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河北唐山市2018届高三英语二模试卷(带答案)

时间:2018-04-27 09:43:45作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30 分)
 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题: 每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5分)
 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
A. £19.5.  B. £ 9.18.  C. £ 9.15.
答案是B。
1. What is the man like?
A. Outgoing B. Honest.  C. Shy.
2. How much should the man pay for the book?
A. 8 dollars.  B. 5 dollars.  C. 2 dollars.
3. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a restaurant.  B. In a hotel.  C. In a supermarket.
4. Why didn’t the man attend Amanda’s birthday party?
A. He was ill. B. He didn’t want to. C. He had to play basketball.
5. What is the man doing?
A. He is stopping the car. B. He is driving.  C. He is having a rest.
第二节(共15小题; 每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)
 请听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题s 秒钟; 听完后,各小题梅给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至7题。
6. Where does the woman want to go?
A. Her home.  B. The shopping center.  C The bus station.
7. How will the woman go to her destination?
A. On foot.  B. By car. C. By bus.
听第7 段材料,回答第8至9题。
8. What are the speakers talking about?
A. How to find a specific magazine
B. Where to keep the old magazines.
C. When to enter a reading room.
9. What does the man think of the woman?
A. Unkind.  B. Helpful.  C. Generous.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What day is i today?
A. Friday.  B. Thursday.  C Wednesday.
11. What time do the speakers plan to meet at the cinema?
A. 8:10.  B. 8:20.  C. 8:30.
12. What’s the relationship between the two speakers?
A Friends.  B. Colleagues.  C. Husband and wife.
开第9段材料,回答第13 至16题。
13. When does the conversation probably take place?
A Before the meeting.  B. During the meeting.  C. After the meeting.
14. How did the woman know the man’s opinion?
A. By observing his eyes.
B. By hearing from others.
C. By staring at him blankly.
15. What do we know about the man?
A. He shows little interest in Todd’s opinion.
B. He knows much about western manners.
C. He can’t follow the presentation well.
16. What does the woman want the man to do ?
A. Mind his speech.  B. Make eye contact properly.  C. Avoid using body language.
听第10段独白,回答第17至20题。
17. What is the speaker?
A. A model and actress.  B. A sportswoman.  C. A housewife.
18. How did the speaker get her scars?
A. She got caught in a bush fire.
B. She got hurt in a car accident.
C. She got burnt in 8 cooker explosion.
19. Why does the speaker admire Turia Pitt?
A. She inspires other people.
B. She is a good marathon runner.
C. She appears on magazine covers.
20. What’s the speaker’s opinion about beauty?
A. Good look matters most.  B. Inner beauty shines.  C. Scars add to beauty.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题; 每小题2分,满分30分)
 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和D) 中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
It may seem had to leave Sydney’s attractions and sights, but when the urge arises to explore beyond the city, many exceptional day trips await travelers.
Scenic World
On a visit to the World heritage-listed Blue Mountains, enjoy clean fresh air and breath-taking landscapes of ancient rainforests. Scenic World in Katoomba is the best way to access the beauty of this region. Besides climbing, you can choose cablecars, elevated boardwalks or the Scenic Railway—the world’s steepest train travelling through a rock tunnel, to reach the mountain top.
Royal National Park
Established in 1879, the Royal is the world’s second-oldest national park. Located an hour’s drive south of Sydney, the beaches are unspoilt, crow-free and great for surfing or swimming. There’s dramatic scenery along the way with a range of unique heritage attractions. Bushwalking, boating, canoeing and fishing are also popular activities.
Featherdale Wildlife Park
Located 45 minutes west of Sydney, Featherdale has the world’s largest collection of Australian native birds, mammals (哺乳动物) and reptiles (爬行动物). Situated in a bushland environment, Featherdale provides a unique opportunity for up-close animal interactions (交往). Hand-feed a kangaroo, have breakfast with a koala and check out a huge variety of species including dingos, emus, penguins and more.
