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湖北武汉市2018届高三英语五月训练试卷(含答案)

时间:2018-05-17 15:54:20作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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武汉市2018届高中毕业生五月训练题
英语试卷
武汉市教育科学研究院命制 2018.5.11
本试题卷共12页,72 题,全卷满分150 考试用时120分钟。
★祝考试顺利★
注意事项:
1.答题前,先将自己的姓名,准考证号填写在试题萑和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。
2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。写在试卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。
3.非选择题的作答:用黑色签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试卷、草稿纸和答题书上的非答题区城均无效。
4.考试结束后,请将本试卷和答题卡一并上交。
第一部分   听力(共两节,满分30分)
   做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。
第一节(共5小题:每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
     听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例;How mui:h is llir shirt?
A. £ 19.15. B. £ 9.18   C. £ 9.15
答案:C
1.How will the  speakers  go to  Dallas?
A.By car B. air. C. By train.
2.What does the woman think the  man should do?
A. Take action now. B. Run longer time.  C. Practice  every day,
3. How could the   man stay in France for   one month?
A. He got enough  money.
B. He gave Chinese  lessons.
C. He worked as a tour guide.
4. What does the woman think of the man?
A. He is lazy.     B. He  is reliable.C. He is hardworking.
5. What are  the speakers  mainly talking about?
A. Traffic jams. B. Transport system.  C. Air pollution.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
    听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从埋中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项:听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟; 听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间每段对话或独白读两遍。
    听第6段材料,回答笫6、7题。
6.Where  are  the two  sperakers?
  A.At home.  B. At a party. C. At a car park.
7.Who is the woman speaker going to talk to?
A. A.The car owner. B.The man  speaker. C.The lady in  white.
    听第7段材料,回答笫8、9题。
8. Where does Ms. Sharma  work?
A. In the  Housing Office. B. In the Adlmission Office.
C. In the General  Information   Office.
9. What does the   man speaker  want to  know from  Ms. Sharma?
A. Housing foes. B. Schooling fees. C. Regitstration fees.
   听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.What in the girl asking about?
A.How to exercise. B.How to plan a trip. C.How to make money.
11.What is the  fathers first suggestion?
A. Putting  an  advertisement. B. Buying a bike.  C. Sending papers.
12. Why  does the  girl prerfer the  job of  walking dogs?
A.She likes nature. B. She likes animals. C. She likes walking.
   听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Who made the Italian chichen?
A.The man's  girlfriend. B. The man's mother. C. The man speaker.
14.What   might  have  made  the  chirchen green?
A.A teaspoon of sauce (沙司). B. A half cup of sauce. C.A half cup of onions.
15.Why did the man man the  chichen? ?
A. The please his girlfriend.  B. To prove himself  foolish.
C. To satisfy  his own interest.
16. What is the   man worried about?
A.Losing money. B.Losing face. C. Losing appetite.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
17.What happened to some of the swimming?
A. They're  dead.  B. They're  drunk. C. They're  injurued.
18. Who is to blame the damage to the  pigs?
A. The tourists. B. The  goveenment.  C. The shop owner
19.How many swimming pigs were living near “Pig Breach”?
A.About  7.  B. About 15.   C. About 22.
20. What has been done to protect the animals?
A. Building a specrial zoo.       B. Keeping  tourist  away.
C. Lengthening the boundary lines.
第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节《共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A,B,C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
    Sometimes  we  start a stay  with the  previous day  still in mind. We think about the mistakes we  made in  the previous day, how things went  wrong,and how we  felt  bad about it. No wonder it becomes  difficult to focus on the current day.
    Here  are  some  steps  on bow In start your new day fresh ;
1.Take time to evaluate your day
   At  the  end  of  a day, take  some  time about it.The purpose of this thinking time is not to regret how bad your day was,how  went wrong ,or how preple treated you badly. This won't do you any good. Instead,the  purpose of this thinking time is to extract (吸取) lessons which you can bring  to the  fllowing day.
2. Make a commitment to apply the lessons
   After  you extract the lessons,you  should  make  a  commitmint to apply them.To do so,find  some   actiotiable things you can do to apply the lessons. Next, remind  yourself to  do them. You may write them down if you want to.
