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1. How long has the man run in his old running shoes?
A. 300 miles. B. 400 miles. C. 500 miles.
2. Why does the man think the woman should join him?
A. He thinks she will have more fun.
B. He wants to meet her roommate.
C. He thinks it’s safer to go in a large group.
3. Who are the speakers?
A. Teacher and student. B. Boss and employee. C. Salesperson and client.
4. What does the man say about his neighbor?
A. He is humorous. B. He is not handsome. C. He is very successful.
5. What makes the man appreciate his dog?
A. The dog protects his house.
B. The dog is easy to take care of.
C. The dog helps him get exercise.
6. What are the speakers mainly discussing?
A. Smoking. B. Building styles. C. The use of balconies.
7. What will the speakers do tonight?
A. Cook together. B. Go out. C. Dance on the balcony.
8. Why do colleges require the SAT?
A. To compare students easily.
B. To see if their schools are good.
C. To see if students are fluent in English.
9. What does the woman recommend?
A. Taking several classes.
B. Taking each test once for practice.
C. Buying some books to prepare for the tests.
10. How did the man lose weight?
A. By avoiding meat.
B. By eating big salads for dinner.
C. By eating enough vegetables at each meal.
11. For which meal does the man have mushrooms?
A. Breakfast. B. Lunch. C. Dinner.
12. What does the woman think about the man’s diet?
A. It sounds difficult to stick to.
B. He should give up junk food.
C. He eats an unhealthy amount of vegetables.
13. How many children do the speakers have?
A. Two. B. Three. C. Four.
14. What does the woman like about the kitchen?
A. It’s bright. B. It’s big. C. It looks modern.
15. What is the woman concerned about?
A. The size of the house.
B. The price of the house.
C. The location of the house.
16. What did the man suggest at last?
A. Buying this house.
B. Living in another community.
C. Keeping the old job.
17. Which is among “The Big Three” sports in America?
A. Volleyball. B. Soccer. C. Baseball.
18. How many people play soccer in the United States, according to the speaker?
A. Over 100 million people.
B. About 25 million people.
C. About 20% of the total population.
19. Why do most parents want their children to play soccer?
A. It is very safe.
B. It starts at an older age.
C. It is easier to learn than football.
20. What can we learn about the culture of youth soccer?
A. It is getting very competitive.
B. It is being changed by money.
C. It puts more importance on teamwork.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节：单项填空 （共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分）
请阅读下面各题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
21. ______ all the texts that are written, stored and sent electronically, a lot of them are still ending up on paper.
A. From B. For C. Although D. As
22. The thought flashed across my mind: “By some means or______ she has some information about my engagement. But how?”
A. other B. others C. the other D. the others
23. — How did you enjoy the game?
— I was impressed by the energy and______ shown by the players.
A. qualification B. commitment C. investment D. privilege
24. — A group of teen mountaineers have planned to conquer the second highest mountain in Europe.
— _______, they may succeed.
A. Favorable as the condition being B. If the condition be favorable
C. The condition is favorable D. The condition being favorable
25. Pleasure in one’s heart and a smile on his lips is a sign _______ the person has a pretty good grasp of life.
A. that B. where C. which D. what
26. As the Olympic Games edge closer, about 140,000 people are needed. Of those, 90,000
will be employees with a _______ 50,000 volunteers.
A. further B. considerable C. massive D. tremendous
27. The president spoke _______ about job creation and other issues that affect the lives of ordinary Americans so that they could know about every detail.
A. at random B. at will C. at length D. at hand
28. Sadly, as spending on private houses has _______, spending on apartments has generally declined.
A. lifted B. flown C. heightened D. soared
29. —How come you were half an hour late for my class this morning, Mike?
—_______ My father’s car broke down halfway.
A. Yes, so what? B. No, it’s not my fault.
C. Well, who knows? D. Sorry, but I couldn’t help it.
30. Young people who have got jobs may realize university lessons can’t be the only preparation
for all of the situations ________ appear in the working world.
A. where B. when C. that D. what
31. —We all had a lot of fun at the barbecue yesterday. Pity you weren’t there.
—I really should have gone with you but I _______ on some remaining problems.
A. worked B. was working C. would work D. would have worked
32. Don’t worry too much，Mum！My friends ______ to consider your advice. Let me remind them of it now.
A. could forget B. could have forgotten
C. should forget D. should have forgotten
33. As a matter of fact, racist jokes come from wanting to _______ other kinds of people we feel threatened by.
A. hand down B. keep down C. take down D. put down
34. —Was it still there _______ you were away to answer the phone?
—There is no doubt about it.
