits — this is what Sun Youxiang, a fourth-grade primary school student in Hangzhou,  61  (conclude) after breeding snails for one year.
From three small white snails at the very beginning  62  more than 60 snails of four generations now, he has done a great job in his assignment .for his science class.  63  (witness) the reproduction of animals is a precious experience for kids. Their  64  (create), patience, and respect for life will be stimulated (激发) as they learn to take care of animals on their own.
Sun’s teacher said the assignment served as a good example of life education.
Practice  65  (be) an essential step in learning, which will benefit the kids for  66  life time. Life education allows kids to know how to live with nature and creatures in a friendly way.
Starting from this year, Science will become an  67  (equal) important subject as Chines e and Math in primary schools,  68  aims to improve students’ knowledge about the surroundings.  69  (draw) by curiosity, more kids will be willing to observe and think through practicing, which will add to  70  (they). (they) recognition of the world in the long run.
第四部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Last Friday, the evening fell, but my parents hadn’t come back home yet. I stopped doing my homework but decided to make a meal for my family instead of just wait. It was my the first cooking. I went online to find information on how cook home-style dishes. With the step-by-step direction, I managed to make a dish. Then I tried to cook other. When my parents got home, they were amazing to see the tasty dishes I made. Immediately my mum took pictures for them and my dad gave me a big hug. I real enjoyed the meal that evening.
第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,在某英文网站看到一则告示,内容关于向全球中学生征集他们感兴趣的话题。请你用英文给该网站发邮件向其推荐话题。内容包括:
1. 个人简介:姓名、年龄、国籍;
2. 话题主题:和平、感恩、幸福;
3. 推荐理由。
注意:词数100左右,可以适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯;
Dear Sir/ Madam,
                                                                                               
                                                                                               
                                                                                              
                                                                                              
                                                                                              
Sincerely yours,
Li Hua
河北省保定市2018届高三第一次模拟考试
英语试题答案
第一部分  听力(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分30分)
1—5  ABCAC      6—10  BABCB      11—15  CCAAB      16—20  ACCBA
第二部分  阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
21—25  DBCA     26—30  ADABB     31—35  CDABC     36—40   FDEGA
第三部分  语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节  完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
41—45  CABDC    46—50  ACBAD     51—55  CBDBA     56—60  CDDAB
第二节  语法填空(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分) 
61. concluded    62. to      63. Witnessing      64. creativity     65. is  
66. a       67. equally    68. which      69. Drawn      70. their
第三部分  写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分) 
Last Friday, the evening fell, but my parents hadn’t come back home yet. I stopped doing my homework but
                                       didn’t                          and
decided to make a meal for my family instead of just wait. It was my the first cooking. I went online to find
                                             waiting  去掉was
information on how∧cook home-style dishes. With the step-by-step direction, I managed to make a dish. Then I tried
                to                                    directions
to cook other. When my parents got home, they were amazing to see the tasty dishes I made. Immediately my mum
     another                                amazed
took pictures for them and my dad gave me a big hug. I real enjoyed the meal that evening.
           Of                               really
第二节  书面表达(满分25分)
Dear Sir/ Madam,
I am Li Hua, a boy/girl of 18, and I come from China. From your website I’ve learned that topics which interest us are being collected. I’d like to recommend a topic the theme of which is peace, gratitude and happiness.
As you see, China, my lovely homeland, is now standing ahead in the world with a new look. As a young Chinese student I’ m feeling very proud and grateful.
In the warm arms of our motherland we are now enjoying a peaceful and happy life, So I’m eager to share my topic with all the young people around the world.
Hoping my recommendation will suit you fine.
Sincerely yours,
Li Hua
 


 

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