 3.“Close” your day
    After you have spent the time to  think about the day and  extract the  lessons,make  a dicision to “close” the day. You are done  with it;don't  think about  it anymore.
4. Bring only the lessons to the next day and nothing else
    After  you “close” a  day,you should  not bring anything out of  it to the  next  day except for the lessons  you extract. Forus on applying the lessons to  the  present. This way you will be  able to start your day fresh without the burden of yesterday .
21.What will happen if we think too much about the past?
A. There will hr a disaster. B. There will be good results.
C. We won't have  a peaceful mind. D. We surely won't finish today's task.
22.When should we draw lessons from the past mistakes?
A. At the end of a day.
B. When we make mitakes.
C. At the  beginning of a day.
D. When we regret making the mistakes. day?
23. Why should we  extract lessons from the past day?
A. To set them  down.
B. To consider them again.
C.To make a better decision.
D. To apply them for future use.
B
    For  years, my time spent in the  shower could have got me a   mention in  Guinness   World  Records  as the  shortest time taken to bathe. I hurried  up during this process.
   One day ,however,while at a party, I heand an artistfriend telling everybody that the his idea came while he was having a shower.“What  about you?” He asked.“Don't you get your creative thoughts from the same place?”
   “I'm in and out in a hurry,”I told him proudly.“I have no time to waste!”
   “What a pity,” he said. “That’s the place where you need to slow down; plenty of great thoughts come from there!” I tried it out. I slowed down the whole process, started enjoying the warm water, taking a little longer to soap myself and even spending more time just enjoying the process, and realized how much I had missed in hurrying up all these years.
    A woman told me how much stress her friend was suffering from and how she sought to convince her that she needed to find ways to relax. She gave her a videotape on stress management and relaxation techniques, and encouraged her to watch it right away. Fifteen minutes later, her friend handed back the tape. “It was good, ” she said, “but I don’ t need it. ”
   “But it’s a 70 - minute video,” the woman replied. “You couldn’t have watched the whole thing.”
   “Yes, I did,” her friend said. “I put it in fast - forward!”    
    A major social problem of the 21st century is Hurry Sickness. We hurry through work. We swallow fast food. We complain that we don’t have enough time. We race through the days and weeks until one day we look back in amazement and comment, “My god, how the years flew by!” Then we realize the heavy price we have paid for traveling fast.
    Symptoms of Hurry Sickness include stress and anxiety, bad relationships, lowered work performance and even disease. Some people don’t survive it. What’s the cure? Slow down, for life is so short and precious that we must live it well.
24. What was the advantage of taking a shower in the eyes of the artist friend?
A. Time was saved.       B. Nothing was missed.
C. Great ideas flew away. D. Creative thoughts came.
25. What was the trouble with the woman’s friend?
A. She felt stressed.         B. She found the tape useless.
C. She found no way to relax.  D. She watched the tape too fast. 26. What is the major trouble people face in the 21st century in the writer’s eyes?
A. People run fast to work.         B. Everything is done in a hurry.
C. People don’t have enough time.  D. Time flies without being noticed.
26. How can the problem be settled?
A. By pacing down.           B. By learning to survive.
C. By developing friendship. D. By performing good work.
C
     It could have been any of us, but it happened to be me. I received a brief 18 months of undivided attention and love as the only child, before three more appeared. The second was a severe blow. No doubt, learning the need to share was important, but I had tasted the life of an only child.
    Then came years of requests to look after the siblings (兄弟姐妹),being urged that, You should be setting a better example, “Again and again the others got away with doing wrong but I didn’t. We each played our roles: the second one who later skipped school to meet boys; the ever so attractive third, the boy who could do no wrong; and finally the surprise appearance of the fourth, seemed certain to be spoiled even now. So that left me: the reasonable, quiet one who got the grades, did the housework and became a chameleon ( 变色龙)—skilled at reading a situation and being what was needed.
    Then eventually came the chance to be the first to leave and experience life on the outside,not defined (定义)as the eldest. The moment I had waited for. But now, many years later, being the eldest matters again. It's down to me; it seems, to take the lead in caring for our parents. All the time I was made to learn about sharing; however, when it comes to responsibility, it no longer seems to apply. The others are too busy, too far away, or too unconcerned. So dutifully I travel many times across the country for hours to provide care and support. Requests to my siblings to help out more fall on deaf ears. To me, the dutiful first born, it feels like the right and only thing to do; to be there for our parents as they were for us. Sadly, that feeling isn’t shared by the second, third or fourth.