A. that B. which C. where D. while
35. —Mr. Hu is a man of few words, but quick in mind.
— , you know.
A. A single flower does not make a spring
B. A man of words and not of deeds is like a garden full of weeds
C. A still tongue makes a wise head
D. A great talker is a great liar
It was 7:15 a.m. and Gary Messina was on his morning run along New York City’s East River. Suddenly something caught his eye—a man screamed for help 36 the current pulled him away from the seawall.
David Blauzvern and John Green 37 their phones and keys on land and jumped in. Messina, a police officer, also joined them in the river. Just as the man was losing 38 , they stabilized him, with Blauzvern 39 his back and Messina and Green holding him 40 from either side. After ten minutes, they 41 to get to the river’s edge and stayed as close to the 42 as they could.
Fifteen minutes later, a rescue boat 43 . As they 44 the boat, there came a new 45 : The wave created by the current was 46 them under the boat.
Blauzvern remembers being 47 just as someone in the boat held on to the man, 48 Blauzvern to let go. Somehow, he 49 a pole attached to the boat deck and dragged himself 50 . The men in the water pushed the drowning guy while the men in the boat pulled him up and, finally, to 51 . The man they had saved was taken to the hospital for medical aid. Details on his 52 have not been released.
As for the rescuers, each of them was 53 by 10:30 a.m. “I was a bit late,” 54 Blauzvern, smiling. “But I had a good 55 .”
36. A. after B. for C. as D. once
37. A. dropped B. landed C. threw D. packed
38. A. heart B. control C. hope D. strength
39. A. supporting B. adjusting C. pushing D. tapping
40. A. back B. straight C. still D. up
41. A. failed
42. A. current B. managed
B. wall C. attempted
C. boat D. intended
43. A. turned out B. turned up C. turned in D. turned down
44. A. surrounded B. contacted C. approached D. welcomed
45. A. accident B. disaster C. panic D. threat
46. A. sucking B. twisting C. sweeping D. sticking
47. A. pressed down B. brought down C. pulled down D. taken down
48. A. signaling B. allowing C. demanding D. convincing
49. A. found B. touched C. noticed D. grasped
50. A. away B. aboard C. apart D. aside
51. A. safety B. relief C. aid D. comfort
52. A. health B. mood C. condition D. identity
53. A. at work B. at ease C. at service D. at hand
54. A. complained B. reported C. admitted D. argued
55. A. experience B. excuse C. reputation D. memory
第三部分 阅读理解 (共15小题；每小题2分，满分30分)
In the coming months, we are bringing together artists from all over the globe, to enjoy speaking Shakespeare’s plays in their own language, in our Globe, within the architecture Shakespeare wrote for. Please come and join us.
National Theatre of China Beijing|Chinese
This great occasion will be the national theatre of china’s first visit to the UK. The company’s productions show the new face of 21st century Chinese theatre. This production of
Shakespeare’s Richard III will be directed by the National’s Associate Director, Wang Xiaoying.
Date & Time: Saturday 28 April, 2:30pm & Sunday 29 April, 1:30pm & 6:30pm
Marjanishvili Theatre Tbilisi|Georgian
One of the most famous theatres in Georgia, the Marjanishvili, founded in 1928, appears regularly at theatre festivals all over the world. This new production of As You Like It is helmed（指导）by the company’s Artistic Director Levan Tsuladze.
Date & Time: Friday 18 May, 2:30pm & Sunday 19 May, 7:30pm
Deafinitely Theatre London|British Sign Language （BSL）
By translating the rich and humorous text of Love’s Labour’s Lost into the physical language of BSL, Deafinitely Thertre creates a new interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy and aims to build a bridge between deaf and hearing worlds by performing to both groups as one audience.
Date & Time: Tuesday 22 May, 2:30pm & Wednesday 23 May, 7:30pm
Habima National Theatre Tel Aviv|Hebrew
The Habima is the centre of Hebrew-language theatre worldwide. Founded in Moscow after the 1905 revolution, the company eventually settled in Tel Aviv in the late 1920s. Since 1958, they have been recognized as the national theatre of Israel. This production of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice marks their first visit to the UK.
Date & Time: Monday 28 May, 7:30 & Tuesday 29 May, 7:30pm
56. When can you see a play in Hebrew?
A. On Saturday 28 April. B. On Sunday 29 April
C. On Tuesday 22 May. D. On Tuesday 29 May
57. What is special about Deafinitely Theatre?
A. It has two groups of actors. B. It is the leading theatre in London.
C. It performs plays in BSL. D. It is good at producing comedies.
In Silicon Valley, it's never too early to become an entrepreneur. Just ask 13-year-old David Moore. The eighth-grader has launched a company last October to develop low-cost machines to print Braille (布莱叶盲文). David built a Braille printer with a Lego Mindstorms EV3 kit as a school science fair project last year after he asked his parents a simple question: How do blind people read? "Google it," they told him. David then did some online research and was shocked to learn that Braille printers cost at least $2,000 — too expensive for most blind readers.