The Hawkesbury River
An hour north-west of Sydney, the Hawkesbury is one of New South Wales’ best-kept secrets. Experience what this picturesque region of waterways, farmland and national parks has to offer—from waterskiing and bushwalking to horse riding, river cruises and retail therapy.
21. What can you do when visiting Scenic World?
A. Ride horses.
B. Go surfing.
C. Climb mountains.
D. Hand-feed a kangaroo.
22. If you are an animal lover, you can go to            .
A. Scenic World
B. Royal National Park
C. The Hawkesbury River
D. Featherdale Wildlife Park
23. What do Royal National Park and The Hawkesbury River have in common?
A. Visitors can enjoy beautiful mountain scenery in common?
B. Bushwalking is available on the two trips.
C Visitors can go swimming and fishing.
D. Both can be reached by cablecars.
B
As a little girl growing up in the early 1960s in a suburb of Pittsburgh, it was not always easy to find role models. But I was lucky. In my childhood, I knew smart, strong women who had accomplished much, one of whom invented the world’s first computer compiler(编译器).
Recently, though, I learned about a role model who was right under my nose—my own mother.
Growing up, I knew she had worked as a secretary before I was born. I knew that she had joined the WAVES—the Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service branch of the U. S. Naval Reserve (海军预备队)—during World War II. And I knew she’d worked in an office that was involved with codes (编码). But when she talked about it- rare, because she had been sworn to secrecy—she described her duties as ordinary, routine. I never questioned it. After all, the woman I knew was a reserved suburban mom.
Not long ago, a chance conversation with a colleague led me to the book, Code Girls. It tells the story of the WAVES, who decrypted (解码) and encrypted secret messages during the war. They worked around the clock, knowing that the lives of tens of thousands of soldiers—their brothers, husbands, fathers—were on the line.
Inspired, I began a journey to explore the mystery of my mother’s service that continues to this day. I got some of her working records about her unit, OP19. In two years, she was promoted three times. She was no secretary, and her duties were hardly ordinary.
My mother always encouraged my interest in science and insisted to my father that I go to college. “You’re going to grow up to be another Madame Curie, ”she told me. She was always pointing at other women. She did not see herself as someone to model on. Neither did I. Now I see her differently.
24. Why didn’t the author’s mother tell the truth about her job?
A. She was afraid of being fired by her company.
B. She knew well what to be expected of her career.
C. She thought her job was just unremarkable.
D. She thought secretary was better than her real job.
25. Which of the following words can best describe the author’s mother?
A. Ambitious and reserved.
B. Cooperative and sincere,
C. Devoted and faithful.
D. Hardworking and skeptical.
26. What can we learn from the text?
A. The author doubted her mother’s job when she was a child.
B. The author’s mother saw herself as an example to follow.
C. Code Girls’ job is more important than that of the soldiers.
D. Code Girls inspired the author to learn more of her mother.
27. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?
A. Mom, My Real Role Model.
B. The OP19, A Buried Secret.
C. Code Girls, My Favourite Book.
D. WAVES, A Mysterious Organization.
C
A lifetime of active exercise will let you keep the body of a 20-year-old well into your 70s, scientists have found.
The physical decline thought to be an unavoidable part of ageing is actually the result of not exercising enough, according to the research, which found that regular cyclists maintained the muscles, lungs, and even the immune system(免疫系统)of people decades younger. Besides, many serious health problems could be prevented if people became more active rather than being sedentary(久坐), researchers insist.
Janet Lord, leading researcher or the research, said: “Our findings disprove the assumption that ageing automatically makes us weaker. We now have strong evidence that encouraging people to do regular exercise throughout their lives can be a solution to the problem that we are living longer but not healthier.”
She looked at125 keen cyclists aged 55 to 79 who had been exercising regularly for 25yearsand compared them with 75 ordinary people of a similar age and 55 people aged 20 to 36. On a string of physical measures, the cyclists showed no difference from people much younger. Besides, scientists were surprised to discover that their immune systems were also the same. They kept making T cells, which organize the response to new infection, in the same way as younger people, while production tailed off in older people who did not cycle.
