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秦皇岛海港区2017-2018八年级英语下册期末试题(有答案人教新目标版)

时间:2018-07-18 11:04:50作者:佚名教案来源:网络
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河北省秦皇岛海港区2017-2018学年八年级英语下学期期末试题
听力部分
Ⅰ.听句子,选出句子中所包含的信息(5分)
1.A. clever      B. climber      C. collector
2.A. look after      B. run after      C. take after
3.A. in the face of       B. at  the end of        C. in the front of
4.A. He was too nervous to speak.       B. He was very nervous, but he could speak.
C. He can’t speak if he is nervous.
5.A. Julia is taller than her teacher.      B. Julia is the tallest student in her class.
C. Julia is the tallest girl in her class.
Ⅱ.听句子,选出句子中所包含的信息(5分)
6.A. I’m sorry to hear that.        B. Why not lie down and have a good rest.
C. I disagree with you.
7.A. About 6,300 kilometers long    B. For many years.
C. About 5,200 meters away from here.
8.A. Yes, he has        B. Yes, please.        C. Not yet.
9.A. I think it’s exciting.       B. I think so.         C. I’m afraid I can’t.
10.A. That’s all right.        B. OK, I will.         C. I think so.
Ⅲ.听第一段对话和问题,回答11——13题,听第二段对话和问题,回答14——15题(5分)
11.What does David like now?
A. Sports better than music.             B. Neither sports nor music. 
C. Both sports and music.  
12.How long has David been interested in Music?
A. Since two days ago.                 B. For two weeks.           C. For two months.
13. What made David miss his family?
A. The sports.           B. The radio.       C. The song
14.What did Mike buy in Toronto?
A. Nice clothes.      B. Delicious pies.      C. Nice bags.
15.What happened to Mike when he was in Toronto?
A. He got lost      B. He had a cold.      C. He caught a thief.
笔试部分
Ⅳ.选择填空(15分)
16.--- I don’t like playing soccer.
--- Me ________.
A. too        B. either        C. neither        D. not
17.Come to me _________ you need me.
A. however        B. whenev er        C. whatever        D. whether
18.The Smiths have two children. One is a son, __________ is a daughter.
A. the other        B. another        C. other        D. others
19.Alice has ________ everywhere but she still can’t find her watch.
A. competed        B. progressed        C. searched        D. succeeded
20.She used to ________ to work, but now she is used to ________ to work on foot.
A. drive; go        B. driving; going      C. driving; go        D. drive; going
21.Smoking is bad for our health. Try to________, please.
A. give up it        B. give it up      C. give away it        D. give it away
22.---I called you just now, but nobody answered.
---Oh, I ________ a shower when the bell rang.
A. am taking        B. took        C. was taking        D. have taken
23.---When will you return the book to me?
   ---I’ll give it back to you __________ I finish reading it.
A. although        B. unless        C. until        D. as soon as
24.---May I speak to Mr. Smith?
---Sorry, he _______ Hong Kong. But he will be back in a few days.
A. has been to        B. has gone to        C. has been        D. has gone
25._____ you work, __________ progress you will make.
A. The hard; the great             B. Harder; greater     
C. The harder; the greater          D. The hardest; the greatest
26.--- ________. I have to look after my little sister at home.    
A. Sorry, I can’t.       B. Sure, I can.      C. Of course, I could.       D. No, I couldn’t.
27.—Do you know him well ?
— Sure .We _________ friends since ten years ago .
A. were           B. have been      C. have become             D. have made
28.About _______ of the population here ________ farmers.
A. two fifth; is        B. two fifth; are      C. two fifths ; is         D. two fifths; are
29.During her second day Sally looked_________ more tired than on her first day.
A. Much      B. very      C. too      D. a lot of
30.He can’t remember _________ at this time yesterday.
A. what is he doing    B. what was he doing      C. What he did      D. what he was doing
Ⅴ.完形填空(10分)
My uncle has a very beautiful umbrella. He's   (1)  it for years. As he is very careful with it, it still looks  (2)  a new one. I asked my uncle whether he bought it or someone sent him as a gift. He shook his head.  “Then how did you get it?” I asked.
“Well, ” he answered, “it is a strange but true story about the umbrella.About ten years ago I was walking along a quiet London street one evening   (3)  it rained suddenly.I had no raincoat or umbrella.No buses ran through that street and there were no taxis in sight. And the people in the streets were  (4)   As I was on my way to a party, I was afraid to get wet. So I stood in a doorway and waited for the rain to stop. By and by it grew quite dark. What was  (5)   there wasn’t a person around, and still it rained and rained.At last a young man came to the place where I was standing. He held a large umbrella over his head.As I hoped he would allow me to walk to the next street corner with him  (6)   get a taxi. I stepped out of the dark doorway where I had been standing. I asked him   (7)  he was going with that umbrella. As I suddenly appeared before him, the young man was so  (8)   that he dropped the umbrella. He ran away and disappeared into the darkness. I   (9)  the umbrella and continued my walk.I knew it would be hopeless in this big city to find the owner, so I’ve kept it   (10)  .”
31.A. borrowed       B. bought           C. had            D. seen
32.A. better than     B. as good as        C. so good as       D. worse than
33.A. when         B. because          C. though          D. while
34. A. more and more   B. fewer and fewer   C. less and less     D. busier and busier
35.A. less important   B. more important    C. better           D. worse
36.A. so that          B. in order that       C. in order to      D. instead of
37.A. where          B. why             C. when           D. whether
38.A. moved          B. excited           C.  angry          D. shocked
39.A. part with        B. pick up           C. set up          D. give away
40.A. ever since       B. for a while        C. since           D. forever
Ⅵ.阅读理解
I am Wilson. My sister and I spent our summer holidays with our uncle this year. He was a geologist and loved to collect stones.
One day, he bought us two backpacks and asked us to go to the mountain with him. We walked the whole day. Every now and then he put stones in our backpacks. To our surprise, he also took some stones out from them. But we thought he had just found better stones.
When we returned to the house, we were very tired. The backpacks were so heavy that we felt great relief when we took them off. Yet our uncle's backpack was half  empty.