"I just thought that price should not be there. I know that there is a simpler way to do this," said David, who demonstrated how his printer works at the kitchen table where he spent many late nights building it. David wants to improve the “Braigo”—a name that combines Braille and Lego—and develop a desktop Braille printer that costs around $350 and weighs just a few pounds, compared with current models that can weigh more than 20 pounds. "My end goal would probably be having most of the blind people ... using my Braille printer," said David, who lives in the Silicon Valley suburb of Santa Clara, just minutes away from Intel headquarters.
After the Braigo won numerous awards and enthusiastic support from the blind community, David started Braigo Labs last summer with an initial $35,000 investment from his dad. "We as parents started to get involved more, thinking that he's on to something and this new way process has to continue," said his father, Matthew Moore, an engineer who works for Intel.
Intel officials were so impressed with David's printer that in November they invested an undisclosed sum in his start-up. They believe he's the youngest entrepreneur to receive venture capital money invested in exchange for a financial stake in the company. "He's solving a real problem, and he wants to go off and challenge an existing industry," said Edward Ross, director of Inventor Platforms at Intel. Now the company is using the money to hire professional engineers and advisers to help design and build Braille printers based on David’s ideas. It aims to have a prototype (样机) ready for blind organizations to test this summer and have a Braigo printer on the market later this year.
58. Which of the followings is Not the description of Braigo?
A. The name "Braigo" comes from Braille and Lego.
B. The blind are in favor of the new type of printer.
C. It costs less money and weighs just a few pounds.
D. David planned to improve Braigo and make it lighter but easier to use.
59. Which of the following words can best describe David’s personalities?
A. Adventurous and enthusiastic. B. Trustworthy and active.
C. Childish and outgoing. D. Creative and independent.
60. Which of the following is the correct order?
① Intel officials invested money in David’s start-up.
② David launched a company.
③ David got an initial $35,000 investment from his dad.
④ David created a new Braille printer model called Braigo.
⑤ Braigo Labs hired professional engineers and advisers to help design and build
A. ④③②①⑤ B. ④②⑤①③ C. ③⑤④②① D. ②①④⑤③
It is believed that a period of mass extinction,
which happened between 234 and 232 million years ago during the Triassic period, enabled the booming of dinosaurs. This extinction is thought to have been caused by a period of unstable climate called the Carnian Pluvial Episode (CPE), in which the climate went from dry, to wet, to dry again four times over the course of 2m years.
The earliest fossil remains that are widely agreed to be those of a dinosaur come from Tanzania and date from about 245m years ago. For the next 10m years or so, however, dinosaurs are nothing special. In collections of the bones of land animals they form about 5% of the total. But then the percentage starts to rise and within 5m years or less they dominate (处于首要位置) such collections, while other groups of creatures decrease and eventually disappear. The bones show a huge turnover of species, and that this coincides with the CPE.
The bone evidence, however, is restricted mainly to what are now Argentina and Brazil. Massimo Bernardi of the Museum of Sciences in Trento, Italy sought to prove it elsewhere, and with a different type of evidence—the tracks they left behind.
Dr Bernardi and his colleagues identified more than 20 sets of such tracks, called ichno-associations, in Dolomite rocks laid down during the relevant part of the Triassic. The Dolomite ichno-associations, they found, fall into three groups. The oldest show no signs of dinosaur tracks. In those of middling age, about 40% of the tracks have been laid down by dinosaurs. In the most recent, that proportion is 90%.
The relative ages of rock layers are easy to see. Unless a rock formation has been turned upside down by movement of Earth’s crust, young layers will be at the top and old ones at the bottom. That is how Dr Bernardi knew which tracks were older and which younger. Working out absolute ages, though, is harder.
The Dolomites’ rocks were formed at a time when the sea’s level, relative to the land, was going up and down. Such movements mean that marine (海的) and land sediments (沉积物) are sandwiched in these mountains, and the marine sediments provided the information needed. Most obviously, those sediments show how far, at the time they were laid down, the turnover of species had continued at sea. On top of this, some of them contain layers of volcanic ash that can be dated from radioactive isotopes within.