“It’s in the textbooks that your immune system doesn’t work as well and you get more infections but in the cyclists they were the same as a 20-year-old, ”Professor Lord said. She now aims to discover how much exercise people need to do to stay young. “My suspicion is you don’t need to do a massive amount. It may be intensive(强度)that helps—like going up and down the stairs ten times a day. You get a big benefit by simply doing something instead of sitting”.
While there is no magic formula(方案)for staying mentally and physically fit in later life, the benefits of keeping active can never be ignored, whatever your age or state of health.
28. According to the research, what is the reason for physical decline?
A. The failure of organs.
B. The poor state of health.
C. The increased physical activity.
D. The lack of regular exercise.
29. Which of the following can best replace the phrase “tailed off” in Paragraph 4?
A. Reopened briefly.
B. Stopped suddenly.
C. Increased sharply.
D. Lessened slowly.
30. Which of the following statements would Professor Lord probably agree with?
A. Ageing automatically makes people increasingly weaker.
B. People need a large amount of exercise to stay young.
C. The intensity of exercise matters in slowing down ageing.
D. A magic formula is what people need to stay fit in later life.
31. What is the main purpose of the passage.
A. To stress the importance of being physically active.
B. To explain the functions of the immune system.
C. To introduce the ways to stay
D. To discuss the benefits of regular cycling.
D
What would it be like to be able to remember anything you ever learned? Would it be blessing or a curse?
Since the early 20th century, psychologists have identified countless cases of people with super memories that allow them to lean and retain (保持) new information with total accuracy. The most famous was Solomon Sherashevski, the subject of Alexander Luria’s classic book, The Mind of a Mnemonist (记忆大师).
Sherashevski could recall an amazing number of facts due to his talent for eidetic imagery(照相式记忆),which allowed him to recall sights, sounds, smells etc. Sadly enough, he seemed to have significant difficulty living a normal life due to his inability to forget anything he learned and the continual daydreaming caused by his constant recall.
There are certainly other mnemonists, whose memory feats (功绩) are also surprisingly impressive. Strangely enough though, research suggests these professional mnemonists are no better than average peoples peaking of remembering events out of their own lives. iou
But there are also people whose memories seem to work differently. They are able to recall almost every moment of their lives even the early childhood, a condition commonly called hyperthymesia (超忆症).
Unlike mnemonists, people with hyperthymesia don’t rely on any techniques to memorize, it seems to happen automatically. While no former studies have found the reasons, a recent laboratory test shows they aren’t any better than average people in terms of learning new information.
Recently Neuropsychology presents a study of a 63-year-old man identified as “MM”: He didn’t realize his memory skills until 29 when he found he could recall events from American history with amazing accuracy. Despite his superior memory, his life seemed completely unaffected. He did poorly in school, no friends at all. Besides, though his recall resembled that of people with hyperthymesia, his memories weren’t quite as vivid.
So far there isn’t enough information to make any real conclusions about the super memory. However, as new studies become available, we are sure to learn about what makes these brains so unusual.
32. What made it difficult for Sherashevski to live a normal life?
A. His poor social skills.
B. His great interest in history.
C. His early childhood experience.
D. His inability to forget things.
33. People with hyperthymesia differ from mnemonists in that              .
A. they remember things without intention.
B. they count on techniques to memorize
C. they are better at learning new information
D. they can’t recall as vividly as mnemonists
34. What can be learned from the passage?
A. Former studies have found the roots for unusual memory.
B. Super memory contributes to better academic performance.
C. MM’s life has been greatly improved by his memory.
D. It’s hard to tell whether super memory is good or not.
35. Where is the passage probably taken from?
A. A book review.
B. A popular science magazine.
C. A public speech.
D. A report on mental health.
第二节(共5小题; 每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。
Countless books and seminars promise to teach you the “secrets” to success. Well, here’s my secret: There are no secrets to success.