28. How does the author comment on the four children in the second paragraph?
A. Angrily and Bitterly.    B. Angrily and proudly.
C. Bitterly and humorously. D. Humorously and proudly.
29. How did the author develop his social skills?
A. Through hard work.        B. With the parents’ help.
C. At the parents’ request. D. In practice for effectiveness.
30. What does the underlined word “it” in the last paragraph refers to?
A. To care for the old.   B. To help the young.
C. To live outside alone. D. To travel nationwide.
31. What can we learn from the text?
A.The writer hates to be the eldest.
B. The writer feels proud of his role.
C. The writer is satisfied with his attempt.
D.The writer is regretful about the siblings.
D
     The Maltese Islands are rich in Neolithic ( 新石器时代的)sites. Ggantija in Gozo, Tarxien, and the Hagar Qim/Mnajdra Complex here on Malta’s south coast are perhaps the most well known. These piles of stones are some of the earliest known manmade structures in the world. They are showing their age a bit but what would you expect for buildings that are five and a half thousand years old. My house was built in the year 2000 and is already in bad condition round the edges. These temples are older than the pyramids!
    In my opinion the temples are best seen after the visitors have left. Come with me for a late afternoon walk down the hill past Hagar Qim towards the Mnajdra Complex. There are chain link fences around the temples now but we can ignore those and try to image why Maltas earliest people went to the trouble of building these structures on this windy and poor hillside.
    Of course the temples would have looked rather different when they were constructed. They may have been decorated with pigments and possibly even roofed with animal skins or other materials. Who knows? We do know that they were changed and added to over a 1,000 - year period or so.
    Getting to Mnajdra and Hagar Qim is easiest if you have a car. Or if you don’t mind a hike, you could get a bus to Qrendi (3 km away) or Zurrieq (5 km away) and walk from there. Warning: although the distances are not too great ,walking several kilometers in the Maltese sun can be very hard and possibly dangerous. Take water and sunscreen.
32. What makes the writer wonder about the temples?
A. Their history.       B. Their appearance.
C. How they were built. D. When they were built.
33. What are we aware of about the construction of the temples?
A. They have been transformed.   B. They look the same as before.
C. They were carefully designed. D. They are not what they used to be.
34. How can we admire the sites getting least sunburn?
A. By hiking there. B. By riding a car.
C. By taking water. D. By taking a bus.
35. Where can we possibly find this article?
A. In a political speech. B. In a historical fiction.
C. In a travel magazine.  D. In a geography text book.
第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
    根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
     Perhaps at one point in time,it was acceptable to start any letter or e-mail with “To Whom It May Concern. ” 36 Starting your cover letter or e-mail for a job this way might give off the impression that you didn’t do your research on who you're writing to. 37 After all, people who address other people by their names when writing and speaking to them tend to be more pleasant.
    38 It can be used in letters of recommendation or reference, formal complaints ( 抱怨) made to a company, letters of introduction, and letters of interest.
    Grammarly uses the example of needing to write a letter of recommendation for a colleague who will have to make several copies to distribute to interviewers. 39 “In most cases, though, try to narrow your focus rather than cast a broad net,” notes Grammarly.”Ask yourself 'Who does this e-mail concern? If you can honestly answer ‘Anyone, ‘then feel free to use “ To Whom It May Concern.” (These are the things you should never say in your cover letter.)
    If you do happen to find that using “To Whom It May Concern” is appropriate, don’t make grammar mistakes, for example, letters or punctuation. 40 .