The result was that Dr Bernardi and his colleagues were able to establish accurate dates for the various ichno-associations they had catalogued, confirming that those associations precisely run through the Carnian Pluvial Episode, thus matching the bone evidence in South America. That is clear evidence the dinosaurs were indeed the beneficiaries of the CPE, though why they did better than other groups is not yet understood.
61. By studying the tracks of dinosaurs, Dr Bernardi wants to prove that ______.
A. climate changes led to a period of mass extinction
B. the CPE helped the growth of dinosaurs’ population
C. dinosaurs make up the most part of bone collections
D. the bone evidence can be found in other places
62. From the passage we can know that _______.
A. first dinosaurs appeared during the CPE period
B. Dolomite rocks also contain other animals’ tracks
C. upper rock layers are younger than those beneath
D. land sediments don’t provide clues to absolute ages
63. The underlined word “beneficiaries” in paragraph 7 refers to animals that _______ the CPE.
A. gained from B. suffered from
C. survived in D. appeared in
64. Which can be the most suitable title for the passage?
A. The rise of Dinosaurs B. Seeking new evidence of CPE
C. Footprints in the Mud D. Tracking down the truth
In 1845, as the Industrial Revolution gathered pace, Benjamin Disraeli published a novel, “Sybil”, which mourned that Britain was dividing into “two nations between whom there is no intercourse and no sympathy”. Today, as the information revolution gathers pace, Britain suffers from the same problem, with the rich strengthening their power and people who are born in the wrong class or region seeing their chances of getting ahead declining.
Social mobility is essential to the working of an advanced capitalist society. For one thing, citizens will accept the inequalities that capitalism generates only if they think they have a fair chance of getting ahead. Secondly, advanced economies can grow only if they make a reasonable job of discovering the hidden Einsteins who might be able to produce the next great invention if they were given the chance. Unfortunately, Britain is failing badly on both fronts.
As social mobility has become more important it has become more difficult to promote. In the first half of the 20th century, when the old establishment ruled the country, opening up opportunities was relatively simple. You forced the establishment to abandon obvious prejudices, such as the fact that the best Oxbridge colleges were reserved for men. You also forced it to build a ladder of opportunity for the poor: the 1944 Education Act raised the school-leaving age to 15, then 16, and the expansion of universities in the 1960s made higher education more available. Today opening up opportunities is much more difficult, precisely because meritocracy (精英制度) has been so successful.
The meritocratic elite (精英) have proved remarkably good at guarding opportunities. Successful people tend to marry each other. Couples devote themselves to giving their children the best education possible, starting in the nursery. Private schools have also proved to be more successful than state schools at adapting to the meritocratic spirit. Institutions that once turned out both flannelled (穿法兰绒衣服的) and muddied fools are now enthusiastic about exam results.
To make matters worse, the knowledge economy is a winner-takes-most economy. Superstar firms are pulling ahead of average ones. Superstar cities are pulling ahead of second-tier ones. This problem is more striking in Britain than almost anywhere else. The London effect is obviously good for London-based professionals who can provide their children with bed and board as they get their feet on the career ladder. But it is also good for poorer people who live within the outer city limits. London’s state schools are better than the national average, jobs are plentiful and you can get almost anywhere, at a squeeze, by public transport.
The result is a calcified (钙化) society. 71% of senior judges, 62% of senior officers in the armed forces and 55% of civil service department heads attended private schools, which educate only 7% of the population. In Barnsley only10% of disadvantaged young people make it to university, compared with 50% of similarly disadvantaged youngsters in Kensington and Chelsea.
Changing this calcification will take a lot of innovative thinking. The Social Mobility Commission produced a series of excellent reports which suggested sensible solutions such as better early education for disadvantaged children. This columnist would support a combination of reaching into Britain’s past and looking into its future. Britain has a distinguished history of elite institutions doing their bit for mobility: Oxbridge colleges creating feeder schools (直属学校), and private schools setting aside places for poor scholars. Given that so many private schools have forgotten their social responsibilities in their enthusiasm for fees from rich Russians and Chinese, it is time to remind them that they need to earn their charitable status. Meanwhile, the very technology that is widening class divisions can also be used to close them. The Israel Defence Forces respond to the lost-Einstein problem by watching over children’s performance in video games, as well as more routine academic tests.
But Britain’s two main parties are failing to give this growing problem the energy it requires. Thanks to its commitment to intelligent reform, Disraeli’s Britain became the most peaceful, as well as the most successful, country in Europe. The political class may well be about to demonstrate that what intelligence and reform can do.