“Why did you give us so many stones?” We asked.
 “I didn't. You did,” he said. “You didn't know it, but I gave you a little attitude(态度)test today. I listened to every word you said. Whenever you were complaining(抱怨),I added a stone to your backpacks. Whenever you talked about something with positive(积极的) thinking,I took out a stone. And now look at your backpacks.”
 Our backpacks were full of stones.
“Your negative(消极的) thoughts are just like stones. You carry them in your mind just like those stones in your backpacks. The more negative thoughts you have, the heavier your mind will be,” said our uncle. With great love, our uncle taught us one of the most important lessons in life—the power of the attitude.
41.Where did Wilson’s uncle ask Wilson and his sister to go?
A. To the mountain. B. To the seaside.
C . To the countryside. D. To the forest.
42.What did Wilson think when his uncle took out some stones from his backpack?
A. He thought he said too many words on the way.
B. He thought his uncle had found better  stones.          
C. He thought his uncle wanted him to feel relaxed.
D. He thought he had talked a bout something positive..
43.What does the underlined word “them” in the last paragraph mean?
A. The stones.     B. The backpacks. 
C.   The positive thoughts.  D. The negative thoughts.
44. What can we know from the passage?
A. Wilson and his sister complained too much on the way.
B.   Wilson and his sister did a great job for their uncle.
C.   Wilson and his sister enjoyed collecting stones very much.
D.   Wilson and his sister chose wrong backpacks to carry the stones.
45.What does the story mainly tells us?
A. The more positive thoughts you have, the heavier your mind will be.
B. Young kids should carry heavy backpacks.
C. We should have a positive attitude towards life.
D. When we take backpacks off, we will feel great relief.   
 Do you worry about your health? Have you tried to run or walk for exercise and then stop? If you answer yes, you should try a new type of exercise: aquatic(水中的) exercise. Aquatic exercise is a kind of exercise you do in a swimming pool. For example, you can run, walk, or even d o a mind-body practice, such as yoga. More and more people are trying aquatic exercise. In the United States, the number has grown by 25% in recent years.
Aquatic exercise has many benefits(益处). First of all, it feels easier than exercising on land. Why? You weigh about 90% less in the pool. It is also better for your knees than running or walking.
Aquatic exercise feels easy, but you still burn calories (卡路里). Water is 1,000 times thicker and heavier than air. In the same amount of time, you can burn more calories in the pool than in the gym. That's because it takes more energy to mov e in the water.
Aquatic exercise is safe and easy to learn. It doesn’t require any special skills. For most kinds of aquatic exercise, you don't even need to know how to swim.
In fact, most people say they feel more relaxed in the water. They stop thinking about the things that make them anxious. The cool and quiet environment makes them exe rcise more.
Aquatic exercise is suitable for everyone. You can do it at any age. It can even help people who have been hurt in accidents. With aquatic exercise, they can move in ways they can't on land.
So are you looking for a fun new way to improve your health? Try joining the millions of people who are burning calories while keeping cool in the pool.
:46.Where do people do aquatic exercise?
A. In a lake.      B. In a swimming pool.  
C. In the sea.       D. In a river near their home.
47.Why do people burn more calories while doing aquatic exercise?
A. Because it takes more energy.        
B. Because it feels easy.
C. Because it is safe and easy.            
D. Because it can even help injured people.
48.Who is aquatic exercise suitable for?
A. Women.         B. Men.            C. Children.           D. Everyone.
49.According to passage, which of the following is NOT true?
A. Aquatic exercise feels easier because you weigh less in water.
B. Aquatic exercise makes people feel relaxed in the water.
C. Aquatic exercise requires special skills.
D. 25 percent more people in the U.S. has tried aquatic exercise in recent years.
50.What is the passage mainly about?
A. What aquatic exercise is and its benefits.
B. Aquatic exercise is a new style of exercise.
C. Aquatic exercise can help injured people.  
D. People are interested in doing exercise.
卷二
Ⅰ.听短文,根据短文内容填写信息(5分)
Information Sheet
Some places in Canada Kitty with her friends has been to:
Water Park It is one of the  (51)   parks in the world with more than 20 water activities.
CN Tower  It’s also called Toronto Tower . The Tower is the symbol of Canada, over  (52)  (用阿拉伯数字填写)meters high with 147 floors, built in 1976.
 Last year it was visited by  (53)  (用阿拉伯数字填写) people from all over the world.
Minnewanka
Lake It is 28 kilometers long and 142 meters deep, making it the  (54)  lake in Canada.
It was such a  (55)   place that they could hear the sounds of the birds and the water.
Ⅱ.任务阅读(10分)
With online booksellers and e-readers becoming popular, traditional bookstores seem to be dying out. But is it true? Many traditional bookstores are now trying everything to make themselves more attractive(有吸引力的) to readers. And some of them have done a great job.
Online bookstores usually have larger book stocks(库存) than traditional bookstores. However, some traditional ones are clever enough to sell just one kind of book and win the hearts of a special grou p of people. Trends Lounge in Beijing is such a place for art lovers. The bookstore has walls of books with arts and design. You may meet popular artists there or perhaps even a happy couple that chooses to get married in the bookstore.
Some bookstores even go one step further. They themselves have become tourist places by showing the characteristics(特色)of their cities. Hong Kong has many second-floor bookstores. These bookstores are small, but their books are carefully chosen, just like the city of Hong Kong.
In order to attract customers to read books at the store, some traditional bookstores are also coming up with coffee centers in bookstores, providing free WiFi for readers, holding reading clubs for students and opening a self-service book store in the downtown area.
A great bookstore can encourage people to read in many ways. After all, you can’t replace(替换) the touch of paper, the smell of print, and the wonderful feeling of being in a bookstore. Paper books give people a very different reading experience than e-books.
 