I’m the reporter for NBC’s Sunday Night Football. I won’t lie—it’s a dream job. But it isn’t a dream-come-true. There’s no fantasy involved, just a lifetime of hard work.
36 I was a papergirl. I delivered newspapers to people’s homes and sold subscriptions door-to-door. That job taught me persistence (坚持). To succeed, especially in sales you have to knock or a lo of doors.
In high school, I worked at Baskin Robbins. The manager didn’t appreciate it when I gave out overly-generous portions (份额) to customers. 37Until you run the show, you answer to the person who does.
In college, I worked as a part-time telemarketer (电话销售员) for an insurance company, from which I made some good money. But like all telemarketers, I was rejected far more often than not. Usually, I even didn’t get past the first sentence.
After I graduated, I was offered a position in a morning radio show. We put out a good product. But it wasn’t enough- because timing and luck are also important, and you can’t control those. 39 What choice do you have?
The radio show taught me that I could be a host. I put together a demo (样带) and sent it out to every station I could find. I finally caught the eye of a sports show in North Carolina. I decided that I would never think of myself as a “female sports reporter,” but just as a“sports reporter”. 40 What does being a woman have to do with it?
As a green hand, I was at the station all day, and took every assignment that I could, especially the ones no one else want. After five months, I took that job.
After 5 years, I was offered a job at ESPN. After 10 years there, I joined NBC, where I am now.
A. I had my first real job at 13.
B. That job taught me responsibility.
C. You can only control what you do.
D. The path to success is paved with failure.
E. You need to smile and treat customers well.
F. I kept making mistakes and I kept improving.
G. My ambition is to be the best sports journalist.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节完形填空(共20小题: 每小题1. 5分,满分30分)
阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B. C 和D中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
I grew up believing Sahara Desert to be a faraway paradise of charm and freedom. For many years I 41 to meet these kind-hearted desert people there, to live in the simple but comfortable 42, and ride on the tall camels.
My dream came 43 last Christmas. My trip was filled with truthful human interaction, sincere friendship, and unavoidably, some 44, which have made the Sahara that once existed in my imagination suddenly 45.
Our trip began when our 46 and guide Hamid picked us up at dawn in Marrakesh. Five hours later47 we began our long road trip, we passed through Hamid’s home where we were warmly 48 by Hamid’s mother. She led us into the 49 room and sat us down onto seats. Moments later, a huge bowl of chicken tagine (炖菜) served, our eyes sparkled (发光). Seeing our 50 a huge smile spread across Hamid’s face.
After the hearty 51 Hamid’s family hugged us goodbye at the door. As Hamid’s car 52, I saw the5 3 of his mother and brothers gradually disappearing against the desert. 54, a bitter sweet feeling rose in my heart 55 I was saying goodbye to old friends.
However, no trip is perfect. Hamid once took us into 56 he called a “Berber Museum”, which turned ou to be a local carpet 57 whose talkative owner almost succeeded in 58 us to buy his carpets.
At the time I was a bit angry about what was happening. 59, looking back, I realized that tourism is about 60 the true spirit of a place, along with its happy surprise, and disappointment.
41. A. learned B. longed C. agreed D. forgot
42. A. tents B. castles C. flats D. inns
43. A. along B. true C. right D. around
44. A. enjoyment B. puzzle C. sadness D. disappointment
45. A. real B. alive C. fresh D. magic
46. A. cook B. salesman C. doctor D. driver
47. A. when B. until C. after D. before
48. A. greeted B. praised C. thanked D. supported
49. A. reading B. dining C. dressing D. smoking
50. A. anxiety B. amusement C. excitement D. caution
51. A. cheers B. meal C. handshake D. welcome
52. A. started up B. passed by C. slowed down D. drove away
53. A. shadows B. figures C. smiles D. statues
54. A. Strangely B. Eventually C. Deliberately D. Abruptly
55. A. now that B. in case C. as if D. even if
56. A. what B. where C. which D. that
57. A. factory B. company C. shop D. market
58. A. asking B. encouraging C. persuading D. begging
59. A. Therefore B. Moreover C. Otherwise D. However
60. A. expanding B exposing C. expressing D. experiencing

第II 卷
第三部分: 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题; 每小题1. 5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词》或括号内单词的正确形式.