65. The result of the information revolution is that _______.
A. Britain split into two countries B. people accept social inequalities
C. there will be no great scientists D. people find it harder to get ahead
66. Why does the author say today opening up opportunities is much more difficult than in the past?
A. Because today’s social inequalities are less obvious.
B. Because fewer people can receive higher education.
C. Because meritocratic elite won’t give up opportunities.
D. Because schools attach more importance to exam results.
67. By giving London as an example, the author intends to say _______.
A. London is the biggest and most important city in Britain
B. it’s easier for people in London to make a comfortable living
C. resources are more concentrated in the knowledge economy
D. superstar cities are more advanced than second-tier cities
68. Which of the following can be a solution to the calcification problem?
A. The government provides free education for poor children.
B. Elite colleges should admit more disadvantaged students.
C. Private schools cut down the number of foreign students.
D. Schools give tests on their students’ technological abilities.
69. The author is _______ about Britain’s future.
A. optimistic B. pessimistic C. doubtful D. confused
70. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
A. To warn people of Britain’s lack of mobility.
B. To criticize the government for not doing its job.
C. To explain the consequences of the meritocracy.
D. To urge society to reform the education system.
第Ⅱ卷 (两部分 共35分)
Artificial intelligence (AI) is making its way into business. As a report explains, firms of all types are using AI to forecast demand, hire workers and deal with customers. In 2017 companies spent around 22 billion dollars on AI related mergers and acquisitions, about 26 times more than in 2015. AI will bring enormous profits and efficiency. The McKinsey Global Institute, a consulting agency, believes that just applying AI to marketing, sales and supply chains could create 2.7 trillion dollars over the next 20 years.
Less familiar, but just as important, is how AI will transform the workplace. Using AI, managers can gain extraordinary control over their employees. Amazon has patented a wristband that tracks the hand movements of warehouse workers and uses vibrations (振动) to urge them to be more efficient. Humanyze, a start-up, sells smart ID cards that can track employees around the office and reveal how well they interact with colleagues.
Spying on employees at work is nothing new. Factory workers have long clocked in and out; bosses can already see what workers do on their computers. But AI-spy is especially worthwhile, because every bit of data is potentially valuable. Where does all this lead?
AI ought to improve productivity. Some employees will appreciate more feedback on their work and welcome a sense of how to do better. In addition, machines can help ensure that pay rises and promotions go to those who deserve them. Algorithms (计算程序), if designed correctly, can be more neutral. But what if their programmers are prejudiced?
Algorithms can also have unintended consequences. The length of a commute (通勤时间) may predict whether an employee will quit a job, but this focus may harm poorer applicants. Older staff might work more slowly than younger ones and could risk losing their positions if all AI looks for is productivity.
And AI-spy may feel Orwellian—a sensitive matter now that people have begun to question how much Facebook and other tech giants know about their private lives. Firms can use AI to examine not just employees’ professional communications but their social-media profiles, too. The clue is in Slack’s name, which stands for “searchable log of all conversation and knowledge”.
As regulators and employers weigh the pros and cons of AI in the workplace, three principles ought to guide its spread. First, personal information should not be included in data where possible. Microsoft, for example, has a product that shows individuals how they manage their time in the office, but gives managers information only in collective form. Second, the use of AI ought to be transparent (透明的). Employees should be told what technologies are being used in their workplaces and which data are being gathered. Last, countries should let individuals request their own data, whether they are ex-workers wishing to doubt a dismissal or jobseekers hoping to demonstrate their ability to prospective employers.
Keys for your reference
1-5 AABAA 6-10 CAACC 11-15 AABBC 16-20 ACBAC
21-25 BABDA 26-30 ACDDC 31-35 BBDDC
36—40 CADAD 41—45 BBBCD 46—50 ACBDB
56-57 DC 58-60 CDA 61—64 BBAD 65—70 DACBAD
71. investment(s) 72. economic 73. monitor
74. Concern/Worry/Concerns/Worries 75. free/rid
76. disadvantage 77. privacy 78. public
79. informed 80. accessible
Helping others is helping ourselves
As is shown in the left picture, more blood means more life. However, we are disappointed to see in the right pie chart that only 55 percent of the people are willing to donate their blood while 34% are not. Another 11% even say they are indifferent to it.
Recently many hospitals need blood desperately. If we donate our blood actively, we may not only help the person who needs it but also realize our self-value. Meanwhile, when we need blood, others will reach out their hands. Besides, helping others is a traditional Chinese virtue, our small act of kindness makes a great difference to people in need and even transforms their lives.
Personally, I’ll make great efforts to help people around me and I’ll donate my pocket money to Project Hope to help students in poverty so that they can receive an equal chance of education. Plus, I am willing to donate my blood if possible. (157words)
文章来源天 添 资
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