A. However, it may be interesting.
B. Those times have changed, though.
C. Making mistakes in writing will surely get you low scores.
D. Its also very impersonal, which some employers might not appreciate.
E. In that circumstance, sending and receiving letters is more of a formal greeting.
F. You might want to take note of other common errors you might be committing, too.
G. But according to Grammarly, there are four times when it’s OK to use this greeting.
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
    My mother was a nurse and often took me along to visit the families she was caring for. Among them was a woman who had a 41 disease and was always lying on the bed. One afternoon, my mom told me that we needed to 42 the woman at her home to 43 treatment, and we would stop at a store 44 . I thought we would stop at a 45 store, but we pulled up to a 46 . My mom headed to the make - up 47 and bought the most expensive bottle of 48 they offered. She also bought a 49 nightdress. When I asked my mom who these things were for, she said they were for her patient. My mom 50 explained that although this woman was older and unable to 51 her bed, she was still a lady, and she 52 dignity and beauty. She 53 to me that when we care for someone, we 54 the disability or the illness and we look into the 55 of the human so we can connect with them with sympathy. I 56 realized that my mother’s 57 strengths were caring for the very young and the very old, those who can not 58 for themselves and need trustworthy care providers. I knew in 9th grade I would become a 59 . Today, I work as a clinical psychologist, and I'm not 60 that I find my practice filled with patients who are very young and very old.
41.A. common      B. serious         C. rare      D. active
42.A. study       B. search          C. persuade  D. visit
43.A. help with   B. respond to      C. require   D. get
44.A. all the way B. the other way   C. on the way D. in the way
45.A. fruit       B. clothing        C. drug      D. specialty
46.A. garage      B. restaurant      C. factory   D. supermarket
47.A. counter     B. room            C. mirror    D. box
48.A. wine        B. perfume         C. juice     D. milk
49.A. comfortable B. fashionable     C. useful    D. beautiful
50.A. further     B. thus            C. still     D. once
51.A. approach    B. make            C. leave     D. touch
52.A. managed     B. deserved        C. challengedD. requested
53.A. turned      B. reported        C. wrote      D. explained
54.A. look for    B. look at         C. look up    D. look past
55.A. courage     B. future          C. soul       D. development
56.A. even        B. soon            C. never      D. again
57.A. great       B. financial       C. physical   D. various
58.A. prepare     B. arrange         C. advocate   D. support
59.A. writer       B. doctor         C. chemist    D. patient
60.A. surprised    B. pleased        C. positive   D. silent
第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)
第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)
    阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
     With the new term 61 (approach), Bertha Berger struggled to put on her blue jeans. She stepped on the bathroom scale (秤).She had never seen such a high number on the little scale, so she decided to change. That day she threw out all the junk food in her fridge and went grocery shopping. 62 (determine) to lose weight; she bought low - fat versions of all her favorite foods. She had two low - sodium (钠) bacon 63 (sandwich ) with a diet soda for lunch. The food contained over 1,200 calories but had very little salt. For dinner she ate two turkey burgers with reduced - fat cheese. 64 she had received over 2,000 calories,Bertha felt that she needed a reward. Then for dessert she ate one low - calorie ice - cream sandwich. And 65 bed she ate a bag of baked potato chips,which she thought were 66 (healthy ) than normal chips, even if they had 67 (rough) the same amount of calories. She dipped them in low - fat cream cheese. Bertha 68 (consume) around 6,500 calories that day,but she felt skinny. When she woke 69 the next morning, she stepped on the scale. She couldn’t wait to see how 70 (success) her diet had been.
第四部分:写作(共两节;满分 35 分)
第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
     假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。
    修改:在错的词下面画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
    1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
    2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
    That night was extremely hot, so I opened all the windows and doors. Gradually, I fall asleep. It suddenly rained heavy in the midnight and I felt cold. The next morning I was ill. Mother took me to the hospital,but the doctor said I had a fever and that I must stay in bed in a couple of days. Back at home, I took some medicine and soon felt much well. Feeling bored, I walked to the balcony and stood there watching people come and going in the street. The wind was cool before the rain. In a while I felt so cold my body was trembling. I was rushed to the hospital again. That time I stayed there until I was fully recovered.
第二节   书面表达(满分 25 分)
    假定你是李华,你的美国朋友 James 的爷爷奶奶听说中国老人晚年生活丰富多彩, 想来中国体验一段时间。请你给 James写一封信,邀请他的爷爷奶奶来中国并介绍中国老人的晚年生活。
内容包括: 1.邀请 James 的爷爷奶奶来中国;
           2.介绍中国老人的晚年生活。
注意: 1.词数 100 左右;
      2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

 


 

 

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