56.Online bookstores can’t ____________ traditional bookstores, because paper books can give people a very different reading experience than e-books.
57. What kind of books does Trends Lounge in Beijing sell?
58.In the writer’s opinion, why are some traditional bookstores providing free WiFi for readers?
59. 找出并写下全文的主题句
_________________________________________________________________________
60.将文中画线句子译成汉语

Ⅲ.词语应用(10分)
The Great Wall of China, one of the most famous“Seven Wonders”of the a  (61)   world, runs from the east to the west in North China. It has been a great  (62)  (achieve )in the world and it is special to Chinese people.
The Great Wall was about 7 meters high. In many places it is w  (63)  enough for ten men to walk side by side along the top. Horses can also run on it.The Great Wall is made of  h  (64)  stones and bricks (砖).
To build such a great wall over the mountains and down the valleys  (65)  (be) not easy at all. When we look at the Great Wall, we can't help wondering how the Chinese working people were able to build it w  (66)   any modern machines.
There are tall watchtowers along the Great Wall. Once upon a time, the soldiers   (67)  (protect) China from the enemies(敌人) day and night. They kept   (68)   (watch) the enemies in the watchtowers and made fire on the towers to tell each other when the enemies came.
A  (69)  we don't use the Great Wall to keep away the enemies any more today, it is a famous place of interest to all the people in the world. Every year  (70)   (thousand) of people come to visit it from all over the world.
Ⅳ.基础写作
A连词造句(5分)
71.played, you, football, ever, have ( ? )
72.already , reading, I, finished, have, the book ( . )
73.is, the, in the world, mountain, what, highest ( ? )
74.was, at the time of, she, doing, the rainstorm, her homework ( . )
75.will, the early bus, be late, catch, we, we, unless ( . )
B书面表达
足够的睡眠时间对于学生来说很重要。然而调查显示,许多中学生睡眠不足。请根据图示内容,简要指出学生睡眠不足的原因并提出建议。
 
要求:(1)语句通顺,表达正确;
(2)短文必须包括提示中所有内容,并适当发挥;
(3) 词数:80词以上。(开头已经给出,不计入总词数)
It’s very important for us middle school students to have enough sleeping time every day. However,

 


 
1-5:BCAAB
6-10:BACAB
11-16:CBCCB
16_20:CBACD
21_25:BCDBC
26_30:ABDAB
31——35:CBABD
36——40:CADBA
41——45:ABDAC
46——50:BADCA
51.most amazing  
56.replace/take the place of
57.The bookstore has walls of books with arts and design
58.In order to attract customers
59.Paper books give people a very different reading experience than e-books
60.他们通过展示城市的特点,成为旅游胜地
61,ancient
62.achievement
63.wide
64.huge
65.is
66.without
67.protected
68.watched
69.Although
70.thousands
71-75用全且没有错误即可

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