Wuzhen Water Town is a typical ancient town in southern China. 61(lie) in the northern part of Tongxiang City, Zhejiang Province, it can be easily accessed through a number of express ways. On a recent business trip to Shanghai, a local friend 62(invite)me to Wuzhen.
It was 9:00 am when we arrived there. With its houses made 63 black bricks and gray tiles (瓦) against the white walls, the small town is like a 64 (tradition) Chinese ink wash drawing. Wandering along the riverside, you will be 65 (deep) impressed by the great scenery and slow lifestyle. During lunchtime, I 66 (treat) to the steamed white fish,
a well-known d sh served at most 67 (restaurant) in Wuzhen. It tasted so good. But I think it is the combination of culture and food that makes it so outstanding.
After lunch, we continued our walk, enjoying the sights and learning about its history, a history 68 is full of good stories and unique traits (特色).
It’s really fortunate for anybody 69 (explore) such a beautiful place. We hope there will be 70 second chance to visit this wonderful town!
第四部分 写作( 共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(/),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线() 划掉。
    修改: 在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
    注意:
1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起) 不计分。
Going to college can be terrifying. When I first arrived at my college, I was extreme nervous. What if I couldn’t fit? What if I couldn’t make friends? … All these thought just could not stop float in my mind. When I got to the campus, I was shocked at how outgoing everyone seems. I had only been on the campus for a few minutes when the lovely girl came up and started a conversation with me, which later became one of my best friends. His friendliness pushed me out of my comfortable zone and made me to open up faster than I had expected. So please reach out or you will find out people are more friendly than you think!
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假如你是李华,在英国做交换生。你的朋友Peter邀你本周日参加他的个人中国书法展,但你因故不能参加。请给他写一封信,内容如下:
1. 表示感谢;
2. 表达歉意并说明原因;
3. 预祝成功。
注意:
1. 词数100左右:
2 可以适当增加细节,使行文连贯。
参考词汇: 中国书法展Chinese Calligraphy exhibition
Dear Peter,
                                                                                                
Yours,
Li Hua
河北省唐山市2018届高三第二次模拟考试
英语试题答案
1-5 CBABB 6-10 ABABC 11-15 ABCAA 16-20 BACAB
21-25 CDBBC 26-30 DADDC 31-35 ADADB 36-40 ABDCG
41-45 BABDA 46-50 DCABC 51-55 BDBAC 56-60 ACCDD
语法填空:
61. Lying   62. invited  63. of 64. traditional  65. deeply
66. was treated 67. restaurants     68. that/which     69. to explore    70. a
短文改错:
Going to college can be terrifying. When I first arrived at my college, I was extreme nervous. What if I couldn’t
                                                             extremely
fit∧? What if I couldn’t make friends? … All these thought just could not stop float in my mind. When I got to the
  in                                      thoughts               floating 
campus, I was shocked at how outgoing everyone seems. I had only been on the campus for a few minutes when the
                                          seemed                                            a
lovely girl came up and started a conversation with me, which later became one of my best friends. His friendliness
                                              who                               Her
pushed me out of my comfortable zone and made me to open up faster than I had expected. So please reach out or
                                        删除to                                           and
you will find out people are more friendly than you think!
书面表达:
One possible version
Dear Peter,
 Thanks for inviting me to your Chinese Calligraphy exhibition. I truly appreciate all your devotion and achievement, which will surely contribute to the spread of Chinese culture.  
However, it’s a great pity that I can’t attend it that day for I have an important exam to take. I have been making preparations for it for a long time, and I really can’t afford to fail. The exam will determine whether I can be admitted to a graduate program or not. I’m sure you can understand my situation.
Wish your exhibition a great success!

                                                               Yours,
                                                               Li Hua

 


 

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